I-DARPA iphinda iqinisekise inkxalabo yayo malunga nokuthembeka komthombo ovulekileyo

Kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo sipapashe iindaba malunga nengxelo ekhutshwe malunga nenkxalabo yeenkampani ezininzi pokanye ukuthembeka komthombo ovulekileyo kwaye ngoku i-DARPA, ingalo yophando yomkhosi wase-US, yenze kwaziwa ukuba "ixhalabile malunga nokuthembeka komthombo ovulekileyo" kwaye ithi ifuna ukuqonda eyona nto ibalulekileyo ye-ecosystem kwiplanethi, abanye abahlalutyi bacinga ukuba kude- landa bathi umthombo ovulekileyo usebenza kuyo yonke ikhompyuter esemhlabeni kwaye igcina iziseko ezingundoqo zisebenza.

Ngokutsho ingxelo entsha evela ifemu yokhuseleko kubaphuhlisi I-Snyk kunye ne-Linux Foundation, iipesenti ezingama-41 zeenkampani azinalo inqanaba eliphezulu lokuzithemba kukhuseleko lwesoftware yazo evulelekileyo. kwaye ukusetyenziswa ngokubanzi kuzisa umngcipheko omkhulu. Uninzi lwempucuko yanamhlanje ixhomekeke kumthombo osoloko ukhula wemithombo evulekileyo kuba igcina imali, itsala italente, kwaye yenza imisebenzi emininzi lula.

“Yima umzuzu, yonke into esiyenzayo isebenza kwiLinux,” utshilo uDave Aitel, umphandi wokhuseleko lwe-cybersecurity kunye nesazinzulu sokhuseleko kwikhompyuter ye-NSA. “Abantu bayayibona ngoku,” utshilo. “Asikokubaxa ukuba wonke umntu usekwe kwiLinux kernel, nangona uninzi lwabantu lungazange luve ngayo. »

“Abaphuhlisi beSoftware namhlanje banamakhonkco abo okubonelela. Endaweni yokudibanisa iinxalenye zemoto, ziqokelela ikhowudi ngokudibanisa izinto ezikhoyo ezivulelekileyo kunye nekhowudi yazo ekhethekileyo. Ngelixa oku kukhokelela ekwandeni kwemveliso kunye nokuqamba izinto ezintsha, kukwadale imiba ebalulekileyo yokhuseleko, utshilo uMat Jarvis, uMlawuli woBudlelwane boMphuhlisi eSnyk.

I-Linux kernel yenye yeenkqubo zokuqala ukulayisha xa uninzi lweekhompyuter zivuliwe. Ivumela i-hardware yomatshini ukusebenzisana nesofthiwe, ilawula ukusetyenziswa kwemithombo, kwaye yenza isiseko senkqubo yokusebenza. Yibhloko yokwakha phantse yonke i-computing yelifu, phantse zonke ii-supercomputers, i-Intanethi yeZinto iphela, iibhiliyoni zee-smartphones, kunye nokunye.

Kodwa undoqo ukwangumthombo ovulekileyo, yintoni kuthetha ukuba nabani na angabhala, afunde kwaye asebenzise ikhowudi yakho. Kwaye oku kuzikhathaza kakhulu ezinye iingcali ze-cybersecurity. Umthombo wayo ovulekileyo wendalo ithetha ukuba i-Linux kernel, kunye nenye inkitha yesoftware evulekileyo yomthombo ovulekileyo, ivulekele ukukhohlisa ngeendlela esingekaziqondi.

Nangona kuyinyani ukuba bubuchwephesha obuyimfuneko kuluntu lwethu, akuyonyani ukuba, xa sinikwe oku ngasentla, ukungaqondi ukhuseleko lwekernel kuthetha ukuba asinako ukukhusela iziseko ezingundoqo ezibalulekileyo. Namhlanje, I-DARPA ifuna ukuqonda ukungqubana kwekhowudi kunye noluntu olwenza ezi projekthi zivulelekileyo zisebenze, ukuqonda ngcono iingozi abajongene nazo.

Injongo kukukwazi ukuqaphela ngokufanelekileyo abadlali abakhohlakeleyo kwaye ubathintele ekuphazamiseni okanye ukonakalisa ikhowudi yomthombo ovulekileyo. kubaluleke kakhulu ngaphambi kokuba kube kade kakhulu. Inkqubo ye-SocialCyber ​​ye-DARPA yiprojekthi yeenyanga ezili-18, ezizigidi ngezigidi zeedola eza kudibanisa intlalo yoluntu kunye nenkqubela phambili yetekhnoloji yakutsha nje kubukrelekrele bokwenziwa kwimephu, ukuqonda, kunye nokukhusela isoftware yasimahla yoluntu kunye nekhowudi abayidalayo.

Le projekthi yahlukile kuninzi lophando lwangaphambili kuba idibanisa uhlalutyo lwekhowudi oluzenzekelayo kunye nemilinganiselo yentlalo yesofthiwe yamahhala.

I-DARPA inekhontrakthi yamaqela amaninzi, kubandakanywa iiworkshops ezincinci zophando ngokhuseleko lwe-cyber kunye nezakhono zobugcisa ezinzulu. Omnye umphumezi onjalo yi-New York-based Margin Research, ehlanganise iqela le abaphandi abahlonitshwa kakhulu Umsebenzi wasekhaya. Uphando lweMargin lugxile kwi-Linux kernel ngokuyinxenye kuba inkulu kwaye ibaluleke kakhulu ukuba impumelelo apha kwesi sikali ithetha impumelelo naphi na enye indawo enokwenzeka.

Injongo kukuhlalutya zombini ikhowudi kunye noluntu ukuze ekugqibeleni babone kwaye baqonde yonke i-ecosystem.. Umsebenzi we-margin unceda ukufumanisa ukuba ngubani osebenza kweziphi iindawo ezithile zeeprojekthi zesoftware yasimahla. Umzekelo, iHuawei okwangoku inegalelo elikhulu kwi-Linux kernel. Omnye umxhasi usebenzela iPositive Technologies, Inkampani yaseRussia yokhuseleko lwe-cybersecurity, efana neHuawei, iye yavunyelwa ngurhulumente wase-US, utshilo u-Aitel. Umjikelo kwakhona ikhowudi yemephu ebhalwe ngabasebenzi be-NSA, uninzi lwabo lubandakanyeka kwiiprojekthi ezahlukeneyo zomthombo ovulekileyo.

“Esi sihloko siyandichulumancisa,” utshilo u-Antoine malunga nokufuna ukuqonda ngcono intshukumo yomthombo ovulekileyo, “kuba ukunyaniseka, nezona zinto zilula zibonakala zintsha kubantu abaninzi ababalulekileyo. Urhulumente uye waqonda ukuba iziseko zethu ezibalulekileyo zisebenzisa ikhowudi enokubhalwa ngokoqobo ngamaqumrhu agwetyiweyo. Ngoku."

Ukwenza oku, abaphandi baya kusebenzisa izixhobo ezinjengohlalutyo lweemvakalelo ukuhlalutya unxibelelwano loluntu phakathi koluntu lwemithombo evulekileyo, njengoluhlu lokuposa lwe-Linux kernel, ekufuneka luncede ukuchonga ukuba ngubani olungileyo okanye owakhayo kwaye ngubani ongalunganga nowonakalisayo.

Abaphandi bafuna ukwazi ukuba zeziphi iintlobo zeziganeko kunye nokuziphatha ezinokuphazamisa okanye zonakalise Uluntu lwesoftware yasimahla, amalungu athembekileyo, kwaye nokuba kukho amaqela athile agunyazisa ukonyuka kokucupha. Ezi mpendulo ziyimfuneko. Kodwa okwangoku, kukho iindlela ezimbalwa zokuzifumana.

Umthombo: https://www.darpa.mil


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  1.   Umfanekiso kaGeorge Guerrero sitsho

    Xa engabonwa…

  2.   Anthony Hurtado sitsho

    Inika umbono wokuba abakhange bavunyelwe ukuba bafake ii-backdoors zabo kwi-Linux kernel kwaye yiyo loo nto besixelela ukuba iiWindows kunye ne-OSX zikhuselekile kuba ziinkampani kuphela eziya kuyazi into abayiphetheyo.

  3.   UKarla Sagan sitsho

    Sele befuna ukwenza ipolitiki kwimithombo evulekileyo ngokungcola kwabo kwezopolitiko, baze bathathe amandla okugweba kunye nokonakalisa ikhowudi nge-backdoors yabo ... masithembe ukuba uluntu aluyivumeli le nto.

  4.   ArtEze sitsho

    Enyanisweni, ikhomputha inokuqonda kuphela ikhowudi evaliweyo, kwaye nangona ikhowudi ivuliwe, umntu akakwazi ukwazi okwenzekayo ngamaxesha onke ngaphakathi kwimemori ye-RAM, kwaye kusekho iindawo ze-RAM ezingafikelelekiyo, ngoko ke. inganika ukwaphulwa kwecandelo.

    Umthombo ovulekileyo uba ngumthombo ovaliweyo emva kokuqulunqwa, kwaye yiloo nto eyenziwa ekugqibeleni ... Akunakwenzeka ukudibanisa ngokucokisekileyo okupheleleyo into ehlanganisiweyo, umzekelo i-Linux kernel... Nokuba inokwenzeka, ulawulo lokwenyani alukho inkqubo yomsebenzisi, kodwa i-BIOS.

  5.   Francesca Garse sitsho

    Ukuba abakwazi ukubeka izandla zabo kuyo, bathi iyingozi.
    Ukunyelisa ukuba kukho into eseleyo.