IDevuan 4.0 "Chimaera" iza isekwe kwi-Debian 11, Linux 5.10 nangaphezulu

Ukuphehlelelwa Inguqulelo entsha ye UDevuan 4.0 «Chimaera», eyifolokhwe yeDebian GNU / Linux engafiki nenkqubo. Isebe elitsha lazisa utshintsho kumbindi wepakethe ye-Debian 11 "Bullseye". Ukukhuphela intaba ephilayo kunye nokufaka imifanekiso ye-iso efanelekileyo ye-AMD64, i386, armel, armhf, arm64, kunye ne-ppc64el yoyilo.

Iprojekthi ifake malunga neephakeji ezingama-400 zeDebian eziguqulweyo Ukususa amakhonkco enkqubo, ukuqamba igama ngokutsha okanye ukuziqhelanisa nezixhobo zeDevuan.

Iipakethi ezimbini (Devuan-baseconf, jenkins-debian-iglu-buildenv-devuan) Zikhona kuphela kwi-Devuan kwaye zinxulumene nokuqwalaselwa kwendawo yokugcina izinto kunye nokuqhuba inkqubo yokwakha. Ngaphandle koko, iDevuan iyahambelana ngokupheleleyo neDebian kwaye inokusetyenziswa njengesiseko sokwakha isiko likaDebian ngaphandle kwenkqubo. Iiphakheji ezikhethekileyo zikaDevuan zinokukhutshelwa kwiphakheji.devuan.org yokugcina.

Idesktop emiselweyo isekwe kwiXfce kunye nomphathi wokubonisa uSlim. I-KDE, MATE, Cinnamon, LXQt kunye ne-LXDE ziyafumaneka ukuze zifakelwe. Endaweni yenkqubo, inkqubo yokuqalisa ye-SysVinit yakudala inikezelwa, kunye neenkqubo zokuvula kunye neenkqubo ze-runit.

Ukubonelelwa simahla kwe-D-Bus-free, ukuvumela ukuba wenze ubumbeko lwe-desktop encinci esekwe kwibhokisi emnyama, i-fluxbox, i-fvwm, i-fvwm-crystal, kunye nabaphathi beewindows ezivulekileyo.

Ukuqwalasela inethiwekhi, ukhetho lweNetworkManager yesinikezeli lubonelelwe, olungabotshwanga kwinkqubo. Endaweni yenkqubo-udev, sebenzisa i-eudev, imfoloko ye-udev evela kwiprojekthi yeGentoo. I-Consolekit isetyenziselwa ukulawula iiseshoni zomsebenzisi kwi-Xfce nakwi-MATE ngelixa ezinye iidesktops zisebenzisa i-elogind, eyahlukileyo yelogind engabotshwanga kwinkqubo.

Eyona nto iphambili kwi-Devuan 4.0 «Chimaera»

Kule nguqulo intsha yenkqubo ukufudukela kwisiseko sephakheji se-Debian 11 kwenziwe, apho iiphakheji zingqinelaniswe ne-Debian 11.1 kwaye ngaphezulu kwayo yonke intliziyo yenkqubo ihambela kwi-Linux kernel 5.10, ukongeza, ngoku umsebenzisi uvunyelwe ukukhetha ukusebenzisa iisistim ze-sysvinit, runit kunye ne-OpenRC.

Kwelinye icala, kongezwa ulusu olutsha kuzo zombini isikrini sokungena, umphathi wokungena kunye nedesktop, ukongeza ukongeza inkxaso ye-gdm3 kunye ne-sddm abaphathi bekhusi, ukongeza kwi-Slim.

Kukwaqatshelwe ukuba ukubanakho ukusebenzisa ngaphandle kwenkqubo yonke imeko yomsebenzisi ekhoyo kwiDebian yanikezelwa.

Kwaye kwabangaboni kakuhle, inkqubo yokufaka ekhokelwa lilizwi ibonelelwe kunye nenkxaso yemiboniso ye-braille yongezwa.

Kwakhona, kule nguqulo intsha yosasazo, inkxaso kwimeko yendalo ye-LXDE yongezwa.

Gqibela ukuba ufuna ukwazi ngakumbi ngayo, ungajonga iinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo.

Khuphela i-Devuan 4.0 «Chimaera»

Ukuba ufuna ukukhuphela ukuhanjiswa kweLinux Kuya kufuneka uye kwiwebhusayithi esemthethweni nakwicandelo lokukhuphela ungafumana umfanekiso wenkqubo kwesinye sezipili zayo ezikhoyo. Kungcono ukusebenzisa eyona ikufutshane kuwe, ikhonkco yile.

Uyiphucula njani i-Devuan 4.0 "Chimaera" ukusuka kwi-Devuan 3.x?

Si Ukuba une-Devuan version 3.x efakiweyo, unokuhlaziya kuhlobo oluzinzileyo ngaphandle kokufaka kwakhona inkqubo.

Kule nto Kuya kufuneka uvule i-terminal kwaye wenze le miyalelo ilandelayo. Kuqala siza kongeza indawo yokugcina izinto ka-Devuan 3.0 kwimithombo yethu yolwazi, ebekwe endleleni: /etc/apt/source.list

Siyihlela ngomhleli wethu okhethiweyo kwaye songeze ezi ndawo zokugcina (kubalulekile ukubeka izimvo kulo naluphi na olunye ugcino nge # ekuqaleni okanye uyicime ukunqanda iingxaki kuhlaziyo):

deb http://deb.devuan.org/merged chimaera main
deb http://deb.devuan.org/merged chimaera-updates main
deb http://deb.devuan.org/merged chimaera-security main
#deb http://deb.devuan.org/merged chimaera-backports main

Sigcina utshintsho kwaye sibulala inkqubo ye-xscreensaver ukuze sikwazi ukuhlaziya ngokuchanekileyo:

killall xscreensaver

Kwisiphelo senza uhlaziyo:

apt-get update

apt-get dist-upgrade

Apha kuya kufuneka silinde kuba iya kuqala ukukhuphela zonke iipakeji kunye noqwalaselo oluyimfuneko kuhlaziyo. Le nkqubo izakuthatha ixesha, apho inkqubo ingasetyenziselwa ukwenza omnye umsebenzi apho inkqubo yekhompyuter yakho ihlaziywa.

Ekugqibeleni kuya kufuneka uyicime ikhompyuter yakho ukuze lonke utshintsho luqale ukusebenza kwaye xa uyiqala kwakhona, kuya kufuneka ubone ukuba sele unalo uhlobo olutsha lwe-Devuan efakiweyo.

Kwimeko yokusilela kwephakheji, Iiphakheji ezingaphumelelanga kufuneka zilungiswe kwaye emva koko ziqale ukuhlaziywa kwakhona.

apt-get -f install
apt-get dist-upgrade


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