I-EFF ixelela uGoogle ukuba ukutshintsha ii-cookies nge-FLoC kungadala iingxaki

Isiseko seFronti Frontier (eff) ugxeke iFLC API ekhuthazwe nguGoogle Njengenxalenye yesicwangciso sangasese seSandbox, kuba iChannel 89 sele iqalile ukumiliselwa kothotho lwee-API ezinokuthi zithathe indawo yeikuki zomntu wesithathu ezisetyenziselwa ukulandelela iintshukumo.

Ngale nto kwixa elizayo, uGoogle ucwangcisa ukususa ngokupheleleyo ukusetyenziswa kweicookies zokulandela umkhondo kunye nokuphelisa inkxaso yeChannel yee-cookies zomntu wesithathu ezisetiweyo xa undwendwela iisayithi ezingezizo ezedomeyini yangoku.

I-FLoC API yenzelwe ukumisela udidi lomdla womsebenzisi ngaphandle kokuchongwa komntu ngaphandle kokubhekisa kwimbali utyelelo kwiindawo ezithile.

IFLC ikuvumela ukuba ubonise amaqela abasebenzisi abanomdla ofanayo ngaphandle kokuchonga abasebenzisi ngabanye. Umdla womsebenzisi uchongwa 'ngamaqabane', iilebheli ezimfutshane ezichaza amaqela ahlukeneyo.

IiCohorts zibalwa kwicala lesikhangeli ngokusebenzisa umatshini wokufunda ubuchule bokukhangela idatha yembali kunye nomxholo ovulwa kwisikhangeli. Iinkcukacha zihlala kumsebenzisi, kwaye kuphela ulwazi ngokubanzi malunga neekoholi ezibonisa umdla kwaye zivumela ukuba bahambise intengiso efanelekileyo ngaphandle kokulandela umkhondo womsebenzisi othile ugqithiselwa ngaphandle.

Ngokwe-EFF, i-API ecetywayo inokutshintsha ezinye iingxaki kwezinye. Ukuba nayiphi na indawo inokufumana iithegi malunga nezinto onomdla kuzo, iimeko zenzelwe ukucalulwa kwabasebenzisi, ngokokukhetha kwabo kunye neembono zabo, kunye nokusetyenziswa okujolise ekujoliswe kuko.

Endaweni yokuyeka ukujolisa ngokupheleleyo, uGoogle uzama ukubuyisela uqhelaniso lwangaphambilir ngenkqubo entsha isikhokelo ngeengxaki zabo.

Ezinye zezindululo zakhe zibonisa ukuba akazifundanga izifundo ezichanekileyo kwimpendulo eqhubekayo kwimodeli yeshishini lokujonga. Esi sithuba siza kugxila kwisindululo esinye esinjalo, ukufunda ngokudibeneyo kweqela (i-FLoC), ekunokwenzeka ukuba lelona libalaseleyo kwaye linokonakalisa kakhulu.

I-EFF ikholelwa ekubeni kuxhomekeke kumsebenzisi ukuba athathe isigqibo sokuba loluphi ulwazi anokuluhambisa kwisiza ngasinye kwaye ungakhathazeki malunga nento yokuba umkhondo womsebenzi wakho odlulileyo ungasetyenziselwa ukukukhohlisa xa uvula iisayithi. Ukungeniswa kwe-FLoC kunokukhokelela kwinto yokuba ulwazi malunga nokuziphatha komsebenzisi luya kufana nebala lokukulandela ukusuka kwenye indawo ukuya kwenye.

Phakathi kwemingcipheko emitsha yile:

  • Inkangeleko yento eyongezelelweyo yokuchongwa okufihliweyo kwesikhangeli somsebenzisi ("ibrawuza yeminwe"). Nangona ii-coorts ze-FLoC ziya kufikelela kumawakawaka abantu, zinokusetyenziselwa ukuphucula ukuchaneka kokuchongwa kwesikhangeli xa zisetyenziswa ngokudibanisa nenye idatha engathanga ngqo enjengokusonjululwa kwescreen, uluhlu lweentlobo ze-MIME ezixhaswayo, iiparameter ezithile kwiintloko (i-HTTP / 2 kunye ne-HTTPS ), Iiplagi ezifakiweyo kunye neefonti, ukubakho kweeAPIs ezithile zewebhu, imisebenzi yemisebenzi ethe ngqo yamakhadi kunye neWebGL kunye neCanvas, ubuqhetseba beCSS, ikhibhodi kunye nemisebenzi yegundane.
  • Bonelela ngedatha eyongezelelweyo yomntu kubakhweli esele bechonge abasebenzisi. Umzekelo, ukuba umsebenzisi uchongiwe kwaye wangena kwiakhawunti yakhe, inkonzo inokucacisa imephu yedatha malunga nezinto ezikhethiweyo ezichaziweyo kwiqela elithile kumsebenzisi othile kwaye, xa utshintsha ii-cohorts, zilandelela inguqu yokhetho.
  • Ukubuyela umva kwinjineli kwimbali yotyelelo esekwe kwidatha yeqela akufakwanga ngaphandle. Uhlalutyo lwe-algorithm yolwabiwo lweqela liya kwenza ukuba kube lula ukugweba ukuba zeziphi iisayithi umsebenzisi anokuzityelela. Kuyenzeka ukuba ufikelele kwisiseko ngokuhlala malunga nobudala, inqanaba lentlalontle, ubume besini, ukuthanda ezopolitiko, ubunzima bezemali okanye ubunzima obukhoyo.
  • Ucalucalulo olusekwe kukhetho lomsebenzisi. Umzekelo, ukunikezelwa kwemisebenzi kunye nokubolekwa kwemali kunokwahluka ngokobuhlanga, inkolo, isini kunye nobudala. Imali mboleko kumazinga enzala anyusiweyo anokunyanzeliswa kubasebenzisi abathintelwe yimali, kunye nokukhethwa kwabantu kunye nezopolitiko kunokusetyenziselwa ukwandisa ukuthembeka kwengcaciso engeyiyo.

Umthombo: https://www.eff.org


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