I-Intel, i-TSMC, i-Samsung, i-ARM kunye nezinye zidibana ukuze zichaze umgangatho omtsha we-chiplet

I-AMD, i-Arm, i-ASE, i-Google Cloud, i-Intel Corporation, i-Meta, i-Microsoft, i-Qualcomm Incorporated, i-Samsung kunye ne-TSMC ibhengeze ukusekwa kwe-industrial consortium eya kuseka uqhagamshelo olusemgangathweni phakathi kwee-chiplets ezahlukeneyo kunye nokukhuthaza i-chiplet ecosystem evulekileyo.

Universal Chiplet Interconnect Express (eICU) ludibaniso oluqhelekileyo oluvulekileyo kolu shishino ebonelela ngoqhagamshelwano ibhokisi ye-bandwidth ephezulu, i-latency ephantsi, amandla asebenzayo kunye inenzuzo phakathi kwee-chiplets.

Oku kucwangciselwe ukuhlangabezana neemfuno ezikhulayo zekhompyutha, inkumbulo, ugcino, kunye noqhagamshelo kwi-computing eqhubekayo yelifu, i-edge, ishishini, i-5G, i-automotive, i-high-performance computing, kunye nezinto ezinxitywayo. I-UCIe yenzelwe ukubonelela ngesakhono sokupakisha ukufa kwimithombo eyahlukeneyo, kubandakanya iilebhu zokuvelisa ezahlukeneyo, uyilo olwahlukileyo, kunye nobugcisa bokupakisha obahlukeneyo.

umbutho lindela lo mgangatho, ebizwa ngokuba yi-Universal Chiplet Interconnect Express (UCIe), vumela abasebenzisi bokuphela ukuba "baxube kwaye batshatise" izinto i-chiplet evela kubathengisi abaninzi ukwakha inkqubo yesiko-kwi-chip (SoC).

Ngokubanzi, kukho iindlela ezimbini zokwakha inkqubo kwitshiphu yangoku (SoC). I iitshiphusi ezidityanisiweyo ze-monolithic, eyona ndlela yemveli, badibanisa zonke izinto ze-semiconductor kwiqhekeza elinye le-silicon eprintiweyo. Ngokuchaseneyo, iichiplets zithatha indlela eyahlukileyo. Esikhundleni sokudala i-chip enye enkulu kunye nawo onke amacandelo, i-chiplets ukwahlula izinto zibe ngamacandelo ezincinci ezidityanisiweyo zibe yiprosesa enkulu.

Ngoko ke, umgaqo we-chiplets kukudibanisa kunye nokudibanisa iimodyuli ezahlukeneyo, ii-chiplets, ezine-matrix yazo, ngaphakathi kwephakheji enye. Yindlela ye "Lego" ngendlela.

Inkqubo ye-chiplet ineengenelo ezithile, kuba ngokomzekelo zinokuvelisa inkcitho encinci (Umzekelo, ukuba undoqo omnye uyasilela, kulula ukulahla enye yee-chiplets ezimbini ze-16-core kunokuba ilahle yonke i-XNUMX-core monolithic chip.) Uyilo lwe-chiplet lukwanenzuzo, njengoko luvumela iinkampani ukuba zicuthe izinto ezibalulekileyo (ezinje nge-CPU cores) ukuya kwiindawo ezintsha, ezincinci zokusetyenzwa ngaphandle kokucutha yonke i-SoC ukwenza umdlalo. Okokugqibela, ukudibanisa itshiphu kuvumela iinkampani ukuba zenze iitshiphusi ezinkulu kunokuba zinokwenza ngoyilo olunye lwe-monolithic.

Ekugqibeleni, ngombono wokunciphisa iindleko kunye nokuphucula ukusebenza, imarike yeemodyuli ze-off-shelf (chiplets) zinokwenzeka ngokupheleleyo. Ukuze nje uqheliso olunjalo lube nokwenzeka, uqhagamshelo phakathi kwee-chiplets kufuneka lube mgangathweni, njengeeprothokholi ezahlukeneyo ezisetyenziswa yi-motherboard umzekelo. Yiloo nto i-UCIe efuna ukuyenza.

I-Intel, i-AMD kunye nabanye sele beyila okanye bathengisa iiprosesa ezisekelwe kwi-chiplet Enye indlela okanye enye: Uninzi lweeprosesa ze-AMD ze-Ryzen zisebenzisa i-chiplets, kunye neeprosesa ze-Intel ezizayo zeSapphire Rapids Xeon nazo ziyakwenza.

"I-AMD inebhongo ngokuqhubeka nesiko layo elide lokuxhasa imigangatho yoshishino eyenza izisombululo ezintsha zihlangabezane neemfuno eziguqukayo zabathengi bethu. Sibe yinkokeli kwitekhnoloji ye-chiplet kwaye samkela i-multivendor chipset ecosystem ukuze sikwazi ukudityaniswa nomntu wesithathu, utshilo uMark Papermaster, usekela mongameli kunye negosa eliyintloko lobuchwephesha, i-AMD. "Umgangatho we-UCIe uya kuba yinto ephambili ekuvuseleleni inkqubo entsha ngokuthembela kwiinjini zokubala ezingafaniyo kunye nee-accelerators eziya kuvumela ukufumana izisombululo ezizezona zilungelelanisiweyo malunga nokusebenza, iindleko kunye nokusebenza kakuhle kwamandla. »

Iprojekthi ye-UCIe isekwinqanaba layo lokuqala. Okwangoku, inkqubo yokulinganisa igxile ekusekeni imithetho yokudibanisa i-chips kwiiphakheji ezinkulu. Kodwa kukho izicwangciso zokudala umbutho we-UCIe woshishino oya kuthi ekugqibeleni uncede ukuchaza iteknoloji ye-UCIe yesizukulwana esilandelayo, kuquka "iifom ze-chiplet, ulawulo, ukhuseleko oluphuculweyo, kunye nezinye iiprothokholi ezibalulekileyo" kwixesha elizayo.

Oku kuthetha ukuba ngenye imini kunokubakho i-ecosystem yonke yee-chiplets eya kuvumela iinkampani ukuba zenze i-SoC yesiko ngokuphanda amacandelo ahlukeneyo ngokusekelwe kwiimfuno zabo, kufana nokwakha i-PC yokudlala.

Okokugqibela, ukuba unomdla wokwazi ngakumbi malunga nayo, ungajonga iinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo.


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