ILibra, iZuckerberg's cryptocurrency yiprojekthi efileyo ngokusemthethweni 

Kubonakala ngathi Iphupha likaZuckerberg lokukwazi ukudibanisa i-cryptocurrency kwipotifoliyo yosetyenziso lwakho akukho duro mucho, kuba kwakungo-2019 xa sabelana ngopapasho apha kwiblogi xa kwaziswa iprojekthi "Libra". i-cryptocurrency eyenza ngathi unayo yonke into kwaye kwangaxeshanye akukho nto.

Kwaye iintsuku ezimbalwa ezedlulileyo i-Diem Association yazisa (ngomhla we-1 kaFebruwari) ukuthengiswa kwepropati yengqondo kunye nezinye izinto ezinxulumene nokusebenza kwenethiwekhi yentlawulo ye-Diem kwi-Silvergate Capital Corporation.

imali ebonakalayo yenzelwe ukwenza ukuthenga kunye nokuthumela imali kube lula kwaye ngokukhawuleza njengomyalezo okhawulezileyo. UMark Zuckerberg, umseki weMeta eyaziwayo yezizwe ngezizwe, kunyaka ophelileyo uzame ukweyisela abenzi bezigqibo.

“Abantu bahlawula iindleko eziphezulu kakhulu kwaye kufuneka balinde ixesha elide ukuze bazame ukuthumela imali kwizalamane eziphesheya. Icandelo lezemali limile kwaye akukho ndlela yolwakhiwo lwemali yedijithali ukuxhasa ukusungulwa kwezimali esikufunayo. Ndicinga ukuba le ngxaki ingasonjululwa kwaye iLibra inokunceda, utshilo uZuckerberg.

I-Libra yagqabhuka kwindawo xa i-stablecoins, eyenzelwe ukugcina ixabiso elimiselweyo ukukhuthaza ukuthengiselana rhoqo, yayiyingcamango entsha kwaye ingahlolisiswa ngokusondeleyo ngabalawuli.

Ngenxa yobungakanani bemarike ye-stablecoin ukususela ngo-2019, oorhulumente behlabathi jikelele baqala ukuqaphela kwaye bathathele ingqalelo umthetho. NgoNovemba, iSebe lezeMali lase-US lathi likholelwa ukuba i-stablecoins kufuneka ilawulwe njengeebhanki.

Umbutho weLibra ibingumbutho ozimeleyo ongenzi nzuzo ekuqaleni yenziwe ngamalungu angama-28 kwaye isekelwe eGeneva, eSwitzerland. Injongo yayo yayikukongamela izigqibo ezibalulekileyo malunga ne-cryptocurrency.

Amalungu aseki aquka: I-MasterCard, iVisa, iSpotify Technology SA, iPayPal Holdings, i-eBay, i-Uber Technologies kunye neVodafone Group Plc, ngokunjalo neefemu eziyinkunzi yoshishino Andreessen Horowitz kunye ne-Thrive Capital. Ukuze ube yinxalenye yeqela, utyalo-mali oluncinci lwe-10 yezigidi zeerandi lwalufuneka, ngaphandle kwamalungu angenzi nzuzo afana neqela elibandakanya imali yaseKiva.

I-MasterCard ishiye iLibra ngenxa yeenkxalabo ekuthotyelweni, ekwenzeni imali kunye Ukuphazamiseka kwe-Facebook kwiintengiselwano, kunye nalapho emva kokuba uninzi lwamalungu aseke aphela eshiya iprojekthi. Emva koko, umbutho weLibra waba yiDiemel emva kokuhamba kwabatyali-mali ababalulekileyo.

Ngenxa yokuba iprojekthi yayifuna ukukhanya okuluhlaza kubalawuli abantu baseMelika, ayizange iqinisekise i-Federal Reserve. Umbuzo, umngcipheko wemali eguquguqukayo efana neBitcoin okanye ukungaqiniseki malunga nokukhuselwa kwedatha yomntu iingxaki zazisenyuka kwiprojekthi.

Ukuzama ukutyhila kwiphepha elitsha, ii-asethi eziphambili zenkampani ye-Diem zaphela zifunyenwe nguSilvergate, ibhanki yorhwebo US, apho Facebook wathi ufuna ukunciphisa ilahleko yayo.

Ukuthengiswa kwee-asethi zeDiem kuphawula ukuphela komzamo leyo, ekucingeni kwayo, yayigwetyiwe kwasekuqaleni.

I-Facebook, ngoku ebizwa ngokuba yi-Meta, yenza ii-apps ezaziza kuba yindlela ephambili yokusebenzisa umqondiso. Emva koko, nangona i-Facebook idale i-Libra Association ukulawula uphawu ecaleni kwezinye iinkampani, abantu boyika kwangoko ukuba iLibra iya kwenza isigebenga setekhnoloji esiphikisanayo sibe namandla ngakumbi. Yintoni egqithisile, amalungu oMbutho weLibra aqala ukurhoxa, kwiinyanga nje ezimbalwa emva kokubhengezwa kweendaba zokusekwa kweqela.

Umbutho ongemva kweDiem uqinisekisile ukuba uthengise izinto zayo malunga ne-200 yezigidi zeedola. ukuya eSilvergate. Isigqibo sokuthengisa senziwe emva kokuba "kuye kwacaca kwingxoxo yethu nabalawuli bomanyano ukuba iprojekthi ayinakwenzeka," utshilo umphathi weDiem uStuart Levey kwingxelo. (Sele sisazi ukuba i-US Federal Reserve yayimchasi ophambili wokusungulwa kweDiem.)

Abanye abahlalutyi, Nangona isidima seMeta ekugqibeleni sayitshona iDiem, uyilo lukaDiem lwaluselubala kwaye lunobuhlobo ngakumbi. kunye nabalawuli kune stablecoins ezininzi ezikhoyo. Kodwa phantse lonke iqela lokuseka i-Libra elishiya i-Meta, amathuba okuba i-Diem iphinde ivele ngenqanaba elifanayo lenkxaso njengangaphambili lincinci.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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