Iimpahla ze-Crypto kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets: Yintoni esifanele siyazi ngaphambi kokuyisebenzisa?

Iimpahla ze-Crypto kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets: Yintoni esifanele siyazi ngaphambi kokuyisebenzisa?

Iimpahla ze-Crypto kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets: Yintoni esifanele siyazi ngaphambi kokuyisebenzisa?

Iphinde yaqaqanjiswa okanye ibikhona Ulwazi loluntu lwehlabathi isihloko se-Cryptoassets, ngakumbi le inxulumene nomba we Imali engezantsi yedijithali, ngenxa yokumiliselwa kwe Imali ye-Libra yedijithali kunye nayo "Isipaji seCalibra" ngu Umbutho weLibra apho amanye amashishini amakhulu obuchwephesha kunye nentengiso ye-elektroniki yehlabathi eyinxalenye, phakathi kwabo Facebook, njengoko kutshiwo kutsha nje kwiposti yethu ebizwa: I-Libra blockchain esekwe kwi-cryptocurrency ye-Facebook ngesipaji sakho sedijithali.

Ukongeza, isaphulelo esitsha kumaxabiso eyokuqala, eyaziwa ngcono kunye ne-Cryptocurrency, ebizwa ngokuba yi «Bitcoin», amaxabiso akhe kwezi ntsuku (ngoJuni-2019) ajikeleze i-10 lamawaka eedola (i-USD) akuthandile ukuqhuma kweendaba kwihlabathi langoku nakwixesha elizayo. Yintoni eyenza kufuneke ukuba yaziwe imiba, imigaqo okanye iikhonsepthi ezinxulumene Ii-Cryptoassets kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets ukwandisa impumelelo yokwamkelwa kwabo, kuba ezi impumelelo yabo bayisekela ekuthembekeni nasekusebenziseni abasebenzisi babo.

Intshayelelo kwii-Cryptocurrensets

Okwangoku nakwihlabathi liphela kukho ezibalaseleyo kwaye ziluncedo Iimpahla ze-crypto kunye neeprojekthi ze-cryptocurrency ziyaqhubeka. Ezinye zeeprojekthi zamva nje nezexesha elizayo ulondolozo ezihamba kunye namaziko akhoyo eebhanki zehlabathi, ezinye zindala kunye neeprojekthi zamva nje ezintsha ezihamba kunye nemibutho emikhulu nezincinci yabucala kunye neyorhwebo, kwaye ezimbalwa ziiprojekthi zangoku nezizayo umdla isandla ngesandla namaqumrhu oluntu kumazwe athile.

Ngenxa yoku, kuluncedo kakhulu ukuba wazi kwaye uqonde ngokusemandleni akhoyo Ii-asethi ze-Crypto kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets kunye nawo onke amagama asetyenziswayo kunye netekhnoloji ukulungiselela bona kunye nabo bonke abo ngaxa lithile banokuthi simenywe, sinyanzelwe kwaye siyalwe ukuba siyisebenzise.

Imali yeTekhnoloji kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets

Isigama kunye netekhnoloji enxulumene noko

Uqoqosho lwedijithali

Yindawo entsha yorhwebo ekhule ngokupheleleyo kunye nokwandiswa. Ngokusisiseko ibhekisa kuyo yonke urhwebo lwe-elektroniki okanye lwedijithali olwenziwa kwi-Intanethi kunye neTekhnoloji yoLwazi kunye noNxibelelwano yakutshanje (ICT) ukuze wenze kwaye ufumane iimveliso ezintsha nezingcono, iimpahla kunye neenkonzo kunqakrazo olumbalwa. Ngelixa urhwebo lwe-elektroniki lubhekisa kwinto ngokwayo, inkqubo yokuthenga nokuthengisa iimveliso ngeendlela zombane, ezinje ngokusetyenziswa kweselfowuni kunye ne-Intanethi.

Iimpahla ze-Crypto kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets: Uqoqosho lweDijithali

Le ndawo intsha ibandakanya kwaye idibanise ngokuqhubekayo nangokucacileyo itekhnoloji yamacandelo ahlukeneyo (ezemfundo, ezomsebenzi, ezolonwabo, ezemali, ezorhwebo, ezonxibelelwano) ukufumana ezinye iindlela ezifanelekileyo, ezikhuselekileyo nezenzelwe umntu ngamnye.

Kuqoqosho lweDijithali, I-intanethi isebenza njengeqonga lendalo lonke lokuvelisa umsebenzi, ukudala ubutyebi, kunye nokuhanjiswa kunye nokusetyenziswa kwempahla kunye neenkonzo. Konke oku ukulungiselela ukufezekisa iimfuno ezikhulayo zoluntu lwanamhlanje, uluntu lwetekhnoloji olusekwe kulwazi.

Itekhnoloji yezeMali

Itekhnoloji yezezimali, amaxesha amaninzi ekubhekiswa kuyo njenge «Iimali zeTekhnoloji» okanye iFinTech, ngumxholo ogama lakhe livela kulo isifinyezo yamagama esiNgesi "Itekhnoloji yezeMali". Kwaye ibhekisa kuzo zonke iitekhnoloji zala maxesha ezisetyenziswa yimibutho (iinkampani, amashishini kunye nemizi-mveliso), eluntwini nakwabucala, nakweliphi na icandelo (elezemali, elezorhwebo, elezobuchwephesha kunye neenkonzo zentlalo) ukwenza kunye nokunikezela ngeemveliso ezintsha, iimpahla kunye neenkonzo.

Isoftware yasimahla, iFinTech kunye ne-Crypto-anarchism: Ngaba linokuza ikamva?

Abanye banolwazelelelo ngakumbi, ihlala ithathela ingqalelo njenge FinTech kuphela iseti yeenkampani kwicandelo lezemali elenza izimvo ezintsha kunye neemodeli zoqoqosho nezorhwebo ngokusebenzisa i-ICT entsha kunye neyona yanamhlanje. Phakathi kweetekhnoloji ezibandakanya lo mbono yiTekhnoloji yeAccounting Accounting (i-DLT) kunye neBlockchain Technology (iBlockchain) kunye ne-Crypto-commerce (iiCryptoassets kunye neeCryptocurrencies).

Isishwankathelo, ubuChwepheshe bezeMali bunjalo Injongo yokwenza ezona teknoloji zale mihla zinike elona nani likhulu labathengi, izisombululo ezingcono (iimpahla okanye iinkonzo) ezezimali nezorhwebo ngeendlela ezifikelelekayo, ezinoqoqosho, ezisebenzayo, ezikhulu, ezelubala, ezikhuselekileyo nezizimeleyo.

Itekhnoloji yeAccounting Accounting (DLT)

Iteknoloji yeLedger ehanjisiweyo, ekwabizwa ngegama layo ngesiNgesi i-DLT kwibinzana elithi "iTekhnoloji yeLedger ehanjisiweyo" Ihlala isetyenziswa ikakhulu kwicandelo lophuhliso lwabucala, kodwa ibandakanya iTekhnoloji yeBlockchain, efanayo ngokufanayo kodwa icandelo lokuphuhliswa koluntu. I-DLT ibhekisa kuphela kwitekhnoloji ngendlela epheleleyo, oko kukuthi, kwitekhnoloji eyenza ukuthengiselana okunokwenzeka kwi-Intanethi ngendlela ekhuselekileyo kwaye ngaphandle kwabalamli, ngoovimba beenkcukacha ezihanjisiweyo, eziqinisekisa ukungaguquguquki kunye nokukhusela idatha ngokufihlakeleyo.

Iimpahla ze-Crypto kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets: DLT

Ukuthetha malunga ne-DLT kubandakanya, iikhonsepthi zokuhanjiswa kwenethiwekhi, ebhekisa kuloo mingxunya igcina ikopi yedatha esetyenzisiweyo, ukuthintela idatha ekubeni ilawulwe, ngaphandle kokuba kukho Uhlaselo lwama-51%, ayikho enye into engaphaya uhlaselo apho umntu ongenayo efumana ulawulo lweendawo ezininzi, ephazamisa izigqibo zenethiwekhi, elawula ukutshintsha yonke into ngokuthanda kwakhe. Kungoko wophula umthetho-siseko wolawulo kwinethiwekhi, ozama ukugcina idemokhrasi ilinganisiwe phakathi kwabathathi-nxaxheba (iindawo), ukuze kungabikho nkohliso okanye ubuqhetseba phakathi kwabo.

Ingcinga yeBlockchain akufuneki ibhidaniswe ne-DLT. Ukwenza umlinganiso wokuqonda kokubini iikhonsepthi kunokuthiwa, Ukuthetha ngezezimali, i-DLT iya kuba yingcinga ngokwayo ye «Imali" kunye neBlockchain iya kuba yinto eyodwa ngokukodwa, umzekelo, iDola, i-Euro, iRuble okanye iYuan. Njengokuba nganye yezi yenye yeemali ezininzi, iBlockchain yi-DLT. I-DLT ligama elenziwa lafana nelo, kwaye iBlockchain ligama elithile, ekufuneka lithandwe kakhulu kwi-asethi ye-crypto, ngakumbi ii-cryptocurrensets. Ke xa uthetha ngeBlockchain, umntu uhlala ebhekisa kwiqonga lasekuqaleni le "Bitcoin", eyile yokuqala eyenziweyo.

Itekhnoloji yeBlockchain

Itekhnoloji yeBlockchain, ekwabizwa ngokuba yiBlockchain, ngegama lesiNgesi, iyayikhankanya loo nto Itekhnoloji ebandakanya ukulandelelana kweebhloko ezigcina ulwazi ngaphakathi kwenethiwekhi, kwaye kufuneka kwaye ziqinisekiswe ngabasebenzisi bayo ukusuka ekudalweni kwayo kude kube sekupheleni. Kwaye apho ibhloko nganye iqulethe isikhombisi se-hash kwibloko eyandulelayo, yenza uthungelwano olunxibelelanayo. I-blockchain ikwahlala inxulunyaniswa negama lombutho wabucala owenza ibhloko yokuhlola enegama elifanayo.

I-blockchain kunye neTekhnoloji yeAccounting Accounting

KwiBlockchain, i-hash ayikho enye into ngaphandle kweseti yamanani akhethiweyo asebenza njengomboniso omncinci wedatha yayo nayiphi na ubungakanani. Isetyenziselwa ukuthintela ubuqhetseba kwezi teknoloji. Kuba ibhloko nganye ine-hash yayo eyabelweyo, ukongeza kwidatha egcinwe kuyo kunye ne-hash yebhlokhi yangaphambili. IiHashs zisetyenziswe ngendlela yokuba ukuba umxholo webhloko uyatshintsha, i-hash yelo bhloko iyatshintsha. Kwaye ukuba i-hash itshintshiwe ngaphandle kokuba iyimveliso yotshintsho lomxholo, ukuphazamiseka kwenzeka kuzo zonke iibhloko emva kwayo.

Así I-blockchain iba luhlobo lokuchaza ubuchwephesha obucwangcisiweyo kwinkqubo ebhalwe ngokwendalo, ebonelela ngeendlela ezikhuselekileyo nezithembekileyo zabasebenzisi, izazisi zabo, idatha kunye nokuthengiselana, ngaphandle kwesidingo sabalamli, kwi-Intanethi. Iindlela eziqinisekisa ukuba yonke into eyenziweyo isemthethweni, iqinisekisiwe kwaye ayinakuguqulwa, Oko kukuthi, ineempawu zokungaguquki.

Imigodi yedijithali

Imigodi yedijithali ihlala ibhekisa kwisenzo (iindlela okanye iintshukumo) zokusombulula ibhloko, ukungqinisisa yonke imicimbi enayo ukufumana umvuzo. Ngamanye amagama, yinkqubo apho umamkeli (node) esombulula imisebenzi ye-cryptographic ngaphakathi kweBlockchain, edla ngokwenza amathokheni, ii-asethi ze-crypto okanye ii-cryptocurrencies njengeemveliso zokugqibela. Yonke le nkqubo ihlala ihamba ngesantya esisekwe ngobuchwephesha obuchanekileyo kunye neenkcukacha zobuchwephesha esele zimiselwe kwangaphambili.

Kwisenzo esikhankanyiweyo, ngokusisiseko i-node iqinisekisa intengiselwano njengefanelekileyo, Ukuyipakisha kwibhloko kunye ne-hash ehambelana nayo, emva koko ukhethe i-hash yebhlokhi yangaphambili kwaye uyongeze kule yangoku. Emva koko sebenzisa i-algorithm yemvumelwano yemveli yeBlockchain Ukuqinisekisa ukuba i-node yenze iinzame eziyimfuneko zokugqibezela ibhloko eyabelweyo kunye nokufumana umvuzo ohambelana nayo.

Ukumba imigodi ngeDijithali ngeeKhompyuter (i-CPU / GPU)

Kwimigodi yedijithali, I «Consensus Algorithms» ayikho enye into ngaphandle kwemithetho emiselweyo yokujonga ukuba yeyiphi na ikopi yeBlockchain esemthethweni nengeyiyo. Le mithetho inokuchazwa ngendlela elula ngolu hlobo: "Elona khonkco lide liza kuhlala lithathwa njengelichanekileyo lelo leBlockchain eneebhloko ezininzi" kwaye "Ikhonkco leebhloko ezineyona nkxaso liza kuthathwa njengelisebenzayo." Zininzi «Imvumelwano ngobuchule» Okwangoku ukulinganisa inkxaso yenethiwekhi, kodwa phakathi kwezona zaziwayo zezi: Ubungqina boMsebenzi / iPOW kunye nobungqina beStake / POS.

Ngaphandle kwe «Consensus Algorithms», eyaziwayo «Encryption okanye Encryption Algorithms »leyo yimisebenzi eguqula umyalezo ube luthotho olungafundekiyo ngokungacwangciswanga. Ngaphakathi kwiBlockchain ezi zisetyenziselwa ukungqinisisa imicimbi. Ezinye zazo zezi: CryptoNote, CryptoNight, Equihash, Scrypt, SHA kunye neX11.

Iithokheni, ii-Cryptoassets kunye nee-cryptocurrensets

Ngaphakathi kwiBlockchain, Iithokheni zihlala zichazwa njengethokheni ye-cryptographic emele iyunithi yexabiso elinokufunyanwa ngayo ukuze isetyenziswe kamva ukufumana iimpahla kunye neenkonzo. Phakathi kwezinto ezininzi, uMqondiso unokusetyenziselwa ukunika ilungelo, ukuhlawulela umsebenzi owenziweyo okanye ukwenziwa, ukuhambisa idatha, okanye njengenkuthazo okanye isango leenkonzo ezinxulumene noko okanye ukuphuculwa kokusebenza.

Ngelixa a I-Cryptoactive ihlala ichazwa njengethokheni ekhethekileyo ekhutshiweyo kwaye ithengiswe ngaphakathi kweqonga le-blockchain. Ikwahlala ibhekisa kwithokheni nganye ekhoyo (i-cryptocurrensets, iikhontrakthi ezikrelekrele, iinkqubo zolawulo, phakathi kwabanye) kunye nezinye iindlela zeempahla kunye neenkonzo ezisebenzisa ukufihla ukusebenza.

Iimpahla ze-Crypto kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets: Isiphelo

Okokugqibela, i-Cryptocurrency yenye yeentlobo ezininzi ze-Asset ye-Crypto, ethi yona, ibe luluhlu lwento eyaziwa ngokuba yi-Asethi yeDijithali. Apho iAsethi yeDijithali ithathwa njengento ekhoyo kwifomathi yokubini kwaye iza nelungelo layo lokuyisebenzisa, ukuba ayinabanini, ayinakuthathwa njengempahla eyidijithali. Izinto zexabiso ledijithali zinokuba luxwebhu olugciniweyo okanye ifayile yemultimedia (isicatshulwa, iaudiyo, ividiyo, umfanekiso) ojikelezayo okanye ogcinwe kwidijithali.

Utshintshiselwano ngeDijithali yemali

Utshintshiselwano (Utshintshiselwano) lwee-Cryptocurrensets ibhekisa kwezi webhusayithi apho kwenziwa khona isenzo ukuthengwa kunye nokuthengiswa kwemali yedijithali. Oku kuhlala kukwavumela ukusebenza nezinye iintlobo zeeasethi ezinjengezabelo okanye ukhuseleko lwezezimali olwamkelweyo luluntu oluyenzayo.

Eyona njongo iphambili ye Ukutshintshiselana ngokwesiqhelo okanye okwabiwa ngokusemthethweni (i-DEX), Kukuvumela i abasebenzisi (Abarhwebi) Banokuthatha inxaxheba kwimakethi ye-crypto ephethweyo ukuze bafumane inzuzo ngokusekwe kumaxabiso (amaxabiso asimahla) avela kuyo.

Ukongeza, uninzi luhlala lukhona amaqonga alawulwa kakhulu, ukuthobela imigangatho ye I-KYC (Yazi umthengi wakho) y I-AML (Ulwaphulo-mthetho oluchasene nemali). Kwaye bahlala njalo bahlawulisa iinkonzo zabo kunye qinisekisa ngokuqinisekileyo Ukunciphisa imali ukuthatha inxaxheba kwiqonga layo.

Okokugqibela, i Ukutshintshiselwa kwamanye amazwe (DEX) Ngokungafaniyo ne- Ukutshintshiselana ngokwesikoBasebenza ngeendlela ezifanayo, nangona kunjalo, abo bangaphambili banakho ukusebenza ngendlela eyabelweyo. Oko kukuthi, ukuba kuzo akukho bathetheli kwaye iqonga liyazixhasa ngenxa yenkqubo yalo. Ngesi sizathu, bahlala bexela amanqanaba aphezulu abucala kunye nokungaziwa.

Iimali zedijithali zaseSpain naseLatin America

Isiphelo

Kuninzi okunokufundwa, ngakumbi kwiinkcukacha kunye nobunzulu malunga neeasethi ze-Crypto kunye nee-Cryptocurrensets, ubuChwepheshe bezeMali kunye neBlockchain. Kodwa ngokusisiseko, okuveziweyo apha kugubungela ezona ndawo zibalulekileyo ekufuneka wonke umntu osandula kuqalwa okanye umntu angaqhelekanga aqale ukuphonononga kwaye afunde ukuzilungiselela utshintsho oluza kuthetha ukuba olu hlobo lutsha lwemali ye-elektroniki okanye yedijithali, ethi ngokuthe ngcembe isongele ngokulahleka kwemali ezinkozo. kunye ne-fiduciary, evela kuwo onke amazwe ngokufanayo, kwaye aqala ukukhuphisana nemali yorhwebo, enjengeGolide, iSilivere, iCopper, phakathi kwabanye; kwaye ubeke endaweni imali ebonakalayo kwiiwebhusayithi esele zikho.

Ukuba unqwenela, funda amanye amanqaku ahambelana nomxholo ngaphakathi kwebhlog yethu, sicebisa la manqaku alandelayo: «I-Crypto-anarchism: Isoftware yasimahla kunye neMali yeTekhnoloji, ikamva?"Y"ILatin America neSpain: Iiprojekthi zeBlockchain ezinee-Cryptocurrensets«.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
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  1.   ULuis Jose Larez sitsho

    Eli nqaku libonakala linomdla kakhulu kum, kuba libonakalisiwe ngolwimi olucacileyo nolulula ukuqondakala, nokuba kuthi abo bangenalo ulwazi lobuchwephesha kumbandela wee-asethi ze-crypto kunye nee-cryptocurrensets, ndicinga ukuba ziluncedo kakhulu ukuqhubeka ukukhangelwa kolu lwazi, kuba ukwamkelwa kwezi mali zibonakalayo kufanele ukuba kukhule ngoku, eyona ndlela ikhuselekileyo yokwenza intengiselwano kwezoqoqosho nakwezemali kungekudala.

    1.    Ukufaka i-Linux Post sitsho

      Ndiyabulisa, Luis! Enkosi kakhulu ngezimvo zakho ezilungileyo. Siyavuya ukuba inqaku liluncedo kakhulu kuzo zonke iintlobo zabaphulaphuli, ngakumbi abo baqala ukufunda malunga neli hlabathi.

  2.   UOtto Gutman sitsho

    umdla inyaniso

    1.    Ukufaka i-Linux Post sitsho

      Imibuliso, Hernán. Enkosi kakhulu ngengcaciso yakho, ndiyathemba ukuba ukufundile kuncede kakhulu ukuba uqalise ngonyawo lwasekunene kulwazi lommandla obalulekileyo wolwazi lwangoku.