Iinethiwekhi ze-SME: ukusikwa okokuqala

Isalathiso ngokubanzi sothotho: Iinethiwekhi zekhompyuter zee-SMEs: Intshayelelo

Molweni zihlobo!

Sifuna ukwenza i «ukusika kokuqala»Phambi kokuntywila kuphunyezo kunye noqwalaselo lweenkonzo eziqhelekileyo zenethiwekhi ezisetyenziswa kwii-SME. Sithi "ukusikwa okwenyani", kuba ngokuqinisekileyo siza kubuyela ukubhala ngezihloko esele zigutyungelwe kodwa ngolunye ulwabiwo: idesktop eneCentOS okanye iOpenSuSE nabanye. Zihanjiso ekusafuneka ndizenzile kuba andinazo iindawo zokugcina ezingaphaya okanye ezingaphelelanga kulwabiwo endinalo.

Kumanqaku ethu sinika kuphela Ingongoma ngesihloko ngasinye. Ayinakuba yenye indlela. Kuyinyani ukuba sizama ukukhangela into encinci kuyo nganye, ngenjongo yokuba sisikhokelo sabafundi abathetha iSpanish xa bephumeza inkonzo, nokuba yeyokuvavanya okanye yokuvelisa.

  • LInkqubo echazwe kuwo onke amanqaku apapashiweyo ayasebenza nakwimeko zokuvelisa. Asibhali malunga nantoni na esingakhange siyvavanye kwaye sayiqinisekisa amatyeli aliqela.

Sizama ukulandela ulandelelwano olusengqiqweni kunikezelo. Izihloko zokuqala zazinikezelwe ukuba zisenze iSitishi soMsebenzi. Emva koko, nge-Debian kunye ne-CentOS, ukwenza ifayile ye- Hypervisor malunga neQemu-KVM. Emva kwexesha ukulawula iihypervisors, nokuba kungumphathi weVirtual, imiyalelo com-comands, okanye ngoyena ujongano oluphambili lokulawula ii-hypervisors ezingumyalelo Intsholongwane, isondele kakhulu kwivenkile ethengisa iincwadi libvirt.

Kutheni le nto sinyanzela iQemu-KVM, uMphathi weVirtual kunye neVirsh?

  • Ezi nkqubo zingasentla zifakelwe kwaye ziqwalaselwe ngendlela efanayo kunikezelo olukhethwe njengesiseko sothotho lwe-SMB.
  • Zifunyanwa ngokungagqibekanga kwindawo yokugcina ezi zisasaziweyo nakwifakelo lweeDVD.
  • Ubuncinci ndiyazi ukuba Ubuntu, i-CentOS, kunye ne-OpenSuSE, banikezela kwi-Installers nganye ukhetho lokuzinikela lokufaka Hypervisor.
  • Abaxhomekeki kwaphela kubume be desktop obusetyenzisiweyo.
  • Isisombululo esisekwe kwiinkqubo zangaphambili sisebenza kakuhle kwezi meko zilandelayo, ngokwahluka kukhetho loLawulo lwe-interface, kuxhomekeke kwinani leehypervisors kunye noomatshini ababonakalayo, okanye ngokokukhetha kunye nezinto abazithandayo:
    • Idesika - desktop
    • Indawo yokusebenzela - Indawo yokusebenza
    • I-hypervisor eyodwa
    • Ii-hypervisors ezininzi njengakwimeko ye-SME
    • Ilifu, ilifu, Umbindi data, Inkonzo ukusingatha, okanye nantoni na ofuna ukuyibiza iseti enkulu yeeseva ezibonakalayo kunye nezibonakalayo

Asinakukhanyela ukuba isisombululo esisekwe kwiQemu-KVM sinobuzaza kakhulu, kwaye oko kuza ngokungagqibekanga kuninzi lwee-Linux ezisebenza kakhulu kwiinkqubo zeshishini.

Kulo Umbindi data Apho umhlobo wam kunye nomlingane wam uJulio Cesar Carballo basebenza, banee-server ezingaphezu kwama-4000 ezineQemu-KVM, i-OpenStack interface interface, kunye ne-Ubuntu Server operating system. Omnye umhlobo kunye nogxa wakhe, uEduardo Noel Nuñez, unee-hypervisors ezi-4 ngeQemu-KVM, ujongano lolawulo lwe-oVirt, kunye nenkqubo yokusebenza yeCentOS 7. Sukukholelwa nje kwizalathiso esizivezayo njengemizekelo eyaziwayo. Khangela i-Intanethi ukuba zingaphi iinkampani ezinkulu nezincinci ezisamkeleyo esi sisombululo.

Abafundi kunye nabalandeli bam amanqaku am bayayazi into endiyithandayo kwi-Debian. Nangona kunjalo, bendihlala ndibubona ubuNkokheli beRed Hat, Inc. kwinkampani yelinux, singasathethi ke ngeShishini leSUSE kunye neziphumo.

  • Uluvo lwamUkubheja kweRed Hat, Inc. xa kuthelekiswa nezisombululo zeVMware, ngokuchanekileyo yiQemu-KVM, libvirt, uVirt-Manager kunye neOVirt. Ngokolwazi lwam oluncinci kunye nokuqonda, iRed Hat, Inc, kudala ithatha eyona ndawo intle yepayi. 😉

Kutheni le nto singabhali ngo-Ubuntu?

Sijonge ukuba izihloko ezigutyungelweyo ngokubhekisele ekuphunyezweni kweenkonzo zenethiwekhi kwiDebian, zisebenza njengesikhokelo sokuqala soBuntu. I-Canonical ihambisa ngamandla ukusasazwa kwe-Ubuntu Server isiya kwindawo yeshishini. Ndide ndafunda izimvo zokuba uyilahlile i-Ubuntu Desktop yakhe kancinci, indlela endingavumelani nayo. Ubuntu kukusasazwa okwenze umahluko ekusetyenzisweni kweLinux kwiidesktops. I-Linux Mint, inzala ngqo ye-Ubuntu, inikezela -kunye nolunye uphuculo- isisombululo esipheleleyo ngokwenani leephakeji zokuqala ezifunekayo, ukwenza ubomi bube lula kumsebenzisi osandula ukufika eLinux.

Ukuba sityelele iindawo ezininzi ezinikezelwe kupapasho lwamanqaku malunga neenkonzo, siya kufumana ubuninzi bazo malunga nokuhanjiswa. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kukho iindawo ezisemthethweni zeBuntu ezinikezelwe kwisihloko seenkonzo zenethiwekhi apho kunikwa amanqaku amnandi kakhulu.

Kwinqaku Ukuhanjiswa ngokuhanjiswa kwexesha kweLinux Sikwenze kwacaca ukuba kutheni sikhethe iDebian, i-CentOS- RHEL, kunye ne-OpenSuSe - I-SuSE, njengolwabiwo olusisiseko kumanqaku ethu.

Ngawaphi amanqaku esithe sawapapasha ukuza kuthi ga ngoku?

Siza kuthetha ngantoni kwixa elizayo?

  • Ukuphunyezwa kweenkonzo eziqhelekileyo kwii-SME: i-DNS, i-DHCP, i-NTP, njl.
  • I-CentOS kunye neendawo zokusebenzela ze-OpenSuSE
  • Ukunxibelelana ne-OpenSuSE
  • I-DNS kunye ne-DHCP nge-OpenSuSE isebenzisa iYast
  • … Nokunye okuninzi

Kwaye kude kube yinto elandelayo, bahlobo!


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  1.   Zodiac Carburus sitsho

    Uthotho olukhulu lomhlobo ongumhlobo uFederico. Njengoko besenditshilo, ndiyaqhubeka nokuyisebenzisa kwimveliso kunye neziphumo ezilungileyo kakhulu. Ukongeza, sele ndiyenzile ilabhoratri yam yasekhaya ukuba iqhubeke nezihloko endingazukuzisebenzisa kwinkampani yam. Iimbeko zam!

  2.   UFrederick sitsho

    Ndiyavuya ukukuva ukuba uthathe ingcebiso yam, Zodiac. Lindela amanqaku alandelayo.

  3.   icikilishe sitsho

    Mhle kangakanani umsebenzi owenzileyo kwibhlog, sithandwa sam Federico, ndingomnye wabo bacwangcise ilabhoratri yakho ilandela iingcebiso zakho inyathelo ngenyathelo. Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo yenye yezona zinto ndizithandayo mva nje ukufunda amanqaku akho achanekileyo namava ngokweenkcukacha.
    Enkosi kakhulu ngazo zonke iinkcukacha kunye nomzuzu ngamnye owunikelayo wokufundisa umntu onjengam, kuninzi esinokukufunda.

  4.   UFrederick sitsho

    Ke, sithandwa saseLagarto, njengoko kukho iindwendwe ezininzi kolu ngcelele- nangona bengenzi izimvo-ndiza kuqhubeka ndibhala. Lindela okulandelayo malunga nokuvulwaSUSE!