Isakhelo seKhompyutha ikhuphe ikhowudi ye-firmware yeelaptops zayo

Kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo umenzi welaptop isakhelo sekhompyutha, evumelana nokunika abasebenzisi ilungelo lokuzilungisa kunye nokuzama ukwenza iimveliso zayo zibe lula kangangoko ukudibanisa, ukuphuculwa kunye nokutshintsha amacandelo, ukukhutshwa kwekhowudi yemvelaphi ebhengeziweyo yomlawuli odibeneyo (EC) i-firmware esetyenziswa kwiSakhelo seLaptop.

Umbono ophambili weSakhelo seLaptop kukubonelela ngesakhono sokwakha ilaptop kwiimodyuli, ezifanayo nendlela umsebenzisi anokudibanisa ngayo idesktop kumacandelo ahlukeneyo angagunyaziswanga ngumenzi othile.

ILaptop yeFramework inokuodolwa ngokuqhekeza kwaye ihlanganiswe ngumsebenzisi kwisixhobo sokuphela. Icandelo ngalinye lesixhobo libhalwe ngokucacileyo kwaye lisuswa ngokulula. Ukuba kuyimfuneko, umsebenzisi unokutshintsha ngokukhawuleza nayiphi na imodyuli kwaye, xa kwenzeka ukuphuka, zama ukulungisa isixhobo sakhe yedwa, usebenzisa imiyalelo kunye namavidiyo anikezelwe ngumenzi ngolwazi malunga nokuhlanganisa / ukuchithwa, ukutshintshwa kwecandelo kunye nokulungiswa.

Siyavuya ukwazisa ukuba sikhulule umthombo ovulekileyo we-Firmware we-Embedded Controller (EC) ye-Laptop Framework, ekhoyo namhlanje kwi-GitHub. Oku kusekwe kwiprojekthi kaGoogle yechromium-ec, eyifirmware yeEC esetyenziswa kwiiChromebooks. Sikhuphe ukwahluka kwethu phantsi kwelayisenisi ye-BSD efanayo ye-3 ekuvumela ukuba uguqule, wabelane kwaye uyisebenzise kwakhona njengoko unqwenela.

Ukongeza ekutshintsheni imemori kunye nokugcinwa, kunokwenzeka ukubuyisela i-motherboard, ityala (imibala eyahlukileyo inikezelwa), ikhibhodi (uyilo olwahlukileyo) kunye neadaptha engenazingcingo. Ngokusebenzisa i-slots yekhadi lokwandisa ngaphandle kokuqhawula ityala, unokudibanisa ukuya kwiimodyuli ezongezelelweyo ze-4 nge-USB-C, i-USB-A, i-HDMI, i-DisplayPort, i-MicroSD kunye ne-drive yesibini kwi-laptop.

Eli nqaku ivumela umsebenzisi ukuba akhethe uluhlu olufunekayo lwamazibuko kwaye endaweni yawo nangaliphi na ixesha (umzekelo, ukuba akukho port yaneleyo ye-USB, unokutshintsha imodyuli ye-HDMI nge-USB). Kwimeko yokwaphuka okanye ukuphuculwa, ungathenga ngokwahlukeneyo amacandelo afana nesiboniso (13,5 ″ 2256×1504), ibhetri, i-touchpad, ikhamera yewebhu, ikhibhodi, ikhadi lesandi, ityala, ibhodi yoluvo lweminwe, iihinge, njl njl. isikrini kunye nezithethi. .

Ukuvula i-firmware kuya kuvumela abanomdla ukuba benze kwaye bafake enye i-firmware. I-firmware ye-EmbeddedController ixhasa ii-motherboards ze-11th Generation Intel Core i5 kunye ne-i7 processors, kwaye inoxanduva lokwenza imisebenzi ye-hardware ekumgangatho ophantsi njengeprosesa kunye nokuqaliswa kwe-chipset, ulawulo lwe-backlight, kunye nezibonakaliso, ukusebenzisana kwekhibhodi kunye ne-touchpad, ulawulo lwamandla, kunye nokulungelelanisa inqanaba lokuqala lokuqala.

Ikhowudi ye-firmware isekelwe kuphuhliso lweprojekthi evulekileyo ye-chromium-ec, apho i-Google iphuhlisa i-firmware yezixhobo zentsapho ye-Chromebook.

I-firmware ye-EC yinto ephethe umsebenzi ophantsi kwinqanaba le-Framework Laptop, kubandakanywa ukulandelelana kwamandla, ikhibhodi kunye ne-touchpad interface, kunye nokulawula ii-LEDs kwinkqubo. Nceda uqaphele ukuba ukuguqulwa kwe-firmware engachanekanga kungonakalisa i-motherboard yakho okanye enye i-hardware, ngoko sincoma ukuba ukhanyise i-firmware elungisiweyo kuphela ukuba uzimisele ukuthatha loo mngcipheko. Siyaqhubeka nokutyala imali kuphuhliso lomthombo ovulekileyo we-firmware, ngenjongo yokubuyisela enye i-firmware yobunini esidibana nayo ngoku kwixesha elizayo.

Ngezicwangciso zekamva umsebenzi uyaqhubeka ekudaleni i-firmware evulekileyo yamacandelo asabotshelelwe kwikhowudi yobunini (umzekelo, iitshiphusi ezingenazingcingo).

Uluhlu lwezikhokelo zesinyathelo-nge-nyathelo zokufakela ukuhanjiswa kweLinux ezifana neFedora 35, Ubuntu 21.10, Manjaro 21.2.1, Mint, Arch, Debian, kunye ne-Elementary OS ziphuhliswa ngokusekelwe kwiingcebiso kunye neminqweno ethunyelwe ngabasebenzisi. Unikezelo olucetyiswayo lweLinux yiFedora 35, njengoko olu nikezelo lubonelela ngenkxaso epheleleyo yeSakhelo seLaptop ngaphandle kwebhokisi.

Gqibela Ukuba unomdla wokwazi ngakumbi ngayo, ungajonga iinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo.


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