UMicrosoft ujoyine i-Open 3D Foundation, injini yomdlalo ovulekileyo weAmazon

I-Linux Foundation ibhengeze ukuba UMicrosoft ujoyine i-Open 3D Foundation (O3DF), eyasekwa ukuqhubeka nophuhliso oludibeneyo lwe-Open 3D Engine (O3DE) emva kokuba ikhutshwe yi-Amazon.

Microsoft wayephakathi kwabaxhasi abaphezulu, kunye neAdobe, AWS, Huawei, Intel kunye neNiantic. Ummeli weMicrosoft uya kusebenza kwiBhodi eLawulayo ye-O3DF. Lilonke inani lamalungu e-Open 3D Foundation lifikelele kuma-25.

Ekubeni ikhowudi yomthombo yavulwa, malunga neenguqu ze-14.000 zenziwe kwi-injini ye-O3DE, equka malunga nezigidi ezi-2 zemigca yekhowudi. Rhoqo ngenyanga, i-350-450 iboleka ukusuka kwi-60-100 yabaphuhlisi igxininisekile kwiindawo zokugcina iiprojekthi.

Eyona njongo iphambili yeprojekthi bonelela ngenjini evulekileyo, ekumgangatho ophezulu we-3D kuphuhliso lwemidlalo yeklasi ye-AAA yanamhlanje kunye ne-simulators ethembekileyo enokuthi iqhube ngexesha langempela kwaye ihambise umgangatho we-cinematic.

Vula Injini ye-3D luguqulelo oluhlaziyiweyo noluphuculweyo lwenjini yobunini ngaphambili eyaphuhliswa yiAmazon I-Lumberyard esekelwe kwi-teknoloji ye-CryEngine ilayisenisi evela e-Crytek kwi-2015. Injini ibandakanya indawo edibeneyo yokuphuhliswa komdlalo, i-Atom Renderer ye-multi-threaded photorealistic system rendering system kunye nenkxaso ye-Vulkan, i-Metal kunye ne-DirectX 12, umhleli wemodeli eyandisiweyo ye-3D, inkqubo ye-animation yomlingisi ( I-Emotion FX), inkqubo yophuhliso eyakhiwe ngaphambili, i-real-time physics simulation engine, kunye namathala eencwadi ezibalo usebenzisa imiyalelo ye-SIMD.

Ubume benkqubo obubonakalayo (i-Script Canvas), kunye neelwimi zesiLua kunye nePython, zingasetyenziselwa ukuchaza ingqiqo yomdlalo.

Imoto sele isetyenziswa yiAmazon, imidlalo eyahlukeneyo kunye nezitudiyo zoopopayi, kunye neenkampani zerobhothi. Kwimidlalo eyenziwe ngokusekelwe kwi-injini, ihlabathi elitsha kunye ne-Deadhaus Sonata inokugqanyiswa. Iprojekthi ekuqaleni yayiyilwe ukuba ilingane neemfuno zakho kwaye inoyilo lwemodyuli.

Zizonke, iimodyuli ezingaphezu kwama-30 zibonelelwa, zibonelelwa njengamathala eencwadi ahlukeneyo, alungele ukutshintshwa, ukudityaniswa kweeprojekthi zeqela lesithathu, kunye nokusetyenziswa kokuzimela. Umzekelo, enkosi kwimodyuli, abaphuhlisi banokuthatha indawo ye-graphics renderer, inkqubo yesandi, inkxaso yolwimi, istaki senethiwekhi, i-injini yefiziksi, kunye nazo naziphi na ezinye izinto.

Iprojekthi ekuqaleni yayiyilwe ukuba ihambelane neemfuno zakho kwaye inoyilo lwemodyuli. Zizonke, iimodyuli ezingaphezu kwe-30 zibonelelwa, zibonelelwa njengamathala eencwadi azimeleyo, alungele ukutshintshwa, ukuhlanganiswa kwiiprojekthi zeqela lesithathu, kunye nokusetyenziswa okwahlukileyo. Umzekelo, ngenxa yokumodareyitha, abaphuhlisi banokuthatha indawo yokunikezela ngemizobo, inkqubo yesandi, inkxaso yolwimi, isitakhi sothungelwano, injini yefiziksi, kunye nalo naliphi na elinye icandelo.

Yamacandelo aphambili ezi zilandelayo zivelele:

  • Indawo edibeneyo yophuhliso lomdlalo.
  • Iprosesa yeAtom enemisonto emininzi yonikezelo yefotorealistic enenkxaso yeVulkan, iMetal kunye neDirectX 12 yemizobo ye-API.
  • Umhleli wemodeli ye-3D enokwandiswa.
  • Inkqubo esezantsi yesandi.
  • Inkqubo yopopayi womlinganiswa (Emotion FX).
  • Inkqubo yophuhliso lwemveliso esele igqityiwe (esele ilungisiwe).
  • Injini yokulinganisa yefiziksi yexesha lokwenyani. Ixhasa i-NVIDIA PhysX, iLaphu leNVIDIA, i-NVIDIA Blast, kunye ne-AMD TressFX yokulinganisa i-physics.
  • Amathala eencwadi ezibalo asebenzisa imiyalelo ye-SIMD.
  • I-subsystem yenethiwekhi enenkxaso yoxinzelelo kunye ne-encryption ye-traffic, ukulinganisa iingxaki zenethiwekhi, ukuphindaphinda kwedatha kunye nokuvumelanisa ukuhamba.
  • Ifomati yemesh jikelele yee-asethi zomdlalo. Unokuvelisa izixhobo ezivela kwizikripthi zePython kwaye ulayishe izixhobo ngokulandelelana.
  • Amacandelo okuchaza ingqiqo yomdlalo kwiLua kunye nePython.

Ku Umahluko obonakalayo ukusuka kwi-O3DE ukuya kwi-injini ye-Amazon Lumberyard, kubandakanya nenkqubo entsha yokwakha ye-Cmake, uyilo lwemodyuli, izixhobo ezivulelekileyo zomthombo, inkqubo entsha eyakhiwe kwangaphambili, i-Qt-based interface yomsebenzisi eyandisiweyo, izakhono ezongezelelweyo zokusebenza kunye neenkonzo zefu, ukulungiswa kokusebenza, amandla othungelwano amatsha, ukunikezelwa okuphuculweyo kwe-injini ngenkxaso yokulandelela i-ray, ukukhanya kwehlabathi, ukulindela kunye nokulibaziseka ukunikezelwa.

Okokugqibela, ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, unokujonga kwiinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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