Ubuthathaka beLinux yeyona nto ikhawulezayo ukulungisa ngokwengxelo yeProjekthi kaGoogle yeZero

kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo Abaphandi abavela kwiqela leProjekthi yeGoogle kaGoogle bakhuphe iziphumo ngokushwankathela idatha ngexesha lokuphendula kwabavelisi ngaphambili ukufunyanwa kwe ubuthathaka obutsha kwiimveliso zabo.

Ngokuhambelana nomgaqo-nkqubo kaGoogle, iintsuku ze-90 zinikezelwa ukususa ubuthathaka ichongiwe ngabaphandi beProjekthi kaGoogle yeZero, ngaphambi kokuba bakhululwe, kunye nolunye ubhengezo loluntu lunikiwe. ingatshintshwa ezinye iintsuku ezili-14 ngesicelo esahlukileyo.

Ke ngokusisiseko, emva kweentsuku ezili-104, ukuba sesichengeni kuyatyhilwa nokuba umcimbi awukabhalwa.

Ukusuka ngo-2019 ukuya ku-2021, iprojekthi ichonge iingxaki ezingama-376, apho 351 (93,4%) Baye balungiswa, ngelixa ubuthathaka obuli-11 (2,9%) buhleli bungekalungiswa kwaye eminye imiba eyi-14 (3,7%) yaphawulwa njengengalungisekiyo (WontFix).

Kwiminyaka edlulileyo, kuye kwakho ukuncipha kwinani lobuthathaka apho iipetshi zingangeni ngexesha ebelibekiwe lokupeyishwa: Ngo-2021, i-14% yacela iintsuku ezili-14 ezongezelelweyo ukuba zipeyishwe, kwaye mnye kuphela ubuthathaka obungafakwanga phambi kokubhengezwa.

Kwesi sithuba, sijonga iibugs ezilungisiweyo ezixelwe phakathi kukaJanuwari 2019 kunye noDisemba 2021 (2019 ngunyaka esenza utshintsho kwimigaqo-nkqubo yethu yokuxela, kwaye siqale ukulandelela iimetrics ezineenkcukacha malunga neempazamo zethu ezixeliweyo).

Idatha esiza kubhekisela kuyo ifumaneka esidlangalaleni kwiProjekthi Zero Bug Tracker kunye neendawo ezahlukeneyo zokugcina iiprojekthi zemithombo evulekileyo (kwimeko yedatha esetyenziswa ngezantsi ukulandelela ixesha leempazamo zebhrawuza yemvelaphi evulekileyo ).

Umthengisi

Iimpazamo zizonke

Ilungiswe ngomhla wama-90

zilungiswe ngexesha
ixesha lenceba

Ugqithise umhla wokugqibela

& ixesha lenceba

Iintsuku ezi-Avg ukulungisa

iapile

84

73 (87%)

7 (8%)

4 (5%)

69

Microsoft

80

61 (76%)

15 (19%)

4 (5%)

83

Uphando

56

53 (95%)

2 (4%)

1 (2%)

44

Linux

25

24 (96%)

0 (0%)

1 (4%)

25

Adobe

19

15 (79%)

4 (21%)

0 (0%)

65

Mozilla

10

9 (90%)

1 (10%)

0 (0%)

46

Samsung

10

8 (80%)

2 (20%)

0 (0%)

72

Oracle

7

3 (43%)

0 (0%)

4 (57%)

109

abanye*

55

48 (87%)

3 (5%)

4 (7%)

44

BEBONKE

346

294 (84%)

34 (10%)

18 (5%)

61

Ngokomyinge, kukhankanyiwe ukuba kuthatha umndilili weentsuku ezingama-52 ukulungisa ukuba sesichengeni ngo-2021, iintsuku ezingama-54 ngo-2020, iintsuku ezingama-67 ngo-2019 kunye neentsuku ezingama-80 ngo-2018.

Kwicala le obona buthathaka bufakwe ngokukhawuleza buphawulwe ukuba bukwi Linux kernel kwaye kukhankanyiwe ukuba ngumndilili we-15, 22 kunye neentsuku ezingama-32 ngo-2021, 2020 kunye no-2019.

Ngexesha IMicrosoft yayiyeyona icothayo ukukhulula isiqwenga, ukuthatha umyinge we-76, i-87 kunye neentsuku ze-85 ukwenza oko (ngokwetafile yokuqala kunye nexesha elipheleleyo, i-Oracle yayicotha ukuphendula: iintsuku ze-109 ukwenza njalo). I-Apple ithathe i-avareji ye-64, i-63 kunye neentsuku ze-71 ukuyilungisa. Kwiimveliso zikaGoogle, ixesha eliphakathi lokuvelisa iipetshi kwiminyaka eyadlulayo ngama-53, 22, kunye neentsuku ezingama-49.

Kukho inani le-caveats kunye nedatha yethu, eyona inkulu kukuba siza kujonga inani elincinci leesampuli, ngoko ke umahluko kumanani unokuba okanye ungabalulekanga ngokwezibalo.

Ngaphaya koko, isikhokelo sophando lweProjekthi Zero luphenjelelwa phantse ngokupheleleyo lukhetho lwabaphandi ngabanye, ngoko ke utshintsho kwiinjongo zethu zophando lunokutshintsha iimetrics njengotshintsho kwindlela yokuziphatha yabathengisi. Kangangoko kunokwenzeka, olu papasho lwenzelwe ukuba lube yinjongo yenkcazo yedatha, kunye nohlalutyo olongezelelweyo lwe-subjective lubandakanyiwe ekupheleni.

Kubenzi bebrawuza, izilungiso zenziwe ngokukhawuleza kwiChrome, kodwa ukukhululwa emva kokubonakala kokulungiswa kwenza iFirefox ikhawuleze (kwiChrome kunye neSafari, ubuthathaka obusele buhleliwe kwikhowudi buhlala bufihliwe kubasebenzisi ixesha elide, elisetyenziswa ngabahlaseli).

Ekugqibeleni, kukhankanyiwe ukuba ngokuhamba kwexesha, ababoneleli balungisa phantse zonke iimpazamo abazifumanayo kwaye ngokubanzi, bakwenza oko kwiintsuku ezingama-90 kunye nexesha lobabalo lweentsuku ezili-14 xa kuyimfuneko.

Kule minyaka mithathu idlulileyo, abathengisi baye, ubukhulu becala, bakhawulezisa isiqwenga sabo ngokufanelekileyo behlisa umndilili wexesha lokulungisa ukuya kutsho kwiintsuku ezingama-52.

Ekugqibeleni, ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo ungajonga iinkcukacha kwi ukulandela ikhonkco.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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