I-Software Freedom Conservancy ikhuthaza iiprojekthi zomthombo ovulekileyo ukuba ziyeke ukusebenzisa i-GitHub

Isoftware yoLondolozo lweNkululeko (SFC), ebonelela ngokhuseleko olusemthethweni lweeprojekthi zasimahla kunye nokukhuthaza ukuthotyelwa kwelayisensi yeGPL, ibhengeze ukuba iya kumisa konke ukusetyenziswa kweqonga lentsebenziswano yekhowudi GitHub kwaye ubongoze abaphuhlisi bezinye iiprojekthi ezivulelekileyo ukuba balandele lo mzekelo.

Umbutho ukwasungule inyathelo imiselwe uku lula ukufuduka kweeprojekthi zeGitHub kwezinye iindlela ezivulelekileyo njengeCodeBerg (ixhaswe yiGitea) kunye ne-SourceHut okanye sebenzisa iinkonzo zakho zophuhliso ezisekelwe kumaqonga avulekileyo njengeGitea okanye iGitLab Community Edition kwiiseva zakho.

I-SFC yaphefumlelwa kukungafuni kwe-GitHub kunye neMicrosoft ukuqonda ubunzima bokuziphatha kunye nomthetho wokusebenzisa ikhowudi yomthombo wesofthiwe yamahhala njengesiseko sokwakha imodeli yokufunda umatshini kwinkonzo yorhwebo ye-GitHub Copilot.

Abameli be I-SFC izamile ukufumanisa ukuba imodeli yokufunda ngokuzenzekelayo yakhiwe i-copyrighted kwaye, ukuba kunjalo, ngubani ongabanini la malungelo kunye nendlela ahambelana ngayo namalungelo kwikhowudi apho imodeli yakhiwe khona.

Kananjalo akucaci nokuba ibhloko ikhowudi yenziwe kwi-GitHub Copilot kwaye ephinda ikhowudi yeeprojekthi ezisetyenziselwa ukwakha imodeli inokuthathwa njengomsebenzi ophumayo, nokuba ngaba ukubandakanywa kweebhloko ezinjalo kwi-software yobunini kunokuqwalaselwa njengokwaphulwa kweelayisenisi ze-copyleft.

Abameli abavela kuMicrosoft kunye neGitHub babuzwa ukuba yeyiphi imithetho esemthethweni eyenza isiseko seengxelo zomlawuli we-GitHub ukuba ukuqeqesha imodeli yokufunda ngomatshini kwidatha ekhoyo esidlangalaleni ikudidi lokusetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo kwaye ikhowudi yokunikezela kwi-GitHub Copilot inokutolikwa ngokufanisa kunye nokusetyenziswa komqokeleli. . Ukongeza, iMicrosoft yacelwa ukuba inikezele ngoluhlu lweelayisensi kunye noluhlu lweendawo zokugcina ezisetyenziselwa ukuqeqesha imodeli.

Kwabuzwa nombuzo malunga nendlela ingxelo ye ukuba kuvunyelwe ukuqeqesha imodeli kuyo nayiphi na ikhowudi nokuba zithini na iilayisensi ezisetyenzisiweyo ngenyaniso yokuba kuphela ikhowudi yomthombo ovulekileyo yayisetyenziselwa ukuqeqesha i-GitHub Copilot kwaye uqeqesho aluyifaki ikhowudi evela kwiindawo zokugcina ezivaliweyo kunye neemveliso zobunini benkampani ezifana neWindows kunye ne-MS Office. Ukuba ukuqeqesha imodeli kuyo nayiphi na ikhowudi kusetyenziso olufanelekileyo, kutheni iMicrosoft ixabisa ipropathi yomgangatho ophezulu wokuqonda kuneyabaphuhlisi bemithombo evulelekileyo?

IMicrosoft ayizibophelelanga kwaye ayibonelelanga ngohlalutyo olusemthethweni ukuxhasa ukuba semthethweni kwamabango ayo osetyenziso olufanelekileyo.

Iinzame zokufumana iinkcukacha eziyimfuneko zenziwe ukususela ngoJulayi wonyaka ophelileyo. UMicrosoft kunye nabameli beGitHub baqale bathembisa ukuba baza kuphendula kungekudala, kodwa abazange benze njalo.

Kwiinyanga ezintandathu kamva, ingxoxo yoluntu malunga nemiba enokubakho yezomthetho kunye neyokuziphatha kwiinkqubo zokufunda koomatshini yaqala, kodwa abameli beMicrosoft abazange basihoye isimemo sokuthatha inxaxheba.

Ekugqibeleni, emva konyaka, abameli beMicrosoft benqaba ngokuthe ngqo ukuxoxa ngalo mbandela, bechaza ukuba ingxoxo yayingenanjongo njengoko kwakungenakwenzeka ukutshintsha indawo ye-SFC.

Ukongeza kwizikhalazo ezinxulumene neprojekthi yeGitHub Copilot, le miba ilandelayo yeGitHub nayo yaxelwa:

I-GitHub inesivumelwano sokubonelela ngeenkonzo zorhwebo kwi-US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), imisebenzi yayo ithathwa njengento engafanelekanga ngabaphembeleli, umzekelo, ngenxa yomkhuba wokwahlula kubantwana babazali babo emva kokubanjwa kwabaphambukeli abangekho mthethweni. Iinzame zokuxoxa ngomba wentsebenziswano phakathi kwe-GitHub kunye ne-ICE zahlangatyezwana nokuchasa kunye nesimo sengqondo sohanahaniso malunga nombandela.
I-GitHub iqinisekisa uluntu ngenkxaso yayo yomthombo ovulekileyo, kodwa isayithi kunye nenkonzo yonke ye-GitHub inegunya kwaye isiseko sekhowudi sivaliwe kwaye asifumaneki ukuhlalutya. Nangona i-Toolkit ye-Git yayiyilelwe ukuba ithathe indawo ye-BitKeeper yobunikazi kwaye isuke kumbindi ngokuthanda imodeli yophuhliso esasaziweyo, i-GitHub, ngonikezelo lwe-plugins ezikhethekileyo ze-Git, idibanisa abaphuhlisi kwindawo ephakathi elawulwa yi-Git. .

Abaphathi be-GitHub bagxeka i-copyleft kunye ne-GPL kunye nokukhankasela iilayisensi ezivumelayo. I-GitHub yeyoMicrosoft, esele ibonakaliswe ngaphambili ukuba ihlasela isoftware yomthombo ovulekileyo kunye nokuqhekeka kwimodeli yelayisensi yokukopisha.

Ukongeza, kuqatshelwe ukuba umbutho we-SFC umise ukwamkelwa kweeprojekthi ezintsha ezingacwangciswanga ukufuduka kwi-GitHub. Iiprojekthi esele ziyinxalenye ye-SFC ayidingeki ukuba ziyishiye i-GitHub, kodwa umbutho umi ulungele ukubabonelela ngazo zonke izixhobo eziyimfuneko kunye nenkxaso ukuba banenjongo yokutshintshela kwelinye iqonga.

Ukongeza kwi-advocacy, intlangano ye-SFC ibandakanyeka ekuqokeleleni imali yenkxaso-mali kunye nokubonelela ngokukhuselwa ngokusemthethweni kweeprojekthi zamahhala, ukwenza imisebenzi yokuqokelela iminikelo kunye nokulawula i-asethi yeprojekthi, ekhulula abaphuhlisi kwi-liability yomntu kwityala letyala.

Iiprojekthi ezihambelana ne-SFC ziquka i-Git, iCoreBoot, iWayini, iSamba, i-OpenWrt, i-QEMU, i-Mercurial, i-BusyBox, i-Inkscape, kunye nezinye iiprojekthi zasimahla ezimalunga neshumi elinesibini.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, ungajonga iinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo.


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