Abaphuhlisi be-Debian bavume ukuvota okuyimfihlo

Kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo yabhengezwa iziphumo zevoti yesisombululo jikelele (GR) eyaqhutywa ngabaphuhlisi beprojekthi ye-Debian ebandakanyekayo kugcino lweephakheji kunye nokugcinwa kweziseko zophuhliso, ezithe kuvunywe ithuba lokubamba iivoti eziyimfihlo ezingavezi ukhetho lwabathathi-nxaxheba (ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, emva kwevoti ye-GR, uluhlu olupheleleyo lwapapashwa kunye nolwazi malunga neendlela ezikhethwa ngumvoti ngamnye).

Isidingo sokuvota okuyimfihlo yavela kunyaka ophelileyo ngexesha lokwamkelwa kwesigqibo ngoRichard Stallman ngenxa yokuba asingabo bonke ababekulungele ukukuchaza ngokuphandle oko bakukholelwayo, ekubeni ukuvakalisa uluvo lwabo kwakunokukhokelela ekubeni baxhatshazwe ngakumbi ngabaxhasi okanye abachasi bakaStallman.

Ngexesha lovoto ku-GR_2021_002, abaphuhlisi abaninzi bathi baziva bengakhululekanga ngokuvota kuba, phantsi kwenkqubo ngelo xesha, igama labo kunye nenqanaba labo kuvoto liya kubhengezwa esidlangalaleni. Uninzi lwabathathi-nxaxheba bengxoxo bakholelwa ukuba sizakufumana iziphumo zonyulo ezibonisa ngokuchanekileyo ngakumbi intando yabaphuhlisi ukuba asilenzi esidlangalaleni igama eliyanyaniswa nevoti ethile kwiphepha lokubala. Abantu abaninzi bakholelwa ukuba iivoti ezihleliweyo ngaphandle kwamagama aqhotyoshelweyo zisezakuba lulwazi olubalulekileyo kuluntu.

Esi siphakamiso siza kuphatha lonke unyulo njengolonyulo lweDPL. Ngelo xesha, ikhulula imfuno yokuba unobhala kufuneka avote nge-imeyile. Ukuba imfuno yokuvota nge-imeyile isusiwe, ngoko uvavanyo ubuncinane kunye nenkqubo yokuvota icwangcisiwe.

Ngexesha lokuvota ukuba nokwenzeka kokungabikho kwezimvo zabathathi-nxaxheba kwavunywa (fihla ulwazi malunga nokuba ngubani othe wavotela, kutheni), kodwa uvumele uqinisekiso ukuba lungabandakanyi ukusetyenziswa kakubi kokubalwa kwevoti.

ngaphandle koko kuzakubanjwa iivoti eziyimfihlo (GR) ngokufanayo nonyulo lonyaka lwenkokeli yeprojekthi, izintlu zabathathi-nxaxheba abavotileyo kunye nezikhundla ezikhethiweyo nazo ziya kupapashwa ngokwahlukileyo, ngaphandle kokuba kube nokwenzeka ukugqiba ukuba nguwuphi umthathi-nxaxheba ongowomnye okanye enye indlela.

Ukukhuphela ngaphandle ukuxhatshazwa ngumntu onoxanduva lokubala iivoti, ukuba kunokwenzeka ukuqinisekiswa okutsha okuzimeleyo kunqunywe yeevoti kunye nabaphuhlisi kufuneka benze indlela yokuqinisekisa ukuba ivoti yabo ithathelwe ingqalelo xa kubalwa iziphumo (xa ukhetha inkokeli yeprojekthi, i-cryptographic hash isetyenzisiweyo, apho umthathi-nxaxheba unokuqinisekisa ukufakwa kwevoti yakho, kodwa oku indlela ayikhuselwanga ekubalweni kwexabiso kwaye ifuna ukuphuculwa, umzekelo, ukusetyenziswa kweekhowudi ezifihliweyo eziveliswa yinkqubo yokuvota kumthuthukisi ngamnye xa ebala i-hash).

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kwakhona ukuthetha ngeDebian, nayo kufanelekile ukuqaqanjiswa ebibhengezwe kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo ukukhutshwa kohlaziyo lwesithathu lolungiso losasazo lweDebian 11, equka uhlaziyo lwephakheji eyongezelekayo kunye nokulungiswa kwebugs kwisifaki.

Ukuphehlelelwa ibandakanya ukuhlaziywa kozinzo lwe-92 kunye nohlaziyo lokhuseleko lwe-83. Kutshintsho kwi-Debian 11.3, sinokubonisa uhlaziyo kwiinguqulelo zamva nje ezizinzileyo ze-apache2, i-clamav, i-dpdk, i-galera, i-openssl kunye ne-rust-cbindgen iphakheji, kunye nokususwa kwe-plugin ye-angular-maven-plugin kunye ne-minify. Iiplagi zemaven.

Ufakelo lwakhiwo luya kulungiselelwa ukukhuphela kunye nofakelo ukusuka ekuqaleni, kunye ne-iso-hybrid ephilayo kunye ne-Debian 11.3. Iinkqubo ezifakwe ngaphambili kunye nezihlaziywayo zifumana uhlaziyo olukhoyo kwi-Debian 11.3 ngokusebenzisa inkqubo yohlaziyo lwendalo.

Izilungiso zokhuseleko ezibandakanyiweyo kwiinguqulelo ezintsha zeDebian zenziwe zifumaneke kubasebenzisi njengoko uhlaziyo lukhutshwa ngenkonzo yokhuseleko.debian.org.

Kwangaxeshanye, iyafumaneka inguqulelo entsha yesebe elizinzile langaphambili le-Debian 10.12, elibandakanya ukuhlaziywa kozinzo lwe-78 kunye nokuhlaziywa kwe-50 engozini. I-angular-maven-plugin kunye ne-minify-maven-plugin package zisusiwe kwindawo yokugcina.

I-OpenSSL ibandakanya isiqinisekiso sokuba utyikityo lwedijithali oluceliweyo luhambelana nenqanaba lokhuseleko elikhethiweyo. Umzekelo, ukuba uzama ukusebenzisa iRSA+SHA1 kunye nenqanaba lokhuseleko olusetelwe ku-2, impazamo iya kubuyiselwa, kuba le algorithm ayixhaswanga kwinqanaba lesi-2. Ukuba kukho imfuneko, umgangatho unokukhutshwa ngokukhankanya i '-cipher option. 'ZONKE:@SECLEVEL=1″' kumgca womyalelo okanye ngokutshintsha useto kwifayile /etc/ssl/openssl.cnf.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, unokubonisana iinkcukacha kwikhonkco elilandelayo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
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  1.   Walter sitsho

    Isihloko seendaba siya kuba: Ingakholeleki njengoko kunokubonakala ngathi, iDebian ivaliwe.

    Ehlabathini, imithetho ivotwa ngabantu bakawonke-wonke abaneevoti zikawonkewonke, kwaye ngenxa yoko, umntu ngamnye kuluntu unokwazi ukuba ngubani oza kuvota kwixesha elizayo, kwaye kuyamangalisa ukuba uninzi lwabathathi-nxaxheba baseDebian bafuna ukufihla ukuba ngubani na. ngubani xa kuvotwa, ekubeni baphuhlisa inkqubo yokusebenza eyenziwe ngumthombo ovulekileyo kunye nesoftware yasimahla esebenza njengesalathiso kwihlabathi enkosi kuhlobo lwayo lophuhliso loluntu.

    Oko bakubonisayo kwi-Debian kukuba abo bathatha inxaxheba ekuphuhlisweni kwayo abaqinisekanga ngento abayenzayo.