Abaphuhlisi beNetfilter bakhusele ukuthathwa kwezigqibo ezidibeneyo 

Ezangoku Abaphuhlisi benkqubo engaphantsi kwe-Netfilter kernel bamangalele ukuzinza noPatrick McHardy, owayesakuba yinkokeli yeprojekthi ye-Netfilter, eyathi iminyaka emininzi yatshitshisa isoftware yasimahla kunye noluntu ngokuhlaselwa kwabaphuli be-GPLv2, okufana ne-blackmail kwaye kwenziwa ngenjongo yokutyebisa umntu.

Kwi 2016, UMcHardy wasuswa kwiqela le-Netfilter lophuhliso ngenxa yokwaphulwa kwemigaqo yokuziphatha, kodwa usazuza kwinto yokuba ikhowudi yayo ikwi Linux kernel.

McHardy ityhale iimfuno ze-GPLv2 ukuya kwinqanaba lobubudenge kunye nolwaphulo-mthetho oluncinci ziinkampani ezisebenzisa i-Linux kernel kwiimveliso zabo, zicele iimali ezinkulu (ukuya kuthi ga kwi-1,8 yezigidi zee-euro), ngaphandle kokunika ixesha lokuphelisa ulwaphulo-mthetho kunye nokubonisa iimeko ezihlekisayo.

Umzekelo, ifuna abavelisi be-smartphone ukuba bathumele iikopi ezinzima zekhowudi uhlaziyo lwe-firmware lwe-OTA luhanjiswe ngokuzenzekelayo, okanye litolikwe igama elithi "ufikelelo olulinganayo lwekhowudi" ukuthetha ukuba abancedisi bekhowudi banikezela ngesantya esicothayo kuneeseva zokukhuphela iibhiri.

Olona ncedo luphambili kwiinkqubo ezinjalo ukurhoxiswa kwangoko kwelayisensi yomoni, ebonelelwe kwi-GPLv2, evumela ukophulwa kwe-GPLv2 ukuba kuthathwe njengokwaphulwa kwesivumelwano, apho imbuyekezo yemali inokufunyanwa enkundleni.

Iprojekthi ye-netfilter ibhengeza isivumelwano kunye noPatrick McHardy.
Esi sivumelwano sibophelela ngokusemthethweni kwaye silawula nasiphi na isicelo esisemthethweni imisebenzi enxulumene nazo zonke iinkqubo kunye namathala eencwadi enkqubo epapashwe ngu iprojekthi ye-netfilter/iptables kwiwebhusayithi yabo kunye neLinux Kernel. 

Ukulwa nolu hlaselo, eye yajongela phantsi isidima seLinux, abanye abaphuhlisi yekernel kunye neenkampani ezinekhowudi esetyenziswa kwi kernel uthathe inyathelo lokuqala ukulungisa imithetho ye-GPLv3 kwi-kernel malunga nokurhoxiswa kwelayisensi.

Le mithetho vumela ukuphelisa iingxaki ezichongiweyo ngokupapashwa kwekhowudi phakathi kweentsuku ezingama-30 ukususela kumhla wokufumana isaziso, ukuba ukuphulwa kufunyenwe okokuqala. Kule meko, amalungelo elayisensi ye-GPL abuyiselwe kwaye ilayisenisi ayirhoxiswa ngokupheleleyo (inkontileka ihlala injalo).

Esi sivumelwano simisela ukuba nakuphi na ukuthathwa kwezigqibo malunga imisebenzi yonyanzeliso enxulumene nesihluzo somnatha kufuneka sisekelwe kwisininzi ivoti. Ngoko ke, ilungu ngalinye leqela eliphambili elisebenzayo [5] ngexesha le isicelo sokubulawa sinelungelo lokuvota. Esi sivumelwano sibandakanya ukusebenza kwangaphambili kunye nokutsha, kunye nokusebenza kwezibophelelo

Kwakungenakwenzeka ukusombulula ngoxolo ingxabano noMcHardy kwaye wayeka ukunxibelelana emva kokuba ekhatywe kwiqela eliphambili leNetfilter. Ngo-2020, amalungu eQela leNetfilter Core aya kwiinkundla zaseJamani kwaye ngo-2021 afikelela kwisigqibo noMcHardy esichazwa njengesibophelela ngokusemthethweni kwaye silawula nasiphi na isenzo sokuthotyelwa komthetho esinxulumene nekhowudi yeprojekthi ye-netfilter/iptables ebandakanyiweyo kumbindi. izicelo kunye namathala eencwadi.

Ngaphantsi kwesivumelwano, zonke izigqibo ezinxulumene nokusabela kukwaphulwa kweGPL kunye nokuthobela iimfuno zelayisensi ye-GPL kwikhowudi yeNetfilter kufuneka zenziwe ngokudibeneyo.

Iprojekthi ye-netfilter iyaqhubeka nokuxhasa "Imigaqo ye UkuThobela iGPL eJongene noLuntu”. Ngoko ke, esi sivumelwano bangabakhululi amaqela esithathu kwiimbophelelo zabo zokuthobela ilayisenisi ukuya phambili.

Isigqibo siya kuvunywa kuphela ukuba uninzi lwamalungu asebenzayo eQela eliPhambili livotela inkxaso. Isivumelwano asibandakanyi kuphela ukwaphulwa okutsha, kodwa sinokusebenza nakwiinkqubo zangaphambili. Ngokwenza njalo, iprojekthi ye-Netfilter ayilahli isidingo sokunyanzelisa i-GPL, kodwa endaweni yoko iya kuhambelana nemigaqo-nkqubo yezenzo zomdla woluntu kunye nokunikezelwa kwexesha lokususa ukuphulwa.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, ungazijonga iinkcukacha kwi ukulandela ikhonkco.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.