Umphathi Wokubonisa: Baphi abaphathi bokungena kwiLinux?

Umphathi Wokubonisa: Baphi abaphathi bokungena kwiLinux?

Umphathi Wokubonisa: Baphi abaphathi bokungena kwiLinux?

Ngeli thuba, emva kokwenza uphononongo olubanzi lwezona zaziwayo nezisetyenziswa kakhulu Ubume beDesktop (DE) y Abaphathi be Window (WM), Siza kuma kwenye into okanye icandelo le-GNU / Linux abanye abasebenzisi abanomdla badla ngokukhetha, ukukhetha kunye / okanye ukwenza ngokwezifiso kwi-Distros yabo.

Kwaye eli candelo okanye icandelo leLinux alikho elinye ngaphandle kwe "Abaphathi Bokubonisa", okanye njengoko besaziwa ngesiSpanish, phantsi kwamagama e Abaphathi bekhusi lasekhaya y Abaphathi bokungena.

Umphathi Wokubonisa: Intshayelelo

Ngaphambi kokungena kulo mbandela, siza kucacisa ngokufutshane umxholo wento nganye yezi zinto zintathu ukwenza yonke into icace.

Izinto zeLinux OS

Ubume beDesktop (DE)

"Imeko-bume yeDesktop ayisiyonto ingaphezulu kweseti yesoftware eyimfuneko ukubonelela ngomsebenzisi ngamnye weNkqubo yokuSebenza ngendlela ebonakalayo, enobuhlobo kwaye ekhululekile yokunxibelelana. Oko kukuthi, kukuphunyezwa kwe-Graphical User Interface (i-GUI) elungiselelwe ukubonelela ngokufikelela kunye noqwalaselo lwezixhobo, ezinje ngeebar zesixhobo kunye nokudityaniswa phakathi kwezicelo, kunye nokusebenza okunje ngokutsala kunye nokuwisa, phakathi kwezinye izinto ezininzi.". Bona ngakumbi apha.

Abaphathi be Window (WM)

"Liqhekeza lephazili elilawula ukubekwa kunye nokubonakala kweefestile. Kwaye oko kufuna X yeWindows ukusebenza kodwa hayi ukusuka ku Imeko-bume yeDesktop, yefom enyanzelekileyo. Kwaye ngokwe I-ArchLinux esemthethweni yeWiki, kwicandelo layo elizinikezelwe kwi «Abaphathi beWindows«, Ezi zahlulwe zaziindidi ezi-3, zezi zilandelayo:". Bona ngakumbi apha.

Abaphathi beScreen seKhaya (DM)

"Yindlela ebonakalayo ebonakalayo ekupheleni kwenkqubo yokuqalisa, endaweni yegobolondo emiselweyo. Kukho iindidi ezininzi zabaphathi bescreen, nanjengoko kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zabaphathi befestile kunye nemeko yedesktop. Aba baphathi bahlala bebonelela ngenqanaba elithile lokwenza ngokwezifiso kunye nokufumaneka kwemixholo nganye nganye". Bona ngakumbi apha.

Umphathi Wokubonisa: Abaphathi beLogin

Imanejala yokubonisa iyafumaneka

Ii-DM zinokuba zezihlobo I-CLI (ikhonsoli) o I-GUI (Imizobo). Phakathi kwezo zohlobo lweCLI esinokuluchaza I-CDM y Getty kunye nezinye ezifanayo Ukubaleka, uFgetty kunye noMncinci. Ngelixa, phakathi kwezona zaziwayo nezithandwayo Abaphathi bokubonisa Imizobo Singakhankanya oku kulandelayo:

  • Umphathi Wokubonisa we-GNOME (GDM)Ichazwe kwiwebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni njengenkqubo elawula imizobo yokubonisa kunye nokulawula ukungena kwabasebenzisi begraphic KWI-GNOME.
  • Umphathi Wokubonisa we KDE (KDM): Yayingu-DM wakudala we UKUYA KDE4, eyayisekwe kwi-XDM ke yabelana ngeendlela ezininzi zokumisela. Uninzi lwezi zikhetho zachazwa kwi kdmrc.
  • Umphathi weDesktop yokubonisa elula (i-SDDM): Yi-DM yale mihla yeX11 kunye neWayland ejolise ekukhawulezeni, elula kwaye entle. Okwangoku isetyenziswa ngokubanzi yi-DE KDE Plasma, ikakhulu kuba isebenzisa itekhnoloji yale mihla enje ngeQtQuick, ethi yona inike umyili amandla okwenza imithombo egudileyo kunye noopopayi yomsebenzisi.
  • Umphathi Wokubonisa Ukukhanya (LightDM) Ukukhanya okulula nokulula kwe-DM, esebenza njenge-daemon (inkonzo) ekwaziyo ukwenza phakathi kwezinto ezininzi, iiseva zesikrini (umzekelo, X) apho kukho imfuneko kwaye abaphathi bokungena ukuze bavumele abasebenzisi ukuba bakhethe ukuba yeyiphi na iakhawunti yomsebenzisi kunye nohlobo lweseshoni abaza kuyisebenzisa. .
  • Umphathi wokungena ngokulula (i-SliM): I-DM endala kwaye iphelelwe lixesha, kodwa ayisindi kwaye kulula ukuyilungisa, efuna ukuxhomekeka okuncinci, kwaye izimele bume beDesktop.
  • Umphathi wokubonisa we-LX (LXDM)I-DM elula eyenzelwe ngokukodwa i-LXDE, kodwa inokusetyenziswa ngaphandle kwayo.

Baninzi abanye, indala kakhulu, iphelelwe lixesha okanye isasazekile encinci okanye yaziwa njenge: XDM, WDM MDM, kunye neQingy.

Umfanekiso oqhelekileyo wezigqibo zenqaku

Isiphelo

Siyathemba ukuba oku "Uncedo oluncinci" malunga «Display Managers (DM)» ekhoyo kwi GNU / Linux, ukufunda okungakumbi ngabo ngokunzulu, njengoko besisenza malunga ne Ubume beDesktop (DE) kunye Abaphathi be Window (WM); Inomdla omkhulu kwaye iluncedo kuyo yonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kunye negalelo elikhulu ekusasazekeni kwendalo emangalisayo, enkulu kunye nokukhulayo kwezicelo ze «GNU/Linux».

Ngolwazi oluthe kratya, sukuhlala ungathandabuzi ukutyelela nayiphi na Ilayibrari ekwi-Intanethi njengaye VulaLibra y IJedIT ukufunda Iincwadi (iiPDF) kwesi sihloko okanye abanye iinkalo zolwazi. Okwangoku, ukuba uyithandile le «publicación», Sukuyeka ukwabelana ngayo nabanye, kwi Iiwebhusayithi ozithandayo, amajelo, amaqela, okanye uluntu zonxibelelwano zentlalo, ngokukhethekileyo zisimahla kwaye zivulekile njenge IMododon, okanye ukhuselekile kwaye uyimfihlo ngathi yocingo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-2, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   John Doe sitsho

    Molo, ii-DM zekhonsoli zinokubonakala ngathi zindala kodwa zisaphuhlisweni ngokupheleleyo, ngakumbi ukukhanya okufana noko https://github.com/Crakem/xlogin, Kwisihloko sabaphathi bokubonisa i-github ungafumana ezininzi. Singacoca ukuba sifuna ukusuka kwikhonsoli, umzekelo, ukongeza isihloko sekhonsoli. Kukho izihloko phantse kuyo yonke into, umzekelo umphathi wewindows weWM.
    Kulungile ukuba baqale ukuba namaphepha eSpanish asazisa ngezihloko ezithile zeLinux, enkosi !! XD
    Saludos !!

    1.    Ukufaka i-Linux Post sitsho

      Imibuliso, John Doe. Enkosi ngengcaciso yakho kunye negalelo malunga neXlogin.