/e/OS i-OS ehambayo eyenziwe ngumyili weMandrake Linux

Emva kweminyaka emihlanu yophuhliso ukumiliselwa kwe iqonga mobile /e/OS 1.0, yasekwa nguGaël Duval, umdali wokuhanjiswa kweMandrake Linux. Kunye nokuqaliswa kolu guqulelo lutsha, i-smartphone ye-Murena One ephuhliswe yiprojekthi ikwabonisiwe, ejolise ekuqinisekiseni ubumfihlo bedatha yomsebenzisi.

I-firmware /e/OS iyaphuhliswa njenge-derivative ye-Android (usebenzisa uphuhliso lwe-LineageOS), kodwa ikhululekile ekubeni ibotshelelwe kwiinkonzo zikaGoogle kunye neziseko zoncedo, evumela, kwelinye icala, ukugcina ukuhambelana nezicelo ze-Android kunye nokwenza lula inkxaso ye-hardware kwaye, ngakolunye uhlangothi, ukuvala ukuhanjiswa kwe-telemetry kwiiseva zeGoogle kunye nokuqinisekisa umgangatho ophezulu wobumfihlo.

Ukuthumela okucacileyo kolwazi, umzekelo, ukufikelela kwiiseva zikaGoogle xa ujonga ukufumaneka kwenethiwekhi, ukusombulula i-DNS, kunye nokumisela ixesha elichanekileyo, nalo livaliwe.

Ukusebenzisana neenkonzo zikaGoogle, iphakheji ye-microG ifakwe kwangaphambili, okuphelisa imfuno yokufakela amacandelo obunikazi kunye nokubonelela ngee-analog ezizimeleyo endaweni yeenkonzo zeGoogle. Ngokomzekelo, ukumisela indawo nge-Wi-Fi kunye nezikhululo ezisisiseko (ngaphandle kwe-GPS), umaleko osekelwe kwiNkonzo yeNdawo ye-Mozilla ibandakanyeka. Esikhundleni se-injini yokukhangela yeGoogle, inikezela ngenkonzo yayo ye-metasearch esekelwe kwifoloko ye-injini ye-Searx, eqinisekisa ukungaziwa kwezicelo ezithunyelwe.

Ukuvumelanisa ixesha elichanekileyo, endaweni ye-Google NTP, iProjekthi ye-NTP Pool isetyenzisiweyo, kwaye endaweni yeeseva ze-Google ze-DNS (8.8.8.8), iiseva ze-DNS zomboneleli zisetyenziswa.

Ibhrawuza yewebhu ine-ad blocker kunye ne-script blocker yenziwe ngokungagqibekanga ukulandelela iintshukumo.

Ukuvumelanisa iifayile kunye nedatha yesicelo, kuye kwaphuhliswa inkonzo yobunikazi enokusebenza kunye ne-NextCloud-based infrastructure. Amacandelo eseva asekelwe kwisoftware yomthombo ovulekileyo kwaye ayafumaneka ukuze kufakwe kwiisistim ezilawulwa ngumsebenzisi.

Enye into ukusuka eqongeni lujongano lomsebenzisi oluyilwe ngokutsha, ebandakanya indawo yayo yokuqalisa usetyenziso lweBlissLauncher, inkqubo yesaziso ephuculweyo, isikrini esitsha sokutshixa, kunye nesitayile esahlukileyo. I-BlissLauncher isebenzisa iseti yee-auto-scaling icons eyilelwe ngokukodwa iprojekthi kunye nokhetho lwamawijethi (umzekelo, iwijethi yokubonisa uqikelelo lwemozulu).

Iprojekthi iphinda iphuhlise umphathi wayo wokuqinisekisa, ovumela ukusetyenziswa kwe-akhawunti enye (user@murena.io) kuzo zonke iinkonzo, ezibhalisiweyo ngexesha lofakelo lokuqala. I-akhawunti ingasetyenziselwa ukufikelela kwindawo yakho ngewebhu okanye ezinye izixhobo. Kwi-Murena Cloud, i-1GB inikezelwa simahla ukugcina idatha yakho, ukuvumelanisa usetyenziso kunye ne-backup.

Iimpawu ezintsha eziphambili ze/e/OS 1.0

Kolu guqulelo lutsha lwe/e/OS 1.0 oluvezwayo, kugxininiswe ukuba i-firewall yongezwe ukunqanda ufikelelo lwezicelo ezifakiweyo kwidatha yomsebenzisi, ibhloko trackers eyakhelwe kwii-apps, kunye nokubonelela ngeedilesi zobuxoki ze-IP kunye nolwazi lwendawo.

Olunye utshintsho olugqamayo kukuba lucetyiwe umphathi wofakelo wesicelo se-App Lounge, ebonelela ngojongano olunye lokukhangela kunye nokukhuphela iinkqubo zomntu wesithathu kwimithombo eyahlukeneyo (F-droid, Google Play) Inkxaso yeprogram ye-Android kunye nolawulo lofakelo lwesicelo sewebhu ezizimeleyo (PWA, Progressive Web Apps).

Ukusukela kwi-LineageOS 18 (ngokusekwe kwi-Android 11), ukulungiswa kwebug kunye nemiba yokhuseleko idluliselwe, Ukongeza kumacandelo ahlukeneyo enkqubo iye yahlaziywa: I-MagicEarth 7.1.22.13 ihlaziywe, i-Bromite 100.0.4896.57 isiphequluli sewebhu, i-K9Mail 6.000 i-mail client, i-QKSMS 3.9.4 inkqubo yokuthumela imiyalezo, i-Etar 1.0.26 umdwelisi wekhalenda kunye nesethi yeenkonzo ze-microG.

Kwelinye icala, kuyacaciswa ukuba ukongeza inkxaso kwii-smartphones ezintsha ezingaphezu kwama-30kuquka ASUS ZenFone 8/Max M1, Google Pixel 5a/XL, Lenovo Z5 Pro GT, Motorola Edge/Moto G/Moto One, Nokia 6.1 Plus, OnePlus 9, Samsung Galaxy S4/SIII, Sony Xperia Z2/XZ2, Xiaomi Mi 6X /A1/10 kunye noXiaomi Redmi Qaphela 6/8.

Olunye utshintsho evelele kule nguqulo intsha:

  • Izixhobo ezinomgangatho ozinzileyo wenkxaso ziphumeze iimvavanyo ze-Google SafetyNet, eziqinisekisa ukhuseleko kwimiba yokhuseleko eqhelekileyo.
  • Unike iwijethi yokujonga useto lweakhawunti.
  • Ujongano olutsha lomsebenzisi lucetyiwe ekufundeni i-imeyile, imiyalezo kunye nezicelo zekhamera.
  • Inkonzo entsha ye-eDrive iphunyeziwe ngenkxaso yongqamaniso lweefayile ukusuka kwisixhobo ukuya kwiseva yangaphandle ngexesha lokwenyani.
  • Utshintshe iskimu sombala weBlissLauncher kwaye wongeza iwijethi yemozulu yokutsala.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, ungazijonga iinkcukacha kwi ukulandela ikhonkco.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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