EYurophu bafikelela kwisivumelwano sokwenza isinyanzelo se-USB-C kuzo zonke ii-smartphones 

IYurophu ifikelele kwisivumelwano sokwenza i-USB-C ibe lizibuko eliqhelekileyo kuzo zonke iifowuni kunye nezixhobo zombane, ngenjongo yokunciphisa i-e-waste kunye nengxaki yeeshaja ezingahambelaniyo.

Abaqulunqi bomthetho be-European Union bafikelele kwisivumelwano malunga nomthetho wokuba iya kufuna ukuba zonke ii-smartphones ezizayo zithengiswe kwi-EU, kuquka i-Apple iPhone, Yiba nezibuko le-USB-C lendalo yonke lokutshaja ngeengcingo ngokwindla ka-2024.

umthetho kwakhona iya kusebenza kwezinye izixhobo zombane, kubandakanywa iipilisi, iikhamera zedijithali, ii-headsets, izixhobo zomdlalo ophathwa ngesandla, kunye ne-e-readers. IiLaptops kuya kufuneka zithobele lo mgaqo kwixesha elizayo, kwaye abathengi baya kuba nakho ukukhetha ukuba bafuna ukuthenga izinto zombane ezintsha ngetshaja okanye ngaphandle kwayo.

"Ngaphantsi kwemithetho emitsha, abathengi abayi kuphinda bafune ishaja eyahlukileyo kunye nekhebula rhoqo xa bethenga isixhobo esitsha, kwaye baya kukwazi ukusebenzisa ishaja enye kuzo zonke izixhobo zabo zombane eziphathwayo, ukusuka ezincinci ukuya eziphakathi," yatsho iPalamente yaseYurophu. kwingxelo yeendaba.

Umthetho ubusemisebenzini iminyaka engaphezu kweshumi, kodwa isivumelwano malunga nobubanzi bawo sifikelelwe ngale ntsasa emva kothethwano phakathi kwamaqumrhu ahlukeneyo e-EU.

Eyona nto inqabileyo kakhulu yi-Appl iPhone Lightning porte, esetyenziswa malunga ne-20% yezixhobo ezithengiswa eYurophu. I-Apple kusafuneka iphendule kumthetho, kodwa ngo-2020 wathi ukutyhala kwitshaja yefowuni yehlabathi jikelele "kuyakunqanda ukuvela kwezinto ezintsha".

Omnye umba ongacacanga ngokupheleleyo Njani? I-EU ifuna abavelisi baphathe imigangatho eyahlukeneyo efana neDisplayPort yevidiyo. Ngokuphathelele ukunikezelwa kwamandla, i-EU yatsho nje ukuba "abathengi baya kufumana ulwazi olucacileyo malunga neempawu zokutshaja kwezixhobo ezitsha, okwenza kube lula ukuba babone ukuba iishaja zabo ezikhoyo ziyahambelana."

Ngale migaqo, abathengi abasayi kufuna isixhobo sokutshaja esahlukileyo ngalo lonke ixesha bethenga isixhobo kwaye baya kukwazi ukusebenzisa itshaja enye kuzo zonke izixhobo zabo zombane ezincinci neziphakathi eziphathwayo. Iifowuni eziphathwayo, iitafile, ii-e-readers, ii-headphones ezingaphakathi ezindlebeni, iikhamera zedijithali, ii-earphones kunye nee-headphones, ii-consoles ze-handheld game, kunye nezithethi eziphathwayo ezitshajwayo ezinocingo ziya kufuneka zixhotyiswe nge-USB Type-C port, nokuba zingakanani na. Iilaptops kuya kufuneka kwakhona ukuba zihlengahlengiswe ngokweemfuno kwisithuba seenyanga ezingama-40 zokuqalisa ukusebenza kombhalo.

Isantya sokutshaja sikwadityaniswa nezixhobo ezixhasa ukutshaja okukhawulezayo, ezivumela abasebenzisi ukuba bahlawule izixhobo zabo ngesantya esifanayo ngayo nayiphi na itshaja ehambelanayo.

Ekugqibeleni, kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukubaIsivumelwano siya kuba nefuthe elikhulu kwi-Apple, ekuphela komenzi we-smartphone ophambili osasebenzisa izibuko lobunikazi endaweni ye-USB-C. Ngo-2021, i-Apple yathengisa ii-iPhones ezizigidi ezingama-241 kwihlabathi liphela, kubandakanya nezigidi ezingama-56 eYurophu.

Nangona kunjalo, ushicilelo lwe-EU luthi umthetho omtsha usebenza kwizixhobo "eziphinda zitshajwe ngentambo".

Oku kuthetha ukuba I-Apple inokunqanda ukongeza i-USB-C kwizixhobo zayo ngokwenza ifowuni ebiza kuphela ngaphandle kwamacingo (njengoko amahemuhemu esitsho). Nangona kunjalo, iingxelo zamva nje zibonisa ukuba inkampani ivavanya ii-iPhones nge-USB-C ngaphakathi, kunye nomhlalutyi we-Apple uMing-Chi Kuo esithi i-Apple inokwenza utshintsho kwangoko kulo nyaka uzayo. I-Apple sele isebenzisa umgangatho we-USB-C kwiilaptops nakwezinye iitafile.

IKhomishini yaseYurophu ibhengeze izicwangciso zayo zangoku zalo mthetho ngoSeptemba odlulileyo.Kodwa iinzame zebloc zokunyanzela abavelisi ukuba basebenzise umgangatho oqhelekileyo wokutshaja ubuyile ngaphezulu kweshumi leminyaka. Kwiminyaka ukusukela ngoko, abavelisi be-Android baye badibana kwi-Micro USB kwaye emva koko i-USB-C njengomgangatho oqhelekileyo wokutshaja okhethiweyo, ngelixa i-Apple isukile ekuboneleleni ngeefowuni kunye nesinxibelelanisi sayo se-30-pin kuMbane.

Gqibela Ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, ungajonga iifayile ze- iinkcukacha kwikhonkco elilandelayo.


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