I-Fedora 36 sele ikhululwe kwaye iza notshintsho oluninzi, zijonge!

Emva kweenyanga ezimbalwa zophuhliso ukumiliselwa kwe Inguqulelo entsha yosasazo lweLinux  "Fedora 36" inguqulelo apho inani elikhulu lotshintsho olubalulekileyo lwenziwe, apho, umzekelo, uhlaziyo lwamacandelo ahlukeneyo enkqubo lugqamile.

Kwaye ngaba ngaphakathi I-Fedora Workstation ihlaziywe kwi-GNOME version 42, eyongeza imimiselo yokusingqongileyo-ebanzi yohlobo lobumnyama kumphambili kwaye iguqule izicelo ezininzi zokusebenzisa i-GTK 4 kunye nethala leencwadi libadwaita, elibonelela ngaphandle kwebhokisi iwijethi kunye nezinto zokwakha usetyenziso oluthobela iingcebiso ezintsha ze-GNOME HIG ( Izikhokelo zoNxibelelwano lwaBantu). Uninzi lwezicelo zenzelwe ngokwezikhokelo ezintsha ze-GNOME HIG, kodwa ezinye ziyaqhubeka nokusebenzisa isimbo esidala okanye ukudibanisa izinto ezidala nezitsha.

Ku iinkqubo ezinabalawuli abanini be I-NVIDIA, i-Wayland protocol esekwe kwiseshoni ye-GNOME yenziwe ngokuzenzekelayo, eyayisetyenziswa kuphela xa usebenzisa abaqhubi bemithombo evulekileyo. Ukukwazi ukukhetha iseshoni ye-GNOME eqhuba ngaphezulu kweseva ye-X eqhelekileyo igciniwe. Ngaphambili, ukufakwa kwe-Wayland kwiinkqubo ezinabaqhubi be-NVIDIA kwathintelwa kukunqongophala kwenkxaso ye-OpenGL kunye ne-Vulkan hardware acceleration kwi-X11 izicelo ezisebenza kunye necandelo le-XWayland DDX (Isixhobo esiXhomekekileyo X). Kwisebe elitsha labaqhubi be-NVIDIA, imiba ilungisiwe kwaye ukusebenza kwe-OpenGL kunye ne-Vulkan kwizicelo ze-X eziqaliswe kunye ne-XWayland ngoku phantse akukho nto yahlukileyo kunokusebenza kwi-server ye-X eqhelekileyo.

Kulo uhlelo oluphuculwa ngeathom lweFedora Silverblue kunye neFedora Kinoite, enikezela ngemifanekiso ye-monolithic ye-GNOME kunye ne-KDE engapakishwanga okanye engakhiwanga nge-rpm-ostree toolkit, yenziwe ngokutsha ukubeka i/var hierarchy kwi-subkey ye-Btrfs eyahlukileyo, evumela imifanekiso eqingqiweyo ye/var umxholo ukuba usetyenziswe ngokuzimeleyo kwezinye izahlulelo zenkqubo.

Xa I-systemd iyasebenza, amagama eefayile zokuqhuba ayaboniswa, eyenza kube lula ukumisela ukuba zeziphi iinkonzo eziqalwayo kwaye zimisiwe.

La ukhetho lweealgorithms zofihlo olunokwenzeka ifumaneka kwi-GnuTLS ngoku imhlophe, oko kukuthi, ii-algorithms ezivunyelweyo ziphawulwa ngokucacileyo endaweni yokukhupha ezingasebenziyo. Le ndlela ivumela, ukuba ifunwa, ukubuyisela inkxaso ye-algorithms ekhubazekileyo kwizicelo ezithile kunye neenkqubo.

Ulwazi olongeziweyo kwiifayile eziphunyeziweyo kunye namathala eencwadi kwifomathi ye-ELF malunga nokuba yeyiphi iphakheji ye-rpm eyeyayo ifayile enikiweyo. I-systemd-coredump isebenzisa olu lwazi ukubonisa uguqulelo lwephakheji xa uthumela izaziso zokuwa.

Los fbdev abaqhubi isetyenziselwa imveliso yefreyimu yesikhokelo zithathelwe indawo ngumqhubi we-simpledrm, esebenzisa i-EFI-GOP okanye i-VESA framebuffer enikwe yi-BIOS okanye i-UEFI firmware yemveliso. Ukuqinisekisa ukuhambelana okubuyela ngasemva, umaleko usetyenziselwa ukulinganisa isixhobo se-fbdev ngaphezulu kwesixokelelwano esiphantsi soMphathi oNikezelo ngokuthe ngqo (DRM). Utshintsho luphawuleka ngokulahlwa okunokwenzeka kokusebenzisa abaqhubi be-DRM/KMS kuphela. Inkqubo yokongeza abaqhubi abatsha be-fbdev kwi-Linux kernel yayekwa kwiminyaka eyi-7 eyadlulayo kwaye abaqhubi abaseleyo babenxulumene kakhulu nenkxaso yehardware yelifa.

Ukongezwa kwenkxaso yokuqala yezikhongozeli kwiifomathi ze-OCI/Docker kwi-rpm-ostree-based yohlaziyo lwe-atomic stack, iyenza kube lula ukwenza imifanekiso yesikhongozeli kunye nokufaka imeko yenkqubo kwizikhongozeli.

Olunye utshintsho olwahlukileyo:

  • Izichazi-magama zeHunspell zisusiwe kwi/usr/share/myspell/ ukuya ku/usr/share/hunspell/.
  • Ukukwazi ukufaka ngexesha elifanayo iinguqulelo ezahlukeneyo zomqambi wolwimi lweHaskell (GHC) lunikezelwa.
  • Imodyuli ye-cabin ene-interface yewebhu ibandakanyiwe ekuqulunqweni ukuqwalasela ukwabelana ngefayile nge-NFS kunye ne-Samba.
  • Ukuphunyezwa kweJava okungagqibekanga yi-java-17-openjdk endaweni ye-java-11-openjdk.
  • Inkqubo yokufumana ngokukhawuleza ifayile ebizwa ngokuba yi-mlocate iye yathatyathelwa indawo yi-plocate, i-analog ekhawulezayo nengaphantsi kwe-disk-consuming.
  • Inkxaso yesitaki esidala esingenazingcingo esisetyenziswe kwi-ipw2100 kunye nabaqhubi be-ipw2200 (Intel Pro Wireless 2100/2200) iye yanqunyanyiswa, kwaye yatshintshwa yi-mac80211/cfg80211 stack ngo-2007.
  • Kwi-installer ye-Anaconda, kwi-interface yokudala umsebenzisi omtsha, ibhokisi yokukhangela ukunika amalungelo omlawuli kumsebenzisi owongeziweyo yenziwe ngokuzenzakalelayo.
  • Iphakheji ye-nscd, eyayisetyenziselwa ukugcina i-database yomsebenzisi kunye ne-host host (/etc/hosts, /etc/passwd, /etc/services, etc.), iye yarhoxiswa. I-Systemd-resolved ngoku isetyenziselwa ugcino lwe-host caching, kwaye i-sssd isetyenziselwa ukugcinwa kwedatha yedatha yomsebenzisi.

Fumana iFedora 36

I-Fedora Workstation, i-Fedora Server, i-CoreOS, i-Fedora IoT Edition kunye ne-Live builds zilungele ukukhutshelwa, zinikezelwe ngendlela ye-spins nge-KDE Plasma 5, i-Xfce, i-MATE, i-Cinnamon, i-LXDE kunye ne-desktop ye-LXQt. Izakhiwo zakhelwe i-x86_64, i-Power64, i-ARM64 (AArch64) izakhiwo, kunye nezixhobo ezahlukeneyo ezine-32-bit ARM processors. Ukukhutshwa kweFedora Silverblue builds kulibaziseka.

Ikhonkco yile.


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