I-GNOME: Yintoni kwaye iyifaka njani kwi-DEBIAN 10 kunye neMX-Linux 19?

I-GNOME: Yintoni kwaye iyifaka njani kwi-DEBIAN 10 kunye neMX-Linux 19?

I-GNOME: Yintoni kwaye iyifaka njani kwi-DEBIAN 10 kunye neMX-Linux 19?

Njengesiqhelo, sihlala sithetha ngeendaba zamva nje ezivela I-GNOME (3.36, 3,34, 3.32, 3.30, phakathi kwabanye), zabo kwandiswa okanye malunga nezinye isimilo o usetyenziso lwendalo ngakumbi.

Kule posi siza kugxila ikakhulu Yintoni i-GNOME? y Ifakwa njani i-GNOME?. Ewe kunjalo, kugxilwe ngoku Ulwabiwo-mali (uLwabiwo lukaMama) DEBIAN GNU / LinuxOkwangoku Inguqulelo ye10, igama lekhowudi I-Buster. Ikwangoku isebenza njengesiseko se I-MX-Linux 19 (Idada elibi).

I-GNOME: Intshayelelo

GNOME yenye yezinye ezininzi Ubume beDesktop (DE) ezenza ubomi kuye Inkqubo yokusebenza ye-GNU / Linux. Kwaye kuninzi losasazo lwangoku kuye kwaba okanye kunguye Imeko-bume yeDesktop okungagqibekanga (okungagqibekanga).

Kufanelekile ukukhumbula ukuba, a Imeko-bume yeDesktop :

"… Iseti yesoftware yokubonelela umsebenzisi wekhompyuter ngonxibelelwano oluhle nolonwabisayo. Kukumiliselwa koMdibaniso woMsebenzisi weGraphical obonelela ngokufikelela kunye noqwalaselo lwezixhobo, ezinje ngeebar zesixhobo kunye nokudityaniswa phakathi kwezicelo ezinezakhono ezinje ngokutsala kunye nokwehla.". Wikipedia

Kwaye enye Ujongano loMsebenzisi loMzobo (i-GUI) :

"… Inkqubo yekhompyuter esebenza njengonxibelelwano lomsebenzisi, isebenzisa iseti yemifanekiso nezinto zomzobo ukubonisa ulwazi kunye nezenzo ezikhoyo kunxibelelwano. Ukusetyenziswa kwayo okuphambili kukubonelela ngendawo ebonakalayo ebonakalayo ukuvumela unxibelelwano kunye neNkqubo yokuSebenza yomatshini okanye ikhompyuter". Wikipedia

I-GNOME: Imeko-bume yeDesktop

Konke malunga neGNOME

Descripción

Phakathi kwezona zinto zibaluleke kakhulu ezinokuqaqanjiswa koku Imeko-bume yeDesktop Singachaza la manqaku alandelayo:

  • Ukhululwe ngomhla we 3 Matshi we1999 kwaye ngoku uyi Imeko-bume yeDesktop yenzelwe ukuba iphathwe ngokulula nangobuchule nakweyiphi na Ukuhanjiswa kwe-GNU / Linux ukuba ifakwe kwiKhompyuter, oko kukuthi, ukulungiselela ukusetyenziswa kwayo yonke imisebenzi, amanqaku kunye nokusetyenziswa okukuyo, kunye nezinye ezingqonge ngaphakathi Inkqubo yokusebenza. Okanye ngamanye amagama, bonelela ngokulula, ukufikelela lula kunye nokuthembeka kubasebenzisi.
  • Lakho Igama (IGNOME) sisichazi se- "I-GNU yeNjongo yeNethiwekhi yeModeli". Yenziwe ngokucocekileyo ngokupheleleyo Isoftware yasimahla kunye noMthombo ovulekileyo (Free kunye neSoftware yoMthombo ovulekileyo- I-FOSS).
  • Kuyinxalenye ye- Iprojekthi yeGNOME Kuxhomekeke kwi Isiseko seGNOME. Kwaye isekwe kwikhithi yezixhobo I-GTK +.
  • Iyakwazi ukwenza ngokwezifiso kwaye isebenzisa ifayile X iWindows Window yokubonisa iseva, nangona okwangoku iphucula ukudityaniswa kwayo ne- Wayland kwaye ke ukuphucula izinto ezinje ngokukrola kwe-kinetic, tsala kwaye ulahle, kunye nokucofa iqhosha eliphakathi.
  • Phakathi kweempawu ezimileyo ngoku yile Qala iqhosha kunye nayo Imenyu enkulu yezicelo kunye neenketho. Yena Qala iqhosha ibizwa "Imisebenzi" kwaye ibekwe ngokwakhona kwikona ephezulu ngasekhohlo kwesikrini kwaye ikuvumela ukuba utshintshe phakathi kweendawo zokusebenza kunye neewindows. Kwaye ukubonakala kwayo ngoku kunye noqwalaselo kubonisiwe kumfanekiso ophezulu kwangoko.
  • Inguqulelo yangoku ezinzileyo ye- Imeko-bume ye-Desktop ye-GNOME Inombolo yenguqulo 3.34.

Izinto eziluncedo nezingalunganga

Inzuzo

  • Iqela lomsebenzi olungileyo kunye nenkxaso eqinileyo yombutho.
  • Uluntu olukhulu lwabasebenzisi kunye nabanegalelo.
  • Umkhondo omde kunye ogqwesileyo wembali.
  • Amaxwebhu aneleyo agcweleyo.
  • Indalo enkulu kunye neqinileyo yezicelo.

Iingxaki

  • Inguqulelo yayo yangoku (i-GNOME 3) isebenzisa izixhobo ezininzi (i-RAM / CPU) xa ithelekiswa noninzi.
  • Ibotshelelwe ngamandla ekusebenziseni iSystemd.

ukuba Funda nzulu Ukusuka kwaleyo unokundwendwela ezi linki zilandelayo zewebhu:

  1. Iwebhusayithi esemthethweni
  2. I-Wiki esemthethweni
  3. Izandiso ezisemthethweni
  4. Yintoni entsha kuhlobo oluzinzileyo lwamva nje lwabasebenzisi
  5. Yintoni entsha kukhululo oluzinzileyo lwamva nje lwabaphuhlisi
  6. I-DEBIAN web kwiGNOME

Umsebenzi: Umkhethi womsebenzi

Ukufakwa

Kwimeko apho okwangoku kukho Ukuhanjiswa kweGNU / Linux DEBIAN 10 (Buster) okanye ezinye ezisekwe kuyo, njenge I-MX-Linux 19 (Idada elibi), Olona khetho lucetyiswayo kukuba:

Usebenzisa i-Tasksel command nge-Graphical User Interface (i-GUI)

  • Qalisa a Ikhonsoli okanye iTheminali kusuka kwi Imeko-bume yeDesktop
  • Qalisa ifayile ye- imiyalelo yokuyalela okulandelayo:
apt update
apt install tasksel
tasksel install gnome-desktop --new-install
  • Qhubeka kude kube sekupheleni Inkqubo ekhokelwa ngumSebenzi (Isikhethi somsebenzi).

Usebenzisa umyalelo weTasksel nge-Interline Line Interface (CLI)

  • Qalisa a Ikhonsoli okanye iTheminali usebenzisa i Ctrl + F1 amaqhosha kwaye uqale iseshoni yengcambu yomsebenzisi.
  • Qalisa ifayile ye- imiyalelo yokuyalela okulandelayo:
apt update
apt install tasksel
tasksel
  • Khetha i Imeko-bume ye-Desktop ye-GNOME kunye nayo nayiphi na into eluncedo okanye iseti yeephakeji ezongezelelweyo.
  • Qhubeka kude kube sekupheleni Inkqubo ekhokelwayo de Umsebenzi (Isikhethi somsebenzi).

Ukufaka iipakethi ezincinci eziyimfuneko ngqo nge-CLI

  • Qalisa a Ikhonsoli okanye iTheminali kusuka kwi Imeko-bume yeDesktop okanye ukusebenzisa Ctrl + F1 amaqhosha kwaye uqale iseshoni ephezulu yomsebenzisi ingcambu.
  • Qalisa ifayile ye- imiyalelo yokuyalela okulandelayo:
apt update
apt install gdm3 gnome
  • Qhubeka kude kube sekupheleni inkqubo kukhokelwa ngu Isifakeli sePakethe yeApt.

Izenzo ezongezelelweyo okanye ezincedisayo

  • Yenza izenzo ze ukwenziwa nokulondolozwa kweNkqubo yokuSebenza kuqhuba ifayile ye- imiyalelo yokuyalela okulandelayo:
apt update; apt full-upgrade; apt install -f; dpkg --configure -a; apt-get autoremove; apt --fix-broken install; update-apt-xapian-index
localepurge; update-grub; update-grub2; aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove; apt --fix-broken install
  • Qalisa kwakhona kwaye ungene ngemvume ngokukhetha Imeko-bume ye-Desktop ye-GNOME, kwimeko yokuba nangaphezulu kwesinye Imeko-bume yeDesktop ifakiwe kwaye ayikhethanga i Umphathi wokungena kwi-GDM3.

Qaphela: Emva kovavanyo Imeko-bume ye-Desktop ye-GNOME ifakiwe ungafaka ifayile ye ezongezelelweyo ii -apps zemveli kunye neeplagi eziyimfuneko efanayo, umzekelo, umzekelo:

apt install eog-plugins evolution-plugin-bogofilter evolution-plugin-pstimport evolution-plugins evolution-plugins-experimental evolution-plugin-spamassassin gnome-remote-desktop gnome-books gnome-software-plugin-flatpak gnome-software-plugin-snap nautilus-extension-brasero nautilus-extension-gnome-terminal

Ngolwazi olongezelelekileyo ndwendwela iphepha elisemthethweni le- Debian y I-MX-Linux, okanye Incwadana yoMlawuli wase-DEBIAN kwi-intanethi kwinguqu yayo ezinzileyo.

Umfanekiso oqhelekileyo wezigqibo zenqaku

Isiphelo

Siyathemba ukuba oku "Uncedo oluncinci" ngaye «Entorno de Escritorio» yaziwa ngegama lika «GNOME», enye yezona zisetyenziswa kakhulu namhlanje kwihlabathi «Distribuciones GNU/Linux», Inomdla omkhulu kunye noluncedo, iyonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kunye negalelo elikhulu ekusasazekeni kwendalo emangalisayo, enkulu kunye nokukhulayo kwezicelo ze «GNU/Linux».

Ngolwazi oluthe kratya, sukuhlala ungathandabuzi ukutyelela nayiphi na Ilayibrari ekwi-Intanethi njengaye VulaLibra y IJedIT ukufunda Iincwadi (iiPDF) kwesi sihloko okanye abanye iinkalo zolwazi. Okwangoku, ukuba uyithandile le «publicación», Sukuyeka ukwabelana ngayo nabanye, kwi Iiwebhusayithi ozithandayo, amajelo, amaqela, okanye uluntu zonxibelelwano zentlalo, ngokukhethekileyo zisimahla kwaye zivulekile njenge IMododon, okanye ukhuselekile kwaye uyimfihlo ngathi yocingo.

Okanye tyelela nje iphepha lasekhaya apha UkusukaLinux okanye ujoyine iShaneli esemthethweni Umnxeba ovela kwiDesdeLinux ukufunda nokuvota oku okanye ezinye iimpapasho ezinomdla «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» kunye nezinye izihloko ezinxulumene «Informática y la Computación»kunye «Actualidad tecnológica».


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1.   yalawa sitsho

    Oku kujongeka ngakumbi njenge-Gnome monograph kunencwadana yofakelo.
    IGnome iza njenge-desktop emiselweyo kwi-Debian, kwaye ilula ukubuyela umva.
    Eyona ngxaki inkulu anokuhlangabezana nayo umsebenzisi omtsha kukuba bafuna i-firmware engahlawulelwayo, eya kuthi icetyiswe kwisifaki sokukhuphela ngaphandle.

    1.    Ukufaka i-Linux Post sitsho

      Ndiyabulisa kwi-Autopilot! Enkosi ngengcaciso yakho. Ngokuqinisekileyo nangona inqaku lincinci, ligqibelele ngokupheleleyo ukuze ibe sisiqalo esihle kwabo bavela ekuqaleni kwiLinux nakwimimandla yeDesktop, kwaye kule meko, i-GNOME. Kwakhona, yeyokuqala kuthotho malunga nayo yonke imo ye-GNU / Linux Desktop. Siza kuyipapasha i-KDE / Plasma enye kungekudala.