Ukufakwa kwelog: Archlinux

Le tutorial iye yehliswa emva Arch Linux izakutshintsha indlela yokufaka ngoJulayi ka-2012. Okwangoku, kude kube sisenza isifundo sethu esihlaziyiweyo, sicebisa ukubonisana esi sifundo zilungiswe ngumhlobo wethu blog IGespadas.

Emva I-KZKG ^ iGaara iya kundenzela inkumbulo I-USB esebenzayo kunye kugqityiwe .iso ngabaphuhlisi be Archlinux, Ndiqale ukufaka olu nikezelo kwiPC yam.

Inkqubo yokufaka.

Inkqubo yofakelo endiyichaza apha ngezantsi yenziwa kamva kumatshini obonakalayo, into endikucebisa ukuba uyenze ukuba le iyaqala ukufakwa ArchLinux. Nayiphi na impazamo nceda undazise ukuyilungisa.

Isikrini sokuqala esiza kubona yile:

Isikrini sasekhaya

Njengoko kusengqiqweni, sikhetha ukhetho oluboniswe kumfanekiso: IBoot Arch Linux (i686). Emva kokuqala, ukuba yonke into ihamba kakuhle, sifumana esi sikrini:

Njengoko unokufunda, ukuqala inkqubo yofakelo kufuneka senze umthetho:

# /arch/setup

Kodwa kuqala, kuyacetyiswa ukuba uqwalasele ikhibhodi yethu, ke sibhala:

# km

Ngalo myalelo Archlinux ivumela ukuba sikhethe ubeko lwebhodi yezitshixo esiza kuyisebenzisa. Kwimeko yam, ndinayo ikhibhodi yesiNgesi, ke ndiye ndakhetha olu khetho lulandelayo:

Emva kwexesha sifumana le skrini ilandelayo:

Apho isicela ukuba sikhethe ifonti yekhonsoli. Ndiyishiya ngokungagqibekanga .. Kwaye ngoku ukuba sibeka umyalelo wokuqalisa ufakelo:

# /arch/setup

Xa sinikela faka siza kufumana le menyu intle (esimema ukuba sizihlaze ngokwethu hahahaha)..

Ayitsho into yokuba imenyu ilandela ulandelelwano olusengqiqweni, ke ayicetyiswa into yokweqa naliphi na inyathelo, nangona kubonakala kum ukuba umfaki ngokwakhe akakuvumeli. Olu khetho lokuqala luya kusivumela ukuba sikhethe apho siza kufaka khona iiphakheji zokuqala naxa sinika faka esi sikrini asiveli.

Sishiya ngokungagqibekanga kukhetho lokuqala, ukuze ifakele iipakeji eziyimfuneko ezivela kwifayile ye- I-CD-ROM, okanye kule meko kwimemori. Nje ukuba sinike u-Ok sibuyela kwimenyu kumfanekiso 5. Emva koko siya kwinqanaba lesibini, apho sikhetha khona umhleli wokubhaliweyo esifuna ukuwusebenzisa:

Andazi ngawe, kodwa ubuncinci kum VI Ilungiselelwe abasebenzisi abane-octopus complex, ke ndiyisebenzisa NANO INDLELA YOKUBONISA UKUHLEKA. Nje ukuba sinike u-Ok sibuyela kwimenyu kumfanekiso 5. Siya kwinyathelo lesithathu apho siqwalasela khona iwotshi yenkqubo:

Kwimeko yam ndiyakhetha Melika »Havana.

Emva koko siqwalasela iwotshi kunye nenketho Beka ixesha kunye nomhla. Ndisebenzisa ukhetho: ixesha lendawo.

Kwaye ndikhetha ukhetho ngezandla:

Xa sigqiba ngewotshi kuza elona candelo libalulekileyo kufakelo: Disk ukwahlula. Ukubonisa lo mzekelo bendikhe ndanezahlulo ezi-3 ezenziwe:

  • sda1 Ingcambu [/].
  • sda2 : Ekhaya [/ ekhaya].
  • sda5 Ukutshintshela [tshintsha]
Archlinux Ngokuzenzekelayo ukuba usebenzisa idiski engenanto, iya kwenza izahlulelo ezi-4. Eyokuqala kuzo zonke iya kuba Ext2 kwaye yabelwe / ibhodi. Kwimeko yam ethile andiyihlule / ibhodi. Ukuthintela eli nyathelo siza kubona kamva umfanekiso ochaza le nkqubo.

Yintoni ekufuneka siyazi xa sahlula-hlula?

Nje ukuba singene kukhetho lokwahlulahlula kunye nabanye, siza kubona esi sikrini:

Ngokusisiseko sineendlela ezi-4:

  1. Lungiselela ngokuzenzekelayo : Isahlulelo esikhokelwayo. Ukusetyenziswa kwayo kuhle xa sinediski engenanto okanye sikhathalele kancinci malunga nokulahleka kwedatha, kodwa ayisiyiyo le siza kuyisebenzisa.
  2. Ngesandla isahlulelo esiyiHard drive : Apha kufuneka singene kuphela ukuba sifuna ukwenza izahlulelo ezintsha okanye sizicime kwi-hard disk, asinamdla ngoku.
  3. Ngesandla Qwalasela izixhobo zebhloko, iinkqubo zeefayile kunye neepoypoints : Olu lukhetho olunomdla kuthi kuba luya kusivumela ukuba sikhethe ukuba zeziphi izahlulelo esiza kuzinyusa ingcambu, ikhaya kunye nokutshintsha.
  4. Ukubuyisela umva utshintsho lotshintsho lwefayile Olu khetho kukubuyela kwimeko yokuqala yediski. Kwaye andicingi ukuba siyayidinga.
Ewe, sikhetha ukhetho # 3 kwaye kufuneka sifumane into enje:

Kwimeko yam ekhethekileyo, ene-hard disk, ndikhetha ukhetho lokuqala ngokungagqibekanga. Ukukhetha ezinye iinketho andazi ukuba kuyacetyiswa na, ke ungazichukumisi ngaphandle kokuba umatshini oqinisekileyo. Sinika faka kwaye sifumana isikrini esilandelayo:

Apha sinokubona izahlulo ezi-3 endikuxelele zona ngaphambili. Sukujonga ubungakanani bazo. Kufuneka nje bayazi loo nto I-sda1 yengcambu, sda2 ekhaya y sda5 yokutshintsha. Sikhetha eyokuqala kwaye sinike faka. Sifumana isikrini esilandelayo:

Ingqwalasela ngalo myalezo. Into asibuza yona apha kukuba sikhethe ukuba siyafuna icocekile, ifomathi okanye nantoni na oyifunayo ukubiza isahlulelo ekuthethwa ngaso. Kuba sda1 akukho ngxaki, kodwa kufuneka silumke ukuba sifuna ukugcina idatha yethu kulwahlulo lwe / ikhaya.

Kule meko sikuxelela lonto EWE <Ewe> kwaye sifumana le festile ilandelayo:

Sikhetha Ext4 ngeentolo ze Phezulu nasezantsi kwaye sinika faka. Emva koko isikrini apho sikhetha into esifuna ukuyibeka kweso sahlulelo asibonisi:

Kwimeko yethu sikhetha / ingcambu. Sinika faka kwaye siya kwiscreen esilandelayo:

Apha singabeka i Ileyibhile okanye ileyibhile kwidiski. Eli nyathelo alinyanzelekanga, ngenxa yoko ndilishiya njengesiqhelo. Sinika faka kwaye siya kwiscreen esilandelayo:

Kuyafana nakwinyathelo elidlulileyo, ishiywe ngokungagqibekanga ngaphandle kokuba siyazi ukuba iipasari ezithile zigqithiselwa njani umxholo4.

Siphinda eli nyathelo linye ukuya sda2, sihlala sikhumbula ukuba akufuneki sinike u-Ewe kukhetho lomfanekiso #16 ukuba sifuna ukugcina yethu / ikhaya. Kwindaba ye sda5 ekuphela kwento etshintsha nge-sda1 kukuba endaweni yokukhetha Ext4, sikhetha ukhetho lokuqala emfanekisweni #17, okanye utshintshe.

Ukuba senza yonke into ngokuchanekileyo, izahlulelo kufuneka zijongeka ngoluhlobo:

Sikhetha YENZIWE, sinika faka kwaye sifumana lo myalezo ulandelayo:

Oko isixelela kona kukuba khange senze ukwahlula okwahlukileyo kwe / ibhodi. Ngokuzenzekelayo iyasicela ukuba sibuyele emva ukulungisa oku ngokhetho: umva, kodwa sikhetha ukhetho: ngahoywaNje ukuba sinike u-Ok sibuyela kwimenyu kumfanekiso 5 kwaye siye kukhetho 5: Khetha iipakethi.

Olu khetho phakathi kwezinye izinto lusivumela ukuba sifake igrub:

Kwaye xa sigqibile siya kwimenyu elandelayo: Faka iiphakheji.

Ngokuzenzekelayo kuphela ukhetho lokuqala olukhethiweyo. Ndiphawula zombini ukufaka usetyenziso olongezelelekileyo endinokulufuna kamva ukuze ndiqokelele njalo njalo. Ukuba siphawula owesibini, kuya kuvela esi sikrini silandelayo:

Apho kuyakufuneka ukuba siphawule (kunye nebha yendawo) zeziphi iipakeji esifuna ukuzifaka. Xa sigqiba sicofa u-OK kwaye inkqubo iqale ukufaka:

Xa kugqityiwe, sinika faka kwaye sifumana oku:

Ukuba sifuna ukutsiba eli nyathelo, okoko nje sisazi mva ukuba kufuneka siliguqule ukuze igophe sebenze njengoko kufanelekile. Zithini iifayile endiziguqulileyo?

  • /etc/rc.conf Ifayile ebalulekileyo okoko iidemon ziqala ngenkqubo, inethiwekhi, iimodyuli kunye nezinye iindlela ezilungiselelwe kuyo.
  • /etc/resolv.conf Ukuseta ukukhangela i-DNS yenethiwekhi.
  • /etc/pacman.conf : Apho nditshintsha khona kuphela ukhetho lokusebenzisa ummeleli kwiPacman.
  • /etc/pacman.d/ uluhlu lweziphene Apho kugcinwa khona okanye kususwa indawo yokugcina iArch.
  • Ingcambu-iphasiwedi : Ukuba ndincoma ukuba ukhethe olu khetho ukunika ingcambu iphasiwedi ngenxa yezizathu zokhuseleko, kungenjalo ayizukucela igama eligqithisiweyo kulo msebenzisi.
Siza kubona zonke ezi zikhetho kufakelo yesibini yeli nqaku. Xa sinikela faka en Zenziwa Umhleli kufuneka aphume kunye noqwalaselo lwefayile ye Grub. Ngokuzenzekelayo ndiyayivala nge Ctrl + X ukungaguquleli nantoni na kule fayile kwaye sifumana le festile:
Sinika faka ukuze ifakwe Grub in / dev / sda kwaye xa igqibile sinokuyiqala kwakhona iPC ngomyalelo:

# reboot

Ukuhanjiswa okulandelayo.

Kwinqaku elilandelayo siza kubona indlela yokuqwalasela iifayile:

  • /etc/rc.conf.
  • /etc/resolv.conf.
  • /etc/pacman.conf.
  • /etc/pacman.d/ uluhlu lweziphene.
Siza kubona indlela yokwenza umsebenzisi wethu kwaye siyibeke kumaqela ayimfuneko, ukongeza kufakelo lwe Xfce.

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
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  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
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  1.   ren sitsho

    Iposi ephezulu ye-elav ixatyiswa kakhulu.
    Isinyathelo sokongeza ii-ops ze-mkfs.ext4 sinokongeza ezinye iindlela ezinomdla ezinje ngexesha lasemini kwi-arch wiki kukho ulwazi oluhle malunga noku.

    1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

      Kuyinyani, kodwa andizange ndazi wonke umntu ukuba yintoni ixesha langoku lemini hahaha. Kungcono ke kunokuba ufunde apha phaya ufunda 😛

  2.   ren sitsho
  3.   incasa sitsho

    Kude ndikhuthazwe ukuba ndiphawule i-xD ... kodwa babetha isimbo ...

    Ndihlala ndingomnye wabo bahamba kuzo zonke ii-distros ezifumanekayo, kodwa iArch yimeko eyahlukileyo kwimbali yam, ndisafuna ukuzama i-gentoo kwaye ndisazama rhoqo i-x distro, kodwa eye yahlala inde kakhulu kwikhompyuter yam nangaphezulu Ndiyonwabele iArch, zombini idesktop kunye neelaptop ...

    Ndiphazamisekile kancinci: P, kodwa kunjalo bendifuna ukukuxelela izinto ezi-2:
    1) Ngokwam ndikhetha ukutsiba igrub, kwaye ukuphela kofakelo, ngaphambi kokuqalisa kwakhona, yenza i-pacman -S grub2 && update-grub 😉

    Ndikhetha ngale ndlela ukunqanda iingxaki xa uhlaziya igrub ukwenza izinto njengokufaka i-burg.

    2) Ingcebiso ... ngokoluvo lwam oluthobekileyo kwaye ndicinga ukuba ndaye ndafuduka ndisuka kwi-debian ... ulumke ungonwabi kakhulu ngobuninzi obuninzi kwipasile (ewe xa ndiyenzile yayilapho ngexesha le-kde4. Umlutha ngakumbi ukuba ukongeza i-AUR kuyo, kwaye unokuphelela kwi-distro "ethe kratya" kwiipakeji ongasokuze uzisebenzise emva kovavanyo lokuqala.

    hehehehe ndicinga ukuba ndolule ngaphezulu kweakhawunti kodwa ndilungele ukubulela kakhulu ngesithuba kunye nokuvuyisana: D.

    1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

      Wamkelekile Guso:
      Enkosi kakhulu ngencam yeGrub, ukuba i-KZKG ^ uGaara ebeyazile ngaphambi kokuba inkqubo ibingayi kulayishwa kube kanye hahaha. Ngelishwa kuthi asinakonwabela amava apheleleyo, kuba asinakho ukufikelela okupheleleyo kwi-intanethi kwaye ngenxa yoko asinakho ukusebenzisa i-AUR.

      Phendula nge quote

  4.   IMiguelinux sitsho

    Inqaku elihle, bendicinga ukufaka iArch (iindawo zayo ezinomdla ziyandonwabisa) kwaye xa ndipapasha inqaku elilandelayo ndiza kwenza ukutsiba 🙂

  5.   Holmes sitsho

    Ngokwenene sisithuba esigqwesileyo, andikazami iarch okwangoku, kodwa ndiza kuzama kamva
    Masinwabe….
    vlwfwi, Holmes

    1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

      Enkosi Holmes

  6.   ifredy sitsho

    Ndiyabulela kakhulu isikhokelo, ukuba ndingakwazi ukufaka ndiza kukuxelela ukuba ihambe njani.
    mbuliso

  7.   isibindi sitsho

    Iso lokugqibela andazi ukuba kutheni into endiyenzileyo ingalunganga yandinika iingxaki nge-pacman kunye ne-intanethi.

    Ndizakugcina iposti kule ngxaki ithile ukuba icwecwe endinalo kulo nyaka uphelileyo akwenzeki kum

    1.    isibindi sitsho

      Hi ndlela leyi, resolution.conf? Ndicinga ukuba le fayile ayifuni kuchukunyiswa

      1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

        Inkalipho, khumbula ukuba sisebenzisa ii-IPs ezimileyo kwaye siphume ngomncedisi emsebenzini. Ke kufuneka sibhengeze ngesandla loo datha, iseva ye-DNS njalo njalo.

      2.    I-KZKG ^ iGaara <"iLinux sitsho

        Ewe, ummandla weLAN yakho uchaziwe apho (desdelinux.net ngokomzekelo) kunye neeseva ze-DNS ekufuneka uzisebenzise.

  8.   ULucas Matias sitsho

    Kulungile, yandikhumbuza okuninzi kokufaka iVector Linux, ndiza kuyizama.

  9.   UAlf sitsho

    Ndilandele inyathelo lokufaka ngenyathelo kwaye ayisebenzi, igrub ayifaki, akukho myalezo wempazamo, awufaki nje.

    Imifanekiso emi-2 ekhutshelweyo, i-md5 ihlolwe kwaye akukho nto, iinzame ezi-3 ngomfanekiso ngamnye.

    Yonke into kwibhokisi yebhokisi.

    1.    I-KZKG ^ iGaara sitsho

      Uyixelela ukuba ifake iGrub kwi / dev / sda kwaye ayiyifaki?

  10.   UAlf sitsho

    Ayifaki, kwaye ayiniki myalezo wemposiso, ayifakwanga.

    Ngenye imini…

  11.   ezcamb sitsho

    Hei mfondini, yonke into icaciswe kakuhle kule bhlog, kodwa kunganomdla kuwe ukupapasha elinye icandelo, ukumiselwa kweefayile!…

  12.   UGurren-Lagan sitsho

    Iposti ye-Exclenete nangona ingayinto entle ukuba wenze olwakho uqeqesho ukufaka uhlobo olutsha

  13.   Ukupheliswa sitsho

    Uuuu, ngokugqwesileyo, ukuthanda ukwenza kamva, bendikade ndifuna ukusebenzisa iArch ixesha elide, nangona ndinothuthu xa izinto zingasebenzi, okanye bendibambelele kwinto ethile ixesha elide, AKUKHO nto ilunge ngaphezu kolwaneliseko olufunyenwe ngokusombulula ingxaki kwaye ndifunde kula mava haha, ke ndiza kufaka iArch yokutsiba emanzini kwaye ndiqale ukusebenzisa i-distro (ndikwanobunzima endibuthandayo kubuncinci, kwaye abaphuhlisi beArch bacinga okufanayo xD!)

    Gracias !!