Isenzeko esingaqhelekanga se-copyleft troll siyanda

Ngexesha leenyanga zokugqibela siye sabelana ngeendaba ezimbalwa ukuba kude kube yiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo babonakala ngathi bayaqhula kwaye nje ngebabengayi kuthathelwa ngqalelo ngobunzulu obuthatyathwe namhlanje.

Ewe iinkundla zase-US ziye zabhalisa ukubonakala kwento engaqhelekanga "ye-copyleft trolls", abasebenzisa amacebo andlongondlongo ukuze baqhubele phambili amatyala amakhulu, bethatha ithuba lokungakhathali kwabasebenzisi xa beboleka umxholo osasazwa phantsi kweemvume ezahlukeneyo ezivulelekileyo.

Ngelo xesha, igama elithi "copyleft troll" elicetywayo nguNjingalwazi uDaxton R. Stewart libonwa njengesiphumo sokuguquka kwe "copyright troll" kwaye ayihambelani ngokuthe ngqo nombono we "copyleft".

Ngokukodwa uhlaselo lwe-copyleft lwe-troll lunokwenziwa xa umxholo usasazwa phantsi kwelayisensi evumelayo I-Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC-BY) okanye phantsi kwe-Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 (CC-BY-SA) ilayisenisi yokukopisha.

Abafoti kunye namagcisa afuna ukwenza imali ngokumangala athumele umsebenzi wabo kwiFlickr okanye kwiWikipedia phantsi kweelayisensi zeCC-BY, emva koko ukuchonga ngabom abasebenzisi abatyeshela imimiselo yelayisenisi kwaye bafune iintlawulo zentlawulo, ukusuka phakathi kwe-$ 750 kunye ne-$ 3500 ngokuphulwa ngakunye. Kwimeko yokwala ukuhlawula intlawulo, ityala lokwaphulwa kwelungelo lokushicilela lithunyelwa enkundleni.

Ndikhunjuzwe ngezilumkiso zikaStewart malunga noku, kunye nomdla wam wokubhala into malunga nayo, kutshanje xa kukho ibali le-semi-viral elibandakanya u-Twitterer owaziwayo @foone owayene-akhawunti yakhe ye-Twitter enqunyanyisiweyo ngenxa yezinto ezibonakala ngathi zifana ne-copyleft. Kleyima. Foone ingcaciso intambo (emva kokuba akhawunti yakhe ngokutsha), waphawula ukuba bathathe ifoto CC by attribution, kodwa akazange wongeze uphawu, ekhokelela ibango DMCA. Ekugqibeleni, oko akuzange kubonakale kubi njengoko ezinye zeemeko zokunyathela uStewart zichaza.

Nangona kunjalo, entliziyweni yayo yonke le nto isisiseko sendlela iCreative Commons esebenza ngayo, kunye nendlela abanye abantu abasabhideke ngayo ngayo. I-Creative Commons yayisoloko iluhlobo lobuqhetseba lwenkqubo ye-copyright, idala iilayisensi ezintsha ezazivuleleke kakhulu, kodwa zixhomekeke kwi-copyright njengomqolo. Nangona kunjalo, iindidi zeelayisenisi ngaphakathi kwendawo yeCreative Commons ziye zakhokelela ekubhidekeni, ngakumbi malunga neelayisensi ezingezo-zorhwebo.

Iilayisenisi ze-CC-BY zifuna ukuchazwa okusisinyanzelo kunye nelayisenisi edityanisiweyo xa kukopa kunye nokusasazwa kwemathiriyeli. Ukuba le miqathango ayifezekiswanga xa usebenzisa iilayisensi ze-Creative Commons ukuya kutsho kwi-3.0, ilayisenisi inokurhoxiswa ngoko nangoko ngokupheliswa kwawo onke amalungelo omnini welayisenisi onika le layisensi, emva koko umnini-copyright unokukhangela izohlwayo zemali enkundleni. ngenxa yokwaphulwa kwelungelo lokushicilela.

Kwiilayisensi ze-Creative Commons 4.0, uthintelo lokuxhatshazwa lokurhoxiswa longezwe ukubonelela ngeentsuku ezingama-30 zokulungisa ukubuyisela ngokuzenzekelayo amalungelo arhoxisiweyo.

Abasebenzisi abaninzi banengcamango ephosakeleyo yokuba ukuba ifoto ipapashwe kwi-Wikipedia kwaye isasazwe phantsi kwelayisensi ye-CC-BY, ngoko ifumaneka ngokukhululekile kwaye ingasetyenziselwa ngaphandle kwemimiselo engadingekile kwizinto zakho.

Ngoko ke, xa ukopisha iifoto kwiiqoqo zezixhobo zasimahla, abaninzi abazikhathazi ukukhankanya umbhali, kwaye ukuba benza, bayalibala ukubeka ikhonkco elipheleleyo kwi-original okanye ikhonkco kwisicatshulwa selayisensi ye-CC-BY. Xa usasaza umxholo phantsi kweenguqulelo ezindala zelayisensi ye-Creative Commons, ukuphulwa okunjalo kwanele ukurhoxisa ilayisenisi kunye nokuthatha amanyathelo asemthethweni, oko kukuthi i-copyleft trolls isebenzisa.

Iziganeko zamva nje ziquka ukuvalelwa kwe @Foone's feed ye-Twitter yezixhobo ezindala. Umsasazi wejelo wathumela ifoto ye-CC-BY yekhamera ye-SONY MAVICA CD200 ethathwe kwi-Wikipedia, kodwa akazange athethe umbhali, emva koko umnini we-copyright wesithombe uthumele isicelo se-DMCA ku-Twitter malunga nokuphulwa kwelungelo lokushicilela. ivaliwe.

Umthombo: https://www.techdirt.com


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  1.   Diego Vallejo indawo yokubamba sitsho

    Ewe, lixesha lokudlula kwilayisenisi yasimahla ineziphumo.
    Oko kamva kuza greats ezifana Nintendo kwaye emva kokuba kube lulwaphulo-mthetho ukusetyenziswa emulators simahla bayisebenzisela inzuzo yabo Nintendo Mini yabo kwaye abayihloniphi nelayisenisi GNU, ke ezabo zingcwele kwaye ulumke kakhulu ukuba ubatsiba.