Iintsholongwane kwi-GNU / Linux: Ngaba yinyani okanye yintsomi?

Nanini na xa ingxoxo Virus y GNU / Linux ayithathi thuba lide ukuba umsebenzisi avele (ihlala iWindows) ithini:

«KwiLinux akukho zintsholongwane kuba abaqulunqi bezi nkqubo zingalunganga abachithi xesha benza into kwiNkqubo yokuSebenza phantse ukuba akukho mntu uyisebenzisayo »

Endihlala ndiphendula:

"Ingxaki ayisiyiyo leyo, kodwa abadali bezi nkqubo zingalunganga abazukuchitha ixesha ngokwenza into eza kulungiswa ngohlaziyo lokuqala lwenkqubo, nditsho nangaphantsi kweeyure ezingama-24"

Kwaye andiphazami, njengoko eli nqaku libalaseleyo lipapashwe kwi Inombolo yoku-90 (Unyaka ka-2008) ukusuka kwiTodo Linux Magazine. Umdlali wakhe UDavid Santo Orcero isinika ngendlela yobugcisa (kodwa kulula ukuyiqonda) inkcazo yokuba kutheni GNU / Linux ayinalo olu hlobo lwesoftware enobungozi.

Kucetyiswa i-100%. Ngoku baya kuba nezinto ezingaphaya kokukholisa ukuthulisa nabani na othetha ngaphandle kwesiseko esiqinileyo ngalo mbandela.

Khuphela iNqaku (PDF): Iintsomi nenyaniso: I-Linux kunye neeVirus

UKUHLELA:

Nali inqaku elibhaliweyo, njengoko sijonga ukuba kukhululeke ngakumbi ukufunda ngale ndlela:

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Ingxoxo yeLinux kunye nentsholongwane ayonto intsha. Njalo sihlala sibona i-imeyile kuluhlu lubuza ukuba ngaba zikhona na iintsholongwane zeLinux; kwaye ngokuzenzekelayo umntu uphendula ngokuqinisekileyo kwaye amabango ukuba ukuba awaziwa kakhulu kungenxa yokuba iLinux ayixhaphakanga njengeWindows. Kukho ukukhutshwa rhoqo kweendaba ezivela kubaphuhlisi be-antivirus besithi bakhupha iinguqulelo zeentsholongwane zeLinux.

Ngokwam, bendikhe ndaneengxoxo ezithile nabantu abahlukeneyo ngeposi, okanye ngoluhlu lokusasaza, ngokubhekisele kumba wokuba azikho na iintsholongwane kwiLinux. yintsomi, kodwa inzima ukudiliza intsomi okanye, kunoko, kukukhohlisa, ngakumbi ukuba kubangelwa ngumdla wezoqoqosho. Umntu othile unomdla wokuhambisa umbono wokuba ukuba iLinux ayinazo ezi ngxaki, kungenxa yokuba bambalwa kakhulu abantu abayisebenzisayo.

Ngexesha lokupapasha le ngxelo ndingathanda ukubhala isicatshulwa esichazayo ngobukho beentsholongwane kwiLinux. Ngelishwa, xa iinkolelo kunye nomdla kuqoqosho uxhaphake, kunzima ukwakha into eqinisekileyo.
Nangona kunjalo, siya kuzama ukwenza ingxoxo epheleleyo apha ngokufanelekileyo ukukhupha izixhobo kuhlaselo lwabani na ofuna ukuphikisana.

Yintoni intsholongwane?

Okokuqala, siza kuqala ngokuchaza ukuba yintoni intsholongwane. Yinkqubo ekopiayo kwaye ibaleke ngokuzenzekelayo, kwaye ejolise ekutshintsheni ukusebenza kwesiqhelo kwekhompyuter, ngaphandle kwemvume yomsebenzisi okanye ulwazi. Ukwenza oku, intsholongwane ithatha indawo yeefayile ezinokuphunyezwa kunye nabanye abasulelekileyo kwikhowudi yabo. Inkcazo esemgangathweni, kwaye sisishwankathelo somgca omnye wokungena kweWikipedia kwiintsholongwane.
Elona candelo libaluleke kakhulu kule nkcazo, kwaye eyahlula intsholongwane kwezinye ii-malware, kukuba intsholongwane iyazifaka, ngaphandle kwemvume yomsebenzisi okanye ulwazi. ukuba ayizifaki ngokwayo, ayisiyintsholongwane: inokuba yingcambu, okanye iTrojan.

Ingcambu ye-rootkit sisixhobo se-kernel esikuvumela ukuba ufihle iinkqubo ezithile kuluncedo lwendawo yomsebenzisi. Ngamanye amagama, lutshintsho lwekhowudi yomthombo wekernel injongo yayo kukuba izinto ezisivumelayo ukuba zibone ukuba kwenzeka ntoni ngalo naliphi na ixesha azibonisi inkqubo ethile, okanye umsebenzisi othile.

ITrojan iyafana: lutshintsho kwikhowudi yemvelaphi yenkonzo ethile yokufihla ubuqhetseba. Kuzo zombini iimeko, kuyafuneka ukufumana ikhowudi yemvelaphi yenguqulo ngqo efakwe kumatshini weLinux, ubambe ikhowudi, uyiqokelele, ufumane amalungelo olawulo, fakela izinto ezinokuphunyezwa, kwaye uqalise inkonzo-kwimeko yeTrojan- okanye inkqubo yokusebenza igcwalise - kwimeko ye-
ingcambu-. Inkqubo, njengoko sibona, ayisiyonto ilula, kwaye akukho mntu unokukwenza konke oku "ngempazamo". Zombini zifuna ukufakela ukuba umntu onelungelo lolawulo, enolwazi, enze uthotho lwamanyathelo okwenza izigqibo ngobuchwephesha.

Ayisiyongqondo engabalulekanga yesemantic: ukuba intsholongwane izifake, konke ekufuneka sikwenzile kukuqhuba inkqubo yosulelo njengomsebenzisi oqhelekileyo. Kwelinye icala, ukufakelwa kwengcambu okanye iTrojan kubalulekile ukuba umntu onobungozi angene kwiingcambu zomatshini, kwaye ngendlela engeyiyo ezenzekelayo, enze uthotho lwamanyathelo anokufumaneka. intsholongwane isasazeka ngokukhawuleza nangokufanelekileyo; i-rootkit okanye iTrojan ifuna ukuba zisilandele ngokuthe ngqo.

Ukuhanjiswa kwentsholongwane kwiLinux:

Inkqubo yokuhambisa intsholongwane, ke, yeyona nto iyichazayo, kwaye sisiseko sobukho babo. Inkqubo yokusebenza inovakalelo ngakumbi kwintsholongwane kokukhona kulula ukuphuhlisa indlela yokuhambisa esebenzayo kunye nokuzenzekelayo.

Masithi sinentsholongwane efuna ukusasazeka. Masithi isungulwe ngumsebenzisi oqhelekileyo, imsulwa, xa kusungulwa inkqubo. Le ntsholongwane ineendlela ezimbini zokuhambisa kuphela:

  • Ukuziphindaphinda ngokuchaphazela imemori yezinye iinkqubo, ukuziqinisa kubo ngexesha lokusebenza.
  • Ukuvula indlela ephunyeziweyo yenkqubo yefayile, kunye nokudibanisa ikhowudi -payload- yabo ekuphumezayo.

Zonke iintsholongwane esinokuzijonga ngolu hlobo zinenye yezi ndlela zimbini zosasazo. O Zimbini. Azisekho iindlela.
Ngokubhekisele kwindlela yokuqala, masikhumbule uyilo lwenkumbulo ebonakalayo yeLinux kunye nendlela esebenza ngayo iprosesa ye-Intel. Ezi zineeringi ezine, ezibhalwe ukusuka ku-0 ukuya ku-3; elisezantsi inani, kokukhona lukhulu amalungelo ekhowudi ebaleka kuloo msesane. Ezi zangqa ziyahambelana neprosesa, kwaye ke, yintoni enokwenziwa ngenkqubo ekwisangqa esithile. I-Linux isebenzisa umsesane we-0 kwikernel, kunye ne-ring 3 yeenkqubo. akukho khowudi yenkqubo ebaleka kumsesane 0, kwaye akukho khowudi yekerneli ibaleka kwindandatho 3. Kukho indawo enye yokungena kwikernel ukusuka kwindandatho yesi-3: ukuphazamiseka okungama-80h, okukuvumela ukuba utsibe kwindawo ekuyo ikhowudi yomsebenzisi kwindawo apho ikhowudi yekernel ikhona.

Uyilo lwe-Unix ngokubanzi kunye neLinux ngokukodwa ayenzi ukuba ukusasazeka kweentsholongwane kwenzeke.

I-kernel ngokusebenzisa imemori ebonakalayo yenza ukuba inkqubo nganye ikholelwe ukuba inememori kuyo yonke. Inkqubo-esebenza kwindandatho yesi-3- inokubona kuphela imemori ebonakalayo elungiselelwe yona, kwindandatho esebenza kuyo. Ayisiyo into yokuba inkumbulo yezinye iinkqubo ikhuselwe; kukuba kwinkqubo enye inkumbulo yezinye ingaphandle kwendawo yedilesi. Ukuba inkqubo ibinokubetha zonke iidilesi zememori, ngekhe ibenakho ukubhekisa kwidilesi yememori yenye inkqubo.

Kutheni le nto ingenakuqhathwa?
Ukulungisa oko kuphawuliweyo- umzekelo, yenza iindawo zokungena kwi-ring 0, lungisa ukuphazamisa iivenkile, uguqule imemori ebonakalayo, uguqule i-LGDT… - inokwenzeka kuphela kwi-ring 0.
Oko kukuthi, ukuze inkqubo ikwazi ukubamba imemori yezinye iinkqubo okanye i-kernel, kufanele ukuba ibe yi-kernel uqobo. Kwaye inyani yokuba inqaku elinye lokungena kunye nokuba iiparameter zigqityiwe kwiirejista zenza umgibe-enyanisweni, idluliswa kwirejista kude kube yinto ekufuneka yenziwe, ethi ke iphunyezwe njengemeko yesiqhelo sokuqwalaselwa. 80h ukuphazamiseka.
Enye imeko yimeko yeenkqubo ezisebenzayo ezinamakhulu eefowuni ezingabhaliswanga ukuba zibethe 0, apho oku kunokwenzeka - kunokuhlala kukho umnxeba olityelweyo ongalunganga ongaphuhliswa ngumgibe- kodwa kwimeko yenkqubo yokusebenza kunye Inkqubo elula kangaka, ayisiyiyo.

Ngesi sizathu, uyilo lwenkumbulo ebonakalayo ithintela le ndlela yokuhambisa; akukho nkqubo-nditsho nkqu nezo zinamalungelo engcambu-zinendlela yokufikelela kwimemori yabanye. Singatsho ukuba inkqubo iyayibona ikernel; Inemephu evela kwidilesi yememori yayo enengqiqo 0xC0000000. Kodwa, ngenxa yomsesane weprosesa oqhubayo, awungekhe uguqule; iya kuvelisa umgibe, kuba ziindawo zenkumbulo ezizezenye iringi.

"Isisombululo" iya kuba yinkqubo eguqula ikhowudi yekernel xa iyifayile. Kodwa inyani yokuba ezi zinto ziphindwaphindwa yenza kube nzima. I-binary ayinakushicilelwa, njengoko kukho izigidi zeenkozo ezahlukeneyo emhlabeni. Ngokulula xa beyiphinda babebeke okanye basuse into kwi-kernel ephunyeziweyo, okanye batshintshe ubungakanani wenye yeelebheli ezichonga uhlobo lokudityaniswa- into eyenziweyo nokuba ayibandakanyekanga- isichibi sokubini asinakusetyenziswa. Enye indlela iya kuba kukukhuphela ikhowudi yemvelaphi kwi-Intanethi, ukuyipakisha, ukuyilungiselela izixhobo ezifanelekileyo zekhompyutha, ukuyidibanisa, ukuyifaka kunye nokuwuqalisa kwakhona umatshini. Konke oku kufuneka kwenziwe yinkqubo, ngokuzenzekelayo. Ucelomngeni olukhulu kwicandelo lobuGcisa bobuGcisa.
Njengoko sibona, nkqu nentsholongwane njengengcambu ayinatsiba lo mqobo. Isisombululo esishiyekileyo kuphela kukuhambisa phakathi kweefayile ezinokuphunyezwa. Engasebenziyo njengoko siza kubona ngezantsi.

Amava am njengomlawuli:

Kwiminyaka engaphezu kweshumi bendi lawula iLinux, ngokufakwa kumakhulu oomatshini kumaziko edatha, iilebhu zabafundi, iinkampani, njl.

  • Andizange "ndiyifumane" intsholongwane
  • Andizange ndidibane nomntu owakhe
  • Andizange ndadibana nomntu owakhe wadibana nomntu okhe wehlela kuye

Ndazi abantu abaninzi ababone iLoch Ness Monster kunokuba babone iintsholongwane zeLinux.
Ngokwam, ndiyavuma ukuba ndingenankathalo, kwaye ndisungule iinkqubo ezininzi ezibizwa ngokuba "ziingcali" ezizibiza ngokuba "ziintsholongwane zeLinux" - ukusukela ngoku, ndiza kubabiza ngokuba ziintsholongwane, hayi ukwenza isicatshulwa esisisiseko -, kwiakhawunti yam yesiqhelo ngokuchasene nomatshini wam, ukubona ukuba intsholongwane inokwenzeka na: zombini intsholongwane ye-bash ejikeleza apho-kwaye, ngendlela, khange ichaphazele naziphi na iifayile- kunye nentsholongwane eyaduma kakhulu, kwaye yavela kumaphephandaba. Ndizamile ukuyifaka; kwaye emva kwemizuzu engamashumi amabini yokusebenza, ndayeka xa ndabona ukuba enye yeemfuno zakhe yayikukuba ne-tmp directory kwicandelo lohlobo lwe-MSDOS. Ngokwam, andazi ukuba ngubani na owenza isahlulelo esithile se-tmp kwaye asenze kwifomathi.
Ngapha koko, ezinye ezibizwa ngokuba ziintsholongwane endiye ndazivavanya kwiLinux zifuna inqanaba eliphezulu lolwazi kunye negama elinegama eligqithisiweyo ekufuneka lifakiwe. Singafaneleka, ubuncinci, njenge- "crappy" intsholongwane ukuba ifuna ungenelelo lwethu olusebenzayo ukosulela umatshini. Ngapha koko, kwezinye iimeko zifuna ulwazi olubanzi lwe UNIX kunye negama eligqithisiweyo eliyingcambu; okukude kakhulu kufakelo oluzenzekelayo olucingelwa ukuba lukhona.

Ukuchaphazela ukuphunyezwa kwiLinux:

Kwi-Linux, inkqubo inokwenza ngokulula oko kuvunyelwe ngumsebenzisi kunye neqela elisebenzayo. Kuyinyani ukuba kukho iindlela zokutshintshisa oyena msebenzisi ngemali, kodwa enye into encinci. Ukuba sijonga apho zikhona izinto eziphunyeziweyo, siya kubona ukuba yingcambu kuphela enamalungelo okubhala kwezi zikhombisi nakwiifayile eziqulathwe. Ngamanye amagama, yingcambu kuphela enokuguqula ezo fayile. Injalo imeko kwi-Unix ukusukela nge-70s, kwiLinux ukusukela kwimvelaphi yayo, nakwinkqubo yefayile exhasa amalungelo, akukho mpazamo ivelileyo evumela enye indlela yokuziphatha. Ubume beefayile ezisebenzisekayo ze-ELF ziyaziwa kwaye zibhalwe kakuhle, ke ngoko kunokwenzeka ukuba ifayile yolu hlobo ilayishe umthwalo kwenye ifayile ye-ELF ... ukuba nje umsebenzisi osebenzayo weqela langaphambili okanye iqela elisebenzayo labo bangaphambili banamalungelo okufikelela. ukufunda, ukubhala kunye nokwenza kwifayile yesibini. Zingaphi iinkqubo eziphunyeziweyo ezinokuthi zisulele njengomsebenzisi oqhelekileyo?
Lo mbuzo unempendulo elula, ukuba sifuna ukwazi ukuba zingaphi iifayile esinokuthi "sizosulele", sazisa lo myalelo:

$ find / -type f -perm -o=rwx -o \( -perm -g=rwx -group `id -g` \) -o \( -perm -u=rwx -user `id -u` \) -print 2> /dev/null | grep -v /proc

Asibandakanyi umkhombandlela we / proc kuba yifayile ebonakalayo ebonisa ulwazi malunga nendlela esebenza ngayo inkqubo yokusebenza. Iifayile zohlobo lwefayile ezinamalungelo okuphumeza esiya kuzifumana azinangxaki, kuba zihlala zinamakhonkco abonakala ngathi afundwe, abhaliwe kwaye ayenziwa, kwaye ukuba umsebenzisi uyazama, ayisebenzi. Sikwalela ngaphandle kweempazamo, zininzi- kuba, ngakumbi kwi / proc kunye / nasekhaya, zininzi iikhowudi apho umsebenzisi oqhelekileyo engenakungena khona.Iskripthi sithatha ixesha elide. Kwimeko yethu, kumatshini apho kusebenza abantu abane, impendulo yayi:

/tmp/.ICE-unix/dcop52651205225188
/tmp/.ICE-unix/5279
/home/irbis/kradview-1.2/src
/kradview

Iziphumo zibonisa iifayile ezintathu ezinokosuleleka ukuba isifo sentsholongwane siqhutywa. Ezokuqala zimbini ziifayile zesiseko se-Unix ezisusiweyo ekuqaleni-kwaye azinakuchaphazeleka yintsholongwane-, kwaye eyesithathu yifayile yenkqubo kuphuhliso, ethi icinywe ngalo lonke ixesha iphinda yenziwe. Intsholongwane, ngokwembono ebonakalayo, ayinakusasazeka.
Ukusuka kwinto esiyibonayo, ekuphela kwendlela yokusasaza umthwalo ohlawulelwayo kukuba yingcambu. Kule meko, ukuze intsholongwane isebenze, abasebenzisi kufuneka basoloko benamalungelo olawulo. Kwimeko apho, inokuchaphazela iifayile. Kodwa naku kuza ukubamba: ukuhambisa usulelo, kuya kufuneka uthathe enye into ephumelelayo, uyithumele komnye umsebenzisi osebenzisa umatshini njengengcambu kuphela, kwaye uphinde inkqubo.
Kwiinkqubo zokusebenza apho kunyanzelekile ukuba ube ngumlawuli wemisebenzi eqhelekileyo okanye ukuqhuba usetyenziso lwemihla ngemihla, kunokuba njalo. Kodwa kwi-Unix kunyanzelekile ukuba ube ngumlawuli ekuqwalaseleni umatshini kwaye uguqule iifayile zoqwalaselo, ke inani labasebenzisi elisetyenziswa yiakhawunti yengcambu njengeakhawunti yemihla ngemihla lincinci. Ingakumbi; Olunye ulwabiwo lweLinux alunayo iakhawunti yengcambu enikwe amandla. Phantse kuzo zonke, ukuba ufikelela kwimizobo enjalo, imvelaphi iyatshintsha ibe bomvu, kwaye imiyalezo eqhubekayo iyaphindaphindwa ekhumbuza ukuba le akhawunti mayingasetyenziswa.
Okokugqibela, yonke into ekufuneka yenziwe njengengcambu inokwenziwa ngomyalelo weSudo ngaphandle komngcipheko.
Ngesi sizathu, kwiLinux ephunyeziweyo ayinakho ukosulela abanye ukuba nje asisebenzisi iakhawunti yengcambu njengeakhawunti eqhelekileyo; Kwaye nangona iinkampani ze-antivirus zifuna ukuba kukho iintsholongwane zeLinux, eyona nto ikufutshane enokwenziwa kwiLinux yiTrojan kwindawo yomsebenzisi. Ekuphela kwendlela ezi Trojans ezinokuthi zichaphazele ngayo into kwinkqubo kukuyiqhuba njengengcambu kunye namalungelo afanelekileyo. Ukuba sihlala sisebenzisa umatshini njengabasebenzisi abaqhelekileyo, ayinakwenzeka inkqubo eqaliswe ngumsebenzisi oqhelekileyo ukosulela inkqubo.

Iintsomi nobuxoki:

Sifumana uninzi lweentsomi, ubuqhetseba, kunye nobuxoki obucacileyo malunga neentsholongwane kwiLinux. Masenze uluhlu lwazo ngokusekwe kwingxoxo eyenzeka ngexesha elidlulileyo kunye nommeli womenzi we-antivirus yeLinux owayekhubeke kakhulu linqaku elipapashwe kwakweli phephancwadi.
Le ngxoxo ngumzekelo olungileyo wesalathiso, njengoko uchukumisa kuyo yonke imiba yentsholongwane kwiLinux. Siza kuzijonga zonke ezi ntsomi nganye nganye njengoko ziye zavakaliswa kule ngxoxo, kodwa iphindaphindwe amaxesha amaninzi kwezinye iiforamu.

Intsomi 1:
"Ayizizo zonke iinkqubo ezinobungozi, ngakumbi intsholongwane, ezifuna amalungelo engcambu ukosulela, ngakumbi kwimeko yeentsholongwane eziphumezayo (ifomathi ye-ELF) echaphazela ezinye izinto".

Impendulo:
Nabani na owenza ibango elinjalo akazi ukuba isebenza njani inkqubo yelungelo le-Unix. Ukuze ichaphazele ifayile, intsholongwane ifuna ilungelo lokufunda- kufuneka ifundwe ukuyiguqula-, kwaye ukubhala -kuya kubhalwa ukuze kugunyaziswe usebenze- kwifayile ephumezayo efuna ukuyenza.
Oku kuhlala kunjalo, ngaphandle kokukhetha. Kwaye kwi-distro nganye, abasebenzisi abangasebenzisi ngcambu abanamalungelo. Ke ngokulula ngokungabi yingcambu, usulelo alunakwenzeka. Uvavanyo lwe-Empirical: Kwicandelo elidlulileyo sabona iskripthi esilula sokujonga uluhlu lweefayile ezinokuchaphazeleka kusulelo. Ukuba siyisungule kumatshini wethu, siza kubona ukuba ayinamsebenzi kangakanani, kwaye ngokubhekisele kwiifayile zenkqubo, null. Kwakhona, ngokungafaniyo neenkqubo zokusebenza ezinje ngeWindows, awudingi malungelo olawulo ukwenza imisebenzi eqhelekileyo kunye neenkqubo ezisetyenziswa ngabasebenzisi abaqhelekileyo.

Intsomi 2:
"Kwaye akukho mfuneko yokuba babe yingcambu yokungena kwinkqubo kude, kwimeko yeSlapper, umbungu othi, ukuxhaphaza ubungozi kwi-SSL ye-Apache (izatifikethi ezivumela unxibelelwano olukhuselekileyo), yenze uthungelwano lwayo ngoomatshini be-zombie ngoSeptemba 2002.".

Impendulo:
Lo mzekelo awubhekiseli kwintsholongwane, kodwa umbungu. Umahluko ubaluleke kakhulu: umbungu yinkqubo exhaphaza inkonzo kwi-Intanethi ukuba izithumele. Ayichaphazeli iinkqubo zasekhaya. Ke ngoko, ichaphazela kuphela iiseva; hayi koomatshini abathile.
Iimpethu bezisoloko zimbalwa kakhulu kwaye zingenzeki kwaphela. Abathathu ababaluleke ngokwenene bazalwe nge-80s, ixesha apho i-Intanethi yayimsulwa, kwaye wonke umntu wayethembele wonke umntu. Masikhumbule ukuba ngabo bachaphazela i-sendmail, i-fingerd kunye ne-rexec. Namhlanje izinto zintsonkothile. Nangona singenakukhanyela ukuba zisekhona kwaye, ukuba ziyekwe zingangqinisiswa, ziyingozi kakhulu. Kodwa ngoku, amaxesha okusabela kwiintshulube amafutshane kakhulu. Le yimeko yeSlapper: umbungu owenziwe kubuthathaka obufunyenweyo- kwaye wabambeka- kwiinyanga ezimbini phambi kokuvela kwempethu ngokwayo.
Nokuba ucinga ukuba wonke umntu osebenzisa iLinux wayene-Apache efakiweyo kwaye eqhuba ngalo lonke ixesha, ngokuhlaziya nje iiphakheji zanyanga zonke kunokuba ngaphezulu ngokwaneleyo ukuba kungaze kusebenze mngcipheko.
Kuyinyani ukuba i-SSL bug eyabangelwa nguSlapper yayiyeyona ibalulekileyo- enyanisweni, eyona bug yayifunyenwe kwimbali yonke ye-SSL2 kunye ne-SSL3 -kwaye yalungiswa ngaphakathi kweeyure. Ezinyanga zimbini emva kokuba le ngxaki ifunyenwe kwaye isonjululwe, umntu othile wenza umbungu kwimpazamo esele ilungisiwe, kwaye lo ngowona mzekelo unamandla onokunikwa njengobuthathaka, ubuncinci uyaqinisekisa.
Njengomgaqo ngokubanzi, isisombululo kwiintshulube asikuko ukuthenga i-antivirus, ukuyifaka, kunye nokuchitha ixesha lekhompyuter ukuyigcina ihlala. Isisombululo kukusebenzisa inkqubo yohlaziyo lokhuseleko losasazo lwethu: ukuba unikezelo luhlaziyiwe, akusayi kubakho ngxaki. Ukuqhuba kuphela iinkonzo esizifunayo kukwaluvo olulungileyo ngezizathu ezibini: siphucula ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo, kwaye siyaziphepha iingxaki zokhuseleko.

Intsomi 3:
"Andiqondi ukuba undoqo awunakuhlaselwa. Ngapha koko, kukho iqela leenkqubo ezinobungozi ezibizwa ngokuba yi-LRK (Linux Rootkits Kernel), esekwe ngokuchanekileyo kwinyani yokuba baxhaphaza ukuba semngciphekweni kwiimodyuli ze-kernel kwaye bathathe indawo yeendlela ezimbini.".

Impendulo:
Ingcambu ye-rootkit sisiseko se-kernel esikuvumela ukuba ufihle ubukho babasebenzisi abathile kunye neenkqubo kwizixhobo eziqhelekileyo, enkosi kwinto yokuba abayi kuvela kulawulo lwe / proc. Into eqhelekileyo kukuba bayisebenzise ekugqibeleni kuhlaselo, kwasekuqaleni, baya kuxhaphaza ukuba semngciphekweni okude ukufikelela kumatshini wethu. Emva koko baya kwenza ulandelelwano lohlaselo, ukunyusa amalungelo de babe ne-akhawunti yengcambu. Ingxaki xa besenza yindlela yokufaka inkonzo kumatshini wethu ngaphandle kokufunyanwa: kulapho kungena khona ingcambu. Umsebenzisi wenziwe oza kuba ngumsebenzisi osebenzayo wenkonzo esifuna ukuyifihla, bafaka i-rootkit, kwaye bafihla bobabini umsebenzisi kunye nazo zonke iinkqubo zomsebenzisi.
Indlela yokufihla ubukho bomsebenzisi iluncedo kwintsholongwane yinto esinokuxoxa ngayo ubude, kodwa intsholongwane esebenzisa i-rootkit ukuzifaka ibonakala imnandi. Masicingele ubuchwephesha bentsholongwane (kwi-pseudocode):
1) Intsholongwane ingena kwinkqubo.
2) Khangela ikhowudi yomthombo wekernel. Ukuba ayisiyiyo, uyifaka ngokwakhe.
3) Qwalasela i-kernel kukhetho lwe-Hardware olusebenza kumatshini ekubhekiswa kuwo.
4) Qokelela i-kernel.
5) Faka i-kernel entsha; ukulungisa i-LILO okanye i-GRUB ukuba kukho imfuneko.
6) Qalisa umatshini kwakhona.

Amanyathelo (5) kunye (6) afuna amalungelo engcambu. Kunzima ukuba amanyathelo (4) kunye (6) angafunyanwa ngabosulelekileyo. Kodwa into ehlekisayo kukuba kukho umntu okholelwa ukuba kukho inkqubo enokwenza inyathelo (2) kunye (3) ngokuzenzekelayo.
Njengomphetho, ukuba sidibana nomntu osixelelayo "xa kukho oomatshini abaninzi beLinux kuya kubakho ii-virus ezininzi", kwaye ucebisa ukuba "kufakwe i-antivirus kwaye uyihlaziye rhoqo", mhlawumbi inxulumene nenkampani ethengisa i-antivirus kunye nohlaziyo . Lumka, mhlawumbi ungumnikazi omnye.

Intsholongwane kwiLinux:

Kuyinyani ukuba kukho i-antivirus elungileyo yeLinux. Ingxaki kukuba, abenzi oko kuthethwa ngabameli be-antivirus. Umsebenzi wayo kukucoca iposi esuka kwi-malware kunye neentsholongwane ziye kwiWindows, kunye nokuqinisekisa ubukho beentsholongwane zeWindows kwifolda ezithunyelwa ngaphandle ngeSAMBA; Ke ukuba sisebenzisa umatshini wethu njengesango leposi okanye njenge-NAS yoomatshini beWindows, sinokubakhusela.

I-Clam-AV:

Asizukuyigqiba ingxelo yethu ngaphandle kokuthetha nge-antivirus ephambili yeGNU / Linux: ClamAV.
I-ClamAV yintsholongwane enamandla kakhulu ye-GPL eqokelela uninzi lwe-Unix ekhoyo kwintengiso. Yenzelwe ukuhlalutya izinamathiselo kwimiyalezo yeposi edlula kwisitishi kwaye uyihluze kwiintsholongwane.
Esi sicelo sidityaniswa ngokugqibeleleyo nesendmail ukuvumela ukucoca iintsholongwane ezinokugcinwa kwiiseva zeLinux ezinikezela ngeposi kwiinkampani; ukuba nesiseko sedatha sentsholongwane esihlaziywa mihla le, ngenkxaso yedijithali. Isiseko sedatha sihlaziywa amaxesha ngamaxesha ngemini, kwaye siyiprojekthi enomdla kwaye inomdla kakhulu.
Le nkqubo inamandla iyakwazi ukuhlalutya intsholongwane nkqu nakwiziqhoboshelo kwifomathi ezintsonkothileyo ukuvula, ezinje ngeRAR (2.0), Zip, Gzip, Bzip2, Tar, MS OLE2, iifayile zeKhabhinethi yeMS, iMS MSM (HTML Ikhutshiwe), kunye neMS SZDD .
I-ClamAV ikwaxhasa i-mbox, i-Maildir, kunye neefayile zeposi ze-RAW, kunye neefayile eziSebenzayo eziSebenzayo ezixinzelelweyo nge-UPX, FSG, kunye nePetite. I-Clam AV kunye nesibini se-spamassassin zizibini ezifanelekileyo zokukhusela abathengi bethu beWindows kwiiseva zeposi ze-Unix.

ISIQINISEKISO

Kumbuzo Ngaba bukhona ubungozi kwiinkqubo zeLinux? ngokuqinisekileyo impendulo ngu-ewe.
Akukho mntu kwingqondo yakhe efanelekileyo uyakuthandabuza; I-Linux ayisiyi-OpenBSD. Enye into iwindows yokuba sesichengeni kwenkqubo yeLinux ehlaziywe ngokufanelekileyo. Ukuba siyazibuza, ngaba zikhona izixhobo zokusebenzisa le mingxunya yokhuseleko, kwaye siyisebenzise kakubi? Ewe, ewe, kodwa ezi ayizizo intsholongwane, zizo ukuxhaphaza.

Intsholongwane kufuneka yoyise ubunzima obuninzi obuhlala bubekwa njenge-Linux flaw / ingxaki ngabakhuseli beWindows, kwaye obenza nzima ubukho beentsholongwane zokwenyani- iinkozo eziphindwayo, iinguqulelo ezininzi zezicelo ezininzi, uninzi lwezinto ezisasazwayo, izinto ezingekhoyo ngokuzenzekelayo kudluliselwe elubala kumsebenzisi, njl. Iintsholongwane zethiyori yangoku kufuneka zifakelwe ngesandla kwiakhawunti yengcambu. Kodwa oko akunakuthathwa njengentsholongwane.
Njengoko ndihlala ndixelela abafundi bam: sukundikholelwa, nceda. Khuphela kwaye ufake i-rootkit kumatshini. Kwaye ukuba ufuna ngaphezulu, funda ikhowudi yemithombo ye "virus" kwintengiso. Inyaniso ikhowudi yemvelaphi. Kunzima ukuba intsholongwane "ivakalise ngokwakho" ukuba iqhubeke ithiya njalo emva kokufunda ikhowudi yayo. Kwaye ukuba awuyazi ukuba ungayifunda njani ikhowudi, umlinganiso omnye wokhuselo olula endicebisayo: sebenzisa i-akhawunti yengcambu kuphela ukulawula umatshini, kwaye ugcine uhlaziyo lokhuseleko lusexesheni.
Kuphela kungenakwenzeka ukuba iintsholongwane zingene kuwe kwaye akunakulindeleka ukuba iintshulube okanye umntu ahlasele umatshini wakho ngempumelelo.


Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Amagama enefayile sitsho

    Uhlaziyo lwemihla ngemihla lwe-Distro Linux i-OS yakho ikhuselwe ngokupheleleyo.

    1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

      Le yiUU

  2.   Kharzo sitsho

    Emva kokufunda oku, ukongama ngokubhekisele kubuthathaka kunye nokukhuseleka ngokubanzi xa kuthelekiswa neWindows kucace gca, kwinto endiyifundileyo kunzima ukuxhaphaza ubungozi kwi-GNU / Linux, inyani kukuba kule OS bendisoloko ndimangalisiwe sisantya Ezilungisiweyo zilungisiwe iingxaki, njengakwelo xesha kwafunyanwa ubungozi kwi-Ubuntu Linux kernel, kwaye kwangolo suku zazisele zisonjululwe.

    1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

      Wamkelekile Kharzo:
      Ewe ewe, ezi zinto kufuneka zifundwe ngabo bazibiza ngokuba ziGurus kunye neeNzululwazi zeKhompyuter kwaye abakaze bashiye iiWindows. Xa thina basebenzisi be-GNU / Linux sithetha ngezibonelelo ze-OS, ayisiyokuhlasela iWindows, kungenxa yokuba sazi ngokucacileyo ukuba zeziphi izibonelelo / izinto ezingalunganga nganye yazo.

      1.    Perseus sitsho

        OO, inkcazo engcono ngesihloko "sokuvangela" iLinux -> Ukuphumelela akunakwenzeka.

        + 100

    2.    wqwengcube sitsho

      Inkcazo ebalaseleyo ...
      nangona ndingumsebenzisi oqhelekileyo, ndinamathandabuzo kunye nolwazi njengaye nawuphi na umntu, kodwa ngokuqinisekileyo ndihlala ne-linux, ukusukela ngo-2006 ...

  3.   wmthusa sitsho

    Masixoxe nabahlobo! Bahlala becinga ukuba linux le, ukuba enye ...

  4.   I-KZKG ^ iGaara sitsho

    Ngokuqinisekileyo ndincoma ukufunda iPDF ... ngenene, ngobuchule, ngokuqaqamba, ngokugqibeleleyo ...

  5.   Yo-yo sitsho

    Ukuyihlisa !!! 🙂

    1.    I-KZKG ^ iGaara sitsho

      Ngokwenyani ... ndiyibhala ngoku, ukuyenza ibentle ngakumbi ukuba wonke umntu ayifunde 😀
      Kwithuba elithile ndihlaziya isithuba kwaye ndishiya ikhonkco kwiPDF ewe, kodwa ndiza kubeka umxholo wayo apha.

      Phendula nge quote

      1.    Izembe sitsho

        Hee! Enkosi kakhulu ngombhalo!
        Inqaku elinomdla kakhulu!

    2.    USergio Esau Arámbula Duran sitsho

      Bendingayazi ukuba ufunda ntoni desdelinux Yoyo 🙂 efanayo nam ngokunjalo Muylinux kunye nabanye XD

      1.    I-KZKG ^ iGaara sitsho

        U-Yoyo wabelana ngamanqaku athile e-G + haha… sinombulelo kuye ngenxa yelo 😀
        Ngapha koko… usifundile ixesha elide reading

        1.    USergio Esau Arámbula Duran sitsho

          Ndonwabile ngayo, eli phepha lihle kakhulu

          1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

            Siyavuya ukuba uziva ulungile ngebhlog yethu ^ ^

  6.   umoscosov sitsho

    Ndazi abantu abaninzi ababone iLoch Ness Monster kunokuba babone iintsholongwane zeLinux

    Hahahahaha ephawulekayo.

    1.    engaziwa sitsho

      Nam bendilithanda ibinzana hehehe

  7.   Imvelaphi yegama lokuqala Rayonant sitsho

    Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo i-100% iyacetyiswa, ngokucacileyo ayinakwenzeka, enkosi kakhulu ngokwabelana nge-elav!

  8.   UManuel Villacorta sitsho

    Inqaku elilunge kakhulu. Kwaye ndacinga ukuba ukuba ndingabhengezwa ngokungabinayo i-antivirus.

    Eminye, oko kuthetha ukuba inokuba iyiphethe intsholongwane yeWindows, ngokuqinisekileyo ayinakusichaphazela, kodwa ukuba singayidlulisela kwabanye abasebenzisi beWindows, akunjalo?

    Ukongeza, kuthekani ukuba siqhuba inkqubo esulelwe yiwayini? kunjani apho

    1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

      Wamkelekile uManuel Villacorta:
      Yiloo nto abasebenzisi abaninzi bahlala becinga. Apha kwilizwe lam ezinye iinkampani zibeke iKaspersky (inguqulelo yeLinux) kwiiLinux PCs (kufanelekile ukuba iphinde yafunyanwa).

      Malunga newayini, andinakukuxelela, kodwa ndicinga ukuba xa ichaphazela into, inokuba sisicelo ngokwaso ngaphakathi kwewayini ..

  9.   3ndriago sitsho

    Inqaku elilunge kakhulu, ngakumbi kuba linika iingxoxo ngokusekwe kwidatha yobuchwephesha kwaye ayithethi nje

    1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

      Ngokunjalo .. Ubucinga ntoni? Ndicinga ukuba kulungile? Apho unayo xa uxoxa nomntu othile kwiFb malunga nesihloko 😀

  10.   Ren434 sitsho

    Kulunge kakhulu ukuthulisa nabani na othi zikhona iintsholongwane juajua kwi-GNU / Linux.

    Ndiza kuyiphawula xa kufuneka ndinike ipela kunye nefesch.

  11.   ULucas Matias sitsho

    Bekufanele ukufundwa 😀

  12.   isibindi sitsho

    Into endicinga ukuba uthintelo alusoze lubuhlungu, ukuxhaphaza akunakungena kuthi kodwa iTrojan kulula.

    Ngokumalunga nepesenti, ikwakhona ngenxa yenkqubo yemvume yeLinux

  13.   alba sitsho

    I-LOL kunye neLoch Ness monster xD

    Ewe ... bendinesono ngokufuna ukukholisa oogxa bam ukuba basebenzise iLinux ngesizathu esinye sokuba abasebenzisi beWindows bachaze i-distros: phantse akukho mntu uyisebenzisayo, kuncinci ukuba kuya kwenzeka into kubo ... ndiyazi, impazamo yam. Kodwa ngale nto ndizokwazi ukuthi kutheni kulungile… Nangona kuzakufuneka ndiyicacise ngamapere kunye nama-apile kuba ababaninzi oogxa bam abaya kuyiqonda loo nto kwaye ihamba kakuhle

    enkosi kakhulu nangona kunjalo ngokuhlangula olu lwazi: 3

  14.   Perseus sitsho

    Ukugqwesa, enkosi ngolwazi

  15.   Iinwele sitsho

    Ngokwenyani ndingathanda ukufumana ibhlog enje kodwa windows….

    1.    isibindi sitsho

      Akunakuphikiswa ngenxa yokuba uMuy unengxaki yempambano

    2.    UAlf sitsho

      Inye, http://www.trucoswindows.com/ Zinzulu kakhulu, ayizizo fanboys.

      Ngamanye amaxesha ndifunde igalelo ngendlela acebisa ngayo ukusebenzisa ubuntu ukusombulula ingxaki yeWindows, kodwa kwakukudala ngoko.

  16.   iipandev92 sitsho

    Iintsholongwane zinje ngayo yonke into, zimbi kodwa ubuncinci zondla abantu abaninzi nge-XD ukuba kungenjalo ndiyathandabuza ukuba ziya kusebenza, kuyacaca ukuba kwiLinux kunzima okanye phantse akunakwenzeka ukuba ufumane enye, kodwa loo ngxabano ayonelanga ukuba Sebenzisa iLinux, kuba kuya kusebenza okufanayo kwi-Mac osx.
    Kukho ezinye izinto ezibaluleke ngakumbi kunokusebenzisa iLinux.

    1.    Izembe sitsho

      Yintoni ekhululekileyo? I-xD

  17.   UGiorgio Grappa sitsho

    Inqaku elilunge kakhulu, enkosi ngokunxibelelana nalo, liya kuba luncedo kuthi.

    Ndingathanda ukongeza umbono:

    "KwiLinux akukho zintsholongwane kuba abenzi bezi nkqubo zibi abachithi xesha benza into kwiNkqubo yokuSebenza ekungekho mntu uyisebenzisayo"

    Ngokwenyani, le ngxelo ayichanekanga nokuba yeyiphi: uninzi lweeseva ezikwi-Intanethi- ezisetyenziswa zizigidi zabantu- zisebenza kwiinkqubo ze-GNU / Linux (umzekelo, ngabakwaGoogle; kwaye ngekhe bamele amaxhoba alungileyo kubavelisi? ; I-91% ye-4 yeyona supercomputer inamandla emhlabeni, nayo [http://i.top500.org/stats].

    Ngamafutshane, ukuba akukho ntsholongwane "yokwenyani" ngokuchasene ne-GNU / Linux, ayibangelwa kukuswela umnqweno, kodwa ngenxa yobunzima bobuchwephesha (obuchazwe kakuhle kwinqaku).

  18.   kunye nezinye iinkqubo ezisekwe kwi-UNIX? sitsho

    Ndixolele ukungazi kwam, kodwa ziphi ezinye iinkqubo ezisekwe kwi-Unix, XNU okanye kwi-BSD? Ekugqibeleni i-GNU / Linux isekwe kwi-UNIX kwaye ndiyazi ukuba iiNkqubo ezinje nge-AIX zezona zingcono kumaseva enkosi kukhuseleko lwabo, ndithetha ngeMacOs X kunye neFreeBSD.
    Ndicinga ukuba inqaku, nokuba lilungile kangakanani, akufuneki lisekwe kwiLinux kuphela, nangona le yiwebhusayithi ezinikeleyo

  19.   ubuntero sitsho

    yayiyimagazini elungileyo kakhulu (yonke i-linux), ibuhlungu into eyenzekileyo, enkosi ngokuhlangula inqaku! Masinwabe!

    1.    I-elav <° iLinux sitsho

      Kwaye yintoni eyonwabisayo? : S

  20.   Ernamojazz sitsho

    Thu ... Ndibaleke umyalelo find ukuba banike apho kwaye ndicinga ukuba ayikapheli, bangaphezulu kwama-2000 "abanokosuleleka" (?)

    Inqaku elilunge kakhulu.

    1.    omarHB sitsho

      Hehe, andiphazamisi ku-Ubuntu, enyanisweni nge-distro ndiqalisile ukusebenzisa i-GNU / Linux ngokwam, kwaye ndiyayithanda into ephuma kuyo ebizwa ngokuba yi-Oz Unity, ndade ndaqonda ukuba andizidingi uninzi lwezicelo ezibandakanya ukungagqibeki, kwaye Ngokuchasene noko, bandise ubungozi kwi-OS yam. Ke ngoko, nasemva kokufunda ngokwaneleyo kunye nokuvavanya i-distros ezahlukeneyo, ndaye ndagqiba kwelokuba ndifudukele eDebian, endonwabileyo, kwaye kuphela kwento endiyifunayo. Kwaye ukuba ndifuna enye into, akukho ngxaki, ngokuqinisekileyo ndiza kuyifumana kwindawo yokugcina esemthethweni, ukuba akunjalo, ukuqokelela imithombo yolwazi. Hayi! Kwaye ngendlela eya kumbhali, inqaku elihle. Imibuliso.

    2.    UAndrelo sitsho

      Uninzi lwazo lubonakala nakum, kodwa ziifolda, ekuphela kwento eyenziwa ngumyalelo, kukujonga iifayile ezineemvume zokosuleleka, kuya kuba yimfuneko ukususa iimvume ezithile, akunjalo? Emva koko ndiza kuzijonga ngeClamAV, ngaphambi I-linuxero indiphosa ngobumdaka, ndiyisebenzisa ukubulala iintsholongwane kwiiyunithi ngeefestile

  21.   Edward sitsho

    jonga umbulelo ngolwazi kodwa kuchasene nemveliso ukukuxelela ukuba akukho mntu usebenzisa i-linux xa abo bethu bayaziyo inyani malunga neMicrosoft bayisebenzisa

  22.   UEduardo Natali sitsho

    Molo, liqabane! Ungathini, ndinikezelwe kwiinkqubo ezinje ngawe, ndibhalela ukuvuyisana nawe, inqaku lakho liyinyaniso emsulwa, ikwangumsebenzi ogqwesileyo !!! kwaye ubuqaqawuli !! ngazo zonke iziseko. kumnandi ukuyifunda! Enkosi kakhulu, uEduardo Natali

  23.   UJorge Manjarrez Lerma sitsho

    Unjani.

    IMicrosoft kwaye ngakumbi iinkqubo zayo zokusebenza ubuncinci isithuba seminyaka eli-10 ngasemva * kweenkqubo ze-NIX (qonda i-Unix, iLinux kunye neMacOS), nangona kufuneka iqatshelwe ukuba kwiimeko ezininzi sisiphoso sabasebenzisi kunye namandla kaMicrosoft ukubonelela ubuncinci amaxwebhu ayimfuneko kwinkqubo yokhuseleko. * Iinkqubo ze-NIX zineempawu zendalo ezithi ngokwendalo yazo zenze ukuba ukusasazeka kwezilwanyana ezinobungozi kube nzima (hayi i-100% ayinakuchazeka). Ayisiyo ukuba bambalwa abantu abasebenzisa * i-NIX kwaye ngakumbi iLinux, endaweni yoko amandla ezi nkqubo zilungile kwaye zikumgangatho, into enefestile yewindows engenayo njengeyona nto iphambili (khumbula uWin Vista umzekelo).

  24.   UFelipe Salazar Schlotterbeck sitsho

    Oko ndabona ubuntu 7.04 nge-clam bendisazi ukuba kufanele kubekho iintsholongwane ze-gnu / linux

  25.   Miguel sitsho

    Inyaniso kukuba inqaku lihle kakhulu. Umsebenzi kunye nexesha lokuphendula imibuzo emininzi ekhoyo malunga noku ... ndiyavuyisana nawe.

  26.   uyenze sitsho

    Inyani yile yokuba bendikhe ndafumana ezinye iintsholongwane kwinkqubo kodwa yayiyimpazamo yam, yonke into isonjululwe ngohlaziyo.

  27.   iipandev92 sitsho

    IiTrojans kwiLinux, zibakhona njengokuba zikhona kwiMac OSX kwaye zikwindawo enkulu kwiWindows, umahluko wokuba kwiLinux kunzima ngakumbi, kwaye ukuba sithetha nge-bsd evulekileyo, kunzima ngakumbi.

  28.   Ngobunono_Barrington sitsho

    Ndiyabulela kakhulu ngeli nqaku! Ndicinga ukuba iluncedo kakhulu kubo bonke abatsha abanjengam abanomdla wokufunda okungakumbi malunga nendlela iLinux esebenza ngayo. 🙂

  29.   IGhermain sitsho

    Nangona eli nqaku lipapashiwe kangangeentsuku ezininzi, alilahlekiswanga kukusebenza kwalo, ke, ngemvume yakho, ndiyakopa-uncamathisela iikhredithi zakho. 😉

  30.   UFernando MS sitsho

    Ndinomdla kakhulu, ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo kuya kufuneka ndikhuphele inqaku lePDF ukuze ndikwazi ukulifunda kwaye ke ndenze izigqibo zam.

  31.   I-Angamo1998 sitsho

    Ukuba nam bendingacingi, bendinekhompyuter yebhodi kwaye ndikhuphele ezona ntsholongwane zintle kwi-intanethi kwaye akukho nto, kodwa ngenye imini ndikhuphele ikernel yam kwaye ndiphanda ndenze intsholongwane, njengoko bendicinga ukuba akukho nto izakwenzeka, ndayiqhuba, kuba yonke into yokugcwala esikolweni bazama ukundilungisa, inja ibingakwazi.
    Intsholongwane yam ikhuphe abaqhubi, iipakeji kwaye ndiziphelisile iinkqubo, xa ndiyilungisa kangangoko ndinako ngalo lonke ixesha ndiqala iseshoni indibuyisela kwimenyu yeseshoni yokuqala.
    ZAS EN TODA LA BOCA
    I-postcript (ikhompyuter yam nayo yayikholelwa ukuba yi-samsung kwaye yi-toshiba, ihlaziyiwe)

  32.   UGabriel sitsho

    Inqaku lidala kakhulu, kodwa ulwazi lusasebenza, ndicoca amathandabuzo amaninzi ... Enkosi

  33.   vania sitsho

    Ewe ndicinga ukuba i-linux ayikho nzulu njengoko besitsho, kuba zombini iiwindows kunye ne-linux zihlala zineentsholongwane, kodwa oku akuthethi ukuba i-linux ayinayo imisebenzi engcono kuneewindows ...

  34.   sergio sitsho

    Enkosi ngobugcisa bakho, indincede kakhulu, ndiqale eDebian kwaye ndibona izinto ezininzi endizithandayo.Umcimbi ubalulekile kubantu abangayaziyo le OS kwaye abanalwazi lwaneleyo.Ndiza kuncoma ukuyifunda.Ndiyabulela.

  35.   USolomon Benitez sitsho

    Mna neMint ndifake iRootkit Hunter. Ndiyisebenzise ngokusisiseko kwaye andikhange ndibone nenye i-rootkit efunyenwe kwisiphelo sendlela. Ke kwakumnandi ngakumbi kunesidingo sokuyisebenzisa.
    Ngoku ndisebenzisa i-OpenSUSE khange ndizikhathaze ngokuyifaka. Ikwangumbandela wengqiqo eqhelekileyo: xa uqala kwihlabathi leLinux, uyazi isidingo sokushiya iakhawunti yengcambu yezona mfuno zibalulekileyo kwaye wenze olunye uhlobo lomsebenzisi. Ngokunjalo, awuzukubeka igama eligqithisiweyo lengcambu kuzo zonke iiwindow ezivelayo ngaphandle kokwazi ukuba yeyiphi inkqubo eza kuyenza.
    Ndicinga ukuba intsomi yeentsholongwane kwiLinux sesinye sezithintelo zengqondo ezininzi ekufuneka sizoyisile kwabanye abantu, ezinje ngezi zimbini ziphambili: "Andiqondi iLinux, andazi ukuba ndiyisebenzisa kanjani iLinux" kwaye ndifuna ukuvuthela yonke into, ndilindele Inkqubo yokusebenza yeLinux iyafana okanye iyafana naleyo yeMicrosoft.

  36.   liher sitsho

    Inqaku lilunge kakhulu, ndacinga ukuba lilungile, enkosi kakhulu ngokulibhala. Ndiyifundile ukuyogquma. Siyavuyisana nani, ngenqaku eli yonke into iyacaciswa kwaye, kwicala lam, ndihleli settled

  37.   desikoder sitsho

    Iintsholongwane zingenziwa kuzo zonke iinkqubo. Ngaphezu koko, ndinokubeka ikhowudi yendawo engaphandle yelinux ukusuka kumgca omnye wekhowudi. Umbuzo ayibikho ubukho beentsholongwane, kodwa ukubakho kosulelo.

    Iimpendulo (ngokoluvo lwam)

    Iintsholongwane zinokwenziwa kwi-linux: Ewe
    Kukho iintsholongwane kwiLinux: Zimbalwa, kwaye ngaphandle kwempumelelo
    Kukho amathuba okosuleleka: Ambalwa kakhulu

    1.    desikoder sitsho

      Ngendlela, irekhodi, ndiyayithiya iifestile, kwaye andizikhuseli. Ukuba ibonakala kumsebenzisi-arhente yam kungenxa yokuba ndikwivenkile yokufowuna kuba andinayo i-intanethi ekhaya ngoku.

      Ukubulisa 😉

  38.   UMatías Demarchi sitsho

    Ndifunde yonke into, ndiyabona ukuba ayisiyiyo kuphela isixa esincinci semingxunya yokhuseleko, kodwa uyilo lwekernel uqobo, kodwa kutheni le nto i-Android isokola phantse njengeWindows kwiingxaki zentsholongwane kunye nokwehla kwexesha elide?

    1.    Kuk sitsho

      kuba abasebenzisi be-android bahlala bengayazi indlela yokulawula isistim yabo kunye nokufaka nantoni na evela naphina ngaphandle kokuba ugoogle akanamdla kukhuseleko kwi-Android kuba lishishini elinamanzi elingakhuselekanga kangako kwaye kukho umahluko omkhulu phakathi kwe-OS GNU / I-Linux kunye ne-android nokuba zine-kernel efanayo

      1.    sebas sitsho

        "Ngenxa yokuba abasebenzisi be-android bahlala bengayazi indlela yokulawula inkqubo yabo kunye nokufaka nantoni na naphi na"

        Leyo yimpendulo enokuthi isebenze ukuba siyithethile ngayo nayiphi na inkqubo yokusebenza.
        So never the merit has been in the system of the system kwaye impazamo ibisoloko ikuku (ab) ukusetyenziswa komsebenzisi.

    2.    UGabo sitsho

      Hayi hayi, kuya kufuneka uphinde ufunde yonke into, jonga kakuhle kwaye ungangeni kumdlalo osileyo wokudala intsholongwane, utye nakuphi na ukusilela kwikhompyuter. Le ingentla ilungile kodwa ngokuchaphazeleka ngokubanzi isixhobo esisebenzisa i-linux kernel nge-spyware kunye ne-malware ihlala iyimpazamo yomsebenzisi onika imvume kuyo yonke into ayifakayo, nokuba ikwi-android okanye windows. UGoogle wenza konke okusemandleni yiyo ke loo nto iiterminal ezinofikelelo kwiingcambu zinganikwanga.

      1.    Kuk sitsho

        Inyani yile yokuba uGoogle akakhathali okanye soze akhathazeke ngendlela enzima malunga nokukhuseleka kwe-android kwaye kubuhlungu kuba i-android inokuba nethuba lokuba yinkqubo enkulu kodwa ayenzi ukuba baphazamiseke ngakumbi kumzi mveliso we-android enkosi kulawulo lukaGoogle lubandakanya ngasemva ukuze amaziko afana ne-NSA abe nokufikelela kwidatha yakho yabucala. kananjalo uGabo ulungile kubasebenzisi abaninzi kodwa ayizizo zonke iingcambu zenkqubo yabo ngaphandle kokwazi amaxesha amaninzi ukuba eli likrele elintlangothi-mbini, ekufuneka lisetyenziswe kuphela ngabantu abayaziyo into abayenzayo.

    3.    URoberto sitsho

      Ngenxa yokuba uninzi lwe-Android lusebenzisa njengengcambu. Kodwa iintsholongwane zinqabile. Kuyinyani ukuba i-Galaxy ayikuvumeli ukuba ube yingcambu, ngenxa yoko andikaze ndosulelwa, kwaye neepilisi zam azibanga nazo.

    4.    sebas sitsho

      Kuba yonke into ephikisanayo kwinqaku bububhanxa bobuchwephesha bobuchwephesha.

      Bathengisela wena uluvo lokuba "ukungabikho" kweentsholongwane akubangelwa sisabelo sentengiso esisezantsi kodwa kukuba i-kernel enamandla kakhulu yeLinux ithintela ukusasazeka kwayo, kodwa emva koko iNkqubo yokuSebenza ivela kunye nekernel kunye nokusetyenziswa okukhulu kwaye ziintsholongwane, ukwehla, ukuxhoma kunye nazo zonke iintlobo zeengxaki.

      Akukho uyilo luthintela ubukho nokusasazeka kweentsholongwane, kuba zifikelela kwiWindows ngendlela efanayo yokuba zinokufikelela kuyo nayiphi na inkqubo: Umsebenzisi uyayikhangela, ayifake kwikhompyuter yakhe kwaye ayenze ngokungakhathali naluphi na uhlobo lwesilumkiso. Xa ezo meko zingenzeki, usulelo ludla ngokungena kwi-Windows.

      Ukwehla kwenzeka xa ufaka / khipha i-crap. Akukho nkqubo kunye noyilo lokuzikhusela kwizikrelemnqa. Eyona ndlela ithandwayo yiNkqubo yokuSebenza, kokukhona kuya kubakho inkqubela phambili, nokuba ungakanani umgangatho kunye nokuzinikezela.

      Kwaye ukuqaphela ukwehla kwexesha elide, kuyimfuneko ukuba inkqubo ifakwe ixesha elide!, Imeko edla ngokwenzeka kungenzeki kwi-linux ngenxa yefomathi yemihla ngemihla efomathiweyo, nokuba kungokutshintsha i-distro, "ukuhlaziya" i-distro okanye ukuyifumana kwakhona nakweyiphi na ikhefu lemihla ngemihla ebinalo.

  39.   U-Emilio Moreno sitsho

    Ulwazi olukhulu, icacisile okuninzi malunga neentsholongwane kunye neLinux

  40.   Is sitsho

    Eyona nto intle, ndiyacebisa!

  41.   Kuk sitsho

    Ewe, akukho nkqubo ikhuselekileyo kwi-100% kwaye ibandakanya i-GNU / Linux

  42.   Indoda ebhityile sitsho

    Kodwa i-antivirus ayikukhuseli kuphela kwiintsholongwane, kukho i-malware kuyo yonke indawo, kwaye i-AV elungileyo inokukukhusela kuyo. Nabani na ongasebenzisi i-antivirus kuba ene-GNU / Linux (ndiyayisebenzisa nayo), kodwa ubhencekile kwizoyikiso ezininzi.

    1.    UGabo sitsho

      Kuya kufuneka ucinge ukuba i-antivirus kwiinkqubo ze-unix ayiloncedo kakhulu, ukuba mhlawumbi eyona nto bazoyisokola kakhulu iya kuba ivela kwi-xploits kwaye ngohlaziyo oluvuselelweyo luyakwanela, kunjalo ukuba sithathela ingqalelo ezinye ii-distros (kwi Ityala le-GNU / Linux) bahlaziya i-kernel yabo ukuya kumaxesha ama-2 ngonyaka.

  43.   apho sitsho

    Kukho into iintsholongwane ezityeshela ngokupheleleyo i-deb okanye i-rpm package, abantu abanzima ukuhlalutya ezi phakheji kwaye bafuna ukufikelela kwengcambu ukufaka.

    1.    UThomas Sandoval sitsho

      Kuyinyani, kodwa uninzi lwethu luya kusebenzisa indawo ehambelana nayo. Kukho abantu abazinikele kule nto ixesha elide kwaye banembali esebenza kwiLinux, ngamanye amaxesha ezo ziqinisekiso ziyanceda ukwazi ukuba ungathemba okanye hayi.

  44.   oscar lopez sitsho

    Iposti ebalaseleyo, bendingazazi ezi zinto malunga ne-linx, enkosi kakhulu ngokwabelana.

  45.   UManuel Fernando Marulanda sitsho

    Inqaku elihle, lindincede kakhulu ukucima amathandabuzo entlokweni yam.

  46.   Pabululu sitsho

    Enkosi, andinalwazi lungako ngesihloko kwaye inqaku lindincede kakhulu. Umbuliso!

  47.   Miguel sitsho

    Iwebhusayithi elungileyo, ibingazi.
    Ndiyithandile ingcaciso yakho yeentsholongwane.
    Ndikudibanisa newebhusayithi yam,
    Regards,
    Miguel

  48.   UJuan Rojas sitsho

    Molo, ndilawula ngaphezulu kwe-3000 iwebhusayithi eyahlukeneyo yeLinux, namhlanje ndingakuxelela ukuba ukuba bendineentsholongwane kwaye ndizithomalalisile nge-clam av, ngaphandle kokuba ne-firewall enemithetho elungileyo, khange isasazeke. Kuyafana kodwa ukuba bekukho
    Ingxaki, ii-imeyile kunye neetemplate zamaphepha otshintshiselwano olungagunyaziswanga

    Phendula nge quote

    1.    iyeva sitsho

      Yiyiphi intsholongwane onayo? Ngenxa yokuba intsholongwane ingena ngeposi, ngakumbi isuka kumthumeli osebenzisa iWindows ayinqabe, kodwa ukusuka apho ukuya kuchaphazela inkqubo ihamba umgama omde. Ke ndibuza kwakhona ukuba ibiyintoni intsholongwane?

  49.   hayi sitsho

    kakhulu, ilungile, ulwazi olugqwesileyo

  50.   URoberto sitsho

    Inomdla. Mhlawumbi ngenxa yokusetyenziswa okubanzi kwengcambu kwi-Android, kukho iintsholongwane ze-Android. Kodwa ke banqabile.

  51.   G sitsho

    Ndicinga ukuba i -hlengware ayenzi msebenzi wayo kwiLinux.

    Imibuliso kunye nokuvuyisana nesithuba. Kulunge kakhulu !!!

    G

  52.   ihlazo sitsho

    "Abazukuchitha ixesha ekudaleni into eza kulungiswa kunye nohlaziyo lokuqala lwenkqubo, nangaphantsi kweeyure ezingama-24"
    Iya kuba njalo ukuba ifunyenwe kwaye yenziwa esidlangalaleni.
    Ewe, azikho iikhompyuter ezosulelekileyo kwaye abasebenzisi bazo abafumani de kube lixesha.
    Kukho neentsholongwane ezivela kumzi-mveliso kwi-BIOS, i-firmware, njl. Ngaphandle kokuthetha ukuba zininzi iintsholongwane ezisebenzayo zeLinux okanye i-OSX, nangona ingekho kangako kwiWindows, kunjalo.

  53.   daniel sitsho

    Yonke into oyithethayo inyanisile okanye ayinyani, kodwa hayi kakhulu. Uxhomekeke kwiintsomi ukuze uqhekeze ezinye iintsomi….

    Uneserver ye-Debian ene-Kernel 4 yeenyanga ezi-6 eqhagamshelwe kwi-intanethi esebenza nge-static html (eyona nto ilula) emva koko unokucima ngaphezulu kwe-80% yeposi yakho.

  54.   Umonde sitsho

    Akunakwenzeka ukuba umgwebi angene kwi-os kunye neentsholongwane zakhe kunye ne-spyware.

  55.   Yoshiki sitsho

    Ndicinga ukuba kwiminyaka eli-12 kamva, kufanelekile ukuba siphinde sibuyele kweli nqaku. Xoxa ngetekhnoloji entsha, izoyikiso ezintsha ... kwaye ukuba ngoku asinayo intsholongwane okanye akunjalo.

    Ngaphandle koko, inqaku elisemagqabini (esele ndilifundile kwiinyanga ezidlulileyo).

  56.   Alejandro Alvarez umfanekiso wokubamba sitsho

    Ukuba ndifakele iiWindows kunye neLinux, ngaba intsholongwane ingangena kwi-pc yam xa ndisebenzisa iLinux nditshintshela kwiWindows?