IiPatent eziManyeneyo, iMicrosoft, iLinux Foundation kunye ne-OIN zithatha iipatent trolls

Ngaphandle kothandabuza, ityala elithi Gnome wabandezeleka kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo ngokunxulumene netyala lesimangalo ngu i-patent troll, ndishiya iiprecedents eziye zabangela amaqela nemibutho eyahlukahlukeneyo ukuba ithabathe inyathelo ngalo mbandela ukuze oku kugcinwe (ukubabiza ngolo hlobo ngendlela ethambileyo) endaweni yabo.

I-patent iyahamba o Amaqumrhu oQinisekiso lwePatent (PAE), kudala behlupha isoftware yasimahla. Kwiminyaka edlulileyo, nangona kunjalo, amanye amaqela aye aphakama ukuthintela iinkampani kunye nemibutho esebenzisa ngokwenene amalungelo awodwa abenzi bepropathi enomgangatho ophezulu wokuqonda (IP) ekubeni ziphangwe.

Elinye lala maqela, I-Uniified Patents, umbutho wamazwe ngamazwe kwiinkampani ezingaphezu kwama-200, iphumelele impumelelo kule minyaka mibini idlulileyo ithatha umlo ukuya kwiitroli. Iyanqanda i-patent troll ekuhlaseleni amalungu akho ngokwenza uloyiso lube yindleko enkulu kwitroli. Ukwenza oku, iqela livavanya amalungelo awodwa abenzi beetroli kunye nemisebenzi yabo kumacandelo ahlukeneyo ezobuchwepheshe.

Ngexesha elithile ndiyakwazi ukuqonda umsebenzi wezi pelafustanes unokuqondakala, yinto efana nento eyenziwa yimizi-mveliso okanye amaqela athenga iphothifoliyo yamatyala kwiibhanki okanye kumaqumrhu emali ukuze akwazi ukubuyisela into enkulu kune kwathengwa ntoni .

Nangona kweli candelo ezi Troll umsebenzi wabo kukufumana amalungelo awodwa omenzi wechiza ukuze bachase kubantu besithathu. Nangona kunjalo, kubonakala ngathi kukho iinguqu ezininzi zolu qulunqo olusisiseko njengoko kukho iinkampani, kodwa kulo mzekelo kufuneka bafunde imeko encinci ngakumbi, kuba banokungena eludongeni.

Uninzi lwezoyikiso zelungelo elilodwa lomenzi wechiza, i-80% ngokweePatent eziManyeneyo, zivela kwiitroli.

“Uhlaselo lusaqhubeka lusanda. “Isizathu silula. kunenzuzo. Ukongeza ekusebenziseni iinkampani ezinkulu, iipatent troll ngoku zixhaphaza amashishini amancinci angenazo izixhobo zokulwa nawo." Kuya kubanexabiso eliphantsi ukuhlawula ityala lobunini bomgangatho ophezulu wokuqonda kunokulwa nabo enkundleni.

Iingxabano ze-Troll malunga neenkqubo zomthombo ovulekileyo zifikelele kwinqanaba eliphezulu yamatyala angama-721 ngo-2021. Oku kukwanda phantse kwe-22% ukusuka ku-2020. Ezi EAPs ziquka i-Sound View, i-Sockeye Licensing, i-St. Luke, i-MicroPairing, i-Level 3, i-Finjan, i-WSOU Investments, kunye ne-Unilco 2017.

Amagama ayatshintsha kodwa umdlalo uhlala ufana

Thenga amalungelo awodwa omenzi wechiza, linda umntu asebenzise izimvo zakho ukwenza inkqubo enengeniso, emva koko umangale.

Kwanangaphambi kokumiselwa ngokusesikweni koMmandla we-OSS, iPatents eziManyeneyo kunye ne-Open Invention Network (OIN), elona qela likhulu lehlabathi elingenabundlavini, liqalise izimangalo ezichasene namalungelo awodwa abenzi angekho semthethweni e-EAP. I-Linux Foundation kunye noMicrosoft baye basebenzisana ne-OIN ukuxhasa uMmandla we-OSS kwaye balwe nala malungelo abenzi abi.

UMicrosoft usanda kujoyina i-Open Invention Network (MNA HAYI). “Ukusukela ekusekweni kwayo ngo-2005, i-OIN ibisoloko iphambili ekuncedeni iinkampani zilawule umngcipheko welungelo elilodwa lomenzi wechiza kwaye sinelunda ngokuba yinxalenye yalo.

Indlela asabela ngayo amalungu oluntu oluvulelekileyo kwezi ndaba ibentle kakhulu., kuquka imibuzo elungileyo esibuzwe ngayo malunga nokuba kuthetha ukuthini ubulungu bethu kubaphuhlisi. Sithethe noErich Andersen kwaMicrosoft ngeenkcukacha ezithe kratya kweminye yemibuzo edla ngokubuzwa.

I-Patent eziManyeneyo zikwakhuthaza abaphuhlisi kunye nabaphandi ukuba bafune ubugcisa bangaphambili ukuze baphule ipatent ezimbi. Uphendlo oluyimpumelelo lufumana i-$2,000 yabaphumeleleyo.

Ndiyavuya ukwazisa ukuba i-Microsoft ijoyina i-OIN, uluntu oluzinikele ekukhuseleni i-Linux kunye nezinye iisoftware zasimahla kwiingozi zepatent.

Ngumsebenzi oluncedo kakhulu. Njengoko uJim Zemlin, umlawuli olawulayo weLinux Foundation, ecacisa:

"Le yindlela eluncedo xa into eyenziweyo ibisele ibubugcisa ngaphambili, njengoko kungqinwa ngamalungelo awodwa omenzi wechiza, ikhowudi ekhoyo esidlangalaleni kwiindawo zokugcina izixhobo zesoftware, okanye ushicilelo olupapashiweyo olwalukho ngexesha lelungelo elilodwa lomenzi wechiza. . Ngokusisiseko ngumbuzo wokuqinisekisa ukuba into ebalulekileyo ibalekile kumvavanyi ogunyazise ukunikezelwa kwelungelo elilodwa lomenzi wechiza njengento entsha. »


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