Baqalise inyathelo lokwandisa ukuhambelana phakathi kwezikhangeli zewebhu

Iminyaka emininzi Imfazwe phakathi kwabakhangeli bewebhu abaphambili ibonakale ngokucacileyo, nokuba iyazibeke ngeentlobo ezahlukeneyo zamaqhinga, nokuba idlala ngokufanelekileyo okanye ngokulula ukuphumeza iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zeebhloko okanye imiqobo kumsebenzisi ukubathintela ekutshintsheni isikhangeli sewebhu.

Kodwa Ngoku izinto zibonakala ngathi "ziyatshintsha", ukususela kuGoogle, Mozilla, Apple, Microsoft, Bocoup kunye ne-Igalia kutshanje baye babhengeza ukuba baye basebenzisane ukucombulula iingxaki ezahlukeneyo yokuhambelana nomkhangeli zincwadi, kunye nokukwazi ukubonelela ngenkxaso engaguqukiyo ngakumbi kwiiteknoloji zewebhu kunye nokudibanisa ukusebenza kwezinto ezichaphazela ukubonakala kwewebhusayithi kunye nezicelo zewebhu (into elahlekileyo ixesha elide kwaye abaninzi abaphuhlisi baceliwe).

Ukusukela kokugqibela, sinokuthi ubuncinci ukusukela ekuqalisweni kwee-smartphones, uphuhliso lwewebhu luye lwadityaniswa ngakumbi, kodwa hayi ukuya kwindawo apho inkcazo enye inokusetyenziswa kulo lonke uyilo kwaye ngakumbi kumiliselo lweskripthi.

Okokuqala ngqa, bonke abathengisi abakhulu bebrawuza kunye nabanye abachaphazelekayo baye badibana ukuze basombulule imiba ephambili yokuhambelana nesikhangeli esichongwe ngabaphuhlisi bewebhu. I-Interop 2022 iya kuphucula amava ophuhliso lwewebhu kwiindawo eziphambili ze-15. Kweli nqaku, fumana ukuba sifike njani apha, yeyiphi iprojekthi egxile kuyo, impumelelo iya kulinganiswa njani, kwaye ungayilandela njani inkqubela.

Kungenxa yoko le nto ngoku iingxilimbela kunye neereferensi zeziphequluli zewebhu zidibene kunye nenjongo ephambili yokukwazi ukufezekisa ukubonakala okufanayo kunye nokuziphatha kweendawo, kungakhathaliseki ukuba isiphequluli kunye nenkqubo yokusebenza.

Ngaphakathi koko kujongwe ukuba kuphunyezwe kukuba iqonga lewebhu kufuneka libe liphelele kwaye abaphuhlisi kufuneka banikele ingqalelo ekudalweni kwezicelo zewebhu kwaye bangafumani iindlela zokuphepha ukungahambelani okuthile phakathi kweziphequluli.

Ngo-2019, iMozilla, uGoogle kunye nabanye baqala Umzamo omkhulu ukuqonda amanqaku eentlungu zabaphuhlisi, ngendlela MDN Developer Udinga iisaveyi zoVavanyo kunye Ingxelo yokuhambelana neBhrawuza ukuntywiliselwa nzulu. Ezi ngxelo zisinike iinkcukacha ezicacileyo nezisebenzayo ukujongana nemingeni ephezulu kubaphuhlisi ngeqonga lewebhu kwaye ikhokelele comat inzame 2021 .

Njengenxalenye yelinge, isikhangeli sesixhobo esitsha sokuvavanya silungisiwe, I-Interop 2022, ebandakanya iimvavanyo ezili-18 ezilungiselelwe ngokudibeneyo ezivavanya inqanaba lokuphunyezwa kobuchwepheshe bewebhu obusanda kuphuhliswa.

Phakathi kweetekhnoloji ezivavanywe luvavanyo zezi:

  • Cascading CSS Layers
  • izithuba zemibala (umxube wombala, umahluko wombala)
  • Izikhongozeli zePropati ye-CSS (Isiqulatho se-CSS)
  • izinto zokwenza iingxoxo ( )
  • iifom zewebhu
  • skrola (i-snap snap, i-sroll-haviour, i-overscroll-behavior)
  • ifonti (ifonti-indlela-yantlukwano, ifonti-iyantlukwano-indawo)
  • iikhowudi (ic)
  • Web Support API
  • I-Flexbox
  • Igridi yeCSS (igridi engaphantsi)
  • css iyatshintsha
  • indawo esisigxina (CSS).

Kukhankanyiwe ukuba iimvavanyo zisekelwe kwingxelo evela kubaphuhlisi bewebhu kunye nezikhalazo zabasebenzisi malunga nokungafani kwindlela yokuziphatha kwesiphequluli.

Iingxaki ezisetyenzisiweyo zihlulwe zibe ziindidi ezimbini: iimpazamo okanye iintsilelo ekuphunyezweni kwemigangatho yenkxaso yewebhu (uvavanyo lwe-15) kunye neengxaki ezinxulumene nokungaqondakali okanye imiyalelo engaphelelanga kwiinkcukacha (iimvavanyo ezi-3).

Phakathi kwemiba eqwalaselwayo kudidi lwesibini, kukho iziphene kwiinkcukacha ezinxulumene nokuhlelwa komxholo (okuqulathiweyo), i-execCommand, i-mouse kunye neziganeko zesalathiso, iiyunithi zendawo ebonakalayo (lv*, sv* kunye ne-dv* yezona yunithi zincinci). encinci kwaye inamandla). ubungakanani bendawo yokujonga).

Kufuneka kukhankanywe oko Iprojekthi ikwakhuphe iqonga lovavanyo lolwakhiwo lovavanyo kwaye uzinzile kwiChrome, Edge, Firefox kunye nezikhangeli zeSafari. IFirefox ibonise eyona nkqubela iphambili ekusombululeni ukungahambelani, kunye ne-69% yesebe elizinzileyo kunye ne-74% yesebe lovavanyo. Ngokuthelekisa, i-Chrome ifumene i-61% kunye ne-71%, ngelixa i-Safari ifumene i-50% kunye ne-73%.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, ungazijonga iinkcukacha kwi ukulandela ikhonkco.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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