Izichongi ezinatyisiweyo zeWebhu zibe ngumgangatho ocetyiswayo

UTim Berners-Lee kutshanje ibhengeze isigqibo sokuguqula iinkcukacha echaza izazisi ezinatyisiweyo zeWeb (NDENZILE, isichongi esinatyisiweyo), kwimeko yomgangatho ocetyiswayo, ngokwenza njalo kuphuthise izichaso eziphakanyiswe nguGoogle kunye neMozilla.

Inkqubo I-DID yazisa uhlobo olutsha lwezichongi zehlabathi kuphela loo nto azinxulunyaniswa nemibutho ephakathi kunye neenkonzo, njengababhalisi besizinda kunye nabasemagunyeni bezatifikethi. Isichongi sinokunxulunyaniswa nesixhobo esingenasizathu kwaye senziwe ziinkqubo ezithenjwe ngumnini wesixhobo.

Isazisi soQinisekiso isebenzisa ubungqina bokuqinisekisa ubunini obusekwe kwiindlela ezifihlakeleyo, njengotyikityo lwedijithali. Ukuchazwa kuvumela iindlela ezahlukeneyo zolawulo olusasazwayo kunye nokufunyanwa kolwazi lwesazisi, kubandakanya iindlela ezisekelwe kwi-blockchain.

Ifomati yeURI entsha yenziwe njenge " did:method:unique_identifier", apho "wenza" ixela inkqubo entsha ye-URI, "indlela" ibonisa indlela yokuphatha isichongi, kwaye "isazisi_esisodwa" luhlobo oluthile lwesixhobo sokuchonga.

Intsimi enendlela ixela igama lenkonzo esetyenziselwa ukugcina idatha eqinisekisiweyo, eqinisekisa ukuhluka kwesazisi, imisela ifomathi yaso, kwaye ibonelele ngokubophelela kwesazisi kumthombo owenziweyo. I-URI ene-ID iguqulelwa kuxwebhu lwe-JSON olunemetadata echaza into eceliweyo kwaye iquka izitshixo zoluntu zokuqinisekisa umnini.

Ukuphunyezwa kwendlela ngaphandle kwendawo yomgangatho we-DID, ichazwe kwiinkcukacha zayo, kwaye igcinwe kwirejista eyahlukileyo.

Okwangoku Iindlela ezili-135 zicetyiwe esekwe kwiibhlokhina ezahlukeneyo, i-cryptographic algorithms, itekhnoloji esasazwayo, idatabase yokwabela amagunya, iinkqubo zeP2P, kunye neendlela zokuchonga. Kwakhona kuyenzeka ukwenza amakhonkco e-DID kwiisistim ezisembindini, umzekelo, indlela yewebhu ivumela amagama enginginya aqhelekileyo ukuba abotshwe (umzekelo, " did:web:example.com").

Izichaso zikaGoogle zinxulumene nokwahlulwa kwengcaciso kwindlela eqhelekileyo yokuchongwa kwezinto ezichongiweyo kwiinkcukacha zokuphunyezwa kokugqibela kweendlela, ezingavumeli ukuhlalutya ukuchaneka kwezinto eziphambili ngaphandle kokufunda ukuchazwa kweendlela.

Ukupapasha olona phawu luphambili xa iindlela ezichaziweyo zingekalungi kwenza ukuba uhlaziyo lube nzima, kwaye uGoogle ucebise ukuba ukubekwa emgangathweni kwenkcazo ngokubanzi ye-DID kuhlehliswe de ezinye zezona ndlela zilungileyo zilungele ukubekwa emgangathweni, njengakwinkqubo yokubekwa emgangathweni, amanqaku afihlakeleyo ezifuna ukuba iinkcukacha ezingundoqo zigqitywe.

Ukuchasa kukaMozilla kukuba i-spec ayiqhubeki ngokwaneleyo ukuthwala, ukushiya ingxaki kwicala lokubhalisa indlela.

Iindlela ezingaphezu kwekhulu sele zicetywayo kwirejista, zidalwe ngaphandle kokuhambelana nokuhambelana kunye nokuhlanganiswa kwezisombululo eziqhelekileyo. Kwimo yayo yangoku, kucetyiswa ukuba wenze indlela entsha yomsebenzi ngamnye, kunokuba uzame ukulungelelanisa iindlela ezikhoyo ukuze zihambelane neemfuno zakho.

Isikhundla se-W3C sesokuba sibekwe emgangathweni iinkcukacha ze-DID, ezichaza udidi olutsha lwesazisi esandisiweyo kunye nesintaksi esinxulumeneyo, kuya kukhuthaza uphuhliso lwendlela kunye nemvumelwano kwindlela yokubekwa emgangathweni.

Kwimo yayo yangoku, kukho ubungqina obaneleyo bokusetyenziswa kwenkcazo ephambili yokusombulula iingxaki eziyimfuneko kuluntu oluphuhlisa ubugcisa obunatyisiweyo. Ukuphunyezwa okucetywayo kweendlela akufanele kugwetywe ngokufaniswa kunye nezicwangciso ezintsha ze-URL, kunye nokudalwa kwenani elikhulu leendlela kunokubonwa njengokuhambelana nesiseko senkcazo yeemfuno zabaphuhlisi.

Ukulinganisa iindlela ezithile kubonwa njengomsebenzi onzima ngakumbi, malunga nokufikelela kwimvumelwano phakathi kwabaphuhlisi, kunokulinganisa kudidi oluqhelekileyo lwezichongi. Ke ngoko, ukwamkelwa kwenkcazo eqhelekileyo phambi kokubekwa emgangathweni kweendlela kuthathwa njengesisombululo esinokubangela ingozi encinci kuluntu oluphumeza izihlonzi ezibekwe kumaziko.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayoUngajonga iifayile ze iinkcukacha kwikhonkco elilandelayo.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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