Kwi-Fedora 37 yenzelwe ukushiya kuphela inkxaso ye-UEFI

Mva nje sabelana apha kwibhlog inqaku lokukhululwa fedora 36 beta, apho sabelana kancinci malunga notshintsho oluthe lwaphunyezwa kolu guqulelo lutsha.

Umsebenzi we-Fedora awuphelelanga kuphela kwiinguqulelo ezintsha, kodwa kukho izicwangciso zexesha elizayo malunga notshintsho kunye nophuculo oluya kuphunyezwa kwiinguqulelo zamva kwaye kwimeko apho. kwi-Fedora 37, inkxaso ye-UEFI icwangciswe ukuba idluliselwe kudidi lweemfuno ezisisinyanzelo zokufaka ukuhanjiswa kwiqonga le-x86_64.

Kuyakhankanywa ukuba ukukwazi ukuqalisa Iimeko-bume ebezifakwe ngaphambili kwiinkqubo BIOS ilifa iya kuhlala ixeshana, kodwa ufakelo olutsha olungelolwa-UEFI alusayi kuxhaswa.

Kwi-Fedora 39 okanye kamva, kulindeleke ukuba inkxaso ye I-BIOS isusiwe ngokupheleleyo. Isicelo sokutshintsha kwe-Fedora 37 sithunyelwe nguBen Cotton, uMphathi weNkqubo yeFedora kwi-Red Hat. Olu tshintsho alukahlaziywa yi-FESCo (iKomiti yokuLawula ubuNjineli beFedora), ejongene necandelo lobugcisa bophuhliso lokuhanjiswa kweFedora.

I-Hardware esekelwe kwiiplatifti ze-Intel zithunyelwe nge-UEFI ukususela ngo-2005. Kwi-2020, i-Intel yayeka inkxaso ye-BIOS kwiinkqubo zabathengi kunye neeplatifomu zeziko ledatha. Nangona kunjalo, Ukuphela kwenkxaso ye-BIOS kunokubangela ukungakwazi ukufaka i-Fedora kwezinye iikhompyuter iilaptops kunye neePC ezikhutshwe ngaphambi kowama-2013. Iingxoxo zangaphambili ziphinde zakhankanya ukungakwazi ukufaka kwiinkqubo ze-BIOS kuphela, kodwa inkxaso ye-UEFI iye yongezwa kwiindawo ze-AWS. Inkxaso ye-UEFI yongezwe kwi-libvirt kunye ne-Virtualbox, kodwa ayikagqibekanga (icwangciswe kwi-Virtualbox kwi-7.0 yesebe).

Ukuphela kwenkxaso ye-BIOS kwi-Fedora kuya kunciphisa inani lamacandelo asetyenzisiweyo ngexesha lokuqalisa kunye nokufakwa, iyakususa inkxaso yeVESA, iya kwenza lula ukufakela kunye nokunciphisa iindleko zabasebenzi ukugcina i-bootloader kunye nofakelo lokwakha, ekubeni i-UEFI ibonelela nge-interfaces eziqhelekileyo ezidibeneyo kunye ne-BIOS idinga ukuvavanywa kokhetho ngalunye.

Ukongeza, sinokuqaphela inqaku malunga ne Inkqubela phambili yoPhuculo lwe-Anaconda Installer, ekhutshwa kwithala leencwadi le-GTK ukuya kujongano olutsha olwakhiwe ngokwesiseko sobuchwepheshe bewebhu nokuvumela ulawulo olukude kusetyenziswa isikhangeli sewebhu. Esikhundleni senkqubo edidayo yokulawula ukufakela ngesikrini kunye nesishwankathelo sezenzo ezenziweyo (Isishwankathelo soFakelo), iwizadi yokufaka inyathelo ngamanyathelo iphuhliswa. Iwizadi yaphuhliswa kusetyenziswa iinxalenye zePatternFly kwaye ikuvumela ukuba ungagxininisi ingqalelo yakho kwimisebenzi emininzi ngexesha elinye, kodwa ukwaphula ufakelo kunye nokucombulula iingxaki kwimisebenzi encinci, amanyathelo alula aqhutywa ngokulandelelanayo.

Olunye utshintsho esinayo ye-Fedora 37 yingcebiso yokuba abagcini yeka iipakethe zokwakha zoyilo lwe-i686 ukuba imfuno yeepakethe ezinjalo iyathandabuzeka okanye iya kubangela inkcitho enkulu yexesha okanye izixhobo. Le ngcebiso ayisebenzi kwiipakethe ezisetyenziswa njengokuxhomekeka kwezinye iipakethe okanye ezisetyenziswa kumxholo othi "multilib" ukwenza iiprogram ze-32-bit ziqhutywe kwiimeko ezingama-64-bit.

ngaphandle koko uyilo lweARMv7, ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-ARM32 okanye i-armhfp, icwangciselwe ukuphunyezwa kwi-Fedora 37. Zonke iinzame zophuhliso lweenkqubo ze-ARM zicwangciswe ukugxila kulwakhiwo lwe-ARM64 (Aarch64).

Izizathu zokuphelisa inkxaso ye-ARMv7 zikhankanywa njengokufuduka ngokubanzi kude kuphuhliso lweesistim ze-32-bit, njengoko ezinye zokhuseleko olutsha lwe-Fedora kunye neziphuculo zokusebenza zifumaneka kuphela kwii-architecture ze-64-bit.

Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, i-ARMv7 ibe yeyokugqibela exhaswa ngokupheleleyo yi-32-bit uyilo lwe-Fedora (iindawo zokugcina ze-i686 zoyilo ziye zayekiswa ngo-2019, zishiya kuphela iindawo zokugcina amathala eencwadi ezininzi kwindawo ze-x86_64).

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, ungajonga iinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo.


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  1.   Luisa sitsho

    Ngethamsanqa le yiLinux kwaye ngethamsanqa sinokusebenzisa iidistros ezininzi ezahlukeneyo ezisebenzayo kwaye ziya kusebenza kunye ne-bios.