I-Replicant, i-firmware ye-Android yasimahla

Emva kweminyaka emine enesiqingatha ukususela kuhlaziyo lokugqibela, inguqulelo yesine yeprojekthi ye-Replicant 6 yatyhilwa, ukuphuhlisa uguqulelo oluvuleleke ngokupheleleyo lweqonga le-Android, elikhululekile kumacandelo obunini kunye nabaqhubi abanini.

iSetyana eliReplicant 6 isekwe kwi-LineageOS 13 codebase, leyo yona isekelwe kwi-Android 6. Xa kuthelekiswa ne-firmware yasekuqaleni, i-Replicant ithathe indawo yenxalenye enkulu yamacandelo obunini, kuquka nabaqhubi bevidiyo, i-firmware yokubini ye-Wi-Fi, iilayibrari zokusebenza nge-GPS, ikhampasi, ikhamera yewebhu, ujongano lwerediyo, kunye nemodem. Ukwakhiwa okulungiselelwe izixhobo ezi-9 kuquka i-Samsung Galaxy S2/S3, iGalaxy Note, iGalaxy Nexus kunye neGalaxy Tab 2.

Izinto ezintsha eziphambili zeReplicant 6

Kolu guqulelo lutsha oluvezwayo, i isicelo ukwenza nokufumana iminxeba, silungise umba ngokugcina idatha ebuthathaka, ebangele ukuba ulwazi malunga neefowuni ezingenayo neziphumayo zivuzwe ngenxa yokuqinisekiswa kwenombolo yefowuni kwi-WhitePages, i-Google kunye neenkonzo ze-OpenCnam.

Isicelo sokusebenza nekhathalogu I-F-Droid isusiwe kwisakhiwo, kuba uninzi lweenkqubo ezibonelelwa kule khathalogu zahlukile kwiimfuno zeSiseko seSoftware sasimahla sonikezelo lwasimahla ngokupheleleyo.

Olunye utshintsho oko yongeza iscript ukuvala ngokupheleleyo imodem. Ngaphambili, xa utshintshela kwimodi yendiza, imodem yatshintshelwa kwimodi yamandla aphantsi, engazange icinywe ngokupheleleyo, kwaye i-firmware yobunikazi efakwe kwimodem yaqhubeka isebenza. Kwinguqulelo entsha, ukukhubaza imodem kuthintela ukulayishwa kwenkqubo yokusebenza kwimodem.

Olunye utshintsho ezibalaseleyo:

  • Isusiwe i-Ambient SDK engasimahla efakwe kwi-LineageOS 13.
    Imiba elungisiweyo kunye nokuqatshelwa kwekhadi leSIM.
  • Ichongiwe kwaye isuswe i-firmware yokubini ehambelana nokusebenza kwamaqhosha "emva" kunye "nekhaya" (amaqhosha agcina ukusebenza kwawo ngaphandle kwale firmware).
  • Ikhutshwe i-Galaxy Note 8.0 isikrini esichukumisayo se-firmware ebingekho ikhowudi yomthombo.
  • Endaweni ye-RepWiFi, iipatches zisetyenziselwa ukulawula unxibelelwano olungenazingcingo, kukuvumela ukuba usebenzise imenyu eqhelekileyo ye-Android kunye neeadaptha ezingenazingcingo zangaphandle.
  • Inkxaso eyongeziweyo yeeadaptha ze-Ethernet.
    Imibhalo eyongeziweyo ukuqwalasela inethiwekhi esekelwe kwizixhobo ze-USB.
  • Inkxaso eyongeziweyo ye-Ralink rt2500 yeeadaptha ze-USB ezisekelwe kwi-chip ezisebenza ngaphandle kokhuphelo lwe-firmware.
  • Unikezelo lwe-OpenGL kwizicelo lisebenzisa irasterizer yesoftware yellvmpipe ngokungagqibekanga. Kumalungu enkqubo yojongano lomzobo, kuvumelekile ukuzoba nge libagl.
  • Izikripthi zongezwe ukutshintsha phakathi kokuphunyezwa kwe-OpenGL.
  • Izikripthi zongezwe ukwenza kube lula ukwakha iReplicant ukusuka kumthombo.
    Umyalelo wokwesula wongeziwe wokusula izahlulelo kwindawo yokugcina.

Kwangaxeshanye, imeko yophuhliso yesebe le-Replicant 11 yapapashwa, ngokusekelwe kwiqonga le-Android 11 (i-LineageOS 18) kwaye ithunyelwe nge-Linux kernel eqhelekileyo (i-vanilla kernel, hayi i-Android). Inguqulelo entsha kulindeleke ukuba inike inkxaso kwezi zixhobo zilandelayo: Samsung Galaxy SIII (i9300), Galaxy Note II (N7100), Galaxy SIII 4G (I9305), kunye Galaxy Note II 4G (N7105).

Kungenzeka ukuba Ukwakhiwa kulungiselelwe ezinye izixhobo ezihambelana neLinux kernel umgangatho kwaye uhlangabezana neemfuno zokuReplicant (izixhobo kufuneka zibonelele ngemodem yodwa kwaye zize nebhetri enokutshintshwa ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuba umsebenzisi emva kokuqhawula ibhetri, isixhobo siyakuvula).

Izixhobo ezihambelana neLinux kernel kodwa ezingafezekisiyo iimfuno zokuphindaphinda zinokuhlengahlengiswa ukuze zisebenze nabathanda iReplicant kwaye zinikezelwe njengolwakhiwo olungekho semthethweni.

Ezona mfuno ziphambili zeSiseko seSofthiwe yaSimahla yonikezelo lwasimahla ngokupheleleyo zezi:

  • Ukubandakanywa kwikhithi yokuhanjiswa kwesoftware kunye neelayisensi ezivunywe yiFSF.
  • Ukungavumelekanga konikezelo lwe-firmware yokubini (i-firmware) kunye naziphi na iinxalenye zokubini zabaqhubi.
  • Musa ukwamkela amacandelo asebenzayo angaguqukiyo, kodwa ukuba nokwenzeka kokubandakanya angasebenziyo, ngokuxhomekeke kwimvume yokukhuphela nokusasaza ngeenjongo zorhwebo nezingezizo ezorhwebo (umzekelo, iimephu zeCC BY-ND zomdlalo weGPL).
  • Ukungavumelekanga ukusebenzisa iimpawu ezineemeko zokusetyenziswa zithintela ukukopishwa kwamahhala kunye nokuhanjiswa kwazo zonke okanye inxalenye yekiti yokusabalalisa.
  • Ukuthotyelwa kokucoceka kwamaxwebhu anelayisensi, ukungavunyelwa kwamaxwebhu acebisa ukufakwa kwesoftware yobunini ukuxazulula iingxaki ezithile.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayoUngajonga iifayile ze iinkcukacha kwikhonkco elilandelayo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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