Ukhozi, i-IBM's quantum chip entsha engenako ukulinganiswa ngee-supercomputers eziqhelekileyo

UArvind Krishna (I-IBM CEO) yazise kutshanje ukuba inkampani yenze iprosesa ye-quantum ekwaziyo ukucubungula ulwazi olunzima olunjalo loo msebenzi awunakwenziwa okanye ufaniswe kwikhompyuter eqhelekileyo.

Ubizwa ngokuba "Ukhozi", iprosesa entsha ye-quantum inokusingatha ii-qubits eziyi-127, kwaye i-IBM ithi ithathe inyathelo elikhulu ukuya kwi-computing ye-quantum ebonakalayo. Wongeze ukuba uthathe inyathelo eliya phambili elivumela ukuba i-quantum computing igqithe amandla ekhompyuter yemveli.

I-IBM ithi le yiprosesa yokuqala yohlobo lwayo engenakulinganiswa yi-supercomputer eqhelekileyo. Ukuqonda ukuba kuthetha ukuthini oku, inkampani ibanga ukuba ukulinganisa uKhozi, kuya kuthatha amasuntswana angaphezulu kuneeathom kuye wonke umntu okwiplanethi (kukho malunga ne-7 x 10 27 iiathom kumzimba womntu oqhelekileyo).

“Akunakwenzeka ukuba ulingise kuyo nayiphi na enye into. Akunakwenzeka ukwenza umsebenzi onokuthi wenziwe yile khompyutha kumatshini wesintu. Kuya kuthatha ikhompyuter yesiqhelo enkulu kunale planethi ukuba ikwazi ukwenza oku, "u-Krishna uxelele" i-Axios kwi-HBO.

I-IBM inxulumanisa le nkqubela phambili kwi-a uyilo olutsha olubeka amacandelo olawulo lweprosesa kumanqanaba amaninzi omzimba, ngelixa iiqubits zibekwe kwinqanaba elinye kwaye ngokutsho kwenkampani, olu yilo luvumela ukwanda okukhulu kwamandla ekhompyuter.

Enye inkalo yeKhozi inkampani engathethi ngayo okwangoku yi-quantum volume, njengoko le yi-metric eyenziwe yi-IBM ezama ukulinganisa ukusebenza kwekhomputha ye-quantum ngokuthatha imbono epheleleyo yeendawo zayo ezahlukeneyo kwaye ithathele ingqalelo qubits nje, kodwa nendlela abadibana ngayo.

Okukhona umkhulu umthamo wequantum, kokukhona ikhompyuter yequantum ikwazi ukusombulula iingxaki ezinzima.

"Iprosesa yethu yokuqala ye-127 qubit Eagle ifumaneka njengenkqubo yokuhlola kwi-IBM Cloud kumalungu akhethiweyo e-IBM Quantum Network," watsho uJerry Chow, umlawuli weyunithi yophuhliso lwe-hardware ye-quantum kwi-IBM. "Iinkqubo zokuphonononga kukufikelela kwangethuba kwiitekhnoloji zethu zamva nje kwaye ke asiqinisekisi ixesha lokuphumla okanye naliphi na inqanaba lokuphinda lisebenze, elilinganiswa ngomthamo wexabiso," wongeze watsho.

I-IBM ikholelwa ukuba iprosesa yayo inamandla ngakumbi kunokuba ikhona, Kodwa ngokutsho kweengcali, ngaphandle kokwazi umthamo we-quantum yeprosesa ye-Eagle, kunzima ukuthetha ngokuthe ngqo ukuba ithelekisa njani nento esele ikhona. Ngo-Oktobha ophelileyo, u-Honeywell wathi imodeli yayo ye-H1 imodeli inomthamo we-quantum ye-128 kunye ne-10 qubits kuphela edibeneyo. Ukubhekisela, ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka i-IBM ibhengeze inkqubo ye-qubit ye-27 kunye nevolumu ye-64 ye-quantum, eyona nto yayiphezulu kwishishini ngelo xesha. Kucacile ukuba iprosesa entsha yenkampani inamandla, kodwa i-qubits ayithethi lonke ibali apha.

I-CEO ye-IBM ibe nethemba ukuba i-quantum computing ingathatha indawo ebalulekileyo kwihlabathi le-computing kwiminyaka embalwa, ngelixa abanye bakholelwa ukuba kunokuthatha ishumi leminyaka ukuphumelela. Kuzo zonke iimeko, nangona kunjalo, ukufika kwe-quantum computing kubangela ingxaki ekhethekileyo. Ngapha koko, uninzi lwe-cryptography yanamhlanje ixhomekeke ekufihleni idatha ngendlela enokuthatha ixesha elide ukuba iikhompyuter eziqhelekileyo ziqhawuke. Kodwa iikhompyuter ze-quantum ziya kukwazi ukwaphula iinkqubo ezininzi zofihlo lwangoku.

Kwakhona, Yintoni ephawulekayo malunga noKhozi kukuba i-IBM ayibangi ubukhulu be-quantum. Ngokutsho kwenkampani, eli linyathelo eliya kweso siganeko sibalulekileyo, kodwa iprosesa ayikabikho kwinqanaba apho inokusombulula iingxaki ezingenakukwazi ukusombulula iingxaki zekhompyuter. Ngo-2019, uGoogle wavusa impikiswano ngokubanga (ngokufutshane) ukuba uyifezekisile inkqubo yayo yeSycamore. Ngelo xesha, i-IBM yabiza amabango enkampani ngokuthi "ayinakugcinwa" ngenxa yokuba uGoogle wakha ikhompyutha ukusombulula i-equation ethile.


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