I-Copilot ngoku iyafumaneka kwaye iya kuba nolingo lweentsuku ezingama-60, emva koko iya kuxabisa i-10 yeedola ngenyanga

I-GitHub ibhengeze ukuba ilugqibile uvavanyo yeGitHub yomncedisi ohlakaniphileyo umqhubi wenqwelomoya, ukuba ungavelisa ulwakhiwo oluqhelekileyo njengoko ubhala ikhowudi. Inkqubo yaphuhliswa ngokubambisana neprojekthi ye-OpenAI kwaye isebenzisa iqonga lokufunda le-OpenAI Codex lomatshini, oqeqeshwe kwiintlobo ezininzi zekhowudi yomthombo obanjwe kwiindawo zokugcina ze-GitHub zikawonkewonke.

Ukuveliswa kwekhowudi ixhasa ucwangciso lweelwimi Python, JavaScript, TypeScript, Ruby, Go, C #, kunye neC++ usebenzisa izakhelo ezininzi. Iimodyuli ziyafumaneka ukudibanisa i-GitHub Copilot kunye ne-Neovim, i-JetBrains IDE, i-Visual Studio, kunye neKhowudi ye-Visual Studio.

Ukujonga kwi-telemetry eqokelelwe ngexesha lenkqubo yovavanyo, inkonzo ivumela ukuvelisa ikhowudi yomgangatho ophezulu ngokwaneleyo; umzekelo, abaphuhlisi bamkele i-26% yezindululo ezicetywayo kwi-GitHub Copilot njengoko injalo.

GitHub UCopilot uyahluka kwiinkqubo zekhowudi zokugqiba kwisakhono sokwenza iibhloko ezintsonkothileyo zekhowudi, ukuya kuthi ga kwimisebenzi elungele ukusetyenziswa edityanisiweyo kuthathelwa ingqalelo imeko yangoku.

GitHub Umbhexeshi uqhelanisa nendlela umphuhlisi abhala ngayo ikhowudi kwaye ithathela ingqalelo ii-APIs kunye nezicwangciso ezisetyenziswa kwinkqubo. Umzekelo, ukuba kukho umzekelo wesakhiwo se-JSON kwinkcazo, xa uqala ukubhala umsebenzi wokwahlula esi sakhiwo, i-GitHub Copilot iya kubonelela ngekhowudi esele ilungele ukusetyenziswa, kwaye ngokubhala ukubalwa kwesiqhelo kweenkcazo eziphindaphindiweyo, iya kwenza. zonke.

Kwiposti yebhlog, Umphathi weGitHub uThomas Dohmke uthe ukuba iGitHub Copilot yayiyilwe njengolwandiso kumhleli ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuba akukho nto ingena endleleni yento eyenziwa ngabaphuhlisi.

"I-GitHub Copilot ichitha ulwazi oludibeneyo lwabaphuhlisi kwihlabathi jikelele kwisandiso somhleli esicebisa ikhowudi ngexesha lokwenyani, ukukunceda uhlale ugxile kwizinto ezibaluleke kakhulu: ukwakha isoftware enkulu," ucacisile.

NgokukaDohmke, malunga ne-1,2 yezigidi zabaphuhlisi baye bazama iCopilot ngexesha lokujonga kwangaphambili. Kuyabonakala ukuba ikwaluncedo kakhulu, njengoko u-Dohmke ebanga ukuba ubhale ukuya kuthi ga kwi-40% yekhowudi yophuhlisi ebhalwe ngeelwimi ezidumileyo njengePython.

Njengokunyuka kwabaqulunqi kunye nomthombo ovulekileyo, sikholelwa ukuba ikhowudi encediswa yi-AI iya kutshintsha ngokusisiseko uhlobo lophuhliso lwesoftware, inike abaphuhlisi isixhobo esitsha sokubhala ikhowudi ngokulula nangokukhawuleza,” utshilo uDohmke.

Ukukwazi kuka-GitHub Copilot ukuvelisa iibhloko zekhowudi ezakhelwe ngaphambili kubangele impikiswano malunga nokwaphulwa okunokwenzeka kwelayisensi ye-copyleft. Xa usenza imodeli yokufunda yomatshini, iitekisi zokwenyani zomthombo osuka kwiiprojekthi ezivulekileyo zokugcina ezigcinwe kwi-GitHub zisetyenzisiwe.

Uninzi lwezi projekthi zibonelelwa phantsi kweelayisensi ze-copyleft, ezifana ne-GPL, efuna ukuba ikhowudi kwimisebenzi ephuma kuyo inikezelwe phantsi kwelayisensi ehambelanayo. Ukuba uCopilot uncamathisela ikhowudi esele ikhona, abaphuhlisi banokuthi bengaqondanga bophule ilayisenisi yeprojekthi apho ikhowudi ibibolekwe khona.

Akukacaci ukuba ngaba umsebenzi wenziwe ngenkqubo yokufunda ngomatshini inokuthathwa njengento ephuma kuyo. Imibuzo iphinda iphakame malunga nokuba imodeli yokufunda yomatshini i-copyright kwaye, ukuba kunjalo, ngubani ophethe la malungelo kunye nendlela ehambelana ngayo namalungelo kwikhowudi apho imodeli yakhiwe khona.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, iibhloko eziveliswayo ziyakwazi ukuphinda iindinyana zesicatshulwa kwiiprojekthi ezikhoyo, kodwa ngakolunye uhlangothi, inkqubo iphinda iphinde ifake ikhowudi yekhowudi kwaye ayikopi ikhowudi ngokwayo.

Ngokutsho kophononongo lweGitHub, kuphela i-1% yeengcebiso ezicetyiswe nguCopilot zibandakanya iziqwengana zekhowudi ezivela kwiiprojekthi ezikhoyo ngaphezu kwe-150 yamagama. Kwiimeko ezininzi, uphinda-phindo lwenzeka xa uMyili wenkundla engamiselanga ngokuchanekileyo umxholo okanye abonelele ngezisombululo eziqhelekileyo kwingxaki.

Ukunqanda ukubuyisela ikhowudi esele ikhona, isihluzo esikhethekileyo songeziwe kwi-Copilot engavumeli ukugqithelana ngeeprojekthi esele zikhona. Xa uqwalasela, umphuhlisi angavula okanye avale esi sihluzo ngokubona kwakhe. Phakathi kwezinye iingxaki, kuphawulwe ukuba kunokwenzeka ukuba ikhowudi edibeneyo inokuphinda iimpazamo kunye nobuthathaka obukhoyo kwikhowudi esetyenziselwa ukuqeqesha imodeli.

Okokugqibela, kufanelekile ukukhankanya ukuba inkonzo isimahla kubagcini beeprojekthi ezidumileyo zomthombo ovulekileyo kunye nabafundi. Ngelixa kwezinye iindidi zabasebenzisi, ukufikelela kwi-GitHub Copilot kuhlawulwa (i-$ 10 ngenyanga okanye i-$ 100 ngonyaka), kodwa ukufikelela kwesilingo samahhala kunikezelwa ngeentsuku ze-60.

Okokugqibela, ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, unokujonga kwiinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo.


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