XFCE: Yintoni na kwaye ifakwe njani kwi-DEBIAN 10 nakwi-MX-Linux 19?

XFCE: Yintoni na kwaye ifakwe njani kwi-DEBIAN 10 nakwi-MX-Linux 19?

XFCE: Yintoni na kwaye ifakwe njani kwi-DEBIAN 10 nakwi-MX-Linux 19?

Malunga nalo Imeko yeDesktop yeXFCE amaxesha ngamaxesha, sikwavakalisa izimvo kwiindaba zabo zamva nje (4.16, 4.14, 4.12, phakathi kwabanye), okanye kwezinye Umxholo ezibetha, okanye a usetyenziso olunomdla ngokuba utshilo Imeko-bume yeDesktop.

Kule posi siza kugxila ikakhulu Yintoni na? y Ufaka njani?. Ukugxininisa, ewe, okwangoku Ukusasazwa kwemeta ye-DEBIAN GNU / Linux, kutshanje inguqulelo, la inombolo ye10, igama lekhowudi I-Buster. Esikwangoku sisiseko se- ukuhanjiswa I-MX-Linux 19 (Idada elibi).

XFCE: Ufakelo

Ngokwasekuhlaleni:

"I-XFCE yindawo enobunzima be desktop kwiinkqubo ezinje nge-UNIX. Injongo yayo kukukhawuleza kwaye usebenzise izixhobo zenkqubo ezimbalwa, ngelixa uhlala unomdla kwaye kulula ukuyisebenzisa.". Uluntu lweXFCE (www.xfce.org)

Ukongeza, baqaqambisa ukuba:

"I-XFCE ibandakanya ifilosofi yendabuko ye-UNIX yemodyuli kunye nokusebenza kwakhona. Yenziwe ngothotho lwezicelo ezibonelela konke ukusebenza onokulindela kwimeko-bume yedesktop yale mihla. Zipakishwe ngokwahlukeneyo kwaye zinokukhethwa kwiiphakheji ezikhoyo ukwenza imeko efanelekileyo yokusebenza". Uluntu lweXFCE (www.xfce.org)

XFCE: Konke malunga neXFCE

Konke malunga neXFCE

Descripción

Phakathi kwezona zinto zibaluleke kakhulu ezinokuqaqanjiswa koku Imeko-bume yeDesktop Singachaza la manqaku alandelayo:

  • Iprojekthi kwi XFCE yaqalwa ngexesha nyaka 1996. Ukuba ngamasebe azinzileyo kamva akhutshwe kule minyaka ilandelayo: 1998 (XFCE 2), 1999 (XFCE3) kunye no-2003 (XFCE4).
  • Okwangoku yeyokugqibela Inguqu ezinzileyo yiyo XFCE 4.14 kunye Inguqulelo yophuhliso uguqulelo XFCE 4.16.
  • XFCE Ihlala ibonwa njengelona lifanelekileyo endaweni yakudala, kodwa ayisindi, ilula kwaye iyasebenza I-GNOME2, ithathelwe indawo yeyala maxesha kodwa inzima, inzima kwaye yomelele I-GNOME3.
  • Ifanele igama layo, XFCE, kuba ekuqaleni yayisekwe kwinto eyaziwayo I-XForms Indawo eqhelekileyo. Okwangoku, ii-inishiyali zayo azisahambelani nayo nantoni na, nangona inxulunyaniswa ngokufanelekileyo neli gama lesiNgesi lilandelayo: Indawo yeDesktop yasimahla yeCholesterol (i-X yasimahla ye-Cholesterol).
  • Yiyo Imeko-bume yeDesktop ukuba ngaphandle kweminyaka emininzi iguquka ngokuthe ngcembe ngokucothayo kakhulu, mhlawumbi ngenxa Iqela elincinci labadwelisi beenkqubo kunye nabasebenzisanayo uthelekise ne I-GNOME kunye ne KDE Plasma. Eyona nto ithelekisa nodumo lwayo olukhulayo kunye nokukhula komphakathi woluntu.
  • Gcina i imbonakalo esemgangathweni esisiseko ixesha elingaphezulu ukuze uhlale ulula ukuyisebenzisa kwaye uyenze kakuhle, iyakhawuleza kwaye kulula ukuyilungisa, kunye nokwenza ngokwezifiso kwaye ezintle.
  • Ngoku yakhelwe kwifayile ye- Izixhobo zeGTK3.

Izinto eziluncedo nezingalunganga

Inzuzo

  • Omnye irekhodi elomeleleyo zembali.
  • Unikeza a ibhalansi ebalaseleyo phakathi kwesantya, uzinzo noqwalaselo.
  • Isetyenziswa ngokubanzi njenge Indawo emiselweyo yeDesktop kwiiDistros ezininzi.
  • Kakhulu ngentando yakho kwaye ayisindi, ngakumbi kwinqanaba lePaneli kunye neDesktop ngocwangciso kunye neewijethi (ezimnandi).
  • Ukuhambelana ngokwendalo kunye nokusetyenziswa kweGNOME kuba bobabini basebenzisa GTK +. Nangona inokuqhuba kakuhle kakhulu Izicelo zePlasma ze KDE ukuba ifakwe ngendlela encinci kunye neelayibrari eziyimfuneko, kwiNkqubo yokuSebenza.

Iingxaki

  • Isicelo esilula sendalo kodwa ngezicelo ezilungileyo, nangona zihlala zingantsonkothanga (zihambile).
  • Iqela lomsebenzi omncinci kunye nenkxaso encinci yombutho, kodwa inoluntu olukhulu lwabasebenzisi ekukhuleni ngokupheleleyo.
  • Ayizixhasi izinto ezininzi Njengazo ezinye iimeko zeDesktop eziphakathi njengeCinnamon okanye iMATE, kodwa izinzile kakhulu kwaye ithozame kakhulu kusetyenziso lwezixhobo.

ukuba Funda nzulu Ungandwendwela iwebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni:

  1. Iwebhusayithi esemthethweni yeProjekthi yeXFCE

Ungayifumana phi ifayile yakho I-Wiki, amaXwebhu, iiProjekthi (izinto kunye nokusetyenziswa), jonga iindaba zayo kunye noluhlu lweenguqu, phakathi kwezinye izinto ezininzi. La makhonkco alandelayo ayafumaneka ukongeza ulwazi kwi XFCE:

  1. Imfihlo kaSimon
  2. UDEBIAN Wiki kwiXFCE
  3. IArch Wiki kwiXFCE

XFCE: Ufakelo

Ukufakwa

Kwimeko apho okwangoku kukho Ukuhanjiswa kweGNU / Linux DEBIAN 10 (Buster) okanye ezinye ezisekwe kuyo, njenge I-MX-Linux 19 (Idada elibi), Olona khetho lucetyiswayo kukuba:

Usebenzisa i-Tasksel command nge-Graphical User Interface (i-GUI)

  • Qalisa a Ikhonsoli okanye iTheminali kusuka kwi Imeko-bume yeDesktop
  • Qalisa ifayile ye- imiyalelo yokuyalela okulandelayo:
apt update
apt install tasksel
tasksel install xfce-desktop --new-install
  • Qhubeka kude kube sekupheleni Inkqubo ekhokelwa ngumSebenzi (Isikhethi somsebenzi).

Usebenzisa umyalelo weTasksel nge-Interline Line Interface (CLI)

  • Qalisa a Ikhonsoli okanye iTheminali usebenzisa i Ctrl + F1 amaqhosha kwaye uqale iseshoni yengcambu yomsebenzisi.
  • Qalisa ifayile ye- imiyalelo yokuyalela okulandelayo:
apt update
apt install tasksel
tasksel
  • Khetha i Imeko yeDesktop yeXFCE kunye nayo nayiphi na into eluncedo okanye iseti yeephakeji ezongezelelweyo.
  • Qhubeka kude kube sekupheleni Inkqubo ekhokelwayo de Umsebenzi (Isikhethi somsebenzi).

Ukufaka iipakethi ezincinci eziyimfuneko ngqo nge-CLI

  • Qalisa a Ikhonsoli okanye iTheminali kusuka kwi Imeko-bume yeDesktop okanye ukusebenzisa Ctrl + F1 amaqhosha kwaye uqale iseshoni ephezulu yomsebenzisi ingcambu.
  • Qalisa ifayile ye- imiyalelo yokuyalela okulandelayo:
apt update
apt install xfce4
  • Qhubeka kude kube sekupheleni inkqubo kukhokelwa ngu Isifakeli sePakethe yeApt.

Izenzo ezongezelelweyo okanye ezincedisayo

  • Yenza izenzo ze ukwenziwa nokulondolozwa kweNkqubo yokuSebenza kuqhuba ifayile ye- imiyalelo yokuyalela okulandelayo:
apt update; apt full-upgrade; apt install -f; dpkg --configure -a; apt-get autoremove; apt --fix-broken install; update-apt-xapian-index
localepurge; update-grub; update-grub2; aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove; apt --fix-broken install
  • Qalisa kwakhona kwaye ungene ngemvume ngokukhetha Imeko-bume yeDesktop XFCE, kwimeko yokuba nangaphezulu kwesinye Imeko-bume yeDesktop ifakiwe kwaye ayikhethanga i Umphathi wokungena kwi-Lightdm.

Qaphela: Emva kovavanyo Imeko yeDesktop yeXFCE ifakiwe, ungafaka ifayile ye ezongezelelweyo ii -apps zemveli kunye neeplagi eziyimfuneko efanayo, umzekelo, umzekelo:

apt install lightdm gtk3-engines-xfce xfce4-goodies xfce4-appmenu-plugin xfce4-calculator-plugin xfce4-eyes-plugin xfce4-hotcorner-plugin xfce4-indicator-plugin xfce4-mpc-plugin xfce4-sntray-plugin xfce4-statusnotifier-plugin xfce4-windowck-plugin xfce4-wmdock-plugin

Ngolwazi olongezelelekileyo ndwendwela iphepha elisemthethweni le- Debian y I-MX-Linux, okanye Incwadana yoMlawuli wase-DEBIAN kwi-intanethi kwinguqu yayo ezinzileyo.

Kwaye khumbula, le yi Isithuba sesithathu yothotho malunga Ubume beDesktop ye-GNU / Linux. Eyokuqala ibimalunga GNOME, owesibini malunga KDE Plasma, kwaye oku kulandelayo kuya kuba malunga ICinnamon, MATE, LXDE kwaye okokugqibela i-LXQT.

Umfanekiso oqhelekileyo wezigqibo zenqaku

Isiphelo

Siyathemba ukuba oku "Uncedo oluncinci" ngaye «Entorno de Escritorio» yaziwa ngegama lika «XFCE», leyo iphakathi kwezinto ezininzi ezikhoyo, ezigqibelele kakhulu kwezi zikhanyayo kunye neyesithathu ezithandwa kakhulu ngoku kwihlabathi le «Distribuciones GNU/Linux», Inomdla omkhulu kunye noluncedo, iyonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kunye negalelo elikhulu ekusasazekeni kwendalo emangalisayo, enkulu kunye nokukhulayo kwezicelo ze «GNU/Linux».

Ngolwazi oluthe kratya, sukuhlala ungathandabuzi ukutyelela nayiphi na Ilayibrari ekwi-Intanethi njengaye VulaLibra y IJedIT ukufunda Iincwadi (iiPDF) kwesi sihloko okanye abanye iinkalo zolwazi. Okwangoku, ukuba uyithandile le «publicación», Sukuyeka ukwabelana ngayo nabanye, kwi Iiwebhusayithi ozithandayo, amajelo, amaqela, okanye uluntu zonxibelelwano zentlalo, ngokukhethekileyo zisimahla kwaye zivulekile njenge IMododon, okanye ukhuselekile kwaye uyimfihlo ngathi yocingo.

Okanye tyelela nje iphepha lasekhaya apha UkusukaLinux okanye ujoyine iShaneli esemthethweni Umnxeba ovela kwiDesdeLinux ukufunda nokuvota oku okanye ezinye iimpapasho ezinomdla «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» kunye nezinye izihloko ezinxulumene «Informática y la Computación»kunye «Actualidad tecnológica».


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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