Dnsmasq lori CentOS 7.3 - Awọn nẹtiwọọki SME

Atọka gbogbogbo ti jara: Awọn nẹtiwọọki Kọmputa fun Awọn SME: Ifihan

Kaabo awọn ọrẹ !. A ya nkan yii si DNSmasq eto ti o rọrun pupọ ti o pese awọn iṣẹ DNS - DHCP lilo sọfitiwia kan ṣoṣo. Iwe ti o dara julọ ti o wa nipa sọfitiwia yii ni ọkan ti a fi sii pẹlu package funrararẹ ti o wa ni /usr/pin/doc/dnsmasq-2.66/, faili iṣeto-kikun ti awọn apẹẹrẹ- /ati be be/dnsmasq.conf, ati eyi ti a gba nipasẹ aṣẹ ọkunrin dnsmasq. O tun jẹ ilera pupọ lati ṣabẹwo si rẹ Osise Aaye.

[gbongbo @ dns ~] # ls -l /usr/share/doc/dnsmasq-2.66/
lapapọ 136 -rw-r - r--. 1 gbongbo root 18007 Apr 17 2013 COPYING -rw-r - r--. 1 root root 59811 Oṣu kọkanla 11 13:20 CHANGELOG -rw-r - r--. 1 gbongbo root 5164 17 Apr 2013 1 DBus-interface -rw-r - r--. 5009 root root 17 Apr 2013 1 doc.html -rw-r - r--. 25075 root root 17 Apr 2013 1 FAQ -rw-r - r--. 12019 root root 17 Apr 2013 XNUMX setup.html
  • Ilana ti a ṣalaye ninu ifiweranṣẹ tun wulo fun Debian 8 "Jessie". Faili iṣeto / / ati be be / dnsmasq jẹ kanna. Ni Jessie, boya o nilo lati fi sori ẹrọ package dnsmasq rẹ nikan ati nkan miiran. Mo kọ ọ nitori Mo ṣe akiyesi pe ko ṣe dandan lati ṣe nkan lọtọ fun Dnsmasq ni Debian. O da, awọn ilana ilana ti o ni ibatan si iwe ati iṣeto ni kanna. .

Dnsmaq jẹ ẹda ti Simon Kelley.

Kini Dnsmasq?

Software ọfẹ DNSmasq jẹ olupin kan DNS Olugbeja y DHCP fun awọn nẹtiwọọki kọnputa kekere. Apẹẹrẹ ti aṣa jẹ awọn nẹtiwọọki ti o wa tẹlẹ ninu awọn SME wa. O nilo awọn orisun ohun elo diẹ fun iṣẹ rẹ ati pe o le ṣee ṣiṣẹ lori awọn iru ẹrọ bii Linux, BSD, Android ati OS X. O wa ninu fere gbogbo awọn ibi ipamọ ti Lainos ati awọn pinpin BSD.

Olupin naa DHCP del DNSmasq o le ya awọn adirẹsi IP ni agbara ati iṣiro, fun awọn nẹtiwọọki lọpọlọpọ pẹlu awọn sakani oriṣiriṣi ti awọn adirẹsi IP. O ti ṣepọ pẹlu olupin naa DNS ati pe o gba awọn ẹrọ agbegbe ti o gba adiresi IP kan lati han bi aami-ni DNS pẹlu awọn igbasilẹ DNS ti o tọ wọn, mejeeji taara ati yiyipada.

Ọna abinibi ti ṣiṣẹ DNSmasq lati kaṣe awọn igbasilẹ DNS ti a gba nipasẹ awọn ibeere si wọn Awọn Ndari, dinku ẹrù lori iwọnyi ati imudarasi iṣẹ apapọ ti iyara idahun si awọn ibeere DNS oriṣiriṣi.

Atilẹyin fun awọn ajohunše igbalode gẹgẹbi IPv6 y DNSSEC, Bẹrẹ - bata lori nẹtiwọọki pẹlu atilẹyin fun awọn ilana AKUPO, TFTPati PXE.

Ninu agbaye Linux, Dnsmasq ni lilo ni ibigbogbo ninu awọn olupin fun Awọn ẹrọ laisi Disiki lile ati Awọn alabara Tinrin. Lori Microsoft® Windows, pẹlu sọfitiwia naa ARDENCE®, deede -to Dnsmasq- ti lo bi olupin DHCP ti a pe Tellurian.

Ninu ipo wo ni a le lo Dnsmasq?

Ti a ba sa ọkunrin dnsmasq Ni CentOS, a yoo gba oju-iwe fun itọnisọna naa ni ede Gẹẹsi. Ninu Faili naa dnsmasq.8.gz -ni Spanish- eyiti o fi sii pẹlu pinpin Debian 8 «Jessie», o farahan gangan atẹle:

OPIN

  • Awọn iye aiyipada fun awọn opin orisun orisun ni gbogbogbo Konsafetifu, ati pe o yẹ fun lilo lori awọn iru ẹrọ olulana. di pẹlu awọn onilọra lọra ati iranti kekere. Ni hardware diẹ sii  agbara, o ṣee ṣe lati mu awọn ifilelẹ lọ, ati atilẹyin ọpọlọpọ diẹ sii awon onibara. Awọn atẹle kan si dnsmasq-2.37: awọn ẹya ti tẹlẹ ko ṣe wọn gun bẹ daradara.
  • Dnsmasq lagbara lati ṣe atilẹyin DNS ati DHCP o kere ju ẹgbẹrun kan (1,000) awon onibara. Awọn akoko yiyalo ko yẹ ki o kuru ju (kere ju ọkan lọ aago). Iye ti -dns-forward-max le pọ si: bẹrẹ pẹlu deede ti nọmba awọn alabara ati mu alekun ti o ba ti awọn DNS. Akiyesi pe iṣẹ DNS tun da lori awọn olupin DNS igbesoke. Iwọn kaṣe DNS le pọ si: opin Ti beere fun ni awọn orukọ 10,000 ati pe aiyipada (150) jẹ gidigidi. Fifiranṣẹ SIGUSR1 si dnsmasq ṣe alaye bitacore ti o jẹ wulo fun iwọn kaṣe-yiyi itanran. Wo AKIYESI apakan fun awọn alaye.
  • Olupin TFTP ti a ṣe sinu rẹ lagbara lati ṣe atilẹyin awọn gbigbe lọpọlọpọ awọn faili nigbakanna: opin to ni ibatan si nọmba awọn kapa faili ti o gba laaye si ilana kan ati agbara ti sys‐tem ipe yan () lati ṣe atilẹyin awọn nọmba nla ti awọn kapa faili. Ti a ba ṣeto iye to ga julọ pẹlu –tftp-max o yoo jẹ ti iwọn ati pe opin gangan yoo di ni ibẹrẹ. Ṣe akiyesi pe awọn gbigbe diẹ sii ṣee ṣe nigbati a ba fi faili kanna ranṣẹ kini nigba igbasilẹ kọọkanferencia firanṣẹ faili miiran. O ṣee ṣe lati lo dnsmasq lati sẹ ipolowo wẹẹbu nipa lilo atokọ ti awọn olupin asia ti o mọ daradara, gbogbo ipinnu si 127.0.0.1 tabi 0.0.0.0 ni / ati be be lo / awọn ogun tabi ni faili awọn ọmọ-ogun afikun. Atokọ naa le jẹ gigun pupọ. Dnsmasq ti ni idanwo ni aṣeyọri pẹlu awọn orukọ miliọnu kan. Iwọn faili yẹn nilo Sipiyu 1GHz ati isunmọ60MB Ramu.

Emi ko kọ tabi ṣatunkọ awọn paragirafi ti o wa loke rara. Wọn ṣe afihan bi wọn ṣe wa ninu ọkunrin ni ede Spani lati dnsmasq 2.72 lati ibi ipamọ Debian 8.6. Lati ọdọ wọn ati lati iṣe ni lilo sọfitiwia yii, a le sọ pe o ṣọwọn - kii ṣe soro - lati wa oju iṣẹlẹ kan ninu awọn nẹtiwọọki SME wa ti o kọja iye ti 1000 ibara tabi awọn kọnputa ti a sopọ si LAN.

  • Dnsmasq lagbara lati ṣe atilẹyin DNS ati DHCP o kere ju ẹgbẹrun kan (1,000) awọn onibara.

Awọn akiyesi ala

O lu mi nigbagbogbo pe sọfitiwia ti o gba ẹbun Idawọlẹ ClearOS 5.2 SP1 yoo lo Dnsmasq - papọ pẹlu rẹ NTP- bi Server Infrastructure nipasẹ aiyipada, ati lati tẹsiwaju lilo rẹ bii iru -n o kere ju titi awọn ẹya 7.xxx- in tu silẹ o sanwo fun fifi sori Directory Iroyin® ti o da lori Samba 4. Buburu fun wa, Awọn ololufẹ Software ọfẹ, pe ile-iṣẹ naa ClearFoundationyoo dẹkun pese sọfitiwia ti didara yẹn ni awọn ẹya nigbamii ju 5.xxx ni idi ti o daju ti awọn anfani owo to dara julọ. Mo ro pe o jẹ alatako fun ile-iṣẹ funrararẹ.

Bi o tile je pe Emi àìpẹ Debian -ati pe Emi ko fẹ ṣe ete ti aṣayan ti ara ẹni mi rara rara- Mo nigbagbogbo ṣe inudidun si Ile-iṣẹ naa Red Hat®, Inc. ti awoṣe iṣowo ti ṣe ipo rẹ bi oludari ti ko ni ariyanjiyan ti Software ọfẹ. Ni afikun, o jẹ Onigbowo ti oniye alakomeji CentOS - sọfitiwia 100% ọfẹ - ti ẹrọ ṣiṣe irawọ rẹ Red Hat® Idawọlẹ Linux - RHEL. Fun nkan o sọ pe CentOS jẹ RHEL ti ko ni atilẹyin ????

  • Mo ti nṣiṣẹ kan Samba Clasic NT 4.0 Style Alakoso Adari Alakọbẹrẹ da lori awọn Idawọlẹ ClearOS 5.2 SP1 fun diẹ ẹ sii ju ọdun 4 ni nẹtiwọọki ti ile-iṣẹ kan pẹlu awọn alabara Windows XP, 7, 8, Windows Server 2003 ati olupin Windows 2012. Kini o wa lati ṣe ami awọn iye iforukọsilẹ tọkọtaya ti alabara Windows kọọkan ti ẹya ti o ga ju XP lọ? O jẹ otitọ. Kini o ṣiṣẹ ti o dara julọ? O tun jẹ otitọ. Wipe nọmba awọn ẹgbẹ ko de 100? Bakannaa o jẹ otitọ.

Ogbon ori

  • Botilẹjẹpe fun mi «Ori ti o wọpọ jẹ eyiti o wọpọ julọ ti awọn imọ-ara», gbe ara rẹ ni akọkọ ni Awọn iwulo Rẹ lẹhinna yan iwoye iṣẹ ọna ni ibamu si ohun ti O nilo lati ṣalaye ati yanju ni ibamu si Iwe-akọọlẹ tirẹ.
  • Maṣe lo misaili transcontinental lati pa efon kan. Maṣe ṣe idiju igbesi aye lainidi: bẹrẹ pẹlu ojutu ti o rọrun julọ. Ti o ko ba yanju pẹlu iyẹn, gbe aaye kan pọ sii, ati bẹbẹ lọ.

Jẹ ki a fi sori ẹrọ CentOS 7 ati Dnsmasq naa

Fun fifi sori ẹrọ eto ipilẹ a ni itọsọna nipasẹ nkan naa CentOS 7 Hypervisor Mo. ati ninu yiyan awọn idii a ṣe ami aṣayan nikan “Server Amayederun«. Awọn ipele gbogbogbo ti a yoo lo ni igbaradi ti nkan yii ni atẹle:

Ẹrọ foju FQDN orukọ: dns.fromlinux.fan
Adirẹsi IP: 10.10.10.5

CentOS 7 nfi aiyipada dnsmasq sii

Bẹẹni Eyin Olukawe, ni CentOS 7 package naa dnsmasq o ti fi sii lakoko fifi sori ẹrọ ti Server Amayederun ati Mo ro pe ju ni awọn aṣayan miiran bi daradara.

[root @ dns ~] # yum alaye dnsmasq
Awọn afikun ti a kojọpọ: fastestmirror, langpacks Awọn iyara digi Ikojọpọ lati ibi ipamọ olukọ ti a fi pamọ Awọn idii ti a fi sii Orukọ: dnsmasq Architecture: x86_64 Ẹya: 2.66 Tu silẹ: 21.el7 Iwọn: 464 k
Ibi ipamọ: ti fi sori ẹrọ
Lati ibi ipamọ: centos-base Lakotan: DHCP lightweight kan / caching olupin olupin DNS: http://www.thekelleys.org.uk/dnsmasq/ Iwe-aṣẹ: GPLv2 Apejuwe: Dnsmasq jẹ iwuwo fẹẹrẹ, rọrun lati tunto onitẹsiwaju DNS ati DHCP: olupin . A ṣe apẹrẹ lati pese DNS ati, ni yiyan, DHCP, si a: nẹtiwọọki kekere. O le sin awọn orukọ ti awọn ero agbegbe ti o jẹ: kii ṣe ni DNS agbaye. Olupin DHCP ṣepọ pẹlu DNS: olupin ati gba awọn ẹrọ laaye pẹlu awọn adirẹsi ti a pin si DHCP lati han: ninu DNS pẹlu awọn orukọ ti a tunto boya ninu olukọ kọọkan tabi ni: faili iṣeto aarin. Dnsmasq ṣe atilẹyin iduro ati agbara: awọn iyalo DHCP ati BOOTP fun fifọ nẹtiwọọki ti awọn ẹrọ alailowaya.

Ẹya ti awọn dnsmasq ti fi sori ẹrọ jẹ 2.66, o ni ibamu si ẹya ti CentOS:

[gbongbo @ dns ~] # cat / proc / version
Ẹya Linux 3.10.0-514.6.1.el7.x86_64 (builder@kbuilder.dev.centos.org) (ẹya gcc 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-11) (GCC)) # 1 SMP Wed Jan 18 13:06:36 UTC 2017

Jẹ ki a muu ṣiṣẹ ki o tunto dnsmasq naa

[root @ dns ~] # nano / ati be be / awọn ogun
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 :: 1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
10.10.10.5 dns.fromlinux.fan dns

[gbongbo @ dns ~] # orukọ olupin
dns
[gbongbo @ dns ~] # orukọ ogun -f
dns.fromlinux.fan


[root @ dns ~] # systemctl jeki dnsmasq
[root @ dns ~] # systemctl bẹrẹ dnsmasq
[gbongbo @ dns ~] # systemctl ipo dnsmasq
Ns dnsmasq.service - olupin caching DNS. Ti kojọpọ: ti kojọpọ (/usr/lib/systemd/system/dnsmasq.service; ti mu ṣiṣẹ; tito tẹlẹ ataja: alaabo) Ti nṣiṣe lọwọ: lọwọ (nṣiṣẹ) lati Sat 2017-02-18 11:47:19 EST; 4s sẹhin Main PID: 1179 (dnsmasq) CGroup: /system.slice/dnsmasq.service └─1179 / usr / sbin / dnsmasq -k Feb 18 11:47:19 dns systemd [1]: Bibẹrẹ olupin olupin caching .. Feb 18 11:47:19 dns systemd [1]: Bibẹrẹ olupin caching DNS .... Feb 18 11:47:19 dns dnsmasq [1179]: bẹrẹ, ti ikede 2.66 kaṣe 150 Feb 18 11:47:19 dns dnsmasq [1179 ]: ṣajọ awọn aṣayan akoko: IPv6 GNU-getopt DB ... th Feb 18 11:47:19 dns dnsmasq [1179]: kika /etc/resolv.conf Feb 18 11:47:19 dns dnsmasq [1179]: foju kọ orukọ olupin 127.0.0.1 - ti agbegbe ni ... ce Feb 18 11:47:19 dns dnsmasq [1179]: ka / ati be be / awọn ogun - Awọn adirẹsi 3 Atọka: Diẹ ninu awọn ila ni ellipsized, lo -l lati fihan ni kikun.

Maṣe gbagbe igbesẹ ti n tẹle:

[root @ dns ~] # mv /etc/dnsmasq.conf /etc/dnsmasq.conf.original

Awọn adirẹsi IP ti o wa titi

Pẹlu Dnsmasq, awọn adirẹsi ti awọn olupin tabi awọn kọnputa ti o nilo IP ti o wa titi -both IPv4 ati IPv6- ti ṣalaye ninu faili naa / Ati be be / ogun:

[root @ dns ~] # nano / ati be be / awọn ogun
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 :: 1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6 # Servers 10.10.10.1 sysadmin.desdelinux.fan sysadmin 10.10.10.3 ad-dc.desdelinux.fan ad-d 10.10.10.4 fileserver .desdelinux.fan fileerver 10.10.10.5 dns.desdelinux.fan dns 10.10.10.6 proxyweb.desdelinux.fan proxyweb 10.10.10.7 blog.desdelinux.fan bulọọgi 10.10.10.8 ftpserver.desdelinux.fan ftpserver 10.10.10.9 mail.desdelinux.fan mail

Jẹ ki a ṣẹda faili /etc/dnsmasq.conf

[root @ dns ~] # nano /etc/dnsmasq.conf
# --------------------------------------------------------- ------------------ # Awọn aṣayan GENERAL # ---------------------------- -------------------------------------- agbegbe-nilo # Maṣe ṣe awọn orukọ laisi apakan ìkápá naa bogus-priv # Maṣe ṣe awọn adirẹsi ni aaye ti ko gbooro faagun-awọn ogun # Ṣafikun ibugbe ni adaṣe lati gbalejo wiwo = eth0 # Ọlọpọọrún Ṣọra ti Ọlọpọọmídíà # ayafi-wiwo = eth1 # MAA ṢE tẹtisi fun aṣẹ-aṣẹ NIC ti o muna yii # Bere fun ninu eyiti o ṣe ayẹwo faili /etc/resolv.conf # Pẹlu ọpọlọpọ awọn aṣayan iṣeto diẹ sii # nipasẹ faili kan tabi nipa wiwa iṣeto # awọn faili afikun ni itọsọna # conf-file = / etc / dnsmasq.more.conf conf-dir = / etc / dnsmasq.d # Ti o ni ibatan si Orukọ Orukọ Aṣẹ = desdelinux.fan # Orukọ ìkápá # Olupin Aago jẹ 10.10.10.1. Adirẹsi 10.10.10.1 = / time.windows.com / 7 # Rán aṣayan ofo kan ti iye WPAD. Beere fun # Windos 252 ati awọn alabara nigbamii lati huwa daradara. ;-) dhcp-option = 10.10.0.7, "\ n" # Faili nibi ti a yoo sọ awọn HOSTS ti yoo "gbesele" addn-host = / etc / banner_add_hosts # ----------------- —————————————————— # REGISTROSCNAMEMXTXT # ---------------------------------------------------- -------------------- # Iru iforukọsilẹ yii nilo titẹsi # ninu faili / ati be be / awọn ọmọ ogun # fun apẹẹrẹ: 10 blog.desdelinux.fan bulọọgi # cname = ALIAS, REAL_NAME cname = www.desdelinux.fan, blog.desdelinux.fan # MX RECORDS # Pada igbasilẹ MX kan pẹlu orukọ "desdelinux.fan" pẹlu opin # si ẹgbẹ mail.desdelinux.fan ati pataki ti 10 mx- host = desdelinux.fan, mail.desdelinux.fan, 1 # Ibi-aiyipada aiyipada fun awọn igbasilẹ MX ti o ṣẹda # nipa lilo aṣayan agbegbe yoo jẹ: mx-target = mail.desdelinux.fan # Pada igbasilẹ MX kan ti o tọka si mx- fojusi fun GBOGBO # awọn ero agbegbe localmx # Awọn igbasilẹ TXT. A tun le sọ igbasilẹ SPF kan txt-record = desdelinux.fan, "v = spf4 a -all" txt-record = desdelinux.fan, "DesdeLinux, Blog rẹ ti yasọtọ si Software ọfẹ" # --------- —————————————————— -------- # ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Do Tomita RẸ NIPA - - ------------------------------------------------------ ibiti IPv1 ati akoko yiyalo # 29 si 10.10.10.30,10.10.10.250,8 wa fun Awọn olupin ati awọn aini miiran dhcp-range = XNUMXh

dhcp-lease-max = 222 # Nọmba ti o pọju awọn adirẹsi lati yalo
                        # nipasẹ aiyipada jẹ 150
# IPV6 Range # dhcp-range = 1234 ::, ra-only # Awọn aṣayan fun RANGE # OPTIONS dhcp-option = 1,255.255.255.0 # NETMASK dhcp-option = 3,10.10.10.253 # ROUTER GATEWAY aṣayan dhcp = 6,10.10.10.5 .15 # Awọn olupin DNS dhcp-aṣayan = 19,1, lati linux.fan # DNS Orukọ orukọ dhcp-aṣayan = 28,10.10.10.255 # aṣayan ip-firanšẹ ON dhcp-aṣayan = 42,10.10.10.1 # BROADCAST dhcp-option = 40. 41,10.10.10.5 # NTP # dhcp-option = 4, DCH # NIS Orukọ Orukọ # dhcp-aṣayan = 44,10.10.10.5 # NIS Server # EXTERNAL SAMBA45,10.10.10.5 WINS SERVER # # dhcp-option = 4 # WINS # dhcp-option = 46,8 # Awọn data data NetBIOS # SAMBA ITA S73,10.10.10.3BA WINS SERVER # # dhcp-option = XNUMX # NetBIOS Node # dhcp-option = XNUMX # Server Server dhcp-aṣẹ # DHCP Alaṣẹ ninu ẹrọ-iṣẹ # - —————————————————— ---------------- # --------------------------------- ------------------------------------------ LOGGINGAL / var / log / messages # ------- ————————————————— ---------- log-yoowu ti

# OPIN ti faili /etc/dnsmasq.conf
# --------------------------------------------------------- --------------------

Jẹ ki a ṣayẹwo sintasi ki o tun bẹrẹ iṣẹ naa

[gbongbo @ dns ~] # dnsmasq - idanwo
dnsmasq: sintasi ṣayẹwo O dara.
[root @ dns ~] # systemctl tun bẹrẹ dnsmasq
[gbongbo @ dns ~] # systemctl ipo dnsmasq
Ns dnsmasq.service - olupin caching DNS. Ti kojọpọ: ti kojọpọ (/usr/lib/systemd/system/dnsmasq.service; ti mu ṣiṣẹ; tito tẹlẹ ataja: alaabo) Ti n ṣiṣẹ: nṣiṣe lọwọ (nṣiṣẹ) lati ọjọ Sat 2017-02-18 12:48:05 EST; 5s sẹhin Main PID: 1288 (dnsmasq) CGroup: /system.slice/dnsmasq.service └─1288 / usr / sbin / dnsmasq -k Feb 18 12:48:05 dns systemd [1]: Bibẹrẹ olupin caching DNS .. Feb 18 12:48:05 dns systemd [1]: Bibẹrẹ olupin caching DNS .... Feb 18 12:48:05 dns dnsmasq [1288]: bẹrẹ, ti ikede 2.66 kaṣe 150 Feb 18 12:48:05 dns dnsmasq [1288 ]: ṣajọ awọn aṣayan akoko: IPv6 GNU-getopt DB ... th Feb 18 12:48:05 dns dnsmasq-dhcp [1288]: DHCP, IP range 10.10.10.30 - 10.10 .... h Feb 18 12:48 : 05 dns dnsmasq [1288]: kika /etc/resolv.conf Feb 18 12:48:05 dns dnsmasq [1288]: foju kọ orukọ olupin 127.0.0.1 - agbegbe ni ... ce Feb 18 12:48:05 dns dnsmasq [ 1288]: ka / ati be be lo / awọn ogun - awọn adirẹsi 11
Feb 18 12:48:05 dns dnsmasq [1288]: kuna lati kojọpọ awọn orukọ lati /etc/banner_ad...ry
Akiyesi: Diẹ ninu awọn ila ni ellipsized, lo -l lati fihan ni kikun.

Akiyesi pe ninu iṣaaju iṣaaju naa systemctl ipo dnsmasq pada aṣiṣe naa pada:

Feb 18 12:48:05 dns dnsmasq [1288]: kuna lati kojọpọ awọn orukọ lati /etc/banner_ad...ry

kerora pe o ko le ri faili naa / ati be be lo / banner_add_hosts.

[root @ dns ~] # ifọwọkan / ati be be lo / banner_add_hosts
[root @ dns ~] # systemctl tun bẹrẹ dnsmasq.service 
[root @ dns ~] # systemctl tun bẹrẹ dnsmasq.service 
[gbongbo @ dns ~] # systemctl ipo dnsmasq.service 
Ns dnsmasq.service - olupin caching DNS. Ti kojọpọ: ti kojọpọ (/usr/lib/systemd/system/dnsmasq.service; mu ṣiṣẹ; tito tẹlẹ ataja: alaabo) Ti n ṣiṣẹ: nṣiṣe lọwọ (nṣiṣẹ) lati ọjọ Sat 2017-02-18 12:54:26 WA; 7s sẹhin Main PID: 1394 (dnsmasq) CGroup: /system.slice/dnsmasq.service └─1394 / usr / sbin / dnsmasq -k Feb 18 12:54:26 dns systemd [1]: Bibẹrẹ olupin caching DNS .. Feb 18 12:54:26 dns systemd [1]: Bibẹrẹ olupin caching DNS .... Feb 18 12:54:26 dns dnsmasq [1394]: bẹrẹ, ti ikede 2.66 kaṣe 150 Feb 18 12:54:26 dns dnsmasq [1394 ]: ṣajọ awọn aṣayan akoko: IPv6 GNU-getopt DB ... th Feb 18 12:54:26 dns dnsmasq-dhcp [1394]: DHCP, IP range 10.10.10.30 - 10.10 .... h Feb 18 12:54 : 26 dns dnsmasq [1394]: kika /etc/resolv.conf Feb 18 12:54:26 dns dnsmasq [1394]: foju kọ orukọ olupin 127.0.0.1 - agbegbe ni ... ce Feb 18 12:54:26 dns dnsmasq [ 1394]: ka / ati be be / awọn ogun - Awọn adirẹsi 11 Feb 18 12:54:26 dns dnsmasq [1394]: ka / ati be be / banner_add_hosts - Awọn adirẹsi 0 Atọka: Diẹ ninu awọn ila ni ellipsized, lo -l lati fihan ni kikun.

Ati pe a ti ni awọn iṣẹ DNS ati DHCP ti n ṣiṣẹ.

Pataki

  • Ti a ba yipada faili /etc/dnsmasq.conf, a gbọdọ tun bẹrẹ iṣẹ naa fun awọn ayipada lati ni ipa.
  • Ti a ba yipada faili / ati be be lo / awọn ogun lati yọkuro, yipada tabi ṣafikun IP ti o wa pẹlu orukọ alejo ti o baamu, a gbọdọ tun bẹrẹ iṣẹ naa fun awọn ayipada lati ni ipa..
  • systemctl gbee dnsmasq.service ko le ṣee lo pẹlu iṣẹ yii.

A ṣii awọn ibudo pataki ni Ogiriina

Ninu nkan nipasẹ ọrẹ mi ati alabaṣiṣẹpọ mi Luigys Toro -aka alangba- "Bii o ṣe ṣii awọn ibudo ni Centos 7 Firewall»Ilana ti a gbọdọ tẹle lati ṣii awọn ibudo ni Firewall ti CentOS fi sori ẹrọ nipasẹ aiyipada ti ṣalaye dara julọ. Emi ko tun mọ bi a ṣe le lo awọn ofin o tọ Selinux si iṣẹ dnsmasq ni CentOS. Ti ẹnikẹni ba mọ ọ, jọwọ tàn wa.

Awọn faili / ati be be lo / awọn ilana y / ati be be lo / awọn iṣẹ Wọn jẹ itọsọna ti o dara pupọ lati mọ iru awọn ibudo ti a nilo lati ṣii fun awọn iṣẹ DNS ati DHCP ti a pese nipasẹ Dnsmasq lati ṣiṣẹ daradara.

[root @ dns ~] # ogiriina-cmd - awọn agbegbe ti nṣiṣe lọwọ
àkọsílẹ atọkun: eth0

Iṣẹ domain o Server Name Server (dns). Ilana ra «IP pẹlu Ìsekóòdù»

[gbongbo @ dns ~] # ogiriina-cmd --zone = ita gbangba --add-ibudo = 53 / tcp - deede
aseyori

[root @ dns ~] # ogiriina-cmd --zone = gbangba --add-ibudo = 53 / udp -
aseyori

Iṣẹ awọn bata bata o Olupin BOOTP (dhcp). Ilana ippc «Ayelujara Pluribus Packet Core»

[gbongbo @ dns ~] # ogiriina-cmd --zone = ita gbangba --add-ibudo = 67 / tcp - deede
aseyori

[root @ dns ~] # ogiriina-cmd --zone = gbangba --add-ibudo = 67 / udp -
aseyori

[root @ dns ~] # ogiriina-cmd - ṣe igbasilẹ
aseyori

[root @ dns ~] # ogiriina-cmd - atokọ-gbogbo
Àkọsílẹ (ti nṣiṣe lọwọ) afojusun: aiyipada icmp-Àkọsílẹ-inversion: ko si awọn atọkun: awọn orisun eth0: awọn iṣẹ: dhcpv6-client ssh awọn ibudo: 53 / udp 67 / tcp 53 / tcp 67 / udp protocols: masquerade: ko si awọn ebute oko oju omi siwaju: awọn orisun omiran: icmp-bulọọki: awọn ofin ọlọrọ:

Pataki

  • Ti a ba n pese awọn iṣẹ yiyalo adirẹsi IPv6, a tun gbọdọ ṣii awọn ibudo dhcpv6-server 547 / tcp ati dhcpv6-server 547 / udp.

Awọn ayẹwo

Jẹ ki a ṣayẹwo nipasẹ ọpọlọpọ awọn ibeere DNS bi o ṣe jẹ pe tuntun tuntun ti a fi sori ẹrọ Dnsmasq n ṣiṣẹ. Fun eyi a yan ẹgbẹ ti o mọ daradara sysadmin.fromlinux.fan, ati lati kọnputa yẹn, eyiti o ni asopọ si LAN, a yoo ṣe awọn ibeere pupọ, ṣugbọn kii ṣe ṣaaju ṣayẹwo pe faili ti tunto daradara. /etc/resolv.conf:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ologbo /etc/resolv.conf 
# Ti ipilẹṣẹ nipasẹ wiwa NetworkManager lati linux.fan olupin orukọ 10.10.10.5

Awọn eto faili /etc/resolv.conf o tọ. Jẹ ki a bẹrẹ awọn ijumọsọrọ

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun dns
dns.desdelinux.fan ni adirẹsi 10.10.10.5 Ogun dns.desdelinux.fan ko rii: 5 (RẸ TI) dns.desdelinux.fan meeli ti wa ni ọwọ nipasẹ 1 mail.desdelinux.fan.

Pẹlu iṣeto ti a dabaa, a le sọ iṣujade ti aṣẹ silẹ ogun laisi awọn aṣayan nigbati o ba de Dnsmasq, nigbati o ba n pada awọn ila bii atẹle:

Ko gbalejo dns.desdelinux.fan: 5 (Ti kọ)

Ti a ko ba fẹ iru iṣejade naa, a gbọdọ lo pipaṣẹ naa ogun pẹlu awọn aṣayan -t A, -t CNAME, -t NS, -t SOA, -t SIG, -t AXFR. Wo eniyan gbalejo fun alaye diẹ sii:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t Lati dns.fromlinux.fan
dns.fromlinux.fan ni adirẹsi 10.10.10.5

[gbongbo @ dns ~] # ogun -t Lati dns
dns.fromlinux.fan ni adirẹsi 10.10.10.5

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ dig dns

aruwo @ sysadmin: ~ $ gbalejo 10.10.10.5
5.10.10.10.in-addr.arpa orukọ ìkápá ijuboluwole dns.fromlinux.fan.

Dnsmasq ko ṣe ipinnu fun eto Titunto si - Ẹrú

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t AXFR lati linux.fan
Igbiyanju "desdelinux.fan" Alejo desdelinux.fan ko rii: 5 (KỌ); Gbigbe kuna.

O tun ko ni ipinnu lati pada si awọn igbasilẹ NS ati SOA

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t NS lati linux.fan
Ogun lati linux.fan ko rii: 5 (TI KỌ)

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t SOA lati linux.fan
Ogun lati linux.fan ko rii: 5 (TI KỌ)

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ma wà IN SOA lati linux.fan
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ma wà IN NS lati linux.fan

Ti o ba ṣe atilẹyin fun MX, CNAME, ati awọn igbasilẹ TXT

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t Lati www
www.desdelinux.fan jẹ inagijẹ fun bulọọgi.desdelinux.fan. blog.desdelinux.fan ni adirẹsi 10.10.10.7
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t MX lati linux.fan
desdelinux.fan meeli ti wa ni abojuto nipasẹ meeli meeli 10.desdelinux.fan.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t CNAME www
www.desdelinux.fan jẹ inagijẹ fun bulọọgi.desdelinux.fan.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t Si bulọọgi.fromlinux.fan
blog.desdelinux.fan ni adirẹsi 10.10.10.7

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t TXT lati linux.fan
ọrọ asọye desdelinux.fan "LatiLinux, Blog rẹ ti ṣe igbẹhin si Sọfitiwia ọfẹ" ọrọ asọye desdelinux.fan "v = spf1 a -all"

Awọn ibeere igbasilẹ PTR

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ gbalejo -t PTR 10.10.10.7
7.10.10.10.in-addr.arpa orukọ ìkápá ijuboluwole blog.desdelinux.fan.

aruwo @ sysadmin: ~ $ gbalejo 10.10.10.7
7.10.10.10.in-addr.arpa orukọ ìkápá ijuboluwole blog.desdelinux.fan.

Microsoft® Windows ibara

Ni ilera pupọ ni lati ṣiṣe lori console olupin kan dns.fromlinux.fan pipaṣẹ iwe iroyin -f Ṣaaju ki o to tan ẹrọ kan eyiti o nṣiṣẹ ẹrọ ṣiṣe Microsoft operating Windows kan, lati wo iye nla ti awọn ibeere DNS ti o ṣe si awọn aaye oriṣiriṣi. O jẹ igbadun pupọ. 😉

Ti a ba fẹ ṣe idiwọ awọn ibeere ti o ni ibatan si diẹ ninu awọn aaye wọnyi lati irin-ajo si awọn olupin Roots - Awọn olupin Gbongbo tabi si ọna Awọn Ndari pe a sọ ni faili naa /etc/resolv.conf, a le lo faili daradara / ati be be lo / banner_add_host, kikun rẹ pẹlu ọpọlọpọ awọn aaye ti a nilo lati kede. Apẹẹrẹ:

[root @ dns ~] # nano / ati be be lo / banner_add_hosts
127.0.0.1 windowsupdate.com 127.0.0.1 ctldl.windowsupdate.com 127.0.0.1 ocsp.verisign.com 127.0.0.1 csc3-2010-crl.verisign.com 127.0.0.1 www.msftncsi.com 127.0.0.1 ipv6.msftncsi.com 127.0.0.1 teredo.ipv6.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1 ds.download.windowsupdate.com 127.0.0.1 download.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1 fe2.update.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1 crl.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1 www .download.windowsupdate.com 127.0.0.1 win8.ipv6.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1 spynet.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1 spynet1.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1 spynet2.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1 spynet3.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1. 4 spynet127.0.0.1.microsoft.com 5 spynet127.0.0.1.microsoft.com 15 office127.0.0.1client.microsoft.com 127.0.0.1 addons.mozilla.org XNUMX crl.verisign.com

[gbongbo @ dns ~] # dnsmasq - idanwo
dnsmasq: sintasi ṣayẹwo O dara.

[root @ dns ~] # systemctl tun bẹrẹ dnsmasq.service 
[gbongbo @ dns ~] # systemctl ipo dnsmasq.service

[root @ dns ~] # ogun -t Lati spynet4.microsoft.com
spynet4.microsoft.com ni adirẹsi 127.0.0.1

[gbongbo @ dns ~] # ogun -t Lati www.download.windowsupdate.com
www.download.windowsupdate.com ni adirẹsi 127.0.0.1
  • Ọna kika ti faili / ati be be / banner_add_hosts jẹ kanna bii faili / ati be be / awọn ogun. Ranti pe atokọ ti awọn ibugbe si “gbesele” le jẹ to bi a ba nilo, ni ibamu si ohun ti a sọ ni apakan naa OPIN ti nkan yii.

Lati ṣayẹwo lati ọdọ alabara meje.fromlinux.fan eyiti o fun ni adiresi IP naa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ogun -t A meje
meje.desdelinux.fan ni adirẹsi 10.10.10.115

a ṣiṣẹ aṣẹ ni alabara Windows funrararẹ cmd:

Microsoft Windows [Ẹya 6.1.7601]
Aṣẹ-lori-ara (c) Microsoft Corporation. Gbogbo awọn Ẹtọ wa ni ipamọ.

C: \ Awọn olumulo \ buzz> nslookup
Olupin aiyipada: dns.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.5> dns Server: dns.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.5 Orukọ: dns.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.5> olupin olupin ftps: dns.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.5 Orukọ: ftpserver.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.8> www Server: dns.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.5 Orukọ: blog.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.7 Awọn aliases: www.desdelinux.fan> meeli Olupin: dns.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.5 Orukọ: mail.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.9> sysadmin Server: dns.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.5 Orukọ: sysadmin.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.1 > www.download.windowsupdate.com Server: dns.desdelinux.fan Adirẹsi: 10.10.10.5 Orukọ: www.download.windowsupdate.com Adirẹsi: 127.0.0.1> olodun C: \ Awọn olumulo \ buzz>

Akopọ

Nitorinaa a ti rii awọn ẹya akọkọ diẹ ti Dnsmasq. Mo daba Ka ati ṣe iwadi awọn faili ti a mẹnuba ninu paragirafi akọkọ ti nkan yii, ti o ba fẹ lati mọ diẹ sii nipa eto iyalẹnu yii-ati iyalẹnu-. Nipasẹ lilo rẹ a le dẹrọ pupọ si awọn igbesi aye wa.

Ni ayika 2014 Mo ka nkan naa «Bawo ni Lati: Samba4 AD PDC + Windows XP, Vista ati 7«. Ẹlẹda ti nkan ṣe ikede laisi blushing: «Mo korira dipọ, nitorina o jẹ dnsmasq si igbala naa»(Sic) eyiti diẹ sii tabi kere si tumọ si«Mo korira DARA, nitorinaa Dnsmasq wa si igbala«. Fun igbasilẹ naa, gbolohun yẹn ko sọ nipasẹ mi.

Ni nkọja lọ, Emi yoo sọ asọye pe ninu nkan yẹn Onkọwe ko ṣalaye orisun ti diẹ ninu awọn igbasilẹ DNS ati ni awọn ọrọ gbogbogbo kii ṣe itọsọna to dara lati ṣe adaṣe Active Directory® da lori Samba 4. Ti o ba jẹ pe ẹmi ifẹ mi lù mi. Dnsmasq.

Emi ko korira DINR at rara. Awọn nkan mẹrin -4 mi ti tẹlẹ ṣe afihan rẹ:

Bi Mo ti kọ ni awọn ayeye iṣaaju, o fẹrẹẹ rara Mo ṣeduro, ṣugbọn mo daba. Ninu ọran ti Dnsmasq bẹẹni Mo ṣeduro lilo rẹ ni Awọn nẹtiwọọki SME.

Next ifijiṣẹ

Eto atẹle -mo ro pe mo ro- Emi yoo ya si mimọ si iṣọpọ Dnsmasq pẹlu Itọsọna Iroyin Microsoft® kan. Yoo jẹ aaye titẹsi to dara fun nkan kan -pupọ- nigbamii ti yoo ṣe pẹlu bii o ṣe ṣe AD-DC pẹlu Samba 4 ati Dnsmasq.


Awọn akoonu ti nkan naa faramọ awọn ilana wa ti awọn ilana olootu. Lati jabo aṣiṣe kan tẹ nibi.

Awọn asọye 12, fi tirẹ silẹ

Fi ọrọ rẹ silẹ

Adirẹsi imeeli rẹ yoo ko le ṣe atejade. O beere aaye ti wa ni samisi pẹlu *

*

*

  1. Lodidi fun data naa: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Idi ti data naa: SPAM Iṣakoso, iṣakoso ọrọ asọye.
  3. Ofin: Iyọọda rẹ
  4. Ibaraẹnisọrọ data: Awọn data kii yoo ni ifọrọhan si awọn ẹgbẹ kẹta ayafi nipasẹ ọranyan ofin.
  5. Ibi ipamọ data: Alaye data ti o gbalejo nipasẹ Awọn nẹtiwọọki Occentus (EU)
  6. Awọn ẹtọ: Ni eyikeyi akoko o le ni opin, gba pada ki o paarẹ alaye rẹ.

  1.   John Hernandez wi

    E kaaro egan !!! Mo jẹrisi ohun gbogbo ti o sọ ati ni otitọ pe iṣẹ ti nẹtiwọọki yẹn titi di oni ko funni ni idi lati kerora. Emi kii ṣe sysadmin ti nẹtiwọọki yẹn mọ, nitori o mọ awọn iṣoro ti Mo ni ... ṣugbọn lakoko ti Mo wa ni abojuto nẹtiwọọki yẹn ati titi di isinsin ti mo ba pẹlu ẹni ti o wa niwaju rẹ sọrọ, ko si idi lati kerora. Awọn iriri mi ti o dara julọ pẹlu ClearOS ati DNSmasq.

  2.   Frederick wi

    Ọrẹ Joan, O ṣeun fun iranlọwọ rẹ ni ṣiṣe atunṣe ohun ti Mo kọ nipa ile-iṣẹ pẹlu ClearOS.

  3.   agbere wi

    Ohun ti Mo fẹran pupọ julọ nipa dnsmasq ni bi o ṣe le wapọ, ni faili kan ṣoṣo ti o tunto DNS ati DHCP. Nipa iṣe Emi ko ni awọn ẹdun ọkan, ni akoko diẹ sẹyin Mo pa olupin 2003R2 kan ti n ṣiṣẹ bi DC, ọpọlọpọ awọn alabara Linux lati awọn agbegbe ti o jinna ni “pikọ” ati pe nitori ko ni ọna lati ṣe atunṣe awọn ayanfẹ DNS wọn, ohun ti Mo ṣe ni lati gbe Jessie soke pẹlu IP yẹn ati dnsmasq kaṣe DNS tuntun naa, gbogbo rẹ dara.
    Nkan ti o dara pupọ Fico, n ṣakiyesi mi.

    1.    Frederick wi

      Kini o ro nipa opin Konsafetifu ti sisẹ si awọn kọnputa 1000? Mo ni seese lati ṣayẹwo ijẹrisi data pẹlu ọrẹ kan ti o ṣe ifiṣootọ si fifunni awọn iṣẹ ti oju opo wẹẹbu kan ti “igbekun” nipasẹ WiFi, ati pe laipẹ fun iṣẹ naa-pẹlu BIND + Isc-dhcp- si diẹ sii ju awọn mobiles 1000 ni ile-iṣere Karl Marx. O bẹwẹ mi lati jẹ ki o jẹ olupin pẹlu agbara orisun agbara ti o kere julọ, fun iṣẹ yẹn.

      1.    agbere wi

        O gbọdọ jẹ ko o pe awọn iwọn ti a pe ni “awọn aala” ni wọnwọn ni ọdun diẹ sẹhin ati pẹlu hardware daradara ni isalẹ boṣewa lọwọlọwọ, mejeeji dnsmasq ati awọn alabara ti dagbasoke pupọ, Mo ni igboya pe o yoo koju ẹrù ti iwọnyi awọn olumulo. Ṣe igbasilẹ nigbagbogbo ati dènà awọn ibeere ẹgbẹrun ati ọkan ti Android ṣe igbiyanju si foonu si ile, hehe. ṣakiyesi

  4.   Frederick wi

    Emi yoo gba imọran rẹ ni pataki, dhunter. mo dupe lekan si

  5.   IWO wi

    Gẹgẹbi o ti di wọpọ ninu jara ti awọn SME, ifiweranṣẹ yii lori “DNSMASQ” jẹ nkan nla miiran ti onkọwe fun wa si awọn sysadmins lati ṣe idagbasoke ara wa ni imọ-ẹrọ ati imọ-ọrọ.
    Ninu ọran ti ara mi, Mo mọye ti dnsmasq nitori Mo ti ṣaju DNS (Bind) ati DHCP gege bi awọn iṣẹ ominira meji. Fun mi o jẹ Nla! ohun dnsmasq lati gba laaye lati tunto mejeeji ni iṣẹ kan (nipasẹ faili /etc/dnsmasq.conf).
    Nla! iyẹn lagbara lati ṣe atilẹyin o kere ju awọn alabara 1,000 pẹlu DNS ati DHCP laisi ni ipa iṣẹ rẹ.
    Bakannaa o dara julọ ni TIP lori bi a ṣe le yago fun awọn ibeere ti o ni ibatan si Awọn olupin Gbongbo tabi Awọn Ifiranṣẹ nipa lilo faili / ati be be / banner_add_host nibi ti a fi sii awọn aaye "N" ti a nilo lati sọ bi ẹni pe wọn jẹ "localhosts".
    Lakotan ati bi o ti jẹ wọpọ ni onkọwe pẹlu apakan rẹ “apakan diẹdiẹ”, o ngbero bayi lati fi tiodaralopolopo miiran ranṣẹ “isopọpọ Dnsmasq pẹlu Ilana Itọsọna Microsoft® kan”.
    O dara, a ti n reti siwaju rẹ.

  6.   Zodiac wi

    Mo nšišẹ ati pe ko le tẹle awọn nkan rẹ. Mo ti padanu diẹ ninu. Kikọwe kọọkan tirẹ jẹ iyalẹnu didùn ti o ni awọn ẹkọ titun ninu. Jeki o, ọrẹ Fico

  7.   ilorun 88 wi

    Dnsmasq, Mo jẹri iṣẹ rẹ lojoojumọ, o dara julọ. Nigbagbogbo Mo sọ fun ọ ati tẹnumọ lori isopọmọ ti bind9 ati olupin isc-dhcp (ojutu ti Mo fẹran pupọ, nitori igbiyanju ni ọpọlọpọ igba Mo kọ ati ri ati gba ohun kekere ti Mo mọ nipa dns ati dhcp, VIIII, Mo le rii kini Microsoft ko jẹ ki o kiyesi, ohun ti wọn ko fẹ ki o kọ ẹkọ ki o pa ọ mọ ninu yara okunkun ati titiipa, wọn jẹ awọn iṣẹ ti o sọrọ gaan bi ẹni pe wọn jẹ ohun ibanilẹru ati pe wọn jẹ eniyan rere, o le ba wọn ṣe pẹlu otitọ), ati pe o ṣeun Lati eyi o fi agbara mu lati mu ararẹ dara si paapaa, ni otitọ a ti rii gbogbo awọn abajade ti igbiyanju yii ati pe a dupẹ lọwọ rẹ fun didara awọn ifiweranṣẹ rẹ.
    Eyi kan ni pato jẹ Super, Emi ko gba kirẹditi lati iyoku, NIPA KO SI, KO SI RO LATI RẸ; ṣugbọn nitori rẹ ni mo ṣe pade dnsmasq ọrẹ mi ati nẹtiwọọki ti Ibugbe mi ngbe diẹ sii ju idunnu lati pade alabaṣiṣẹpọ tuntun wa ti a ṣẹda nipasẹ Simon Kelley. Mo dupẹ lọwọ rẹ paapaa.

  8.   Frederick wi

    IWO: Iwọ kii yoo duro pẹ fun ifiweranṣẹ ti n bọ. Emi ko ti pari sibẹ nitori Mo nšišẹ pupọ pẹlu iṣẹ ojoojumọ mi. Akoko naa ... Ṣugbọn dajudaju iwọ yoo ni fun ọsẹ to nbo.

  9.   Frederick wi

    Crespo88: Emi ko le ṣafikun ohunkohun miiran si asọye pipe rẹ. Ati pe Mo ti kuru si akoko nitori ni 7 irọlẹ Mo ti lọ kuro ni lilọ kiri 😉
    E dupe!.

  10.   caesareli wi

    Kaabo, FICO. Gan ti o dara article.
    Emi yoo fẹ lati mọ bi a ṣe le ṣe imuse dnsmasq lori baremetal (HP Proliant gen 8) gbigba awọn ẹrọ foju KVM.
    Ṣe o yẹ ki o ṣe iṣeto dnsmasq lori agbalejo tabi ni ọkan ninu VM ti n ṣiṣẹ bi olupin dnsmasq?
    Mo wa ninu idotin.
    Ẹ kí