Itọsọna Fifi sori ifiweranṣẹ DEBIAN 8/9 - 2016 - Apakan III

Ni akọkọ apa ti awọn Itọsọna Fifi sori ifiweranṣẹ DEBIAN 8/9 - 2016 - I  a ri awọn iṣeduro ni ipele faili (NetworkManager.conf, awọn atọkun, resolv.conf ati awọn orisun.list) ati lori bi a ṣe le ṣe awọn ipele oriṣiriṣi ti itọju ati mimuṣeṣe Ẹrọ Ṣiṣẹ. Ni awọn keji apa ti awọn Itọsọna Fifi sori ifiweranṣẹ DEBIAN 8/9 - 2016 -II a ri awọn iṣeduro ni ipele ti awọn idii ti a ṣe tito lẹšẹšẹ nipasẹ awọn agbegbe (Ipopọ ati Apoti, Awọn agbegbe Ojú-iṣẹ ati Iṣakoso Ẹrọ).  Ninu apakan kẹta ati ikẹhin a yoo sọrọ nipa awọn iṣeduro ni ipele ti awọn apo-iwe tito lẹšẹšẹ nipasẹ awọn agbegbe bii: Audio, Fidio, Ọfiisi, Awakọ, Awọn afikun ati ibaraenisepo Windows. Gbogbo lati le je ki wa OS (Distribution) GNU Linux DEBIAN ninu ẹya rẹ 8 Jessie (Ibùso) tabi 9 Na (Idanwo), tabi ọkan da lori rẹ.

GNU / LainosIṣeduro: Nigbati mo ba n ṣe awọn igbesẹ wọnyi, Mo farabalẹ wo awọn ifiranṣẹ itunu naa, ati ṣọra paapaa lati gba awọn ti o tọka awọn idii yoo yọkuro ...".

Akiyesi 1: O ti wa ni niyanju ka awọn ẹya 2 akọkọ ti itọsọna naa, ki o ṣe wọn tẹlẹ ni igbesẹ nipasẹ igbesẹ ṣaaju ṣiṣe pipaṣẹ kẹta ati ikẹhin. Eyi lati le ṣe idiwọ ati dinku awọn rogbodiyan package ti o ṣeeṣe. Ranti wọn jẹ awọn iṣeduro nikan.

Akiyesi 2: Ni igba akọkọ ti lo eyi Itọsọna Fifi sori ifiweranṣẹ o ti wa ni niyanju fi package kọọkan sii lati inu atokọ yii lẹkọọkan ki o ṣayẹwo iṣẹ-ṣiṣe ti ọkọọkan wọn gbigbe orukọ si inu apoti wa (wiwa) ti awọn Oju-iwe osise Awọn idii DEBIAN. de tẹle awọn iṣeduro wọnyis iwọ yoo bajẹ di a Alabọde tabi Onitẹsiwaju Olumulo pẹlu aṣẹ nla ti apoti ati awọn idii laasigbotitusita.

Search apoti

Awọn ohun elo ati awọn awakọ AUDIO

aptitude install alsa-base alsa-firmware-loaders alsa-oss alsa-tools alsa-utils alsamixergui volumeicon-alsa paman paprefs pavumeter pulseaudio pulseaudio-module-x11 pulseaudio-utils pulseview pulseaudio-esound-compat ffmpeg2theora ffmpegthumbnailer liboss4-salsa2 sound-icons gstreamer-tools gstreamer0.10-plugins-base gstreamer0.10-plugins-good gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-alsa gstreamer0.10-pulseaudio gstreamer1.0-clutter gstreamer1.0-plugins-base gstreamer1.0-nice gstreamer1.0-plugins-good gstreamer1.0-plugins-bad gstreamer1.0-plugins-ugly gstreamer1.0-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer1.0-alsa gstreamer1.0-pulseaudio gstreamer1.0-libav gstreamer1.0-vaapi libav-tools

 

Ti o ba jẹ mimọ DEBIAN 8, ṣiṣe:

aptitude install libmatroska6 gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3

 

Ti o ba jẹ mimọ DEBIAN 9, ṣiṣe:

aptitude install libmatroska6v5 gstreamer1.0-fluendo-mp3

 

Atejade ATI awakọ awakọ ATI ohun elo

aptitude install system-config-printer-udev cups-driver-gutenprint cups-filters cups-pdf cups-ppdc foomatic-db-compressed-ppds foomatic-db-engine foomatic-db-gutenprint ghostscript-x ghostscript-cups gutenprint-locales openprinting-ppds hannah-foo2zjs hpijs-ppds hplip hplip-gui printer-driver-foo2zjs printer-driver-hpcups printer-driver-hpijs printer-driver-all libsane-dev libsane-extras libsane-extras-dev sane sane-utils colord flex gocr-tk libpng3 libpng12-dev libtiff-tools libtiff-opengl libpaper-utils splix unpaper xsltproc zlibc

 

ỌBỌ IBI

aptitude install fonts-arabeyes fonts-freefarsi fonts-lyx fonts-sil-gentium fonts-stix fonts-droid fonts-cantarell fonts-liberation ttf-dejavu fonts-oflb-asana-math fonts-mathjax xfonts-intl-arabic xfonts-intl-asian xfonts-intl-chinese xfonts-intl-chinese-big xfonts-intl-european xfonts-intl-japanese xfonts-intl-japanese-big ttf-dejavu ttf-liberation ttf-marvosym ttf-opensymbol ttf-summersby myspell-es ooo-thumbnailer
aptitude install libreoffice libreoffice-base libreoffice-base-drivers libreoffice-gnome libreoffice-avmedia-backend-gstreamer libreoffice-avmedia-backend-vlc libreoffice-help-es libreoffice-gtk libreoffice-l10n-es libreoffice-style-galaxy libreoffice-style-sifr libreoffice-style-oxygen libreoffice-java-common libreoffice-ogltrans libreoffice-pdfimport libreoffice-report-builder-bin

 

Ti o ba jẹ mimọ DEBIAN 8, ṣiṣe:

aptitude install libreoffice-gtk3

 

ỌFỌ NIPA

aptitude install dia inkscape freemind scribus scribus-template synfigstudio blender librecad umbrello

 

Awọn apo-iwe FUN INTERPERABILITY PẸLU WINDOWS (NETWORKS AND HARDWARE)

aptitude install cifs-utils fusesmb libpam-smbpass libsmbclient python-smbc smbclient samba-common smbnetfs samba-common-bin disk-manager dosfstools icoutils mtools ntfs-3g ntfs-config

 

Ti o ba jẹ mimọ DEBIAN 8, ṣiṣe:

aptitude install gvfs-fuse

 

Awọn apo-iwe FUN INTERPERABILITY PẸLU WINDOWS (SOFTWARE)

aptitude install playonlinux cabextract mscompress ttf-mscorefonts-installer

 

NI Pinpin TI 32 bit

aptitude install wine winetricks

 

NI Pinpin TI 64 bit

AKIYESI: MO MO RI IWE RI OJU-WIFI OJU 32 NIPA Pinpin 64-bit.

dpkg --add-architecture i386
aptitude update
aptitude install wine winetricks
dpkg --remove-architecture i386
aptitude update

 

AWỌN ỌRỌ TI JAVA

aptitude install default-jdk icedtea-netx icedtea-plugin openjdk-7-jdk openjdk-7-jre icedtea-7-plugin

 

ADOBE ASIRI ASE

aptitude install flashplugin-nonfree

 

Awọn ohun elo ati awọn olutọsọna EETNET - WIRELESS

Akọsilẹ: Fi ọkan ti o rii pe o yẹ fun Ọna asopọ Alailowaya rẹ sori ẹrọ nikan

aptitude install atmel-firmware
aptitude install firmware-atheros
aptitude install firmware-b43-installer firmware-b43legacy-installer
aptitude install firmware-bnx2 firmware-bnx2x firmware-brcm80211
aptitude install firmware-intelwimax firmware-iwlwifi
aptitude install firmware-libertas libertas-firmware
aptitude install firmware-myricom
aptitude install firmware-netxen
aptitude install firmware-qlogic
aptitude install firmware-ralink firmware-realtek
aptitude install zd1211-firmware
aptitude install mobile-broadband-provider-info modemmanager usb-modeswitch usb-modeswitch-data wvdial ppp pppconfig gnome-ppp kppp
aptitude install gkrellmwireless linux-wlan-ng-firmware wifi-radar wireless-tools wpagui wpasupplicant

 

FI Kaadi Awọn fidio NVIDIA sori ẹrọ:

aptitude install linux-headers-`uname -r` xorg-server-source
aptitude install nvidia-kernel-common nvidia-kernel-dkms nvidia-xconfig nvidia-settings nvidia-detect nvidia-smi nvidia-support

 

Lẹhinna ṣiṣe:

nvidia-xconfig

 

FI Kaadi fidio ATI

aptitude install fglrx-driver fglrx-control

 

Fi Kaadi fidio INTEL sori

aptitude install intel-gpu-tools i965-va-driver libva-intel-vaapi-driver

Lẹhin fifi sori ẹrọ awọn idii fidio ohun-ini, tun bẹrẹ Eto Isẹ ki o ṣe idanwo abajade naa.

Akọsilẹ: Ti nigba ti o ba nfi awọn idii fidio ti ara ẹni sii, Ayika Ayika ko bẹrẹ, o le yanju iṣoro naa nipa piparẹ akoonu ti faili naa /etc/X11/xorg.conf ati atunbere.

 

Fi awọn ohun elo silẹ ati awọn awakọ fidio, NIPA Awọn iṣoro TABI AWỌN NIPA:

Akọsilẹ: Maṣe fi eyikeyi ninu awọn idii wọnyi sii ti o ko ba ni awọn iṣoro fidio tẹlẹ. Ati ni akọkọ ṣayẹwo kini package kọọkan wa fun ati pe ti o ba le wulo gaan lati fi sii ninu Ẹrọ Ṣiṣẹ rẹ, ati fi sii lẹkọọkan, tun bẹrẹ ati ṣayẹwo ipa rẹ, nitori eyikeyi ninu wọn le ṣe Eto Fidio ati / tabi gbogbo Eto naa Ṣiṣẹ Gbogbogbo. Ti fifi awọn idii fidio ọfẹ ko bẹrẹ Ayika Ayika, o le yanju iṣoro naa nipa piparẹ akoonu ti faili naa /etc/X11/xorg.conf ati atunbere.

aptitude install xserver-xorg-video-all
aptitude install libva-egl1
aptitude install libva-glx1
aptitude install libva-tpi1
aptitude install libva-x11-1
aptitude install libva1
aptitude install libgles1-mesa
aptitude install libgles2-mesa
aptitude install libglw1-mesa
aptitude install libgl1-mesa-glx
aptitude install libgl1-mesa-dri
aptitude install libglapi-mesa
aptitude install libglu1-mesa
aptitude install libegl1-mesa
aptitude install libegl1-mesa-drivers
aptitude install mesa-utils
aptitude install mesa-utils-extra
aptitude install mesa-vdpau-drivers
aptitude install xwayland
aptitude install libva-wayland1
aptitude install libwayland-egl1-mesa
aptitude install ibus-wayland

 

Igbesẹ 5: ṢỌMỌ NIPA IKẸ

Ṣiṣe:

update-grub; update-grub2; localepurge; aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; aptitude remove; aptitude purge
rm -f /var/log/*.old /var/log/*.gz /var/log/messages* /var/log/syslog* /var/log/daemon* /var/log/kern*

 

Igbesẹ 6: Reboot THE eto ATI Iriri awọn ayipada
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Mo nireti eyi ṣọra ati yiyan yiyan ti awọn idii ti a ṣe iṣeduro ba awọn aini wọn jẹ ki o gba wọn laaye ni DEBIAN 8/9 Ẹrọ Isẹ Elo siwaju sii pari, idurosinsin ati iṣapeye.


Awọn akoonu ti nkan naa faramọ awọn ilana wa ti awọn ilana olootu. Lati jabo aṣiṣe kan tẹ nibi.

Awọn asọye 11, fi tirẹ silẹ

Fi ọrọ rẹ silẹ

Adirẹsi imeeli rẹ yoo ko le ṣe atejade. O beere aaye ti wa ni samisi pẹlu *

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  1. Lodidi fun data naa: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Idi ti data naa: SPAM Iṣakoso, iṣakoso ọrọ asọye.
  3. Ofin: Iyọọda rẹ
  4. Ibaraẹnisọrọ data: Awọn data kii yoo ni ifọrọhan si awọn ẹgbẹ kẹta ayafi nipasẹ ọranyan ofin.
  5. Ibi ipamọ data: Alaye data ti o gbalejo nipasẹ Awọn nẹtiwọọki Occentus (EU)
  6. Awọn ẹtọ: Ni eyikeyi akoko o le ni opin, gba pada ki o paarẹ alaye rẹ.

  1.   aworan wi

    Ti o ba fẹ lati ni agbegbe ti n ṣiṣẹ ni kikun, kii yoo dara lati lo iṣẹ-ṣiṣe kan, pẹlu aṣẹ awọn iṣẹ ṣiṣe. Fun awọn olumulo tuntun eyi yoo jẹ rọọrun.
    Ati pe ti a ba fẹ filasi ati awọn eto miiran ti kii ṣe ọfẹ, ṣaaju ṣiṣe awọn iṣẹ ṣiṣe, a kan ni lati ṣafikun ilowosi ati awọn ibi ipamọ ti kii ṣe ọfẹ ati pe iyẹn ni.
    Mo ro pe o ti ṣe iṣẹ nla kan, ṣugbọn awọn eniyan ti o bẹrẹ ni lilọ lati ni idamu diẹ ati ronu pe Debian ati GNU Linux ni apapọ jẹ idiju.
    O kan jẹ aba, lẹẹkansii Mo ki yin lori awọn nkan.

  2.   Dayane Qu wi

    Mo ro pe ero akọkọ jẹ aimọgbọnwa. Eyi dara julọ fun olumulo tuntun ju awọn aṣẹ ẹda-lẹẹ lati Taringa! lati ni eto ti mura silẹ. Iṣẹ ibatan mẹta fifi sori ẹrọ Debian jẹ diẹ sii ju iṣeduro lọ fun awọn tuntun, nitori o ṣafihan ọpọlọpọ awọn idii, ki iwọ, bi tuntun si agbaye ẹlẹwa ti GNU / Linux, loye pe ọkọọkan fesi si awọn aini awọn olumulo. O jẹ nipa GNu pẹlu Linux, nipa ominira ati ẹda.
    Nipa itọsọna naa, Mo tun tako ọ ni iṣeduro ohun-ini fun famuwia ati awakọ, ṣugbọn ti ko ba si aṣayan, lẹhinna ojutu yoo jẹ: MAA ṢE lo eyi ti o ni ẹtọ naa.
    Saludos!

  3.   Jose Albert wi

    Dayane Qu Mo gba pupọ pẹlu rẹ! Ṣiṣe Ṣiṣe-ṣiṣe ati nini Ẹrọ Iṣe ṣe ohun gbogbo fun ọ laisi mọ ohun ti o ṣe jẹ nkan pupọ pupọ Iran ti awọn olumulo Windows ati Software Aladani. Ninu GNU / Linux ero naa ni pe Mo ṣe bi Windows niwọn igba ti Mo mọ ohun ti o ṣe ati pe o le ṣe ẹda, mu dara ati ṣayẹwo pẹlu ọwọ, ni igbesẹ nipasẹ igbesẹ. Ko si awọn apoti pipade fun afọju, aditi ati odi!

    1.    aworan wi

      Ti o ba fihan olumulo tuntun ti o ni agbara pe wọn ni lati ṣe itọsọna fifi sori ifiweranṣẹ gbogbo lati ni eto iṣẹ, Mo ni idaniloju fun ọ pe wọn yoo pari alebu ni ọpọlọpọ awọn ọran lati agbaye ominira ati ẹda ti GNU Linux.
      Iyẹn ni ọna ti Mo fun si ero mi.

      Lati fun apẹẹrẹ: wo iṣẹ-ṣiṣe Linux Foundation ti wọn nkọ lori edx.org, ọna wọn rọrun pupọ fun awọn olumulo tuntun; Nisisiyi fun nini ero oriṣiriṣi Emi ko sọ fun ọ pe iwọ jẹ aṣiwere bi Dayane Qu sọ.
      Ni apa keji, ni Windows ko si nkankan ti o jọra si iṣẹ ṣiṣe, tabi ayafi fun imọran ti o dara julọ Emi yoo fẹ ki o fihan mi nkankan bii iyẹn ni Windows.

      Ni apa keji, nigba ṣiṣe fifi sori ẹrọ aiyipada ti Debian nikan pẹlu awọn ibi ipamọ ti ẹka akọkọ (akọkọ) eto naa n ṣiṣẹ ni kikun, ṣetan lati lo; Ayafi hardware pẹlu atilẹyin kekere tabi kekere.

      Nigbati o ba sọrọ nipa iran ti olumulo Windows kan ati sọfitiwia ohun-ini, o kọlu awọn olumulo ti o lo Windows, eyiti Emi ko gbeja wọn boya, wọn lo nitori boya wọn ko mọ ominira ati awọn anfani imọ-ẹrọ ti GNU Linux ati sọfitiwia ọfẹ, Sibẹsibẹ, ninu itọsọna rẹ o fun awọn itọnisọna lati fi sori ẹrọ sọfitiwia ti ara ẹni lati Nvidia, ADM, java ati awọn omiiran.Ti o ba fẹ lati dijo fun ominira ti sọfitiwia ọfẹ iwọ ko gbọdọ fi awọn idii wọnyi sinu itọsọna rẹ, maṣe ro bẹ. Ni bayi Mo ni kọǹpútà alágbèéká mi pẹlu kaadi Nvidia ti o nṣiṣẹ pẹlu awakọ Nouveau ti o wa ni aiyipada nigbati o ba ṣe fifi sori Debian kan ati pe o ṣiṣẹ daradara.

      Pẹlupẹlu Emi ko kọlu iṣẹ rẹ, Mo ro pe o jẹ nla pe awọn ohun elo wa bii eyi, Mo kan fun ọ ni imọran mi ti ohun ti o le dara julọ fun awọn tuntun tuntun.
      Ikini ati lẹẹkansi ikini fun itọsọna rẹ, sọfitiwia ọfẹ yẹ ki o ṣọkan wa diẹ sii.

      Dun sakasaka!

  4.   tr wi

    AKỌKỌ NIPA… MO DUPỌ… ATI IKANI…

  5.   Juan Ignacio wi

    E dupe. Mo tẹle gbogbo awọn igbesẹ, bi olumulo ti ko mọ, ati pe ko si ọna fun awọn awakọ fidio lati ṣiṣẹ ni deede, bẹni ọna ọfẹ ọfẹ tabi awọn nvidia. Pẹlu nvidia ko bẹrẹ ayika ayaworan taara, ati pẹlu ọna tuntun iboju yoo di ati da ohun gbogbo duro (Emi ko le ṣe ohunkohun boya ctrl + alt + del tabi ctrl + alt + F1). Mo pada si Manjaro olufẹ, ẹniti Mo ti kọ silẹ nitori awọn iṣoro tun pẹlu grub (ni bata meji pẹlu w10).

  6.   c3ph3u5qwerty wi

    O dara osan, fi sori ẹrọ debian 9 lori kọǹpútà alágbèéká HP Omen 15 ax201ns, ohun kan ti o fa wahala mi ni pe bọtini ifọwọkan ko tẹ lẹẹmeji nigbati mo ba ṣe lati inu panẹli (kii ṣe lori awọn bọtini) Emi ko mọ boya Mo sọ ara mi daradara, ikini

  7.   Jose Albert wi

    O han ni o jẹ iṣoro awakọ kan (awakọ) akọkọ gbiyanju fifi sori ẹrọ:

    HARDWARE MANAGEMENT OPTIMIZATION PACKAGES:

    root @ kọmputa: / ilana / subdirectory # apt fi sori ẹrọ acpi acpitool acpi-support fancontrol firmware-Linux hardinfo hwdata hwinfo irqbalance iucode-tool laptop-ṣawari lm-sensosi lshw lsscsi smart-notifier smartmontools sysinfo xsensors

    gbongbo @ ẹrọ: / itọsọna / subdirectory # apt fi Intel-microcode sii

    Nikan fun Awọn isise INTEL

    root @ ogun: / ilana / subdirectory # apt fi amd64-microcode sii

    Nikan fun Awọn isise AMD

    Lẹhinna ṣe awọn pipaṣẹ aṣẹ:

    root @ ogun: / ilana / subdirectory # sensosi-ri

    Ati tẹ Tẹ ni gbogbo awọn aṣayan.

    Lẹhinna ṣe pipaṣẹ aṣẹ:

    root @ ogun: / ilana / subdirectory # chmod u + s / usr / sbin / hddtemp

    Idanwo bi Olumulo aṣẹ hddtemp:

    root @ ogun: / ilana / ilana itọsọna # hddtemp / dev / sda

    Lẹhin gbogbo eyi tun bẹrẹ, lati rii boya a mọ ifọwọkan ifọwọkan pẹlu awọn awakọ-linux firmware ati microcode tiwọn.

    Ohunkohun ka eyi: https://proyectotictac.wordpress.com/guia-universal-para-gnulinux-debian/

  8.   Awọn igberiko wi

    Nko le ṣe ikini fun onkọwe iṣẹ yii.

    Mo ti fi sori ẹrọ Debian 9 kde ati tẹle itọsọna yii lati igbesẹ ibẹrẹ nipasẹ igbesẹ ati Debian ṣiṣẹ nla fun mi. Botilẹjẹpe Mo ni lati sọ pe Emi ko fi ohun gbogbo sii ti o ni imọran nibi. Fun apẹẹrẹ awọn awakọ eya aworan Nvidia ti fi sii nipasẹ Synaptic. Diẹ ninu awọn eto bii VirtualBox tabi Waini ko ni anfani mi rara nitorina nitorina ni mo ṣe kọju si wọn ati pe ko ṣafikun awọn ibi ipamọ boya.
    Mo ti fi awọn eto diẹ sii nipa lilo awọn idii gdebi, bii Etcher, (ọjọ ti Mo mura silẹ Emi kii yoo lo sọfitiwia ti ara ẹni, ṣugbọn loni Emi ko ni yiyan) ṣugbọn ni gbogbogbo, ni iwoye mi, itọsọna yii jẹ iṣẹ kan ti akọkọ fun newbie ti o dara bi mi.
    Ọpọlọpọ ọpẹ si onkọwe rẹ fun akoko ati iṣẹ rẹ.

  9.   Juan Pablo Florez wi

    O ṣeun pupọ ọrẹ, Mo nireti pe o le ṣe itọnisọna fun debian 10 ti o wa ni ifilole yii, Mo yọ fun ọ fun ikẹkọ ti o dara julọ

    1.    Linux Fi sori ẹrọ wi

      Dajudaju laipẹ!