Sakasaka ati Pentesting: Baamu GNU / Linux Distro rẹ si aaye IT yii

Sakasaka ati Pentesting: Baamu GNU / Linux Distro rẹ si aaye IT yii

Sakasaka ati Pentesting: Baamu GNU / Linux Distro rẹ si aaye IT yii

Biotilejepe awọn sakasaka ni ko dandan a aaye kọmputa, awọn pentesting ti o ba wa patapata. Oun sakasaka tabi jije a HackerDipo, o jẹ ọrọ gbogbogbo, eyiti o jẹ igbagbogbo ni asopọ pẹlu ọna ironu ati ọna igbesi aye kan. Botilẹjẹpe, ni awọn akoko ode oni nibiti ohun gbogbo ni nkan ṣe pẹlu IT ašẹ, o jẹ ọgbọn lati ronu pe a Hacker O jẹ kọmputa iwé nipa iseda tabi nipasẹ awọn ẹkọ ọjọgbọn.

Nigbati, ọrọ naa pentesting tabi jẹ a Pentester, ti o ba jẹ nkan ti o han kedere ni nkan ṣe pẹlu IT ašẹ, fun imọ, aṣẹ-aṣẹ ati lilo pataki ti pataki ati awọn ohun elo kọnputa ti ilọsiwaju, ni akọkọ ti o ni ibamu si koko-ọrọ aabo cybersecurity ati alaye oniye-ọrọ.

Sakasaka ati Pentesting: Ifihan

Ṣaaju ki o to wọle ni kikun sinu koko-ọrọ, a ṣeduro kika 7 awọn atẹjade ti o ni ibatan tẹlẹ, 4 pẹlu awọn ilosiwaju ti GNU / Linux ni awọn agbegbe IT miiran ati 3 lori akọle lọwọlọwọ, eyini ni, koko-ọrọ naa Sakasaka / olosa, lati ṣe iranlowo kika atẹle ati ṣe idiwọ lati tobi ju.

Awọn atẹjade atẹle ti o ni ibatan si ilosiwaju ti GNU / Linux Wọn jẹ:

Nkan ti o jọmọ:
Yipada GNU / Linux rẹ sinu Distro ti o yẹ fun Idagbasoke Sọfitiwia
Nkan ti o jọmọ:
Yipada GNU / Linux rẹ sinu didara Multimedia Distro kan
Nkan ti o jọmọ:
Yipada GNU / Linux rẹ sinu didara Distro Gamer
Nkan ti o jọmọ:
Iyipada GNU / Lainos rẹ sinu Ẹrọ Ṣiṣẹ ti o yẹ fun Iwakusa Digital

Ati awọn atẹjade atẹle ti o ni ibatan si Sakasaka / sakani sakani Wọn jẹ:

Nkan ti o jọmọ:
Di ogbontarigi gige ati Cybersecurity
Nkan ti o jọmọ:
Kini 'agbonaeburuwole' tumọ si gaan
Nkan ti o jọmọ:
Top gige gige 11 ati Awọn ohun elo Aabo fun Lainos

Sakasaka ati Pentesting: Akoonu

Sakasaka ati Pentesting: Aaye IT ti o nifẹ si

A yoo ṣalaye oro naa ni isalẹ Sakasaka / agbonaeburuwole ati oro na Pentesting / Pentester lati lẹhinna ni ilosiwaju pẹlu awọn imọran ati awọn iṣeduro pataki lati dahun ibeere ti: Bii o ṣe le ṣe atunṣe GNU / Linux Distros wa si aaye IT ti gige sakasaka ati Pentesting?

Sakasaka ati Hacker

Sọrọ lati oju iwoye kọnputa kan, itẹwọgba itẹwọgba ati itumọ gbogbogbo ti sakasaka Es:

"Wiwa titilai fun imọ ni ohun gbogbo ti o ni ibatan si awọn eto kọmputa, awọn ilana aabo wọn, awọn ailagbara wọn, bii o ṣe le lo awọn ailagbara wọnyi ati awọn ilana lati daabobo ara wọn lọwọ awọn ti o mọ bi wọn ṣe le ṣe". Sakasaka, fifọ ati awọn itumọ miiran

Nitori naa, a Hacker O jẹ eniyan ti o:

"Ni idaniloju lati lo laiseaniani ati jẹ gaba lori awọn ICT, lati ni iraye daradara ati doko si awọn orisun ti imọ ati awọn ilana iṣakoso to wa tẹlẹ (awujọ, iṣelu, eto-ọrọ, aṣa ati imọ-ẹrọ) lati ṣe awọn ayipada to ṣe pataki fun anfani gbogbo eniyan". Ẹka Agbonaeburuwole: Igbesi aye ati sọfitiwia ọfẹ

Pentesting ati Pentester

Nibayi o pentesting le ṣe akopọ ni kedere bi:

"Iṣe tabi iṣẹ ti kọlu eto kọmputa kan lati ṣe idanimọ awọn ikuna ti o wa, awọn ailagbara ati awọn aṣiṣe aabo miiran, lati yago fun awọn ikọlu ita. Ni afikun, Pentesting jẹ ọna gige sakasaka gaan, iṣe yii nikan ni ofin lapapọ, nitori o ni ifohunsi ti awọn oniwun ohun-elo lati danwo, ni afikun si nini ero lati fa ibajẹ gidi". Kini pentesting ati bawo ni a ṣe le rii ati ṣe idiwọ awọn cyberattacks?

Nitorinaa, a Pentester le ṣalaye bi eniyan naa:

"Tani iṣẹ rẹ ni lati tẹle ọpọlọpọ awọn ilana kan tabi awọn igbesẹ ti o ṣe iṣeduro idanwo to dara ati nitorinaa ni anfani lati ṣe gbogbo awọn ibeere ti o le ṣee ṣe nipa awọn ikuna tabi awọn ailagbara ninu eto naa. Nitorinaa, igbagbogbo ni a pe ni Oniṣiro Cybersecurity". Kini Pentesting?

Bii o ṣe le ṣe atunṣe GNU / Linux Distros wa si aaye IT ti gige sakasaka ati Pentesting?

GNU / Linux Distros fun gige sakasaka ati Pentesting

Dajudaju ọpọlọpọ wa lọwọlọwọ GNU / Linux Distros Pataki igbẹhin si IT ašẹ del sakasaka ati awọn pentesting, gẹgẹ bi awọn:

  1. Kali: Da lori Debian -> https://www.kali.org/
  2. parrot: Da lori Debian -> https://www.parrotlinux.org/
  3. Apo -iwọle: Da lori Ubuntu -> https://www.backbox.org/
  4. Kaini: Da lori Ubuntu -> https://www.caine-live.net/
  5. Ànjọ̀nú: Da lori Debian -> https://www.demonlinux.com/
  6. Bugtraq: Da lori Ubuntu, Debian ati OpenSUSE -> http://www.bugtraq-apps.com/
  7. ArchStrike: Da lori Arch -> https://archstrike.org/
  8. BlackArch: Da lori Arch -> https://blackarch.org/
  9. Pentoo: Da lori Gentoo -> https://www.pentoo.ch/
  10. Labẹ Aabo Fedora: Da lori Fedora -> https://pagure.io/security-lab
  11. WiFisLax: Da lori Slackware -> https://www.wifislax.com/
  12. DracOS: Da lori da lori LFS (Linux lati Scratch) -> https://dracos-linux.org/
  13. Ilana Idanwo Wẹẹbu Samurai: Da lori Ubuntu -> https://github.com/SamuraiWTF/samuraiwtf
  14. Ohun elo irinṣẹ Aabo Nẹtiwọọki: Da lori Fedora -> https://sourceforge.net/projects/nst/files/
  15. DEFT: Da lori Ubuntu -> http://na.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/deft/
  16. Aabo alubosa: Da lori Ubuntu -> https://securityonion.net/
  17. Santoku: Da lori LFS ti o da lori -> https://santoku-linux.com/
  18. Awọn iṣẹ miiran ti a fi silẹ: SpyRock, Beini, XiaopanOS, gige sakasaka laaye, Blackbuntu, STD, NodeZero, Matriux, Ubnhd2, ati PHLAK.

Gbe awọn ibi ipamọ GNU / Linux wọle fun gige gige ati Pentesting

Sibẹsibẹ, ọpọlọpọ wa lo GNU / Linux Distros awọn iya tabi atọwọdọwọ taara, gẹgẹbi Debian, Ubuntu, Arch, Gentoo tabi Fedora, ati pe a ni lati fi sori ẹrọ nikan Sakasaka ati awọn ohun elo Pentesting nipasẹ wa Oluṣakoso package to wa

Ati pe nitori ọpọlọpọ awọn ibi ipamọ aṣa ko ni pipe tabi awọn irinṣẹ ti o dara julọ ni agbara, a ni lati ṣafikun awọn ibi ipamọ ti GNU / Linux Distros awọn eto amọja deede ti o da lori tiwa, iyẹn ni, ti a ba lo Debian GNU / Linux a gbọdọ gbe awọn ibi-ipamọ ti Kali ati Parrot, fun apẹẹrẹ, lati fi sii nigbamii. Dajudaju, ọwọ fun awọn ẹya package ti Debian GNU / Linux pẹlu awọn ti Distros amọja wọnyi lati yago fun rupture ti a ko le ṣe atunṣe ti awọn idii tabi gbogbo Ẹrọ Ṣiṣẹ.

Ilana

Lati gbe wọle Awọn ibi ipamọ Kali lori Debian ilana atẹle yẹ ki o ṣe:

  • Ṣafikun ninu tirẹ tabi faili tuntun .list, ibi-ipamọ to dara ti Distro ti a sọ, laarin eyiti atẹle wọnyi:
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-last-snapshot main non-free contrib
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-experimental main non-free contrib
  • Ṣafikun awọn bọtini ti a beere lati awọn ibi ipamọ nipa lilo awọn ofin wọnyi:
# sudo gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-key 7D8D0BF6
# sudo gpg -a --export ED444FF07D8D0BF6 | sudo apt-key add -

Lati gbe wọle Awọn ibi ipamọ parrot lori Debian ilana atẹle yẹ ki o ṣe:

  • Ṣafikun ninu tirẹ tabi faili tuntun .list, ibi-ipamọ to dara ti Distro ti a sọ, laarin eyiti atẹle wọnyi:
# deb http://deb.parrotsec.org/parrot rolling main contrib non-free
# deb http://deb.parrotsec.org/parrot stable main contrib non-free
# deb https://deb.parrot.sh/parrot/ rolling main contrib non-free
# deb https://deb.parrot.sh/parrot/ rolling-security main contrib non-free
# deb http://mirrors.mit.edu/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # NORTEAMERICA
# deb https://mirror.cedia.org.ec/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # SURAMERICA
# deb https://ba.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # EUROPA
# deb https://mirror.yandex.ru/mirrors/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # ASIA
# deb http://mjnlk3fwben7433a.onion/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # RED TOR
  • Ṣafikun awọn bọtini ti a beere lati awọn ibi ipamọ nipa lilo awọn ofin wọnyi:
# sudo gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-key 6EB1660A
# sudo gpg -a --export B56FFA946EB1660A | sudo apt-key add -

Lẹhin eyi, a ni lati fi sori ẹrọ nikan ti a mọ, awọn ayanfẹ ati imudojuiwọn julọ Sakasaka ati awọn ohun elo Pentesting ti awọn ibi ipamọ wọnyi, ṣiṣe abojuto nla lati ma fọ wa Debian GNU / Linux Operating System. Fun awọn iyokù ti awọn GNU / Linux Distros awọn iya tabi aṣa, kanna yẹ ki o ṣee ṣe pẹlu awọn deede wọn, bi ninu to dara awọn wọnyi atẹle apẹẹrẹ con BlackArch.

Niwon, bibẹkọ, aṣayan ikẹhin yoo jẹ ṣe igbasilẹ, ṣajọ ati fi sori ẹrọ ti ọpa kọọkan Sakasaka ati Pentesting lọtọ si awọn oju opo wẹẹbu osise wọn, eyiti a ṣe iṣeduro nigbakan. Ati pe ti ẹnikẹni ko ba mọ iru ọpa wo Sakasaka ati Pentesting yoo jẹ apẹrẹ lati mọ ati fi sori ẹrọ o le tẹ atẹle naa ọna asopọ lati bẹrẹ. Botilẹjẹpe o ṣeeṣe tun rọrun ti fifi sori ẹrọ «Apo: Apoti ti o dara julọ ti awọn irinṣẹ gige sakasaka".

Aworan jeneriki fun awọn ipinnu nkan

Ipari

A nireti eyi "wulo kekere post" nipa «¿Cómo adaptar nuestras Distros GNU/Linux al ámbito TI del Hacking y el Pentesting?». «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» ati ti ilowosi nla si kaakiri ti iyanu, titobi ati ilolupo eda abemi ti awọn ohun elo ti «GNU/Linux».

Ati fun alaye diẹ sii, ma ṣe ṣiyemeji nigbagbogbo lati ṣabẹwo si eyikeyi Online ìkàwé bi OpenLibra y Idajọ lati ka awọn iwe (PDFs) lori koko yii tabi awọn miiran awọn agbegbe imọ. Fun bayi, ti o ba fẹran eyi «publicación», maṣe da pinpin rẹ pẹlu awọn omiiran, ninu rẹ Awọn oju opo wẹẹbu ayanfẹ, awọn ikanni, awọn ẹgbẹ, tabi awọn agbegbe ti awọn nẹtiwọọki awujọ, pelu ọfẹ ati ṣii bi Mastodon, tabi ni aabo ati ni ikọkọ bi Telegram.

Tabi ṣe abẹwo si oju-iwe ile wa ni LatiLaini tabi darapọ mọ Ikanni osise Telegram lati FromLinux lati ka ati dibo fun eyi tabi awọn atẹjade ti o nifẹ lori «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» ati awọn akọle miiran ti o ni ibatan si «Informática y la Computación»ati awọn «Actualidad tecnológica».


Awọn akoonu ti nkan naa faramọ awọn ilana wa ti awọn ilana olootu. Lati jabo aṣiṣe kan tẹ nibi.

Awọn asọye 2, fi tirẹ silẹ

Fi ọrọ rẹ silẹ

Adirẹsi imeeli rẹ yoo ko le ṣe atejade. O beere aaye ti wa ni samisi pẹlu *

*

*

  1. Lodidi fun data naa: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Idi ti data naa: SPAM Iṣakoso, iṣakoso ọrọ asọye.
  3. Ofin: Iyọọda rẹ
  4. Ibaraẹnisọrọ data: Awọn data kii yoo ni ifọrọhan si awọn ẹgbẹ kẹta ayafi nipasẹ ọranyan ofin.
  5. Ibi ipamọ data: Alaye data ti o gbalejo nipasẹ Awọn nẹtiwọọki Occentus (EU)
  6. Awọn ẹtọ: Ni eyikeyi akoko o le ni opin, gba pada ki o paarẹ alaye rẹ.

  1.   Orisun 21 wi

    Fun awọn olumulo Fedora / Centos / RHL, nitori fedora ṣetọju yiyi kan ti a pe ni Labọ Aabo, o le ṣe igbasilẹ lati https://labs.fedoraproject.org/en/security/
    Ko pari bi Kali ṣugbọn o ni awọn ohun elo diẹ.
    tabi ti o ba ti lo Fedora tẹlẹ lati fi sii lati ọdọ ebute pẹlu
    sudo dnf ṣafikun "Lab ile Aabo"
    tabi lati awọn centos wọle si ibi ipamọ.

    1.    Linux Fi sori ẹrọ wi

      Ẹ kí Fedoriano21. Ilowosi ti o dara julọ, o ṣeun fun asọye rẹ.