2BWM, 9WM, AEWM, Afterstep and Awesome: 5 Alternative WMs zeLinux

2BWM, 9WM, AEWM, Afterstep and Awesome: 5 Alternative WMs zeLinux

2BWM, 9WM, AEWM, Afterstep and Awesome: 5 Alternative WMs zeLinux

Ukuqhubeka nochungechunge lwethu lwezincwadi ku Abaphathi bamawindi (Abaphathi beWindows - WM, ngesiNgisi), namhlanje sizocubungula kabanzi mayelana i-5 WM yokuqala zazo, ngoba ziningi esezikhona.

Lokhu kushicilelwa kanye nalokhu okulandelayo kuzoba nenhloso yokucacisa izici ezibalulekile zazo, njengokuthi, yiziphi zazo amaphrojekthi asebenzayo (asebenzayo) noma angasebenzi (intuthuko imisiwe), hlobo luni, olwabo izici eziphambili, futhi kwezinye izimo, zifakwa kanjani, kwezinye izici. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuvumela ukufinyelela isifinyezo esifushane ngeSpanishi, njengoba iningi lamawebhusayithi awo atholakala kakhulu esiNgisini.

Abaphathi bamawindi: Okuqukethwe

Kuyafaneleka ukukhumbula ukuthi uhlu oluphelele lwabaphathi bamawindi abazimele Ukubuyekezwa kwangaphambilini kungatholakala encwadini yethu elandelayo:

I-athikili ehlobene:
Abaphathi bamawindi: I-Graphical User Interfaces ye-GNU / Linux

Ndawonye ne Abaphathi BeWindows Abancikile of a Imvelo ethile yedeskithophu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kusho ukushicilelwa kwangaphambilini futhi kunikeza ukufinyelela okulula kukho konke ukushicilelwa kwangaphambilini kuzindawo zeDeskithophu ezibuyekezwe ngenhla.

I-Banner: Ngiyayithanda i-Free Software

Ama-WM amanye ama-5 weLinux

2BWM

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"I-WM entantayo esheshayo, ngokubaluleka kokuba nemiphetho emi-2, ebhalwe kumtapo wezincwadi we-XCB futhi isuselwe ku- I-MCWM ebhalwe nguMichael Cardell. Ku-2bWM yonke into iyatholakala kusuka kukhibhodi, kepha ithuluzi lokukhomba lingasetshenziselwa ukuhambisa, ukukhulisa usayizi nokuhambisa phezulu / phansi. ISEXWAYISO: Le WM nale ndawo yokugcina kungokwesilingo, i-2bwm yenzelwe kuphela abasebenzisi abaphambili".

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi esebenzayo: Umsebenzi wokugcina utholwe ezinyangeni ezi-2 ezedlule.
  • I-Tipo: Ukubeka phansi
  • Inikeza ukusebenza kwe- "Teleport windows" emakhoneni, maphakathi nokumboza maphakathi nesiqapha.
  • Faka okokuzungeza okuzungeze ukuqapha.
  • Ikuvumela ukuthi wande futhi / noma uhlukanise ububanzi noma ukuphakama kwewindi ngo-2.
  • Kwenza kube lula ukunciphisa noma ukukhulisa amawindi ngenkathi kugcinwa isilinganiso sesici.
  • Kwenza kube lula ukuhambisa noma ukukhulisa usayizi windows ngamanani amabili achazwe umsebenzisi.
  • Ifaka imingcele emi-2 eyenziwe ngokwezifiso ngokugcwele ekhombisa isimo sewindi.
  • Ingenye yama-WM amancane asebenzayo ngosayizi nokusetshenziswa kwememori.
  • Ayizi nemigoqo noma amapaneli, kepha ihlonipha ukusebenza kwe-_NET_WM_WINDOW_TYPE_DOCK kwamawindi, futhi izokushaya indiva, ngakho-ke iningi lamapaneli nezinsimbi zomsebenzi kufanele zisebenze, njenge-cairo-dock, fbpanel, hpanel, lxpanel , tint2, xfce4-panel kanye nemigoqo yebha ne-dzen2.

Ukufakwa

Ukubona izinyathelo zokufaka ngohlobo ngalunye lwe- inqubo inikwe amandla chofoza ngokulandelayo isixhumanisi. Imininingwane engaphezulu ngale WM ingatholakala kokulandelayo isixhumanisi.

9WM

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"Imenenja yewindi le-X11 ekhuthazwe ngumphathi wamawindi we-Plan 9 8½, owaziwa nangokuthi i-rio. Inikeza isikhombimsebenzisi esibonakalayo esilula futhi esihlanzekile. Luhlobo "lokuchofoza ukubuyela emuva". Isebenzisa i-X11 font system (okusho ukuthi, ngeshwa, kusho ukuthi akukho ukuxhaswa kwe-Unicode)".

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi engasebenzi: Umsebenzi wokugcina utholwe eminyakeni engaphezu kwengu-2 edlule.
  • I-Tipo: Ukulingisa
  • Akuhlinzeki ngamadeski wangempela, ukwenza ngokwezifiso, ukubopha okhiye, ukuxhaswa kwe-EWMH, noma ukuhlanganiswa.
  • Ikhodi yayo isetshenziswa ngabaningi ukuqala ukwakhiwa komphathi wewindi kusukela ekuqaleni.
  • Isatshalaliswa ngaphansi kwelayisense evela kwa-MIT.
  • Amafasitela wokugxila (osebenzayo) akhombisa umngcele omnyama. Futhi imicimbi yegundane nekhibhodi iya kuleli windi eligxile. Ukuchofoza inkinobho yegundane lesobunxele ewindini elingagxiliwe (umngcele omhlophe) kuyiletha ekugxileni.
  • Ngenkinobho yesokudla noma ikuphi ngaphandle kwefasitela eligxilisiwe, noma kunoma iliphi iwindi elingagxilile, libonisa imenyu evumela, phakathi kwezinye izinto, ukwethula i-xterm entsha, ukukhulisa usayizi wewindi, ukuhambisa, ukuvala noma ukufihla iwindi.

Ukufakwa

Le WM endala ivame ukutholakala ezinqolobaneni eziningi ezihlukile I-GNU / Linux Distros, ngaphansi kwegama le- iphakethe «9wm»Ngakho-ke, kuya ngomphathi wephakeji osetshenzisiwe, wokuqhafaza noma wokugcina, ingafakwa kalula. Imininingwane engaphezulu ngale WM ingatholakala kokulandelayo isixhumanisi.

I-AEWM

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"Umphathi wewindi omncane weX11. Ayinazo izici ezinhle, kepha ilula kwizinsizakusebenza futhi ilula ngokwedlulele ngokubukeka. Ekugcineni kufanele kube ukusetshenziswa okuhle kwezethenjwa kwe-ICCCM. Izinhlelo ezimbalwa ezihlukile zifakiwe ukuphatha izinhlelo ezisebenzayo, shintsha phakathi kwamawindi, phakathi kwezinye izinto".

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi engasebenzi: Umsebenzi wokugcina watholakala cishe eminyakeni eyi-15 edlule.
  • I-Tipo: Ukubeka phansi
  • Ivumela ukugcwaliswa kwamawindi nokuhlobisa amawindi kufaka imingcele nebha yesihloko. Futhi, ibha yesihloko inenkinobho ye-meta.
  • Inikeza ngamawindi anemingcele «engenamsebenzi», landela indlela yewindows ngokuthi «Ayikho i-autoraise», bese uqalisa izinhlelo nge-aemenu »module.
  • Kubhalwe ku-C, kusebenzisa i-xaw noma i-gtk toolkit, futhi kunomklamo omncane we-modular.
  • Ayinayo ibha yemenyu, ukusekelwa kwama-desktops amaningi, izithonjana zedeskithophu, iphepha lodonga, izingqikithi kanye nethuba lamawindi aqoqiwe.
  • Iyalungiswa ngefayela lokumisa, ayisindi futhi idinga igundane lezinkinobho ezi-3 ukuze isebenze kahle.

Ukufakwa

Le WM endala ivame ukutholakala ezinqolobaneni eziningi ezihlukile I-GNU / Linux Distros, ngaphansi kwegama le- iphakheji "aewm"Ngakho-ke, kuya ngomphathi wephakeji osetshenzisiwe, wokuqhafaza noma wokugcina, ingafakwa kalula. Imininingwane engaphezulu ngale WM ingatholakala kokulandelayo isixhumanisi.

Ngemuva kokuhamba

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"Imenenja yewindi yohlelo lwewindi le-Unix X. Ekuqaleni isuselwa ekubukekeni nasekuzweleni kwesixhumi esibonakalayo se-NeXTStep, inikeza abasebenzisi bokugcina ideskithophu engaguquguquki, ehlanzekile nenhle. Inhloso yokuthuthuka kwe-AfterStep ukuhlinzeka ngokuguquguquka kokulungiswa kwedeskithophu, ukwenza ngcono ubuhle nokusebenzisa kahle izinsiza zohlelo.

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi engasebenzi: Umsebenzi wokugcina utholwe ngaphezulu kweminyaka engu-7 edlule.
  • I-Tipo: Ukubeka phansi
  • Uma kuqhathaniswa namanye ama-WM, inokusetshenziswa okuphansi kwezinsizakusebenza, futhi inokuzinza okuhle nokulungiswa.
  • Kubhalwe ku-C futhi kusebenzisa ithuluzi lamathuluzi le-GTK. Futhi, kuya ngePerl ne-Imagemagick.
  • Ukuhlobisa amawindi kufaka phakathi imingcele nemigoqo yetayitela. Amabha esihloko anezinkinobho zemenyu, ukunciphisa, ukukhulisa, nokuvala. Futhi izinhlelo zokusebenza ezisebenzayo zingaboniswa kubha yomsebenzi.
  • Kubandakanya ukusekelwa kwama-desktops amaningi nokushintshwa kwedeskithophu ngemodyuli yokubheja.

Ukufakwa

Le WM endala ivame ukutholakala ezinqolobaneni eziningi ezihlukile I-GNU / Linux Distros, ngaphansi kwegama le- Ngemuva kwephakhejiNgakho-ke, kuya ngomphathi wephakeji osetshenzisiwe, wokuqhafaza noma wokugcina, ingafakwa kalula. Imininingwane engaphezulu ngale WM ingatholakala kokulandelayo isixhumanisi.

Awesome

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"Imenenja yewindi eyakhelwe ohlakeni lwesizukulwane esilandelayo olungiseka kakhulu lwe-X Windows. Kuyashesha kakhulu, kuyelula, futhi kungena ngaphansi kwelayisense le-GNU GPLv2. Ihloselwe ikakhulukazi abasebenzisi abathuthukile, abathuthukisi kanye nanoma ngubani osebenza ngemisebenzi yansuku zonke yekhompyutha futhi ufuna ukuba nokulawulwa okuningiliziwe kwemvelo yabo yokuqhafaza.

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi esebenzayo: Umsebenzi wokugcina watholakala cishe eminyakeni eyi-2 edlule.
  • I-Tipo: Okunamandla
  • I-WM ephelele neqinile ekuvumela ukuthi ushintshe phakathi kwesitayela se- "Tiling" noma "Stacking".
  • Ivumela ukulawula okugcwele ngegundane noma ngekhibhodi ngohlelo lokuphinda ushaye isikhombimsebenzisi somsebenzisi.
  • Imihlobiso yewindi ifaka imingcele nebha yesihloko, kanti amabha esihloko anesithonjana nezinkinobho zokunciphisa, ukukhulisa, nokuvala. Futhi, imingcele yewindi imincane (cishe iphikseli elilodwa ububanzi).
  • Kubhalwe ku-C, kunokusekelwa kwesikrini esiningi ngokusebenzisa i-xinerama futhi ibha yedeskithophu inikeza imininingwane yesimo nokusekelwa kwamawijethi wangokwezifiso.

Ukufakwa

Le WM yamanje itholakala ezinqolobaneni eziningi ezihlukile I-GNU / Linux Distros, ngaphansi kwegama le- iphakethe elimangalisayoNgakho-ke, kuya ngomphathi wephakeji osetshenzisiwe, wokuqhafaza noma wokugcina, ingafakwa kalula. Imininingwane engaphezulu ngale WM ingatholakala kokulandelayo isixhumanisi.

 

Isithombe esijwayelekile seziphetho ze-athikili

Isiphetho

Siyethemba lokhu "okuthunyelwe okuwusizo okuncane" mayelana nalezi ezi-5 zokuqala «Gestores de Ventanas», ezimele kunoma iyiphi «Entorno de Escritorio»ubizile 2BWM, 9WM, AEWM, Afterstep futhi Awesome, yiba nentshisekelo nokusetshenziswa okuhle, kwayo yonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kanye negalelo elikhulu ekusabalalisweni kwemvelo emangalisayo, enkulu futhi ekhulayo yezicelo ze «GNU/Linux».

Futhi ukuthola eminye imininingwane, unganqikazi njalo ukuvakashela noma yikuphi Umtapo wolwazi oku-inthanethi njengoba I-OpenLibra y I-JedIT ukufunda izincwadi (ama-PDF) ngalesi sihloko noma ezinye izindawo zolwazi. Okwamanje, uma ukuthandile lokhu «publicación», ungayeki ukuyaba nabanye, ku- Amawebhusayithi ayizintandokazi, iziteshi, amaqembu, noma imiphakathi zokuxhumana nabantu, okungcono mahhala futhi evulekile njenge I-mastodon, noma ukuphepha nokuyimfihlo kwangasese yocingo.

Noma mane uvakashele ikhasi lethu lasekhaya ku- KusukaLinux noma ujoyine iSiteshi esisemthethweni Yocingo kusuka ku-DesdeLinux ukufunda nokuvotela lokhu noma ezinye izincwadi ezithakazelisayo ku- «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» nezinye izihloko ezihlobene ne- «Informática y la Computación»kanye «Actualidad tecnológica».


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.