I-2FA ku-Linux: Ungayifaka kanjani i-Google Authenticator ne-Twilio Authy?

I-2FA ku-Linux: Ungayifaka kanjani i-Google Authenticator ne-Twilio Authy?

I-2FA ku-Linux: Ungayifaka kanjani i-Google Authenticator ne-Twilio Authy?

Isifundo sanamuhla sihlobene eduze nesihloko esithi Ukuphepha kwekhompyutha noma i-Cybersecurity. Ngoba, njengoba abaningi benu nazi, ukuphatha ukufinyelela izinsiza zethu ze-inthanethi ngokusebenzisa amagama ayimfihlo kuphela akusabhekwa njengokuphephile. Ngakho-ke, okutuswa kakhulu ukusebenzisa ezinye izindlela ezihambisanayo, phakathi kwazo okukhona okwaziwayo kakhulu yi- Ubuchwepheshe be-2FA.

La Ubuchwepheshe be-2FA, eyaziwa kangcono ngeSpanishi ngokuthi "I-Double Authentication Factor" o "Ukuqinisekiswa kwezinto ezimbili", iyindlela enhle kakhulu yokuvikela, njengoba isebenzisa isendlalelo esisodwa sokuqinisekisa emisebenzini yethu. Futhi ukusebenzisa lobu buchwepheshe, kunezinhlelo zokusebenza eziningi ezinjalo I-Google Authenticator kanye ne-Twilio Authy. Okungukuthi, lapha sizobona ukuthi singawafaka kanjani I-GNU / Linux.

2FA

Futhi njengenjwayelo, ngaphambi kokungena ngokugcwele ephuzwini lanamuhla mayelana ne Ubuchwepheshe be-2FA futhi mayelana nokufaka I-Google Authenticator kanye ne-Twilio Authy en I-GNU / Linux, sizoshiyela labo abathanda ukuhlola ezinye okuthunyelwe kwangaphambilini okuhlobene nalokhu okukhulunywa ngakho lapha, izixhumanisi ezilandelayo kuzo. Ukuze ukwazi ukuwahlola kalula, uma kunesidingo, ngemva kokufunda le ncwadi:

"Isinyathelo sokuvumela ngokuzenzakalelayo ukuqinisekiswa kwezinto ezimbili sihlose ukukhulisa ukuvikeleka kwama-akhawunti abasebenzisi be-Google ngokususa "usongo olukhulu kakhulu" okwenza ukugebenga kube lula: amaphasiwedi okunzima ukuwakhumbula, okubi nakakhulu, nokuwantshontsha kalula. Ngokuka-Mark Risher, enye yezindlela ezingcono kakhulu zokuvikela i-akhawunti ngokumelene nephasiwedi engalungile noma ephukile iwukusetha uhlobo lwesibili lokuqinisekisa, enye indlela ye-akhawunti yakho yokuqinisekisa ukuthi uxhumano lwakho ngempela.". I-Google izonika amandla ukuqinisekiswa kwezinto ezimbili ngokuzenzakalela kuwo wonke umuntu

2FA
I-athikili ehlobene:
I-Google izonika amandla ukuqinisekiswa kwezinto ezimbili ngokuzenzakalela kuwo wonke umuntu

I-athikili ehlobene:
I-Google isebenzela isici esisha sokugunyazwa se-2FA esizosekelwe ku-QR
Amathiphu Wokuphepha we-IT wawo wonke umuntu nganoma yisiphi isikhathi
I-athikili ehlobene:
Amathiphu Wokuphepha Kwikhompyutha Wawo Wonke Umuntu Noma Kunini, Noma Kuphi

I-2FA: Ukuqinisekiswa Kwezinto Ezikabili

I-2FA: Ukuqinisekiswa Kwezinto Ezikabili

Yini i-2FA?

La Ubuchwepheshe be-2FA isebenzela ukwenza a umuntu noma umsebenzisi, kufanele futhi ungakwazi, qinisekisa ku-akhawunti yomsebenzisi ngokusebenzisa i- isinyathelo esengeziwe, okungukuthi, ngezinyathelo ezimbili esikhundleni sesisodwa.

Yini in practice ushiya ngenxa yalokho, kokuba faka ikhodi yakamuva noma iphasiwedi ohlelweni lwendabuko lokubhala i igama lomsebenzisi noma i-imeyili kanye nephasiwedi ehlobene. Okuvame okuwukuphela kwesinyathelo esivame ukusidinga ngokuzenzakalelayo ukuze singene ku-akhawunti ngesevisi, insiza, noma uhlelo lokusebenza.

Ngakho-ke, umshini noma ubuchwepheshe bulwela ukuqinisekisa ukuthi nguwe ngempela umsebenzisi wangempela novumelekile, ofinyelela ku- i-akhawunti yomsebenzisi yesevisi ehambisanayo, insiza noma isicelo.

Lokhu ngokuvamile kubaluleke kakhulu, ngoba, ikakhulukazi futhi njalo, ukugebenga (izenzo zobugebengu bedijithali) Ngokuhlukana kwabo ukwephulwa kwedatha okufaka ama-akhawunti, amagama abasebenzisi namaphasiwedi, avela kubahlinzeki abaningi noma abanikazi bamasevisi aku-inthanethi, izinsiza nezinhlelo zokusebenza.

Okokugcina, ukusebenzisa i- Ubuchwepheshe be-2FA, izinhlelo zokusebenza eziningi ezitholakalayo zingasetshenziswa, kodwa izinhlelo zokusebenza ezi-2 ezidumile kulo mkhakha, ezikhona I-Google Authenticator kanye ne-Twilio Auth. Okulandelayo, sizofunda ukufaka kalula kuwethu Izinhlelo Zokusebenza ze-GNU / Linux usebenzisa uhlelo lokusebenza lokuqhafaza olubizwa Isoftware ye-GNOME.

Isoftware ye-GNOME

Usifaka kanjani i-Google Authenticator ku-Linux?

Ukufaka I-Google Authenticator cishe I-GNU / Linux sidinga ukwenza isiqiniseko sokuthi sinokusekelwa okufakiwe ukuze silawule thatha iphasela, sisebenzisa izinyathelo ezilandelayo kokuthi Itheminali (Console):

«sudo apt install snapd apparmor apparmor-profiles-extra apparmor-utils gnome-software-plugin-snap»

«sudo snap install core»

Bese, siqala kabusha Uhlelo Lokusebenza futhi manje sesingakwazi ukuvula uhlelo lokusebenza Isoftware ye-GNOME, ithole futhi uyifake, njengoba kukhonjisiwe esithombeni esilandelayo:

I-2FA ku-Linux: Isithombe-skrini 1

I-2FA ku-Linux: Isithombe-skrini 2

I-2FA ku-Linux: Isithombe-skrini 3

"Ubuchwepheshe be-“2FA” baziwa ngesiNgisi ngokuthi “Ukuqinisekiswa Kwezinto Ezimbili” nange-Spanish ngokuthi “Ukuqinisekiswa Kwezinto Ezikabili” noma “Ukuqinisekiswa Kwezinto Ezimbili”. Futhi kwezinye izimo, njengokuthi: Ukuqinisekiswa Kwezinyathelo Ezimbili (2SV)".

Ungayifaka kanjani i-Twilio Authy ku-Linux?

Ukufaka Twilio Authy cishe I-GNU / Linux sidinga ukwenza isiqiniseko sokuthi sinokusekelwa okufakiwe ukuze silawule iphakethe le-flatpack, sisebenzisa izinyathelo ezilandelayo kokuthi Itheminali (Console):

«sudo apt install flatpak gnome-software-plugin-flatpak»

«flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo»

Bese, siqala kabusha Uhlelo Lokusebenza futhi manje sesingakwazi ukuvula uhlelo lokusebenza Isoftware ye-GNOME, ithole futhi uyifake, njengoba kukhonjisiwe esithombeni esilandelayo:

I-2FA ku-Linux: Isithombe-skrini 4

I-2FA ku-Linux: Isithombe-skrini 5

I-2FA ku-Linux: Isithombe-skrini 6

"Ngokusebenza kwe-«2FA» Technology, kuyenzeka ukuthola indlela yokuqinisekisa ukuthi lowo ozama ukugunyaza ungumsebenzisi wangempela novumelekile (thina), ngendlela elula nephumelelayo. Ukuze unciphise noma ugweme ukuthinteka noma nini ngaphandle kokuqaphela, ngokuhlaselwa okuvela eceleni ngokusebenzisa idatha yethu ngezinjongo eziyingozi neziyingozi.".

Umjikelezo: Okuthunyelwe kwesibhengezo sango-2021

Isifingqo

Ngamafuphi, Ubuchwepheshe be-2FA Kuwubuchwepheshe obuhle futhi obulula okuthi, uma busetshenziswe kahle, bunikeze okuthembekile nokuvikelekile isendlalelo esengeziwe sokuphepha ngokumelene nezinqubo zokuqhwagwa kobunikazi kanye nokufinyelela okungafanele kuma-akhawunti ngabanye abantu. Ngakho-ke, ukuyisebenzisa kuzosindisa noma ubani izinkinga eziningi ezihlukahlukene ezivela emiphumeleni yesikhathi esizayo ukwephulwa kwezokuphepha. Futhi ngenxa yalokhu, njengoba kubonakala, singasebenzisa I-GNU / Linux kakhulu I-Google Authenticator kanye ne-Twilio Authy, ngaphandle kobunzima obukhulu.

Siyethemba ukuthi lolu shicilelo luwusizo olukhulu kubo bonke «Comunidad de Software Libre, Código Abierto y GNU/Linux». Futhi ungakhohlwa ukuphawula ngakho ngezansi, futhi wabelane ngakho nabanye kumawebhusayithi ayizintandokazi zakho, iziteshi, amaqembu noma imiphakathi yezokuxhumana nabantu noma izinhlelo zemiyalezo. Ekugcineni, vakashela ikhasi lethu lasekhaya ku «KusukaLinux» ukuhlola ezinye izindaba, bese ujoyina isiteshi sethu esisemthethweni se- Yocingo kusuka ku-DesdeLinux.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.