Abathuthukisi be-Gentoo bacabanga ukuthi kungenzeka izingxenye zokwakha kanambambili ze-kernel

i-gentoo-linux

bonke labo ababekhuthazwa ukuthi basebenzise iGentoo, bayakwazi lokho le Linux distro leyo kwenziwa ngezifiso kakhulu ngiyabonga ngalokho ayisebenzisi ama-binaries asetshenzisiwe, Ngalokho umsebenzisi kufanele enze ukuhlanganiswa kwesistimu eyedwa okuyinika ngayo inzuzo enkulu ngaphezu kokunye ukwabiwa ngoba kungenzeka ukuthi kwenziwe ukuhlanganiswa okugxile ezingxenyeni zekhompyutha, kuyinike uketshezi nokusebenza okukhulu kakhulu.

Kusukela nge I-Portage, esebenzisa ezinye izici ezithuthukile njengokulawulwa kokuthembela, ukulungiswa okuhle kwamaphakeji ngokuthandwa ngumlawuli, ukufaka okukhohlisayo kwesitayela se-OpenBSD, amabhokisi okuhlanganisa, ukukhishwa okuphephile, amaphrofayli wesistimu, amaphakheji we-virtual, ukuphathwa kwefayela lokumiswa, nezindawo eziningi izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zephakeji elifanayo.

Kepha manje lokhu kungashintsha kusukela Abathuthukisi be-Gentoo bayaxoxa kungenzeka yenza ukuhlinzekwa kwamaphakheji we-Linux kernel ejwayelekile lokho akudingi ukumiswa okwenziwa ngesandla ngesikhathi sokuhlanganiswa futhi ziyafana namaphakheji we-kernel anikezwe ekusatshalalisweni kwendabuko kanambambili.

Como isibonelo senkinga lokho kuvela lapho isetshenziswa ukushuna mathupha kwamapharamitha we-kernel okwenziwa eGentoo, kunokushoda kwesethi ehlanganisiwe yezinketho ezizenzakalelayo lokho kuqinisekisa ukusebenza ngemuva kokuvuselelwa (Uma ihlelwe ngesandla, uma i-kernel ingaqali noma kwenzeka ukuphahlazeka, akucaci noma ngabe inkinga ibangelwa izilungiselelo ezingalungile zephutha noma iphutha ku-kernel uqobo).

Indlela yendabuko yeGentoo yokuthola i-kernel ukufaka imithombo, bese ulungisa futhi uzakhele ngokwakho. Kulabo abangafuni ukungena kwinqubo eyisicefe yokuyisetha ngesandla, kwanikezwa enye indlela yokusebenzisa i-genkernel. Kodwa-ke, akukho kulokhu kwahluka okwazile ukuhlinzeka ngokulingana kwama-cores ahlinzekwe ukusatshalaliswa kanambambili.

Abathuthukisi bahlose ukuhlinzeka nge-kernel elungile futhi ngokusobala iyasebenza lokho kungafakwa ngomzamo omncane (njenge-ebuild, eyakhiwe ngokufana namanye amaphakheji) futhi umphathi wephakeji azoyibuyekeza ngokuzenzekelayo njengengxenye yokuvuselelwa kwesistimu ejwayelekile.

Njengamanje, iphakethe le-sys-kernel / vanilla-kernel selivele liphakanyisiwe ngesisekelo kusuka emithonjeni eyinhloko ye-kernel, engeza iskripthi sokwakha esivele sikhona ngesethi ejwayelekile yezinketho ze-genkernel.

Uma kufanele ngithethelele ushintsho kusuka esikweni elidala lezinhlamvu zesiko kuye kwiphakethe le-universal kernel, kufanele ngiqale ngokuxoxa ngezizathu zokuthi kungani ungahle uthande ukumisa i-kernel yangokwezifiso kwasekuqaleni.

Iphakethe le-vanilla-kernel kuze kube manje kufaka kuphela ukuhlangana kusuka kukhodi yomthombo (kuhlongozwe ngendlela yokwakhiwa), kepha kubuye kuxoxiswane nethuba lokukhiqiza imihlangano ye-kernel kanambambili.

Ukuphikisana okuyinhloko umzamo. Njengoba kushiwo ngenhla, mina uqobo ngikhathele ukubhekana ngesandla ne-kernel yami. Ngabe izinzuzo ezingaba khona okukhulunywe ngazo zidlula ukulahleka kwesikhathi somuntu ukulungisa nokugcina i-kernel yangokwezifiso?

Phakathi kwezinzuzo ze-manual kernel tuning, ikhono lokushuna ukusebenza, susa izinto ezingadingekile ngesikhathi sokuhlanganiswa, nciphisa isikhathi sokuhlanganiswa futhi unciphise usayizi we-kernel umphumela (ngokwesibonelo, ukwakha i-kernel yomphikisi kuthatha ama-44MB kanye namamojula, kuyilapho i-kernel yendawo yonke ithatha i-294MB).

Phakathi kwamaphutha, kuyabonakala ukuthi iphutha lingenziwa kalula ngesikhathi sokusetha, izinkinga ezingenzeka nge-update, ukungabekezelelani, ubunzima bokuthola izinkinga.

Ukunikezwa kwe ukuhlanganiswa ama-binaries abhekwa ngoba inhlamvu yendawo yonkeNgenxa yobukhulu bayo, ihlangana isikhathi eside futhi ihambise i-kernel eqediwe Kungenza lula impilo yabasebenzisi bohlelo oluphansi.

Noma lokhu kutholakala "njengomqondo", Abathuthukisi be-Gentoo ungayeki ukuthi kungenzeka futhi bakhuluma ngakho ngakho, ngenkathi ohlangothini lwabasebenzisi imibono seyihlukanisiwe.

Si ufuna ukwazi kabanzi ngayo, ungabheka inothi yoqobo ku isixhumanisi esilandelayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.