IFirefox 96 isivele ikhishiwe futhi lezi yizindaba zayo

I-Firefox Logo

Muva nje Inguqulo entsha ye-"Firefox 96" ikhishwe ngokusemthethweni nalapho ithimba labathuthukisi limemezele ukuthi iFirefox 96 "ngokuphawulekayo" kunciphisa umthwalo obekwe entanjeni yesiphequluli esikhulu futhi yengeza usekelo lwesifaki khodi sesithombe sefomethi ye-WebP ku-Canvas API.

Ngaphezu kwalo msebenzi, inguqulo entsha yeFirefox nayo ihlanganisa izithuthukisi kusixhumi esibonakalayo se-JavaScript WebRTC, inqubomgomo yekhukhi ethuthukisiwe yokunciphisa amathuba okuhlaselwa kwe-CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery), ukulungiswa kokucekelwa phansi kwekhwalithi yevidiyo, nokunye ukulungiswa.

Izici ezintsha eziyinhloko zeFirefox 96

IFirefox 96 iyisibuyekezo sokuqala sika-2022 futhi okufakiwe kuyo ukuthuthukiswa kokucindezelwa komsindo, ukulawula ukuzuza okuzenzakalelayo kanye nokukhanselwa kwe-echo. Ukuze ubuyekeze amakholi omsindo nevidiyo, i-Mozilla isebenze ekucindezelweni komsindo nokulawula ukuzuza okuzenzakalelayo esibuyekezweni sakamuva.

Ku-Android, abasebenzisi bazothola isici esisha esigqamisa umlando ngeFirefox 96, kanye namawebhusayithi avakashelwe kamuva azovezwa.

Kumele kuqashelwe ukuthi le nguqulo entsha nayo igxile ekwehliseni umsebenzi emculweni omkhulu, lokhu kuhloselwe ukusiza isiphequluli sisebenze ngokushesha kumasistimu amadala, anensa. Futhi, ngesibuyekezo esisha, iFirefox izozenzakalela kuwo wonke amakhukhi anesibaluli SameSite=lax. I-Mozilla ithi lokhu kuzosiza ukuvikela ekuhlaselweni kwe-cross-site application forgery (CSRF).

Futhi iFirefox 96 iza nokutholwa kwenkumbulo ephansi ku-Linux ngokuzenzakalela. Lokhu kutholwa kuboshelwe esicini sokususa ithebhu esizenzakalelayo sesiphequluli.

Uma isiphequluli sithola ukuthi sinenkumbulo ephansi, sikhipha amathebhu angasetshenzisiwe ukuze sikhulule izinsiza. Kuse-Linux, iFirefox 96 ingena esikhundleni sesinqamuleli sekhibhodi "Khetha Konke" ngo-Ctrl + A esikhundleni sika-Alt + A. Ezinguqulweni zangaphambilini, zombili izinqamuleli zekhibhodi bezitholakala lapho kukhethwa wonke umbhalo ekhasini lewebhu.

Kepha I-WebRTC, le nguqulo yesiphequluli ngeke isakwehlisa ukulungiswa kokwabelana kwesikrini phakathi nokuxhumeka, inkinga ethinte abanye abasebenzisi ezinguqulweni ezedlule. Ukwengeza, i-Firefox Canvas API, evumela abathuthukisi ukuthi badwebe izithombe, manje isisekela isifaki khodi sesithombe sefomethi ye-WebP. Lokhu kuvumela izici zeCanvas ukuthi zikhiphe okuqukethwe njengedatha ye-WebP kusetshenziswa izindlela ezifana ne-HTMLCanvasElement.toDataURL() kanye ne-HTMLCanvasElement.toBlob().

Of ezinye izinguquko ezibalulekile zonjiniyela Yilezi ezilandelayo:

  • IFirefox 96 iza nenqubomgomo yekhukhi ye-SameSite=Lax enikwe amandla ngokuzenzakalelayo. Ngokusho kwe-Mozilla, lokhu "kunikeza umugqa wokuqala oqinile wokuzivikela ngokumelene nokuhlaselwa kwe-CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery)." Amakhukhi athunyelwa esuka esizindeni esifanayo, kodwa kusetshenziswa izikimu ezihlukene, manje asebhekwa njengavela kumasayithi ahlukene ngezinjongo zenqubomgomo yekhukhi ye-SameSite.
  • Ngokuphathelene namaSpredishithi Esitayela Se-Cascading, uhlelo lombala luvumela into ukuthi ibonise ukuthi isiphi isikimu sombala esinganikezwa ngaso ngokunethezeka.

     

  • Ukwengeza, isakhiwo sokusetha kabusha indawo esiphikisayo manje sisekela umsebenzi wokuhlehlisa() ukuze kwakhiwe izinto zokubala ezihlehlayo ze-CSS, ezihloselwe ukufaka izinombolo ngokulandelana okwehlayo. Umsebenzi ohlanekezelwe() ungasetshenziswa nesibali sesici sohlu ohlwini lwezinombolo ezihlelwe ngokuhlehla.
  • Futhi, amakhukhi athathwa ngokuthi asethwe ngokusobala ku-SameSite=Laxo uma isibaluli se-SameSite singacacisiwe, futhi amakhukhi ane-SameSite=None adinga umongo ovikelekile.
  • I-canShare() API manje isisekelwa i-Android, okuvumela ikhodi ukuthi ihlole ukuthi i-navigator.share() izophumelela yini kulokho okuhlosiwe.
  • Ukwengeza, i-Experimental Web Locks API inikwa amandla ngokuzenzakalela, ivumela izinhlelo zokusebenza zewebhu ukuthi zisebenze kumathebhu amaningi noma izisebenzi ukuze zixhumanise ukusetshenziswa kwensiza.
  • Ezingeni le-DOM, umakhi we-IntersectionObserver() manje ushintsha ngokuzenzakalelayo ku-rootMargin uma iyunithi yezinhlamvu engenalutho idluliswa kunketho yepharamitha ehlotshaniswayo, esikhundleni sokuphonsa okuhlukile.
  • KuFirefox 96, umthwalo omkhulu wentambo nawo wehlisiwe.

Ungayifaka kanjani inguqulo entsha yeFirefox 96 kuLinux?

Abasebenzisi be-Ubuntu, i-Linux Mint noma okunye okuphuma ku-Ubuntu, Bangakwazi ukufaka noma ukubuyekeza kule nguqulo entsha ngosizo lwe-PPA yesiphequluli.

Lokhu kungangezwa ohlelweni ngokuvula i-terminal bese wenza umyalo olandelayo kuyo:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-mozilla-security/ppa -y
sudo apt-get update

Kwenziwe lokhu manje kufanele bafake ne:

sudo apt install firefox

Okwabasebenzisi be-Arch Linux kanye nokuphuma kokunye, vele usebenze esigungwini:

sudo pacman -S firefox

Manje kulabo abangabasebenzisi beFedora noma yikuphi okunye ukusatshalaliswa okususelwe kuwo:

sudo dnf install firefox

Okokugcina uma bengabasebenzisi be-SUSE evulekileBangathembela ezinqolobaneni zomphakathi, lapho bangafaka khona iMozilla ohlelweni lwabo.

Lokhu kungenziwa nge-terminal nakuyo ngokuthayipha:

su -
zypper ar -f http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/mozilla/openSUSE_Leap_15.1/ mozilla
zypper ref
zypper dup --from mozilla

para konke okunye ukusatshalaliswa kweLinux kungalanda amaphakheji kanambambili funa isixhumanisi esilandelayo.  

 


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.