Sengivele ngiqalile ukushicilela izinguqulo ezingama-64-bit ze-Raspberry Pi OS

Ngaphandle kokungabaza i I-Raspberry Pi iyikhompuyutha ephaketheni elihle eguqulelwe kwinani elikhulu lezidingo ezivela kubasebenzisi bayo, kusukela kuzinguqulo zero kuya ku-Raspberry pi 400, ngokuyisisekelo lawa mabhodi enza kube nokwenzeka kusukela kumaphrojekthi womuntu siqu kuya ezinhlelweni zezimboni.

Ngaphezu kwalokhu, into ephawulekayo nge-Raspberry Pi ingasebenza nenani elikhulu lezinhlelo zokusebenza, kusukela kuzinhlelo ze-Linux (Ubuntu, Arch Linux, Recalbox, Lakka, njll), kanye neWindows, Android, phakathi kwezinye izinhlobo zamasistimu.

Kepha, ezimweni eziningi, kubasebenzisi, ezinye izindlela azihlali zisebenza ngokuphelele futhi bakhetha ukusetshenziswa kwesistimu yokusebenza ezenzakalelayo ye-Raspberry Pi.

Futhi ngenxa yalokhu uhlelo olwakhelwe i-RPi lwake lwabizwa ngokuthi i-Raspbian, lolu hlelo lokusebenza olusekelwe ekusabalaliseni kwe-Linux "Debian".

Kodwa isikhathi eside bekunenkinga eyodwa kuphela nokuthi naphezu kokuthi umugqa we-Raspberry Pi usekela ukwakhiwa kwe-64-bit kusukela ngo-2016 (ngokukhululwa kwe-Raspberry Pi 3), uhlelo lokusebenza oluzenzakalelayo luhlala luyi-32-bit.

Nokho, I-Raspberry Pi Foundation iyabona ukuthi abasebenzisi abaningi bangase babe nezizathu zokukhetha uhlelo lokusebenza lwe-64-bit, njengalezo ezidinga ukusebenzisa imithombo evaliwe yezinhlelo zokusebenza ezitholakala kuphela ku-architecture ye-arm64. Elinye iphuzu elihle elilindelekile ukuthi ukusebenza kwezinhlelo ezithile zokusebenza kuzothuthuka ngoshintsho ekusebenzeni kwe-64-bit.

Futhi isizathu sokukhuluma ngakho ukuthi ngemuva konyaka wokuhlolwa kwe-beta, inguqulo ezinzile yenguqulo ye-64-bit iyatholakala ekugcineni yesistimu yokusebenza ye-Raspberry Pi, ebilokhu iku-beta kusukela ngoMeyi 2020.

Kodwa siye saqaphela ukuthi kunezizathu zokukhetha uhlelo lokusebenza lwe-64-bit esikhundleni se-32-bit eyodwa. Ukuhambisana kuyinkinga ebalulekile: izinhlelo zokusebenza eziningi zomthombo ovaliwe zitholakala kuphela ku-arm64, futhi imithombo evulekile ayilungiselelwe ngokugcwele imbobo ye-armhf. Ngaphandle kwalokho, kunezinzuzo ezithile zokusebenza zangaphakathi kusethi yemiyalo ye-A64: lezi zibonakala kakhulu kumabhentshimakhi namuhla, kodwa kufanele zibonakale ekusebenzeni kohlelo lokusebenza lomhlaba wangempela esikhathini esizayo.

Inguqulo ye-64-bit yalolu hlelo lokusebenza okudala lulindelwe kwandisa ukusebenzisana kwesofthiwe kuzinhlelo zokusebenza zomthombo ovaliwe, okuvamise ukufakwa ku-ARM64 kuphela. Futhi, i-64-bit Pi OS kufanele ithuthukise ukusebenza kwebhentshimakhi (hhayi ukusebenza komhlaba wangempela) sibonga isethi yayo yemiyalo ethuthukisiwe.

Ngeshwa, i- I-Pi Foundation isasebenza "kwideskithophu enezinhlelo zokusebenza ezinconyiwe". yesistimu yokusebenza ye-Pi 64-bit.

Kungakho kushiwo ukuthi uma ufuna ukubuyekeza uhlelo ngalesi sikhathi, kufanele ufake inguqulo ye- "Lite" ye-Pi OS futhi ufake izinhlelo zokusebenza ezibalulekile.

Kufanele futhi ngiqaphele ukuthi i-Raspberry OS entsha isuselwe ku-Debian 11 "Bullseye", kunefa le-Debian 10 "Buster".

Ukuze uthole ireferensi, i-64-bit Pi OS isebenza emabhodini anama-ARMv8-A asekelwe kuma-processor afana ne-Raspberry Pi Zero 2 (BCM2710 SoC ne-Cortex-A53 CPU), i-Raspberry Pi 3 (BCM2710 SoC ne-Cortex-A53 CPU) kanye ne-Raspberry Pi 4 ( I-BCM2711 SoC ene-Cortex-A53 CPU)A53 CPU)-A72).

Ngenkathi amabhodi we-1-bit Raspberry Pi 32 wefa anama-ARM1176 CPUs eza nokwakhiwa kwe-arm6hf kanye namabhodi amasha we-2-bit Raspberry Pi 32 kanye namabhodi we-Raspberry Pi Zero anama-Cortex-A7 processors anokwakheka okuhlukile kwe-armhf. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, zontathu izakhiwo ezihlongozwayo ziyibhodi ehambisanayo ukusuka phezulu kuye phansi, isb i-arm6hf build ingasetshenziswa esikhundleni se-armhf kanye ne-arm64 builds futhi i-armhf build ingasetshenziswa esikhundleni se-arm64 build.

Okokugcina uma unentshisekelo yokwazi kabanzi ngakho ungabheka imininingwane ku- isixhumanisi esilandelayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.