I-Debian + KDE: Ukufaka nokwenza ngezifiso

Njengoba ngithembisile, nazi izinyathelo ngesinyathelo ngezinyathelo engizenzile lapho sengifakile I-KDE 4.6 othandekayo wami Ukuhlolwa kwe-Debian. Bengimatasa kancane namhlanje, ngakho-ke ngiyaxolisa uma kungeyona imininingwane njengoba ungathanda.

Namuhla ekuseni ngenze ukufaka okuhlanzekile (kusuka ekuqaleni) kwe Debian, ukuze ngibhale kangcono amaphakheji engidinga ukuwafaka njalonjalo, ngakho-ke uma ulandela lesi sihloko igxathu negxathu, ngeke ube nesizathu sokuba nezinkinga.

Ukufakwa kwe-Debian.

Ngokuphathelene nokufakwa kukhona okuhlukile. Imvamisa ngisebenzisa Ukuhlolwa kwe-Debian futhi into enengqondo kunazo zonke ukuthi Ngilande iso le- lesi sixhumanisi futhi ngalokho usuqedile ukufaka. Inkinga ukuthi njengoba umkhawulokudonsa wami engakuvumeli, bekufanele ngisebenzise iso le- Squeeze Debian.

Incomo # 1: Izama ukufaka nge-Debian Testing iso ngezizathu ezimbili:

  1. Kuzoba namaphakeji ambalwa azovuselelwa.
  2. Ubeka engcupheni encane yokuhlangabezana namaphutha wokuncika noma izinto ezinjalo.

Ukufaka, kungaba nge-iso de Cwilisa o Wheezy, kufana ncamashi nendlela engichaza ngayo kule pdf, ngaphandle kokuthi angifaki Imvelo yezithombe, kepha kuphela Izinsiza zohlelo olujwayelekile. Ngalesi siqondisi ngizocabanga ukuthi ukufakwa kwenziwa kusuka esweni le- Testing.

Ukubuyekeza

Lapho sesiqedile ukufaka ngaphandle kwemvelo yokuqhafaza, singena ngemvume njengezimpande bese silungisa amakhosombe:

# nano /etc/apt/sources.list

kufayela lemithombo esiyibekile:

deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian testing main contrib non-free

futhi uvuselele:

# aptitude update

Lapho usuqedile, sibuyekeza amaphakheji asevele efakiwe:

# aptitude safe-upgrade

Lapho le nqubo isiqediwe, uma konke kuhambe kahle, siqala kabusha ifayela le- PC bese siyaqhubeka nokufaka KDE.

Ukufakwa kwe-KDE

Kulo mhlahlandlela sizofaka kuphela amaphakheji adingekayo ukuze KDE iboniswa kahle futhi ikwazi ukuyisebenzisa. Sizofaka futhi amaphakheji afanele angafakwanga ngokuzenzakalela. Lapho nje singena ngemvume njengezimpande, sizoba nemvelo esebenza ngokugcwele ngokufaka amaphakheji alandelayo:

# aptitude install kde-plasma-desktop kde-l10n-es kde-i18n-es kwalletmanager lightdm

Ngalokhu kwanele ukuze kuthi lapho isiqedile bese siqala kabusha, singangena kudeskithophu yethu entsha sha. Uma ubheka ekugcineni ngingezile I-LightDM futhi ngichaza ukuthi kungani. Lapho sifaka iphakheji kde-i-plasma-desktop, lokhu kuyasifaka I-KDM okuyinto kimi enzima kakhulu, ngakho-ke ngiyifaka esikhundleni sayo I-LightDM. Uma sesinikelile Faka, iwizard izosibuza ukuthi iyiphi esifuna ukuyisebenzisa, ukhethe leyo oyifunayo.

I-LightDM izophinde ifake amaphakheji wesiphakeli sokuqhafaza. Njengoba ngisebenzisa i-Intel, ngivele ngingeze: xserver-xorg-ividiyo-intel, ngale ndlela:

# aptitude install kde-plasma-desktop kde-l10n-es kde-i18n-es kwalletmanager lightdm xserver-xorg-video-intel

Lokhu kwanele, kepha uma sifuna singafaka uma kuphela, noma ngokuhambisana nalawa, amaphakheji alandelayo:

# aptitude install kde-icons-oxygen kde-config-gtk-style kde-style-qtcurve kwalletmanager kde-icons-mono system-config-gtk-kde gtk2-engines-oxygen gtk-qt-engine

Angamaphakheji esizothuthukisa ngawo izinhlelo IGtk esizisebenzisayo nezinye izithonjana esizingezayo. Uma ungasebenzisi isikhwama semali KDE ukuphatha amaphasiwedi, ungasusa umphathi wakwallet.

Amaphakeji angeziwe.

Ngaphambi kokuqala kabusha, kungakuhle ukufaka amanye amaphakheji esingawadinga, ngokwesibonelo:

Amaphakheji Ahlobene Nomsindo / Ividiyo
# aptitude install clementine kmplayer vlc (instalado por defecto) gstreamer0.10-esd gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad lame pulseaudio -y

Amaphakeji ahlobene nokusetshenziswa kwesistimu:
# aptitude install ark rar unrar htop mc wicd wicd-kde dbus gdebi-kde rcconf ksnapshot -y

NO / KDE izicelo engizisebenzisayo:
# aptitude install iceweasel icedove libreoffice-writer libreoffice-l10n-es libreoffice-kde libreoffice-impress libreoffice-calc gimp inkscape diffuse -y

Izinto engizisusayo:
# aptitude purge exim4 exim4-base exim4-config exim4-daemon-light -y

Vele kufanele ungeze noma ususe okudingayo 😀

Yenza ngokwezifiso i-KDE

Uma sidlula izinyathelo zangaphambilini ngaphandle kwezinkinga, sifika engxenyeni ethakazelisa kakhulu yayo yonke le nto: ukwenza ngezifiso KDE ukusisindisa abambalwa Mb yokusetshenziswa. Okokuqala sizokwenza ngesandla (nge-console) ukuze kamuva siqhubekele ezicini zokuqhafaza.

Yenza kusebenze i-Akonadi + Nepomuk:

Ngeke ngingene emininingwaneni yokuthi iyini Akonadi o I-Nepomuk, ikakhulukazi ngoba kunendatshana enhle kakhulu echaza kahle kakhulu ukuthi umsebenzi wabo ngamunye uyini. Ungayifunda lapha. Ukucisha i-Akonadi ngokuphelele, senza okulandelayo:

$ nano ~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc

Sifuna umugqa othi:

StartServer=true

futhi sikubeka kwaba yiqiniso:

StartServer=false

Gcina wazi ukuthi izinhlelo zokusebenza zithanda I-Kmail basebenzisa Akonadi, ngakho-ke kungenzeka singakwazi ukuzisebenzisa. Ukwenza kungasebenzi I-Nepomuk hlela ifayela:

$ nano ~/.kde/share/config/nepomukserverrc

nokuthi:

[Basic Settings]
Start Nepomuk=true

[Isevisi-nepomukstrigiservice]
autostart = kuyiqiniso

Sikushiya kanjena:

[Basic Settings]
Start Nepomuk=false

[Isevisi-nepomukstrigiservice]
autostart = amanga

Ngokomqondo konke lokhu kungenziwa ngu Okuncamelayo kwe- Uhlelo, kodwa lutho, lapha kushesha 😀

Ukuqeda imiphumela.

Singonga izinsizakusebenza ngokuqeda imiphumela (okusobala, ushintsho) lokho kungena KDE ngephutha. Ngalokhu sivula ifayili le- Umphathi Wezintandokazi Zesistimu » Ukubukeka nokuziphatha kwendawo yokusebenza »Imiphumela yedeskithophu futhi ungahloli » Nika amandla imiphumela yedeskithophu.

Futhi singasusa eminye imiphumela ngokumisa izilungiselelo ze-oxygen. Ngalokhu siyacindezela I-Alt + F2 futhi siyabhala izilungiselelo zomoya-mpilo. Kufanele sithole into enjengale:

Lapho singazijabulisa ngokususa imiphumela yezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene. Ngimane ngihlole: Yenza kusebenze ukugqwayiza.

Ukubonisa kahle izinhlelo zokusebenza ze-Gtk

Into yokuqala esiyenzayo ukufaka ama-motors IGtk kudingekile:

$ sudo aptitude install gtk2-engines-oxygen gtk2-engines-qtcurve

Kamuva sivula ukuphela bese sibeka:

$ echo 'include "/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"' >> $HOME/.gtkrc-2.0
$ echo 'include "/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"' >> $HOME/.gtkrc.mine

Manje kufanele sikhethe kuphela kufayela le- Okuncamelayo kwe-KDE ukwedlula kwezicelo IGtk ukusetshenziswa I-QtCurve. Umphumela ungabonakala kimi Firefox:

Isusa izinqubo ekuqaleni.

Sivula ifayela le- Umphathi Wezintandokazi Zesistimu »Ukuphathwa Kwesistimu» Ukuqalisa Nokucima »Umphathi Wensiza bese ususe ukumaka lezo esingafuni ukuziqala. Isibonelo sinye engihlala ngisikhubaza: Amamojula wokusesha we-Nepomuk.

Isusa isikhombisi esinwebekayo.

Noma kungahle kungabonakali njengokufana, ukweqa okuncane kwesithonjana okuvela kusikhombisi lapho sivula uhlelo lokusebenza kudla izinsiza. Ukuyiqeda sivula ifayela le- Umphathi Wezintandokazi Zesistimu »Ukubonakala okuvamile nokuziphatha» Izaziso zohlelo lokusebenza nezesistimu »Isaziso sokuqalisa futhi ithi kuphi Isikhombisi esinwebekayo sibeka: Asikho isikhombisi esimatasa.

Ideski elijwayelekile.

Bengihlala ngithanda ukuba nedeski lendabuko, njengaku I-Gnome o KDE 3. Ngalokhu siya kudeskithophu bese sichofoza isithonjana engxenyeni engaphezulu kwesokudla bese siyakhetha Okuncamelayo kokubuka ifolda:

Futhi ewindini eliphuma sishintsha isimo sibe Ukubuka kwefolda.

I-RCConf

Sifaka i-rcconf ukukhubaza njengokujwayelekile amanye amademoni aqala lapho ama-boot system. Endabeni yami enye yalezo engizisusayo yilezi I-KDM selokhu ngisebenzisa I-LightDM. Kufanele uqaphele ikakhulukazi ngalokhu, futhi ungalokothi ususe dbus.

Futhi kuze kube manje lo mhlahlandlela. Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngingangeza izinto eziningi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-19, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   oscar kusho

    Ngiyabonga elav ngokugcina izwi lakho +1

    1.    I-elav <° Linux kusho

      Ngiyethemba ukuthi iyakusiza impela ...

  2.   mac_live kusho

    Ngiyabonga, sengivele ngenze ngokwezifiso, sizoqala kabusha ukubona ukuthi sihamba ngejubane ngempela, futhi yiziphi izinhlelo engingazenza ngaphandle kwesikhathi sokuqala? Uma ngingakukhathazi kakhulu?

    1.    I-elav <° Linux kusho

      Well kuya ngalokho okufakile. Uma ungikhombisa isithombe-skrini, mhlawumbe ngingakusiza .. 😉

  3.   busisiwe kusho

    Lapho isho khona into eyi-akonadi, uyibeka emuva, ukuze usebenze i-akonadi okuguquguqukayo kufanele kube ngamanga, kanjena:

    StartServer = amanga

    1.    I-elav <° Linux kusho

      Yebo, kwenzeka kimi ngenkathi ngibhala lo mbhalo, ngiyabonga kakhulu 😀

  4.   oscar kusho

    elav ngicabanga ukukhubaza i-akonadi ukubuyela emuva kwendlela oyifaka ngayo kokuthunyelwe.

  5.   oscar kusho

    Ngokususa izinto zokubhala, nokucisha i-Akonadi neNepomuk, nginciphise ukusetshenziswa nge-200Mb, ngiyaneliseka.

    1.    I-elav <° Linux kusho

      200Mb? 0_o

      Kepha une-RAM engakanani? Ngabe unciphise ukusetshenziswa kakhulu? Hawu .. Kuhle 😀

      1.    oscar kusho

        Ngine-1.5Gb ne-1.3Gb etholakala nge-processor ye-AMD64 dual core, engicabanga ukuthi, njengoba ngifunda kuwebhu, isebenzisa i-RAM engaphezulu kwe-i386. Ngihlela ukuzama ukufika ku-4Gb.

        1.    I-elav <° Linux kusho

          MMM KULUNGILE.

      2.    kik1n kusho

        Empeleni yebo.
        I-kde yami ayikaze ingingene ngenxa yokusetshenziswa kakhulu kweRam.
        Ngiyayithanda kepha ngiseGnome Ja

        1.    oscar kusho

          NgeGnome2 ngivumelana nawe kepha ngazama iFedora 15 ngeGnome3 futhi inokusetshenziswa okuphezulu kwe-RAM cishe okulingana ne-KDE, ngiyethemba ukuthi ngentuthuko ithuthukisa ukusetshenziswa.

  6.   I-Roman77 kusho

    I-tuto enhle kakhulu… .ja, icishe ifane nokufakwa kwe-Debian enginakho… umehluko ukuthi ngesikhathi ngangiyifaka nge-Squeeze kanti inqubo yayiyi-loooong 🙂

    imikhonzo

    1.    I-elav <° Linux kusho

      Ngiyabonga Roman77, siyajabula ukuthi uyithandile 😀

  7.   UCarlos-Xfce kusho

    Sawubona Elav. Yize ngingakaze ngibe ngumsebenzisi we-KDE, ngithola lesi sifundo sithakazelisa kakhulu. Ngiyakuthanda ukufunda. Ngiyabonga kakhulu futhi ngithemba ukuthi uzoqhubeka nokushicilela okuningi.

    1.    I-elav <° Linux kusho

      Ngiyabonga uCarlos-Xfce, nginethemba lokuqhubeka nokushicilela abanye, ngiqonde ukuthi, uma iGnome ingangibizi, sengivele ngibona ukuthi amaphakheji amaningi we-Gnome3 angena ku-Testing 😀

  8.   i-arturo molina kusho

    Ngakuthola kuthakazelisa. Ake sibone ukuthi ngempelasonto ngiyazikhuthaza yini ukuyifaka. Ozithobayo.

  9.   Rojas kusho

    Okuthunyelwe okuhle kakhulu, njengamanje ngiqala ukukulandela ... ngifuna ukuhlanganisa i-kernel ye-pc yami kepha angazi ukuthi yimaphi amamojula okufanele ngiwafake, ngine-Toshiba esebenzisa i-AMD Thurion Dual core ene-4 gb ye-RAM futhi lokhu ngumphumela we-lspci:
    00: 00.0 Ibhuloho lokusingathwa: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS880 Host Bridge
    00: 01.0 ibhuloho le-PCI: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 / RS880 PCI kuya ku-PCI bridge (int gfx)
    00: 04.0 Ibhuloho le-PCI: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 PCI kuya ku-PCI bridge (i-PCIE port 0)
    00: 05.0 Ibhuloho le-PCI: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 PCI kuya ku-PCI bridge (i-PCIE port 1)
    00: 06.0 Ibhuloho le-PCI: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 PCI kuya ku-PCI bridge (i-PCIE port 2)
    I-00: 11.0 isilawuli se-SATA: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 SATA Controller [Imodi ye-AHCI]
    00: 12.0 Isilawuli se-USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB OHCI0 Isilawuli
    00: 12.1 Isilawuli se-USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 USB OHCI1 Isilawuli
    00: 12.2 Isilawuli se-USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB EHCI Isilawuli
    00: 13.0 Isilawuli se-USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB OHCI0 Isilawuli
    00: 13.1 Isilawuli se-USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 USB OHCI1 Isilawuli
    00: 13.2 Isilawuli se-USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB EHCI Isilawuli
    I-00: 14.0 I-SMBus: I-ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 Isilawuli se-SMBus (rev 3c)
    00: 14.2 Idivayisi yomsindo: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 Azalia (Intel HDA)
    00: 14.3 ISA bridge: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 LPC umphathi wesilawuli
    00: 14.4 Ibhuloho le-PCI: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 PCI kuya kwi-PCI Bridge
    00: 18.0 Ibhuloho lokusingathwa: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Family 10h Processor HyperTransport Configuration
    00: 18.1 Ibhuloho lokusingathwa: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Family 10h Processor Map Map
    00: 18.2 Ibhuloho lokusingathwa: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Family 10h Processor DRAM Controller
    00: 18.3 Ibhuloho lokusingathwa: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Family 10h Processor Control Miscellaneous Control
    00: 18.4 Ibhuloho Lokubamba: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Family 10h Processor Link Control
    01: 05.0 Isilawuli esihambisanayo se-VGA: ATI Technologies Inc M880G [Mobility Radeon HD 4200]
    Isilawuli senethiwekhi: Realtek Semiconductor Co, Ltd. RTL02SEvB Wireless LAN Controller (rev 00.0)
    Isilawuli se-03: 00.0 Ethernet: Realtek Semiconductor Co, Ltd. RTL8101E / RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller (rev 02)