Ukwazi izinqolobane ze-APT nezobuntu

Sawubona kuwo wonke amaLinuxeros namaLinuxer. Namuhla sizobhekana nalesi sihloko, amasistimu wokugcina we Ubuntu.

I-APT

Ubuntu futhi ama-distros asuselwa kuwo asebenzisa uhlelo I-APT. I-APT yasungulwa yiqembu le- Debian futhi kukhona igama elithi 'Ithuluzi lokuPhakamisa eliphambili'.

Ihlelwe ku- C nokusebenza kwayo kuqukethe, kuchazwe ngendlela elula, ukulanda amanye '.deb' kusuka kuseva ye-FTP (kulokhu kuvela ku-Ubuntu) bese uwafaka ngokuzenzakalela nge dpkg.

Lokhu kwenza kube lula ukufaka izinhlelo. Kepha-ke, akuzona zonke izinhlelo ezingaba kumaseva we-FTP. Ngakho-ke nansi iPPA.

I-PPA

I-PPA Okuvela ku-English 'Personal Package Archive' ngamafayela womuntu uqobo futhi ekuvumela ukuthi ulande futhi ufake izinhlelo ezingekho ezinqolobaneni ezisemthethweni. Ngokuvamile zihlala kuwo Qalisa iPad.

Sebenzisa

Isibonelo ngifuna ukufaka iphakheji 'roger / roger-mola' engekho ezinqolobaneni ezisemthethweni, ngakho-ke ngivula i-terminal (console, Shell, bash) bese ngifaka:

sudo apt-add-repository roger/roger-mola

Sivuselela i-database: (kuchazwe ngezansi)

sudo apt-get update

Futhi silanda Iphakheji:

sudo apt-get install roger-mola

Izingxenye ze-APT

Amaphakeji ahlukaniswe izigaba ezi-4:

  • Main: Kuqukethe kuphela amaphakheji ahlangabezana nezimfuneko zelayisense ye-Ubuntu, nokuthi yiluphi usizo olutholakala kuthimba lakho. Lokhu kuhloswe ukufaka konke okudingayo kumasistimu amaningi I-GNU / Linux injongo ejwayelekile.
  • Kukhawulelwe: Kuqukethe amaphakheji asekelwa onjiniyela be- Ubuntu ngenxa yokubaluleka kwayo, kepha ukuthi ayitholakali ngaphansi kwanoma yiluphi uhlobo lwelayisensi yamahhala ongayifaka ku- main.
  • Universe: Iqukethe izinhlelo ezahlukahlukene, ezingaba noma ezingenayo ilayisense ekhawulelwe, kepha ezingasekelwa yi Ubuntu kodwa ohlangothini lomphakathi. Lokhu kuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bafake zonke izinhlobo zezinhlelo ohlelweni ngokuzigcina endaweni ehlukile kusuka kumaphakeji asekelwayo: main y ivinjelwe.
  • Ezihlukahlukene: Iqukethe amaphakheji angasekelwa ngoba awahlangabezani nezidingo zesoftware yamahhala.

Isebenzisa i-APT

I-APT Inokusetshenziswa okuningi, lapha ngikukhombisa izisekelo:

Faka Izinhlelo Zokusebenza

sudo apt-get install [Nombre del programa]

Lungisa / Buyekeza Izicelo

sudo apt-get --reinstall install [Nombre del Programa]

Khipha Izinhlelo Zokusebenza

sudo apt-get remove [Nombre del programa]

Khipha ngokuphelele Izicelo

sudo apt-get --purge remove [Nombre del programa]

Vuselela i-database

sudo apt-get update

Awufuni ukukhumbula imiyalo?

Yebo, uma ungafuni ukukhumbula imiyalo onayo:

  • Isikhungo se-Ubuntu Software
  • Amandla alandwe ngephakheji: ukufaneleka
  • I-Synaptic elandwe ngephakeji: synaptic
  • Ukwemukela

Ngiyethemba nje ukuthi ukuthandile, ngoba ngikuthandile ukubhala lokhu. Maduze ngizofundisa bobabili i-YUM ne-PACMAN. Kuze kube yisikhathi esilandelayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-17, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Gonzalo kusho

    Okuthunyelwe okuhle ukuze ube nolwazi ngokusebenza kwe-APT 😀

  2.   pandacriss kusho

    ungakhohlwa ukuthi "ngosesho lwe-apt-cache" ungasesha uma ngabe iphakethe likhona ezinqolobaneni noma kumaphakeji ahlangabezana nencazelo. : 3
    zama ukwenza
    usesho lwe-apt-cache nokia
    usesho lwe-apt-cache lxde
    usesho lwe-apt-cache nokia | ukuphathwa kwe-grep

  3.   oscar kusho

    Siyabonga ngokufaka!

  4.   UHugo Iturrieta kusho

    Kuhle kakhulu

  5.   clow_eriol kusho

    Siyabonga ngomnikelo, ngilinde abalandelayo nge-YUM ne-PACMAN

  6.   eliotime3000 kusho

    Uphuthelwe i-Apper yalabo abasebenzisa i-KDE.

    Ngaphandle kwalokho, kubonakala sengathi inguqulo yeWindows yeWindows Forefox iyathuthuka ngokunikezela kanye ne-interface uqobo yama-PC angasebenzi.

    1.    U-IvanLinux kusho

      Ngicabanga ukuthi isenzo esihle soMozilla kungaba ukuthi iFirefox OS ayibonwanga yizinhlelo zeWindows (ukukhanyisa, ukukopisha idatha), ngokuthembeka, ngiyayiseka kakhulu i-FFOS kepha ngicabanga ukuthi iluhlaza kakhulu, uma ihlanganisa ukuhambisana ne-Android njenge I-Tizen noma i-Sailfish OS iyakwenza, ngiyaqiniseka ukuthi ngifaka i-Moto G. yami.

      1.    I-Noctuido kusho

        Izicelo ezikwiFirefox zenzelwe ukuthi zikwazi ukugijima kunoma iyiphi ipulatifomu, ngoba kubo ipulatifomu iyiwebhu.

        Abamunca iMozilla ukuthi i-HTML5 igcina inqobile, yize ngenhlanhla ithola indawo eyanda ngokwengeziwe; Ngalokhu, iFirefoxOS ifuna ukuthi izinhlelo zokusebenza zenziwe ngamapulatifomu amaningi, zikwazi ukusebenza kunoma yisiphi isiphequluli sohlelo olusebenzayo. Okunye futhi ukuthi ovelele benze into yabo ukuze kungenzeki lokho, noma bahlehlise ukubusa kwabo. Abathuthukisi abanalokhu bazokhipha izicelo zawo wonke amapulatifomu, nokugcinwa kwabasebenzi okubandakanya.

        1.    KZKG ^ Gaara kusho

          Ngifunde ekuphawuleni kwakho «(…) IMozilla iyabamba ukuthi i-HTML5 (…) »… LOL!, Bengicabanga ukuthi awuvumelani nombono we-HTML5 noMozilla, kepha ukufunda kangcono ngiyabona ukuthi ubungaqondile ukusho ukuthi yi-sucks, kepha apulokhu haha

        2.    U-IvanLinux kusho

          Kube neprojekthi ethi: "Udalela iLinux futhi iyahambisana nakuWindows" (Akuyona i-cygwin noma iCoLinux), ngeshwa yayingenakusasa (okungenzeka kwenzeke ku-HTML5). Ngibheja ku-HTML5.
          Kukhona iphrojekthi ebizwa nge-Phonegap, ewusizo kakhulu, empeleni ngithanda i-HTML5 kakhulu kangangokuba ngakha uhlelo lokusebenza lwewebhu ye-Eliotime. (Ungathola iphrojekthi ye- (Mega Ultra Bugeado xD) eGithub).
          Masishiye i- «Off-Topic» yeFirefox ne-HTML5 ngoba ayihlanganise lutho ne- «APT kanye nezinqolobane zeCanonical Ubuntu»

  7.   atlas7jean kusho

    Nali iphutha xd

    i-sudo apt-add-repository roger / roger-mola

    okokuqala kufanele ubeke i-ppa * colon * roger / roger-cool xD

    i-sudo apt-add-repository ppa: i-roger / i-roger-mola

  8.   UManuel R kusho

    Kubonakala kimi ukuthi umyalo wokwengeza ama-PPAs awulungile, ngokungeziwe kukholoni ukuthi i-atlas7jean iphawula, i-syntax yomyalo ayilungile ngoba iyindawo yokugcina, esikhundleni se-apt-add-repository.

    Isibonelo esikhonjisiwe kufanele sibukeke (ngokusho kwami) kanjena:

    $ sudo engeza-apt-repository ppa: roger / roger-mola

    Ukubingelela

  9.   TheGuillox kusho

    Umyalo wokufaka i-ppa awulungile. Kungabonakala kanjena: "i-sudo add-apt-repository ppa: [igama le-ppa]"

    ngaphandle kwalolo lwazi oluhle, kepha bengangeza eminye imiyalo. Isibonelo, lapho ufaka, ungafaka amaphakheji ambalwa ngomyalo ofanayo, okungukuthi, "i-sudo apt-get install [package1] [package2]". uma ungeza -y ngaphambi kwe- "install" akubuzi ukuthi uqinisekile ukufaka.

    Udinga futhi ukucacisa ukuthi ungawahlanza kanjani amaphakheji aphelelwa yisikhathi lapho ukhipha uhlelo, "sudo apt-get autoremove" uma ungeza - ukukhuphuka kususa ngokuphelele

  10.   I-Noctuido kusho

    Into embi engiyibonayo ezinqolobaneni ze-PPA ukuthi abaningi abajwayele ukuba nohambo olude, yize ngakolunye uhlangothi izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene ze-Ubuntu yiyona ehlanganiswe kakhulu ngobuningi.

  11.   Pcesar27 kusho

    Okuthunyelwe okuhle kakhulu ngikuthandile njengoba ngingumsebenzisi we-novice oqala kulo mhlaba we-linux, njengamanje ngisebenzisa i-mint petra nesinamoni engicabanga ukuthi iyi-distro enhle kakhulu yabasebenzisi be-novice, futhi lolu hlobo lokuthunyelwe lusiza kakhulu kithina abasebenzisa kutholwe ama-distros we-debian. Ngizolinda okuthunyelwe kwakho kwe-YUM NE-PACMAN ngoba kungasiza kakhulu ukubheka i-openuse eyaziwayo ne-archlinux nokunye okunjalo.

  12.   shamaru kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngolwazi lwakho, abantu abanjengawe yibo lo mphakathi ocebile ngolwazi.

  13.   Berne kusho

    I-Chingón. Ngiyabonga.