Ama-Desktop eDebian ayi-6 - I-Computer Networking yama-SME

Inkomba ejwayelekile yochungechunge: Ama-Computer Networks ama-SME: Isingeniso

Kulo okuthunyelwe siphakamisa enye yezindlela zokungena endaweni yonke Debian: ukufaka nokulungisa i-Desktop.

Kubhekiswe ngaphezu kwakho konke kufayela le- Iyaqala o Uama-suarios amasha, abalinde incazelo eningiliziwe yokuthi ungayithola kanjani iDebian enedeskithophu ebushelelezi futhi elula, eqala ekufakweni kokuqala kwe-CD-ROM + ezinqolobaneni.

Ekupheleni kokufunda le ndatshana, sizoba nombono ocacile wokuthi singazifaka kanjani izindawo ezihlukile zedeskithophu ku-Debian njenge:

  • KDE
  • I-GNOME
  • I-Cinnamon
  • MATE
  • I-XFCE
  • I-LXDE

Siyazi ukuthi siphakathi nesikhathi se-Debian 8 "Jessie". Kodwa-ke, ngiphawula ukuthi esikhathini esithile esedlule, sashicilela ku KusukaLinux, futhi ngaphakathi abantu, uchungechunge lwezihloko ezinikezelwe kudeskithophu okuthi, yize zazibhalwe ezinsukwini zikaDebian 6 "Squeeze" nasekuqaleni kuka Wheyy, zisasebenza nanamuhla endleleni yokusondela ekwenzeni ideskithophu nge-Debian. Lezi zihloko bekungukuthi:

  • Ukuthi isihlahla asisivimbi ekuboneni ihlathi
  • Ukuthi isihlahla asisivimbi ekuboneni ihlathi II
  • Ukuthi isihlahla asisivimbi ekuboneni ihlathi III
  • Ukufaka i-Debian nge-Xfce desktop
  • Cindezela nge-Xfce esandleni
  • I-KDE esheshayo nenhle

Kuzo zonke izindatshana ezinikezelwe kusihloko sedeskithophu noma sedeskithophu mayelana ne-Debian, ebesikufuna - futhi esisafuna - ukucacisa ukuthi, kusuka ukufakwa kokuqala kwe-CD-ROM + ezinqolobaneni, noma ngabe eyasendaweni noma eshicilelwe ku- I-Enterprise LAN noma ku-Intanethi, singakwazi thola ideski kodwa likhanya, lihle kakhulu, noma zombili ngasikhathi sinye kuya ngokufunda kwethu, ulwazi namakhono.

Asinaso isidingo sokulanda ama-CD noma ama-DVD amaningi ngokuya ngokusatshalaliswa okukhulunywa ngakho, ukuthola ideskithophu ene-Debian. Eyokuqala kuphela nokufinyelela ezinqolobaneni.

Sinombono wokuthi Debian, Uhlelo Lokusebenza Lomhlaba Wonke, kungenye yokusabalalisa okulula njenge Iseva - Indawo yokusebenza esingakuthola endaweni yonke Linux.

Izindawo zeDeskithophu ku-Debian

Sasho phakathi i-athikili edlule Okulandelayo:

  • Uma kusinyathelo "Sokukhethwa kwezinhlelo" sishiya inketho [X] Imvelo yedeskithophu ihloliwe, uhlelo luzofaka i-GNOME 3.14 noma indawo ephakeme yokuqhafaza, kuya ngezinqolobane esinazo..

Ngokuqondile, sibhekisa kwinqubo yokufaka kusuka ku-1st CD-ROM uma kukhulunywa ngesinyathelo "Sokukhetha izinhlelo".

Uma okunye ukusatshalaliswa kweLinux kusinikeza okungenani i-DVD eyodwa ukufaka amasistimu abo okusebenza ngemvelo yedeskithophu, kuwumqondo ofanayo ukucabanga ukuthi ukufakwa kwe-GNOME 3, kusuka kwi-CD eyodwa, NGEKE kuqede, kude nayo..

Kungakho sikhetha ukwenza ifayili le- ukufaka okuhlanzekile kwe-Debian, Bese ufaka ifayela le- desk lokuzikhethela kwethu kusuka ezinqolobaneni.

Izilungiselelo zokuqala ezincane nezijwayelekile

Ngenhloso ezwakalayo yokwenza lula ukulandelwa kwenqubo ehlongozwayo, lapha sifaka okulungiselelwe kokuqala okuncane okufanele kulandelwe, NGAPHAMBI ukufaka noma iyiphi i-Desktop ku-Debian.

Amapharamitha okuqala

Igama Lesizinda: kusuka
Igama leqembu: sysadmin
I-FQDN: sysadmin.fromlinux.fan
Ikheli le-IP: 192.168.10.3
I-SubNet: 192.168.10.0 / 24
Umsebenzisi ojwayelekile: buzz
Igama eligcwele lomsebenzisi: I-Debian First OS Buzz

Kusuka kukhonsoli yeseva nanjengomsebenzisi izimpande, simemezela amakhosombe afanele, ngokwesimo sethu asendaweni:

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # nano /etc/apt/source.list
deb: i-debian-multimedia / jessie main engekho mahhala

Sakha kabusha indawo yokugcina impahla futhi sabuyekeza uhlelo:

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # ukubuyekeza kokufaneleka
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # ukuthuthukisa ukufaneleka

Uma amaphakheji amaningi evuselelwe, ikakhulukazi i-kernel noma i-kernel, kunconywa ukuqala kabusha:

(i-imeyili ivikelwe): ~ # qala kabusha

Sifaka ezinye izinsiza

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # ukufaneleka ukufaka umunwe ssh ccze htop mc deborphan

I-Los Iyaqala Kumele sazi ukuthi benzani nokuthi yiziphi izici eziyinhloko zamaphakeji afakiwe:

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # indoda yomunwe
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # i-buzz yomunwe
Ukungena ngemvume: Igama le-buzz: I-Debian First OS Buzz Directory: / home / buzz Shell: / bin / bash On since Wed Nov 16 07:08 (EST) on pts / 0 from 192.168.10.1 3 seconds imizuzwana Ayikho imeyili. Alikho icebo.

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # htop
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # umsila -f -n 25 / var / log / syslog | ccze
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # mc
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # indoda eyintandane
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # intandane

Sihlela amanye amafayela wokumisa

izimpande @ sysadmin: ~ # nano / etc / network / interface
# Leli fayela lichaza izixhumanisi zenethiwekhi ezitholakala kusistimu yakho # nokuthi ungazisebenzisa kanjani. Ngemininingwane engaphezulu, bheka izixhumi (5). umthombo /etc/network/interfaces.d/ * # I-interface ye-loopback network interface auto lo iface lo inet loopback # I-interface eyinhloko yenethiwekhi ivumela-hotplug eth0 iface eth0 inet static ikheli 192.168.10.3 netmask 255.255.255.0 network 192.168.10.0 ukusakaza 192.168.10.255. Isango le-192.168.10.1 127.0.0.1 # dns- * izinketho zenziwa yiphakeji ye-resolutionvconf, uma ifakiwe i-dns-nameservers XNUMX dns-search kusuka ku-linux.fan
# Qeda ifayela / etc / network / interface

root @ sysadmin: ~ # nano / etc / hosts 127.0.0.1 localhost 192.168.10.3 sysadmin.fromlinux.fan sysadmin
# Imigqa elandelayo ifiseleka kubasingathi abanamandla be-IPv6 :: 1 i-localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback ff02 :: 1 ip6-allnodes ff02 :: 2 ip6-allrouters
# Ukuphela / etc / hosts file

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # nano / etc / hostname
sysadmin

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # nano / etc / mailname
sysadmin.fromlinux.fan

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # nano /etc/resolv.conf
sesha kusuka linux.fan nameserver 127.0.0.1

(i-imeyili ivikelwe): ~ # qala kabusha
    
I-Debian GNU / Linux 8 sysadmin tty1
Ukungena ngemvume kwe-sysadmin: Iphasiwedi yezimpande:
    Ukungena kokugcina: Wed Nov 16 07:08:54 2016 kusuka ngo-192.168.10.1 Linux sysadmin 3.16.0-4-amd64 # 1 SMP Debian 3.16.7-ckt11-1 + deb8u2 (2015-07-17) x86_64 
    Izinhlelo ezifakwe ohlelweni lwe-Debian GNU / Linux ziyisoftware yamahhala; imigomo eqondile yokusatshalaliswa kohlelo ngalunye ichazwe kumafayili ngamanye ku / usr / share / doc / * / copyright. I-Debian GNU / Linux iza ne-ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, kuze kufike ezingeni elivunyelwe umthetho osebenzayo.

impande @sysadmin: ~ # igama lomkhosi
sysadmin

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # igama lomethuleli -fqdn
sysadmin.fromlinux.fan

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # ifconfig
i-eth0 Link encap: Ethernet HWaddr 70: 54: d2: 19: ad: 65 inet addr: 192.168.10.3 Bcast: 192.168.10.255 Mask: 255.255.255.0 ....

Sihlanza ukuncika okungadingekile namaphakeji ayizintandane -uma ekhona - ngokuvamile

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # aptitude ukufaka -f
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # ukufaneleka purge ~ c
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # intandane
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # ukufaneleka kuhlanzekile
impande @ sysadmin: ~ # i-aptitude autoclean

Ongakukhetha: Sishintsha i-MTA «Exim4» ye- «Postfix»

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # ukufaneleka ukufaka postfix

ukumiswa kwe-postfix-1

 

ukumiswa kwe-postfix-2

Sihlola i-Postfix

impande @ sysadmin: ~ # telnet localhost 25
Ukuzama :: 1 ... Kuxhunywe ku-localhost. Uhlamvu lokuphunyuka ngu '^]'. 220 sysadmin.desdelinux.fan ESMTP Postfix (Debian / GNU) ehlo sysadmin.desdelinux.fan 250-sysadmin.desdelinux.fan 250-PIPELINING 250-SIZE 10240000 250-VRFY 250-ETRN 250-STARTTLS 250-ENHANCEDSTODESESESESESESESESESITESI-250 yeka i-8 250 Bye
Uxhumano luvalwe ngumbungazi wangaphandle.

Sinikeza izimvume zokuphatha ezivamile zomsebenzisi "buzz"

isilonda @ gandalf: ~ $ ssh buzz@192.168.10.3
buzz@192.168.10.3's password: Izinhlelo ezifakwe ohlelweni lwe-Debian GNU / Linux ziyisoftware yamahhala; imigomo eqondile yokusatshalaliswa kohlelo ngalunye ichazwe kumafayili ngamanye ku / usr / share / doc / * / copyright. I-Debian GNU / Linux iza ne-ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, kuze kufike ezingeni elivunyelwe umthetho osebenzayo. Ukungena ngemvume kokugcina: Wed Nov 16 07:49:25 2016 kusuka ngo-192.168.10.1

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ iphasiwedi yakho: 

impande @ sysadmin: / home / buzz # adduser buzz sudo
Ukungeza umsebenzisi 'buzz' eqenjini` sudo '... Ukungeza i-buzz yomsebenzisi eqenjini le-Sudo Kwenziwe.

impande @ sysadmin: / ikhaya / i-buzz # ukufaneleka ukufaka i-sudo root @ sysadmin: / home / buzz # visudo
.... # Izimpande zokucaciswa kwelungelo lomsebenzisi ZONKE = (BONKE: BONKE) BONKE buzz BONKE = (BONKE: BONKE) BONKE ....

izimpande @ sysadmin: / ikhaya / buzz # ukuphuma

Sibheka ukusebenza okulungile kweSudo:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ls -la / impande /
ls: ayikwazi ukuvula / impande / umkhombandlela: Imvume inqatshiwe

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo ls -la / impande /
[i-sudo] iphasiwedi ye-buzz: inani eliphelele lama-drwx angama-44 ------ izimpande eziyi-6 4096 Nov 16 07:40. drwxr-xr-x 22 impande 4096 Nov 12 11: 17 .. drwx ------ 2 impande 4096 Nov 16 09:09 .aptitude -rw ------- 1 impande 2038 Nov 16 08 : 00 .bash_history -rw-r - r-- 1 impande 570 Jan 31 2010 .bashrc .....

Kumakhompyutha anenani elihle le-RAM (ama-4 gig noma ngaphezulu)

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo nano /etc/sysctl.conf
# Faka i-vm.swappiness = 10 kuze kube sekupheleni

Sisebenzisa izinguquko ngokushesha:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo sysctl -p
vm. injabulo = 10

Siphakamisa funda ngokucophelela isigaba sokugcina sefayela /etc/sysctl.conf, equkethe uchungechunge lwezincomo zokwenza ngcono ukuphepha koxhumano lwenethiwekhi yomsebenzi.

################################################################ # # Amasethingi angeziwe - lezi zilungiselelo zingathuthukisa inethiwekhi # ukuphepha komsingathi futhi zivimbele ekuhlaselweni okuthile kwenethiwekhi # kufaka phakathi ukuhlaselwa kwe-spoofing nendoda ekuhlaselweni okuphakathi nge- # redirection Ezinye izindawo zenethiwekhi, noma kunjalo, zidinga ukuthi lezi zilungiselelo ezingu- # zikhutshaziwe ngakho-ke zibuyekeze futhi uzinike amandla lapho kudingeka. # # Ungakwamukeli ukuqondiswa kabusha kwe-ICMP (vimbela ukuhlaselwa kwe-MITM) # net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_ukuqondisa kabusha = 0 # net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ukuqondisa kabusha = 0 # _or_ # Yamukela ukuqondiswa kabusha kwe-ICMP kuphela ngamasango abhalwe kuhlu lwethu oluzenzakalelayo # lamasango (anikwe amandla ngokuzenzakalela) # net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_ukuqondisa kabusha = 1 # # Ungathumeli ukuqondiswa kabusha kwe-ICMP (asiwona umzila) # net.ipv4.conf.all.send_ukuqondisa kabusha = 0 # # Ungamukeli amaphakethe womzila womthombo we-IP (asiwona umzila) # net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_umthombo_route = 0 # net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0 # # Log Martian Packets # net.ipv4.conf.all.log_ama-martian = 1 # 

Kuze kube manje sinakho yenza izilungiselelo zokuqala zokuqala ukwazi ukukhetha nokufaka noma yiziphi izindawo zedeskithophu i-Debian yethu endala esisinikeza zona. 😉

I-KDE, esheshayo nenhle

Indawo yokugcina esinayo, i-Debian 8.1, ine- KDE Uhlobo lwedeskithophu 4.14.2-5, ngokuya ngemitapo yolwazi yayo eyinhloko. Ukuyifaka sisebenzisa ikhonsoli:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude search kde-desktop | Umsebenzi we-grep
........ p task-kde-desktop - KDE p task-spanish-kde-desktop - Ideskithophu yaseSpain KDE ........

Ngokudlula, ake sibheke inani elikhulu lezilimi esingazisebenzisa ne-KDE. Ukwazi umehluko phakathi kwamaphakeji amabili akhethwe ohlwini olude, sisebenzisa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-kde-desktop
Iphakheji: task-kde-desktop Okusha: yebo Isimo: ayifakiwe Inguqulo: 3.31 + deb8u1 Okubaluleke kakhulu: Isigaba sokuzikhethela: imisebenzi Kanjiniyela: I-Debian Install System Team Ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo: bonke usayizi ongacindezelwe: 21.5 k Kuya nge: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), ideskithophu yomsebenzi, i-kde-standard, kdm Incoma: kdeaccessibility, libqtgui4-perl, libqtcore4-perl, k3b, k3b-i18n, plasma-widget -networkmanagement, kdesudo, libreoffice-kde, apper, gimp, iceweasel, libreoffice, libreoffice-help-en-us, mythes-en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, system-config-printer Incazelo: I-KDE Le phakheji yomsebenzi isetshenziselwa ukufaka ideskithophu ye-Debian, equkethe imvelo yedeskithophu ye-KDE, namanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi be-Debian abalindele ukuthi bazotholakala kudeskithophu.

Isigaba sokugcina sisitshela, ngokuhumusha kwamahhala:

  • Le phakheji yomsebenzi isetshenziselwa ukufaka iDeskithophu ye-Debian, ekhonjiswe ngemvelo yedeskithophu ye-GNOME, nangamanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi be-Debian abanethemba lokuthi bazotholakala kudeskithophu yabo..
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-spanish-kde-desktop
Iphakheji: task-spanish-kde-desktop okusha: yebo Isimo: ayifakiwe Inguqulo: 3.31 + deb8u1 Okubaluleke kakhulu: Isigaba sokuzikhethela: imisebenzi Kanjiniyela: I-Debian Install System Team Ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo: bonke usayizi ongacindezelwe: 21.5 k Kuxhomeke ku: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1) Kunconywa: kde-l10n-z Incazelo: Ideskithophu yaseSpain KDE Lo msebenzi ubeka ideskithophu ye-KDE ngeSpanish.

Ulayini wokugcina ufundwa cishe:

  • Lo msebenzi uthola i-KDE Desktop ngeSpanish.

Ukufaka i-KDE esheshayo nenhle, sisebenzisa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo ukufaneleka ukufaka umsebenzi-kde-desktop task-spanish-kde-desktop
[i-sudo] iphasiwedi ye-buzz: Amaphakeji alandelayo ama-NEW azofakwa: i-adwaita-icon-theme {a} akonadi-backend-mysql {a} akonadi-server {a} ........ 0 amaphakheji abuyekeziwe, amasha angu-1079 kufakiwe, kuzosuswa okungu-0 bese kuthi 0 kungabuyekezwa. Ngidinga ukulanda amafayili angama-782 MB. Ngemuva kokukhipha, kuzosetshenziswa i-2,275 MB. Ufuna ukuqhubeka? [Y / n /?]

Siphendula kulokho "Y". Yebo ukufaneleka ibuyisa umlayezo ofana nalokhu:

ISAZISO: Izinhlobo ezingasayiniwe zamaphakeji alandelayo zizofakwa! Amaphakethe angasayiniwe angafaka engcupheni ukuphepha kohlelo. Kufanele uqhubeke ngokufaka kuphela uma uqinisekile ngokuphelele ukuthi ufunani ............ (Uhlu Lwamaphakheji) ............... ungasinaki lesi saziso bese uqhubeka noma kunjalo? Ukuze uqhubeke, faka u- "Yebo"; ukukhipha isisu, faka u- "Cha":

Siphendula ngokuthayipha u- "Yebo" ngaphandle kokwesaba.

Ngemuva kokuphothula inqubo yokufaka yawo wonke amaphakheji, uma sifuna ukuba "nokubuka kuqala" noma "ukubukeka" kwedeskithophu entsha, senza:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ startx

Futhi silinde ideskithophu ye-KDE ukuthi ilayishe. Lapho siqeda ukuhamba kwethu kokuqala siqala kabusha imishini ngokusebenzisa isikhombimsebenzisi sokuqhafaza uqobo.

KDE faka iphakheji ngokuzenzakalela I-KDM «Umphathi Wokubonisa we-KDE weX11". I-KDM ilawula lonke uchungechunge lwamaseva we-X noma "ama-Xservers", asebenza emshinini wendawo noma kumishini ekude. Ivumela abasebenzisi abahlukile ukungena kalula kwi-Desktop Imvelo abayithandayo, xhuma kwiseva ekude I-XDMCP «I-X Display Manager Protocol Protocol«, Noma cisha uhlelo.

I-KDM isekela izingqikithi noma "izingqikithi" ezingokwezifiso futhi ingabonisa uhlu lwabasebenzisi ngezimpawu zabo. Ngemininingwane engaphezulu sebenzisa ikhonsoli ukufaneleka kwe-KDM o indoda KDM ngemuva kokufakwa.

I-KDE igcwele

Kuze kube manje sinesikhungo standard, ukuyibiza ngandlela thile, kusuka ku- Ideskithophu ye KDE. Kodwa-ke, sincoma abathandi be-KDE ukuthi baphenye ngokuqhubekayo, njengoba kukhonjisiwe ngezansi:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show kde-full
Iphakheji: i-kde-egcwele okusha: yebo Isimo: inguqulo engafakiwe: 5:84 Okubaluleke Kakhulu: Isigaba sokuzikhethela: Imetapackages Unjiniyela: I-Debian Qt / KDE Maintainers Ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo: bonke usayizi ongacindezelwe: 36.9k Kuya nge: kde-plasma-desktop (> = 5:84), kde-plasma-netbook (> = 5:84), kdeadmin (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdeartwork (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdegraphics (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdeedu (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdegames (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdemultimedia (> = 4: 4.11.3 .4), kdenetwork (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdeutils (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdepim (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdeplasma-addons (> = 4.11.3: 5) Ncoma : kde-standard (> = 84:4), kdeaccessibility (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdesdk (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdetoys (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdewebdev (> = 4.11.3 : 10) Phakamisa: kde-l4n (> = 4.11.3: 1), calligra (> = 2.6.4: 5), xorg Break: kde-minimal (<57:XNUMX) Provide: kde-software-compilation Incazelo: ukuhlanganiswa okuphelele kwe-KDE Software kwabasebenzisi bokugcina i-KDE yipulatifomu yedeskithophu ye-Free Software enamandla, ehlanganisiwe, nokusebenziseka kalula. Le metapackage ifaka wonke amamojula asemthethweni akhishwe nge-KDE Sotware Compilation angacacisiwe ekuthuthukisweni kanye nezinye izinhlelo ze-KDE ezilusizo kumsebenzisi wedeskithophu. Lokhu kufaka phakathi i-multimedia, inethiwekhi, ihluzo, ezemfundo, imidlalo, amathuluzi okuphatha uhlelo, neminye imidwebo nezinsiza. Ikhasi eliyinhloko: http://www.kde.org Brands: role :: metapackage, suite :: kde

Futhi uma ufuna ukuba nemvelo yedeskithophu ephelele:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo ukufaneleka ukufaka kde-full
[i-sudo] iphasiwedi ye-buzz: Kuzofakwa amaphakheji ENTSHA alandelayo: advancecomp {a} akonadiconsole {a} amor {a} analitza-common {a} autopoint {a} ........ 0 updated packages, 333 new ones kufakiwe, kuzosuswa okungu-0 bese kuthi okungu-0 kungabuyekezwa. Ngidinga ukulanda ama-466 MB wamafayela. Ngemuva kokuqaqa izimpahla, kuzosetshenziswa i-1,238 MB. Ufuna ukuqhubeka? [Y / n /?]

Futhi ngemuva kokuqeda ukufakwa, siqala kabusha ikhompyutha futhi sibhekabheka kuzo zonke izinketho le Desktop Enkulu ye-KDE ... naphezu kokuthi isebenzisa izinsizakusebenza eziningi uma kuqhathaniswa nezinye izindawo zedeskithophu, futhi yize ngisebenzise yona mathupha kancane.

Isiphakamiso: Ungayeki ukubonisana ne- Isikhungo Sosizo se-KDE

Kwesinye isikhathi ngisebenzisa amagama esiNgisi, ngoba bakhomba kangcono igama langempela lephakheji noma uhlelo. Ukuzihumusha akulula kimi. kdm i-kde kde-usizo

I-GNOME, eyakudala

Indawo yokugcina esinayo, i-Debian 8.1, inenguqulo ye-GNOME Desktop 3.14.1-1, ngokuya ngemitapo yolwazi yayo eyinhloko. Ukuyifaka sisebenzisa ikhonsoli:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude search gnome-desktop | Umsebenzi we-grep
p umsebenzi-gnome-desktop - i-GNOME ........

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-gnome-desktop
Iphakheji: task-gnome-desktop okusha: yebo Isimo: ayifakiwe Inguqulo: 3.31 + deb8u1 Okubaluleke kakhulu: Isigaba sokuzikhethela: imisebenzi Kanjiniyela: I-Debian Install Team Team Ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo: bonke usayizi ongacindezelwe: 21.5 k Kuya nge: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), ideskithophu yomsebenzi, i-gnome-core Incoma: i-gnome, i-libreoffice-gnome, i-libreoffice-evolution, i-gimp, i-synaptic, i-iceweasel, i-libreoffice, i-libreoffice-help -en-us, mythes-en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, network-manager-gnome Incazelo: I-GNOME Le phakheji yomsebenzi isetshenziselwa ukufaka ideskithophu ye-Debian, equkethe imvelo yedeskithophu ye-GNOME, futhi amanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi be-Debian abalindele ukuthi bazotholakala kwideskithophu.

Isigaba sokugcina sisitshela, ngokuhumusha kwamahhala:

  • Le phakheji yomsebenzi isetshenziselwa ukufaka iDeskithophu ye-Debian, ekhonjiswe ngemvelo yedeskithophu ye-GNOME, nangamanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi be-Debian abanethemba lokuthi bazotholakala kudeskithophu yabo..

Ngakho-ke uma silalela uDebian njengoba sizama njalo ukukwenza, sigijima:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo ukufaneleka ukufaka umsebenzi-gnome-desktop
[i-sudo] iphasiwedi ye-buzz: Kuzofakwa amaphakheji ENTSHA alandelayo: isevisi yama-akhawunti {a} adwaita-icon-theme {a} aisleriot {a} alacarte {a} ..........
0 amaphakheji avuselelwe, kufakwe ama-1210 amasha, ama-0 ukususa futhi ama-0 awabuyekezwa.
Ngidinga ukulanda amafayela angama-877 MB. Ngemuva kokukhipha u-2,689 MB kuzosetshenziswa. Ufuna ukuqhubeka? [Y / n /?]

Siphendula kulokho "Y". Yebo ukufaneleka ibuyisa umlayezo ofana nalokhu:

ISAZISO: Izinhlobo ezingasayiniwe zamaphakeji alandelayo zizofakwa! Amaphakethe angasayiniwe angafaka engcupheni ukuphepha kohlelo. Kufanele uqhubeke ngokufaka kuphela uma uqinisekile ngokuphelele ukuthi ufunani ............ (Uhlu Lwamaphakheji) ............... ungasinaki lesi saziso bese uqhubeka noma kunjalo? Ukuze uqhubeke, faka u- "Yebo"; ukukhipha isisu, faka u- "Cha":

Vele siphendula ngokuthi "Yebo."

Ngemuva kokuphothula inqubo yokufaka yawo wonke amaphakheji, uma sifuna ukuba "nokubuka kuqala" noma "ukubukeka" kwedeskithophu entsha, senza:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ startx

Futhi silinde i-GNOME-Desktop ukuthi ilayishe. Ekupheleni kokubuyekezwa kokuqala nangokusebenzisa isikhombimsebenzisi sokuqhafaza uqobo, siqala kabusha ikhompyutha.

I-GNOME ifaka iphakheji ngokuzenzakalela gdm3 «Umphathi Wokubonisa we-GNOME«. Inikezela ngokulingana "kokungena ngemvume" kwekhonsoli yekhonsoliX Windows Uhlelo«. Ngaphandle kokucela ubuqiniso bokuqinisekisa - igama lomsebenzisi nephasiwedi - kuqala iseshini yokuqhafaza. Ngeminye imininingwane, zama imiyalo yekhonsoli «ukufaneleka show gdm3«, Futhi ngemuva kokufakwa «indoda gdm3«.

Siyakucacisa lokho lapho ufaka iphakheji umsebenzi-gnome-desktop, iphakethe lifakiwe gnome, futhi uma sikhipha ukufaneleka show gnome Ku-console, sizobona ukuthi iyi-meta-package encike ekusatshalalisweni okujwayelekile kwemvelo ye-GNOME Desktop, kanye nokuhlanganiswa okuphelele kwama-plugins nezinhlelo zokusebenza ezihlangana ne-GNOME ne-Debian futhi ihlinzeka ngemvelo engcono kakhulu kuze kube manje… Okwakamuva ngomalukeke nangesibindi, hhayi mina. Kusho kanjalo i-GNOME. 😉

Kwesinye isikhathi ngisebenzisa amagama esiNgisini, ngoba bakhomba kangcono igama langempela lephakheji noma uhlelo. Ukuzihumusha akulula kimi.

gdm3

Qaphela ukuthi i-gdm3 ikhomba umsebenzisi ngegama lakhe eligcwele.
Ngemuva kokufaka iphasiwedi nokucindezela u-Enter noma ngokuchofoza isikhombisi segundane kunkinobho ethi "Login", sifika kwi-GNOME Desktop.

gnome

Kusele kuphela kithi ukwenza ngokwezifiso i-GNOME Desktop ngokuya ngezidingo zethu nezinto esizithandayo. Jabulela futhi unothise le enye iGrande Desktop!

Isinamoni, isinamoni

Indawo yokugcina esinayo, i-Debian 8.1, ine- I-Cinnamon inguqulo 2.16-5. Ukuyifaka sisebenzisa ikhonsoli:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude search isinamoni-desktop | Umsebenzi we-grep
p task-sinamoni-desktop - ICinnamon                                 

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-cinnamon-desktop
Iphakheji: task-cinnamon-desktop Okusha: yebo Isimo: ayifakiwe Inguqulo: 3.31 + deb8u1 Okubaluleke kakhulu: Isigaba sokuzikhethela: imisebenzi Kanjiniyela: I-Debian Install System Team Izakhiwo: bonke usayizi ongacindezelwe: 21.5 k Kuxhomeke ku: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), task-desktop, sinamoni-desktop-environment namanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi be-Debian abalindele ukuthi bazotholakala kwideskithophu.

Isigaba sokugcina sisitshela, ngokuhumusha kwamahhala:

  • Le phakheji yomsebenzi isetshenziselwa ukufaka iDeskithophu yeDebian, ekhonjiswe ngendawo yedeskithophu yeCinnamon, kanye namanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi beDebian abathemba ukuthi bazotholakala kudeskithophu yabo..

Ukuyifaka, sisebenzisa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude ukufaka umsebenzi-isinamoni-desktop
[i-sudo] iphasiwedi ye-buzz: Kuzofakwa amaphakheji ENTSHA alandelayo: isevisi yama-akhawunti {a} adwaita-icon-theme {a} aisleriot {a} alsa-base {a} ..........
0 amaphakheji avuselelwe, kufakwe okusha ayi-1137, kuzosuswa okungu-0 bese kuthi okungu-0 kungavuselelwa. Ngidinga ukulanda amafayela angama-701 MB. Ngemuva kokukhipha, kuzosetshenziswa i-2,328 MB. Ufuna ukuqhubeka? [Y / n /?]

Siphendula kulokho "Y". Yebo ukufaneleka ibuyisa umlayezo ofana nalokhu:

ISAZISO: Izinhlobo ezingasayiniwe zamaphakeji alandelayo zizofakwa! Amaphakethe angasayiniwe angafaka engcupheni ukuphepha kohlelo. Kufanele uqhubeke ngokufaka kuphela uma uqinisekile ngokuphelele ukuthi ufunani ............ (Uhlu Lwamaphakheji) ............... ungasinaki lesi saziso bese uqhubeka noma kunjalo? Ukuze uqhubeke, faka u- "Yebo"; ukukhipha isisu, faka u- "Cha":

Siphendula ngo- "Yebo", akusekho.

Ngemuva kokuphothula inqubo yokufaka yawo wonke amaphakheji, uma sifuna ukuba "nokubuka kuqala" noma "ukubukeka" kwedeskithophu entsha, senza:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ startx

Futhi silinde ifayela le- I-Cinnamon Desktop. Lapho siqeda ukubuyekeza kokuqala futhi ngokusebenzisa isikhombimsebenzisi sokuqhafaza uqobo, siqala kabusha ikhompyutha.

I-Cinnamon faka iphakheji ngokuzenzakalela I-albhamu kuphela  «Umphathi Wokubonisa Okulula» okwenziwe yiqembu «Abalondolozi beDebian Xfce". I-albhamu kuphela inikeza i-X11 Screen Manager, izici zayo eziyinhloko:

  • Yiba ne-codebase engasindi
  • Ihambisana namazinga we-PAM, i-ConsoleKit, njll.
  • Ine-interface echazwe kahle phakathi kwe-Xserver-Xorg server kanye ne-interface yomsebenzisi.
  • It kungenziwa amisiwe ngokugcwele ngokusebenzisa Indikimba yendaba noma "Indikimba yendaba".

Ngeminye imininingwane sisebenzisa ikhonsoli ukufaneleka kubonisa ukukhanya o indoda lightdm ngemuva kokufakwa.

I-albhamu kuphela

I-Cinnamon idinga ukusebenza kwayo, i Ukusheshiswa Kwevidiyo Yehadiwe. Uma siyisebenzisa emshinini obonakalayo, ku-Host noma ku- «Host» enekhadi levidiyo elingakusekeli ukushesha kwehadiwe, njengoba kunjalo ikakhulukazi, lapho singena endaweni yedeskithophu uqobo, singathola okulandelayo umyalezo:

nesinamoni

Siyichofoza kuyo bese inyamalala. Yena Imenyu Yesinamoni Yakudala, sizoboniswa kulo lonke ubukhazikhazi balo:

imenyu yesinamoni

Yini esiyifundile kuze kube manje?

Akukhona ukungasebenzi kwethu ukuzibuza ukuthi yini esiyifundile kuze kube manje? Kusukela kunqubo ebonwe ngenhla yamadeski amathathu asetshenziswa kakhulu. Kuzo zonke izimo, lapho sigijima ukufaneleka show task- -deskithophu, UDebian usibuyisela nge- ukufaneleka, umyalezo wokugcina olandelayo:

  • Le phakheji yomsebenzi isetshenziselwa ukufaka ideskithophu ye-Debian, equkethe ifayela le- kde, gnome, noma isinamoni> imvelo yedeskithophu, nangamanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi beDebian abalindele ukuthi atholakale kudeskithophu.

Umlayezo owedlule usifundisa okuningi. Into yokuqala esingayenza ngokuya ngomqondo ovamile - ngicabanga ukuthi izinzwa ezivame kakhulu kubantu - ukuthi i-Debian ikuvumela ukuthi ufake futhi ulungiselele imvelo yedeskithophu noma i- "Desktop Environment" oyithandayo..

Isigaba sokugcina esifana nesisitholayo lapho sisebenzisa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-mate-desktop
ó
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-xfce-desktop
ó
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-lxde-desktop

MATE, okuluhlaza okotshani

Ngokude, leli ideski lethu esilithandayo leSysadmin Workstation, yomsebenzi wakho wansuku zonke kanye nelabhorethri yakho ekhaya. Siyikhethe ngenxa yokukhululeka kwayo okukhulu kokumiswa, ukukhanya, nokusetshenziswa kwememori okuphansi nokusebenzisa iprosesa. Akudingi ukushesha kwehardware, noma ukusebenza okuphezulu kusuka kukhompyutha.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-mate-desktop
Iphakheji: task-mate-desktop okusha: yebo Isimo: ayifakiwe Inguqulo: 3.31 + deb8u1 Okubaluleke kakhulu: Isigaba sokuzikhethela: imisebenzi Unjiniyela: Ithimba Lesistimu Yokufaka ye-Debian Ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo: bonke usayizi ongacindezelwe: 21.5 k Kuya nge: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), ideskithophu yomsebenzi, i-mate-desktop-imvelo, i-lightdm Incoma: i-gimp, i-synaptic, i-iceweasel, i-libreoffice, i-libreoffice-help-en-us, izinganekwane -en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, network-manager-gnome, gnome-orca, libreoffice-gtk Incazelo: MATE Le phakheji yomsebenzi isetshenziselwa ukufaka ideskithophu ye-Debian, equkethe imvelo yedeskithophu ye-MATE, nangamanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi beDebian abalindele ukuthi atholakale kudeskithophu.

Ake sibheke ukuthi unjiniyela wamaphakeji we- "task- ..." yi- Ithimba Lesistimu Yokufaka ye-Debian, HHAYI umakhi wephakeji noma iqembu lamaphakeji owafakayo. Ekugcineni sifunda isigaba esifanayo esishilo ekuqaleni mayelana "ne-Debian desktop".

Ngamanye amagama, i- "Debian Install System Team" iyakukhathalela lokho kuphela Wenza i- "Debian desktop" Yakho, futhi ube ngendlela engcono kakhulu yokuqala ukuyisebenzisa. Kamuva, kufanele uyenze ngezifiso ngokwezidingo zakho nalokho okuthandayo.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo ukufaneleka ukufaka umsebenzi-mate-desktop
[i-sudo] iphasiwedi ye-buzz: Kuzofakwa amaphakheji ENTSHA alandelayo: i-adwaita-icon-theme {a} alsa-base {a} alsa-utils {a} anacron {a} aspell {a} ........
0 amaphakheji avuselelwe, kufakwe ama-731 amasha, ama-0 ukususa futhi ama-0 awabuyekezwa.
Ngidinga ukulanda amafayela angama-537 MB. Ngemuva kokukhipha, kuzosetshenziswa i-1,698 MB.
Ufuna ukuqhubeka? [Y / n /?]

Ngemuva kokuphendula uqinisile imibuzo osibuza yona ukufaneleka, sizamile ukubuka ideskithophu efakiwe bese siqala kabusha ikhompyutha njengakumacala adlule.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ startx

Siqala kabusha kusuka kumvelo efanayo yokuqhafaza ngemenyu engenhla Uhlelo -> Cisha… -> Qala kabusha.

Njengoba sizobona ngemuva kokuqala kabusha, uMATE ufaka iphakheji ngokuzenzakalela I-albhamu kuphela  "Umphathi Wokubonisa Okulula".

Amaphakeji angeziwe we-MATE Desktop

Siphakamisa amaphakheji alandelayo afakiwe:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo ukufaneleka ukufaka mate-desktop-environment-extras
Amaphakeji alandelayo amasha azofakwa: apache2-bin {a} apache2.2-bin box-extensions-common {a} box-gksu {a} box-image-converter {a} box-open-terminal {a} box- sendto {a} ibhokisi-share {a} dconf-editor {a} gksu {a} gnome-user-guide {a} hddtemp {a} imagemagick {a} imagemagick-6.q16 {a} imagemagick-common {a} libapache2-mod-dnssd {a} libapr1 {a} libaprutil1 {a} libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 {a} libaprutil1-ldap {a} libfftw3-double3 {a} libgssdp-1.0-3 {a} libgupnp-1.0-4 { a} libiw30 {a} liblqr-1-0 {a} liblua5.1-0 {a} libmagickcore-6.q16-2 {a} libmagickcore-6.q16-2-okungeziwe {a} libmagickwand-6.q16- 2 {a} libmate-sensors-applet-plugin0 {a} libnetpbm10 {a} libopenobex1 {a} libsensors4 {a} libyelp0 {a} mate-desktop-environment-extras mate-gnome-main-menu-applet {a} mate -netspeed {a} mate-sensors-applet {a} mate-user-share {a} mozo {a} netpbm {a} obex-data-server {a} python-crypto {a} python-ldb {a} python imenyu ye -mate- {a} python-ntdb {a} python-samba {a} python-tdb {a} samba-common {a} samba-common-bin {a} yelp {a} yelp-xsl {a} 0 amaphakheji abuyekeziwe os, kufakwe okusha okungu-52, kususwe okungu-0 futhi okungu-0 kungabuyekezwa. Ngidinga ukulanda ama-23.5 MB wamafayela. Ngemuva kokuqaqa izimpahla, kuzosetshenziswa i-87.9 MB. Ufuna ukuqhubeka? [Y / n /?]

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude install libreoffice-l10n-en libreoffice-help-en buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude ukufaka icedove icedove-l10n-en-en icedove-l10n-en-ar
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude ukufaka i-gparted vlc

Ukwenza ngezifiso, ukucebisa nokujabulela iMATE Desktop! umlingani1 umlingani2

I-XFCE, igundane elisheshayo nelikhanyayo

UDebian uletha inguqulo 4.10.1 i-del I-XFCE4, ebonakala ngokuba yindawo ekhanyayo yedeskithophu, enokubukeka okuhle, futhi eshesha kakhulu kumasistimu wokusebenza we-UNIX®. Yakhelwe ukukhiqiza, ilayisha futhi isebenzise izinhlelo zokusebenza ngokushesha ngenkathi igcina izinsiza zohlelo. I-XFCE iyalungiswa kakhulu, futhi inomphathi wewindi osekela ukusebenza obala neminye imiphumela.

Labo abanquma nge-XFCE4 bazothola ukuzijabulisa ngokwezifiso. Kuhle ukukufanele. Imiphumela emihle kakhulu ingatholakala!

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-xfce-desktop
Iphakheji: task-xfce-desktop okusha: yebo Isimo: ayifakiwe Inguqulo: 3.31 + deb8u1 Okubaluleke kakhulu: Isigaba sokuzikhethela: imisebenzi Kanjiniyela: I-Debian Install Team Team Ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo: bonke usayizi ongacindezelwe: 21.5 k Kuncike ku: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), task-desktop, xfce4, lightdm Kuncoma: xfce4-goodies, xfce4-power-manager, xfce4-mixer, xfce4-terminal, mousepad, orage , libreoffice-gtk, dbus-x11, xsane, vlc, quodlibet, evince-gtk | evince, tango-icon-theme, network-manager-gnome, synaptic, iceweasel, libreoffice, libreoffice-help-en-us, mythes-en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, uhlelo-config- iphrinta, i-gnome-orca Incazelo: I-Xfce Le phakheji yomsebenzi isetshenziselwa ukufaka ideskithophu ye-Debian, equkethe imvelo yedeskithophu ye-Xfce, namanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi be-Debian abalindele ukuthi bazotholakala kudeskithophu.

Sifaka okuningi okudingekayo:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude ukufaka umsebenzi-xfce-desktop
libreoffice-l10n-en libreoffice-usizo-en iceweasel-l10n-en-en \
iceweasel-l10n-es-us iceweasel-l10n-es-ar icedove icedove-l10n-es-ar \
icedove-l10n-en-es gparted

Sibona ngeso lengqondo:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ startx

Futhi-ke siqala kabusha ngokusebenzisa isikhombimsebenzisi sokuqhafaza uqobo. Jabulela futhi ucebise ideskithophu ye-XFCE! xfce

I-LXDE, elula kunazo zonke

Uma i-XFCE ilula futhi ishesha, I-LXDE kungaphezulu kancane. I-LXDE imele Indawo engasindi ye-X11 Desktop. Kunconywe kakhulu ngamaseva adinga isikhombimsebenzisi sokuqhafaza, noma esidinga nje ukuwanikeza ngeDeskithophu.

Amaphakeji "azikhulumela", futhi angcono kunanoma ikuphi ukubhala ngakithi:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude search lxde
i-p education-desktop-lxde - Izinhlelo zokusebenza zedeskithophu ze-Debian Edu LXDE p live-image-lxde-desktop - Live System Image Components (LXDE desktop p lxde - Metapackage for LXDE p lxde-common - LXDE configuration data p lxde-core - Metapackage for the I-LXDE core p lxde-icon-theme - LXDE standard icon theme v lxde-izilungiselelo-daemon - p task-lxde-desktop - LXDE

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude bonisa lxde
Iphakheji: lxde Okusha: yebo Isimo: ayifakiwe Inguqulo: 6 Okubaluleke Kakhulu: Isigaba sokuzikhethela: metapackages Unjiniyela: Debian LXDE Maintainers Ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo: bonke usayizi ongacindezelwe: 27.6k Kuya nge: galculator, gpicview, leafpad, lxappearance, lxappearance-obconf, lxde-core, lxde-icon-theme, lxinput, lxrandr, lxsession-edit, lxterminal, xarchiver Recommend: alsamixer , uzamcolo | ukudlulisa-gtk, evince-gtk | i-pdf-umbukeli, i-gnome-disk-utility, i-gnome-mplayer, i-gnome-system-tools, i-gucharmap, i-iceweasel | www-isiphequluli, lightdm | Umphathi we-x-display, lxmusic | enesibindi, lxpolkit, imenyu-xdg, usermode, wicd | i-network-manager-gnome, i-xserver-xorg Isikisela: i-gimp, i-libreoffice, i-lxlauncher, i-lxtask, i-pidgin, i-update-notifier, i-xfce4-power-manager Incazelo: I-Metapackage ye-LXDE I-Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment (LXDE) iphrojekthi ehlose ukuhlinzeka imvelo yedeskithophu engasindi futhi iyashesha. Le phakheji yimetapackage incike ezingxenyeni eziyinhloko nezakhi ezinconyiwe ze-LXDE. Kubandakanya i-lxde-core, i-lxappearance, lxinput, lxsession-edit, gpicview, lxterminal, lxrandr, galculator, leafpad kanye ne-xarchiver. Uma uvele nje ufuna ukukhetha nokukhetha izinto ezisemqoka bese uzizwa ukhululekile ukususa le phakheji. Ikhasi eliyinhloko: http://www.lxde.org/ Brands: interface :: x11, role :: metapackage, scope :: suite, suite :: TODO, uitoolkit :: gtk

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-lxde-desktop
Iphakheji: task-lxde-desktop okusha: yebo Isimo: ayifakiwe Inguqulo: 3.31 + deb8u1 Okubaluleke kakhulu: Isigaba sokuzikhethela: imisebenzi Kanjiniyela: I-Debian Install System Team Ukwakhiwa kwezakhiwo: bonke usayizi ongacindezelwe: 21.5k Kuya nge: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), task-desktop, lightdm, lxde Recommends: lxtask, lxlauncher, xsane, libreoffice-gtk, synaptic, iceweasel, libreoffice, libreoffice-help-en -us, mythes-en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, system-config-printer, gnome-orca Incazelo: I-LXDE Le phakheji yomsebenzi isetshenziselwa ukufaka ideskithophu ye-Debian, equkethe imvelo yedeskithophu ye-LXDE, nangamanye amaphakheji abasebenzisi beDebian abalindele ukuthi atholakale kudeskithophu.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude ukufaka umsebenzi-lxde-desktop
[i-sudo] iphasiwedi ye-buzz: Kuzofakwa amaphakheji ENTSHA alandelayo: i-adwaita-icon-theme {a} alsa-base {a} alsa-utils {a} alsamixergui {a} ........
0 amaphakheji avuselelwe, kufakwe ama-774 amasha, ama-0 ukususa futhi ama-0 awabuyekezwa.
Ngidinga ukulanda amafayela angama-499 MB. Ngemuva kokukhipha, kuzosetshenziswa i-1,568 MB.
Ufuna ukuqhubeka? [Y / n /?]

Futhi siqhubeka nenqubo efanayo nangamadeski angaphambilini. Ungabi namahloni. Enza ngendlela oyifisayo le ndawo yedeskithophu engasindi kakhulu bese usitshela ukuthi kuhambe kanjani. lxde

Isifingqo

Njengoba sibonile, ukuthola ideskithophu ye-Debian kumnandi. Okungenani kungenxa yethu. Kuchaziwe inqubo ene-6 -six- yazo. Kuzo zonke izimo, kwenziwe umshini ohlanzekile obonakalayo futhi i-Desktop Environment yafakwa kamuva.

Ukulula kwe- «okulandelayo - okulandelayo«,«Ukuphepha Kobumnyama«,«Bonke abashayeli basebenza KULUNGILE«, Neminye imininingwane«okuhle»Abanye abasetshenziselwa ezinye izinhlelo zokusebenza, yizakhi ezingaba yi-boomerang noma i-« boomerang », esongela ukuphepha kwe-Workstation yethu, ikakhulukazi uma sixhunywe ngqo neWWW Village noma i-Intanethi.

Ngicabanga ukuthi kufanele sikwazi ukukhetha ezinye izindlela zethu. Yiba ngabanikazi bezinqumo zethu. Kukhona okumele ukhethe. Kwangathi ngamunye angajabula kakhulu ngokuzikhethela kwakhe.

Isitolimende esilandelayo?

I-Qemu-KVM

Khumbula ukuthi lokhu kuzoba uchungechunge lwezihloko ngu Amanethiwekhi wekhompyutha ama-SME. Sizobe sikulindile!


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-20, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   ULouise. kusho

    I-Debian iyona ehamba phambili!

  2.   Juan kusho

    Kwenziwa iminikelo emihle kakhulu! Ngiyabonga

  3.   Luigys toro kusho

    Ungumnikelo omuhle kanjani, ngisebenzisa isinamoni muva nje, kepha ngokujwayelekile, bengihlala ngifaka i-KDE kubasebenzisi

  4.   denis kusho

    Sawubona Federico, okuthunyelwe okuhle kakhulu, qhubeka njalo ngenxa yakho ngithole izinto eziningi.

  5.   frederico kusho

    Ngiyabonga nonke ngokuphawula nokudumisa le ndatshana, engithemba ukuthi izoba wusizo kwabaningi, ngoba ifingqiwe encwadini eyodwa, amathuba ayi-6 wokuzuza iDeskithophu enhle ku-Debian 8 "Jessie". Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ngicabanga ukuthi kuyenza icace bha, ukuguquguquka kwemvelo lokhu okuhle okuphakathi kwezinhlelo ezisebenzayo zomhlaba we-GNU / Linux. Sizoqhubeka nokushicilela bonke abafundi abavakashela i-FromLinux

  6.   isihlibhi kusho

    Ama-desktops ku-Debian abukeka enyuka kakhulu ngaphandle kokwenza ngezifiso eziningi kepha ukuzinza okunikezayo kuyigugu. Umhlahlandlela omuhle kakhulu we-Fico desktop. Halala!

  7.   Rodrigo kusho

    Okokuqala, sibonga isigidi ngomnikelo omkhulu! okwesibili ngicela isiphakamiso. Ngifuna ukufaka i-Virtualbox ku- "Jessie" kepha ngithanda ukuphatha imishini eyenziwe nge-desktop. Yikuphi kubo okuncomayo? okungukuthi, yikuphi okuzwana kangcono ne-VirtualBox? (Ngokucabangela ikakhulukazi ukuphawula mayelana neCinnamon? Ngiyabonga kakhulu kusengaphambili

  8.   U-Ismael Alvarez Wong kusho

    I-athikili enhle kakhulu ngoba into ejwayelekile ukufaka i-Desktop kusuka ekufakweni kwe -ISO; Kuyasiza kakhulu ukwazi i-HowTo yalokho okwenzeka ngemuva lapho i-Desktop ifakwa ngendlela yendabuko.
    Isu elihle ukuthi i-ultralight LXDE inconyelwe amaseva angadinga isikhombimsebenzisi sokuqhafaza; Kuze kube manje bengikholelwa ukuthi ilusizo kuphela kwimishini yomsebenzisi enokusebenza okuphansi kakhulu.
    Ngivumelana noFederico 100% ukuthi ukufakwa mathupha kweDeskithophu kukhombisa ukuguquguquka okukhulu kweLinux OS.

    1.    frederico kusho

      Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokuphawula, mngani Wong!.

  9.   frederico kusho

    Ngiyabonga mngani Dhunter ngokuphawula kwakho kwamukelwa kahle njalo.

    URodrigo: uyifaka eChina, njengoba sisho lapha. Iphakheji enikeza isikhombimsebenzisi esibonakalayo se-VirtualBox yi- "virtualbox-qt". I-Qt iyi-Framewrok yokuthuthukiswa kohlelo lokusebenza lwe-C ++. Kuyi-multiplatform. Ideskithophu ye-KDE ithuthukiswa nge-Qt. Futhi hlola ukuthi iSynaptic ithini ngephakheji ye- "kdevelop". Uma isikhombimsebenzisi sokuqhafaza simayelana kuphela, Ngicabanga, ngicabanga, ukuthi i-VirtualBox ihambisana kakhulu ne-KDE. Ngisebenzise i-VirtualBox kancane futhi ngizobhala ngeQemu-KVM njengesimemezelo ekupheleni kwalesi sihloko kungekudala.

    Ngisebenzise i-VirtualBOX ku-GNOME naku-MATE, kepha kuncane. Ngicabanga ukuthi kufanele ucabange kakhulu ngezinsizakusebenza zehadiwe onazo kunokuhambisana kwephakeji yokubona ene-desktop. Ekugcineni, kufanele uphendule umbuzo wakho ngokwakho ngokwemiphumela oyithola ekusebenzeni kwansuku zonke. Umbandela omuhle weqiniso umkhuba.

  10.   i-elcarter kusho

    sawubona, ngidinga usizo ngintsha ku-debian futhi ngifuna ukushintsha isitayela sebha engingazi ukuthi ngingatshela kanjani uma kuyisihloko noma into efana naleyo
    nasi isitayela engifuna ukusibeka ku-debian yami
    http://muyseguridad.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/GNOME-Classic-en-Tails-2.0.png
    Ngingajabula kakhulu uma ungangisiza ngifake lowo mbala emabhaleni

  11.   i-elcarter kusho

    Kuhle ngifakelwe i-debian GNOME kepha ngifuna ukubeka umbala omhlophe emigoqweni futhi bengifuna ukwazi ukuthi ungangisiza kanjani ukuthi ngiwubeke ngale ndlela:

    http://muyseguridad.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/GNOME-Classic-en-Tails-2.0.png

  12.   frederico kusho

    Sawubona Elcarter: Isikhathi engisebenze ngaso neGNOME3 ku-Wheezy. Ngangijwayela ukuyenza ngokwezifiso ngisebenzisa i-GNOME-Control-Center kanye nethuluzi le-GNOME-Tweak. Uma bengifuna ukwenza noma yiziphi izinguquko ngaphandle kwalokhu abanginikeze kona, bengizokukhohlwa bese ngilungiselela lokho abanginike khona. I-KDE iyinkosi yokwenza ngokwezifiso.

  13.   doc kusho

    Ngijabulela ukushayelwa ihlombe kobuchwepheshe balo mbukiso kodwa… ngifunde kahle ukuthi lena yindatshana 'yabasha' ...? ngoba umcabango wami wokuqala ukuthi uma lokhu kufundwa yi-newbie ... bazolahlekelwa isifiso sokungena emhlabeni we-Debian. Futhi ungixolele ubuqotho bami, kunjalo.

    1.    frederico kusho

      Ama-Newbies emhlabeni we-Debian. Abafundi asebevele bahlanganise ideski labo kalula ngenye indlela. Futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke, zama ukukwenza kuqondwe ukuthi kuyadingeka ukufunda, ukutadisha nokuzilolonga kancane, uma ufuna ngempela ukungena endaweni yonke ye-Debian. Ngiyazi ukuthi kukhona okwabiwayo, kufaka phakathi i-Debian uqobo, ukuthi nge-DVD, uthola iDeskithophu ehloniphekile, futhi kwesinye isikhathi ibe ngaphezu kokuhlonipheka. Nge-Debian uthola ukuphepha, ukuzinza, isivinini, ukusetshenziswa okuphansi kwezinsizakusebenza ongazabela izinhlelo zokusebenza hhayi ohlelweni lokusebenza kanjalo, nezinye izinto ezimbalwa ezinhle. Uma ngaphezulu kwalokhu okungenhla, kungivumela ukuthi ngikhethe kalula futhi ngifake i-Desktop engiyithandayo ... Vumela wonke umuntu azenzele iziphetho.

      Kuma-Initiates noma ama-Newbies, okungenani kufanele utshele okungaphezulu kwalokho okushicilelwe kulokhu okuthunyelwe, ukuze bazi.

  14.   crespo88 kusho

    Sanibona ozakwethu, sanibonani nonke.
    Ake sibuze ngokungaphenduli. Ubani onikeza ulwazi oluningiliziwe ngale ndlela kulo mhlaba oqhubeka ngokuncintisana?
    Ukungasho ngokuphelele, ake sithi bambalwa futhi phakathi kwabo kukhona uFico, ngiyabonga uzakwethu. Ngemuva kokufunda le ndatshana KAKHULU ngigculisekile kakhulu.
    Kufanele ngisungule ilabhorethri futhi ngikwazi nokukhetha nge-repo eyodwa, ngaphandle kokugxeka Ubuntu; Angidingi, i-Xubuntu, noma i-Kubuntu, noma i-Ubuntu, i-Debian isabalulekile.

    1.    frederico kusho

      Ngiyabonga @ crepo88 ngamazwana akho azwakalayo. Ngizama ukwenza izindatshana zami zifundeke ngangokunokwenzeka, ngihlale ngiphakamisa ukuthi umfundi azimbele ajule azifundele yena. Ngizama ukudlulisa ukuthi ngifunda kanjani. Ngiyabonga futhi futhi ungayeki ukulandela i-DesdeLinux.

      1.    crespo88 kusho

        Ungamisa kanjani ukulandela kusuka ku-linux Fico, iziphakamiso zakho zinkulu, qhubeka ngakho yize umhlaba we-linux ukhululekile futhi ubhalwe kahle, kuhlale kunezinto ezingacacisi kahle kulabo bethu abaphethe nabasebenzisi bokugcina.
        Umgomo wakho njengoba ugcwaliseka isikhathi ngasinye ngezinyathelo eziqinile. Ngiyabonga.

  15.   U-Ismael Alvarez Wong kusho

    Amagama ami adlula kule ndatshana ezinhlotsheni ezahlukahlukene zama-desktops nakwezimbili ezedlule ku- «Workstation Installation»; konke okuhle, kuphikiswa kahle umehluko phakathi kwazo zonke (bengingazi ukuthi iCinnamon idinga i-Hardware Video Acceleration).
    Ngokwami, ngenxa yephrofayili yami ye-sysadmin, ngihlala ngifaka amaseva ngaphandle kokuqhafaza okuvela kwinguqulo ye-CD ye-ISO futhi lapho ngifaka indawo yami yokusebenza kanye / noma i-pc yami yasekhaya kufanele ngizibulale ngifuna ukuthi ubani onenguqulo ye-DVD (okuyindlela amaDVD amathathu yize ngokuthembeka nge-DVD1 yanele) ye-ISO;
    NGIFUNDE NGEMPELA UKUTHI NGINGAKULUNGELELA INDAWO YAMI YOKUSEBENZELA NGAPHANDLE KOKUVUNYELWA KWE-GRAPHIC BESE “NGIKULAZA” NGEDESKHOPI LAMI ENGALIKHETHA ELI-LXDE noma LOMUNTU.
    Ngizoqhubeka nochungechunge njengoba nginentshisekelo enkulu yokwenza okuhle kwe-KVM.

  16.   phico kusho

    Ngiyamhlonipha uWong, ngokuphawula kwakho, ngokwazi kakhulu ukuthi kuvela kozakwethu onamaseva amaningi ngaphansi kokuphatha kwakhe. Siyabonga ngokuphawula, mngani.