Vuselela futhi usebenzise i-MX-Linux 19.0 ne-DEBIAN 10.2 ngemuva kokufaka

Vuselela futhi usebenzise i-MX-Linux 19.0 ne-DEBIAN 10.2 ngemuva kokufaka

Vuselela futhi usebenzise i-MX-Linux 19.0 ne-DEBIAN 10.2 ngemuva kokufaka

Kulolu shicilelo sizoqhubeka nokunikela ngefayela le- inqubo ejwayelekile ukuze buyekeza futhi wenze ngcono, Kokubili kuya I-MX-Linux 19.0 njengoba UDEBHANE 10.2 ngemuva kokufaka, njengoba eyokuqala yakhela kokugcina.

Ukwenza lokhu Ukufundisa sisebenzise i- Ifayela le-ISO owokugcina Isifinyezo se-MX-Linux, I-64-bit, yangoDisemba 2019, ebizwa MX-19_December_x64.iso, kepha noma ngubani angalanda okwakamuva okutholakala ku- lapha, futhi a Ifayela le-ISO owokugcina Uhlobo oluzinzile lwe-DEBIAN, I-64-bit, yeDVD, yangoNovemba 2019, ebizwa i-debian-10.2.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso, kepha noma ngubani angalanda okwakamuva okutholakala ku- lapha.

Vuselela i-MX-Linux ne-DEBIAN: Isingeniso

Lokhu kuzoba okwethu okokufundisa kokuqala kokufaka ku-DEBIAN 10 - Buster, ngoba ezokugcina zidaliwe zazikuhlobo lwangaphambilini, UDEBHANE 9 - Yelula. Zinjalo, uma kwenzeka ufisa ukuxhumana nazo ngendlela ehlelekile, okulandelayo:

Vuselela i-MX-Linux ne-DEBIAN: Imibhalo Yangaphambilini

Izindatshana ezedlule ku-DEBIAN ne-MX-Linux

  • Ungayisebenzisa kanjani i-GNU / Linux Operating Systems yethu? (Bheka ukungena)
  • Ungayenza kanjani ngezifiso i-GNU / Linux Operating Systems yethu? (Bheka ukungena)
  • Guqula i-GNU / Linux yakho ibe yi-Distro efanele ukuThuthukiswa kweSoftware (Bheka ukungena)
  • Guqula i-GNU / Linux yakho ibe yiMultimedia Distro esezingeni eliphezulu (Bheka ukungena)
  • Shintsha i-GNU / Linux yakho ibe yiDistro Gamer yekhwalithi (Bheka ukungena)
  • Guqula i-GNU / Linux yakho ibe uHlelo Lokusebenza olulungele iMayini Yedijithali (Bheka ukungena)

Futhi uma kwenzeka, ufuna ukubuyekeza izindatshana ezedlule ku I-MX-Linux, okulandelayo kuyatholakala:

  • I-MX-Linux 17.1: I-Distro yesimanje, elula, enamandla futhi enobungane (Bheka ukungena)
  • I-MX-Linux 19 - I-Beta 1: I-Distrowatch Distro # 1 ibuyekeziwe (Bheka ukungena)
  • I-MX Linux 19: Ikhishwe inguqulo entsha esekwe ku-DEBIAN 10 (Bheka ukungena)

Ngenxa yalezi zihloko, nezinye eziphathelene DEBIAN y I-MX-Linux, abakhuluma ngokuthi Banjani futhi bawafaka kanjani? Sizosuka lapha kuqhubeke, siye ngqo ku- izinyathelo zokufaka ngemuva, yalezi zinguqulo ezintsha ezitholakala ngonyaka ka-2020.

Izinyathelo nezincomo

Izinyathelo nezincomo zangemva kokufakwa ukuze uvuselele, wenze ngezifiso futhi wandise i-DEBIAN 10 ne-MX-Linux 19

Khumbula ukuthi izenzo namaphakeji anconywe lapha ukusebenzisa nokufaka anjalo nje, "amaphakheji kunconyiwe", futhi kusala ukuthi ngamunye enze futhi afake konke noma okunye kwakho, kungani kunjalo okudingekayo noma okuwusizo, esikhathini esifushane noma esiphakathi, ukuzazi nokuzisebenzisa, ngokwenza ukuthi zivele zigijime noma zifakwe.

Futhi khumbula ukuthi lezi zenzo kanye / noma amaphakheji zazikhona ihlolwe ngaphambilini kuma-Distros womabili, futhi ungaceli ukukhipha amaphakheji afakwe ngokuzenzakalela kulezi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, azikhulisi ukusetshenziswa kwememori noma i-CPU, ngoba azilayishi izinqubo noma ama-daemon (amasevisi) kwimemori ngokuzenzakalela. Ukwazi kusengaphambili ukuthi iphakethe ngalinye lisetshenziselwani, chofoza lapha.

Ukubuyekeza

Kuphela ukubuyekeza i-MX-Linux

A.- Gijima MX-Isibuyekezi kubha yemenyu noma kumenyu yokuqala

B.- Gijimani kusuka ku- ukuphela kokuqala "iseshini yezimpande", ukufakwa kwamaphakeji alandelayo ngomyalo olandelayo:

apt install mx-clocky mx-findshares mx-switchuser mx-timeset-gui mxt-app

Ukuvuselela i-DEBIAN / MX-Linux

Gijimani kusuka ku- ukuphela kokuqala "iseshini yezimpande”(Umsuka @ mycomputer $), ukufakwa kwamaphakeji alandelayo ngomyalo olandelayo:

apt update; apt full-upgrade; apt install -f; dpkg --configure -a; apt-get autoremove; apt --fix-broken install

apt install aptitude apt-xapian-index apt-transport-https; apt update; update-apt-xapian-index

aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove

apt install deborphan localepurge prelink

cp /etc/default/prelink /etc/default/prelink.bck-`date +"%d_%b_%y"`

sed -i 's/PRELINKING=unknown/PRELINKING=yes/' /etc/default/prelink

prelink -all

localepurge; update-grub; update-grub2; aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove; apt --fix-broken install

Izenzo zokuzikhethela

1.- Guqula umsebenzisi owenziwe waba ngumsebenzisi we-sudoers kusuka kumsebenzisi wezimpande

i-adduser myuser impande nano / etc / sudoers myuser ALL = (BONKE: BONKE) BONKE

Nota: Faka umugqa wokugcina ngezansi komugqa othi: root ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

2.- Vuselela ukuguquguquka kwe- $ PATH kufayela le-superuser .bashrc: Kuphela kwe-DEBIAN 10

Nota: Khumbula ukuthi enguqulweni ye- "UDEBHANE 10" uma ingaqali "iseshini yezimpande" ngomyalo womyalo «su -» esikhundleni se «su impande» uzodinga ukuvuselela okuqukethwe kokuguquguqukayo "$ PATH" ukuvimbela izinkinga zokwenza umyalo, njengalapho usebenzisa umyalo "Dpkg". Ngakho-ke, kuyadingeka ukuthi ulungise le nkinga okwesikhashana ngokungeza ifayela le- "INDLELA" kuyadingeka ngomyalo «Thumela» Ngokulandelayo:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Uma ufuna ukuyixazulula unomphela, kufanele ufake ifayili le- "INDLELA" kudingeka ngale ndlela elandelayo:

Imodi 1: Ngomyalo we-echo

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /root/.bashrc

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /home/miusuario/.bashrc

Imodi 2: Ngomyalo we-nano

Qalisa:

nano /root/.bashrc

Futhi engeza ekugcineni umugqa olandelayo:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Qalisa:

nano /home/usuario/.bashrc

Futhi engeza ekugcineni umugqa olandelayo:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

AmaRekhodi: Uma ungena ngemvume ngomyalo "kwakhe -" Ungahlala weqa le nqubo.

ngezifiso i-

Ukudalwa kwefolda yokuqukethwe yangokwezifiso noma izinhlelo zangaphandle ku- «/ opt /»

mkdir -p / opt / ifolda yami chmod 777 -R / opt / my folder chown myuser. -R / opt / ifolda yami

Ukwenza ngokwezifiso izinketho zokumiswa kwePhaneli nezinto zalo

Ezimweni lesi sifundo esibhekise kuzo, I-DEBIAN ne-MX-Linux distros con Izindawo ze-XFCE Desktop con Imenyu ye-Whisker, kungenziwa lezi zenzo ezilandelayo:

  • Imenyu ye-Whisker: Shintsha usayizi, isithonjana semenyu, uhlu lwezinhlelo zokusebenza eziyizintandokazi, nezinye izinketho zamathebhu we "ukubukeka nokuziphatha" ezifiselekayo ezindaweni zayo.
  • Ibha yemenyu: Faka futhi / noma ususe amawijethi adingekayo noma owafunayo bese ushintsha isikhundla nezakhiwo zawo.

Futhi, ngohlelo lokusebenza Imenyu Eyinhloko (Alacarte) bangakwazi Nika amandla ukukhubaza izinhlelo zokusebenza ezibonakalayo nezifiselekayo kufayela le- Qala Imenyu.

Yenza ngezifiso izilungiselelo zedeskithophu

Esigabeni (isicelo) esibiziwe Ideskithophu ye-XFCE lezi zenzo ezilandelayo noma izinguquko zingenziwa:

  • Ingemuva: Khetha ingemuva noma eziningana bese ukhetha imodi yesethulo efanayo noma yonke.
  • Imenyu: Khetha izinketho ozifunayo noma ezidingekayo kusuka ezigabeni: Imenyu yedeskithophu nemenyu yohlu lwamawindi.
  • Izimpawu: Khetha izinketho ozifunayo noma ezidingekayo ezigabeni: Ukubukeka nezimpawu ezizenzakalelayo.

Ukwenza ngokwezifiso kwe-GRUB

  • Endabeni I-MX-Linux Ungaguqula isithombe sangemuva ngokwenza izinguquko kufayela le- Ingqikithi ye-GRUB "Ilineni" okuza ngokuzenzakalela.
  • Endabeni DEBIAN Ungaguqula isithombe sangemuva ngokwenza izinguquko kufayela le- Ingqikithi ye-GRUB "Si-tarfield" okuza ngokuzenzakalela.

Nota: Lolu shintsho lungenziwa ngesandla kusetshenziswa ifayili le- ukuhlela amafayela wokumisa of the Izihloko ze-GRUB esetshenzisiwe, kepha kungcono ukufaka uhlelo lokusebenza "I-GRUB Customizer" nokwenza lolu shintsho, futhi usebenzise ngokunenzuzo ukwenza imigqa yokokufaka kwe- the I-GRUB.

Ukwenza ngokwezifiso kwe-Conky Desktop

En I-MX-Linux wathi uhlelo lokusebenza seluvele lufakiwe (Umphathi weConky), kodwa ngaphakathi DEBIAN kungadingeka ukuyifaka. Uma sekufakiwe futhi kwalungiswa, konke okumele ukwenze ukukhetha futhi yenza ngokwezifiso iConky lokuzikhethela kwethu.

Lungiselela

apt install neofetch figlet toilet lolcat

Inhloso

Lungiselela ukwenziwa ngokwezifiso kwe- Amafayela we-.bashrc impande nomsebenzisi.

apt install autoconf automake build-essential dkms fastjar g++ gawk gcc gcc-multilib gettext gettext-base intltool intltool-debian jarwrapper gtk-recordmydesktop linux-headers-$(uname -r) mawk mesa-common-dev minizip nasm perl perl-base perl-modules-5.28 pkg-config python-apt python-glade2 python-gtk2 python-libxml2 subversion wx-common wx3.0-headers x11proto-record-dev zlib1g zlib1g-dev

Inhloso

Nikeza ukusekelwa kwezenzo ezithuthukile, njengokuhlanganiswa kwekernel noma ezinye izinhlelo zokusebenza.

apt install libalien-wxwidgets-perl libbz2-dev libc6 libcdio-cdda-dev libcdio-dev libcdio-paranoia-dev libcurl3-gnutls libgcc1 libgl1-mesa-dev libglade2-0 libglade2-dev libglib2.0-0 libglib2.0-bin libglib2.0-data libglib2.0-dev libglibmm-2.4-1v5 libglibmm-2.4-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libgmp3-dev libgtk-3-dev libgtk2.0-0 libgtk2.0-bin libgtk2.0-common libgtk2.0-dev libguichan-sdl-0.8.1-1v5 libjack-jackd2-dev liblocale-gettext-perl libpcre16-3 libmodule-pluggable-perl libpng16-16 libsdl-console-dev libsdl-gfx1.2-dev libsdl-image1.2-dev libsdl-mixer1.2-dev libsdl-net1.2-dev libsdl-ocaml-dev libsdl-pango-dev libsdl-perl libsdl-sge-dev libsdl-sound1.2-dev libsdl-ttf2.0-dev libsdl1.2-dev libsdl2-2.0-0 libsdl2-dev libsdl2-image-dev libsdl2-mixer-dev libsdl2-net-dev libsdl2-ttf-dev libsigc++-2.0-dev libsndfile1-dev libstdc++6 libtool libvorbisenc2 libwx-perl libwxbase3.0-dev libxcb-xtest0 libxcb-xv0 libxml2 libxml2-dev libxml2-utils libxtst-dev libxv-dev libxv1 libxvmc1 libxxf86vm-dev

Inhloso

Nikeza ukusekelwa kuzinhlelo zokusebenza ezibalulekile zabasebenzisi abaphambili (i-multimedia, ama-gamers, abathuthukisi, phakathi kwabanye).

apt install arj bzip2 gzip lhasa liblhasa0 lzip lzma p7zip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar unace unrar unrar-free tar unzip xz-utils zip

Inhloso

Nikeza ukusekelwa okugcwele emisebenzini yokuminyanisa / yokwehlisa amandla kuhlelo lokusebenza.

apt install alien curl debian-keyring debian-archive-keyring htop lynx net-tools nmap rpm rpm-i18n screen ssh sudo testdisk w3m w3m-img

Inhloso

Faka ama-plugins nezinhlelo zokusebenza eziyisisekelo (ezibalulekile kanye / noma eziwusizo) ngokuya nge-Terminal Interface (CLI).

apt install alacarte baobab bleachbit brasero brasero-cdrkit camera.app cdrskin cheese chromium chromium-l10n converseen dcraw dvd+rw-tools dvdauthor evince ffmpegthumbnailer file-roller firefox-esr firefox-esr-l10n-es-es fslint gdebi gedit gedit-plugins gimp gimp-gmic gimp-data-extras gimp-gap gimp-gutenprint gimp-plugin-registry gimp-help-es gnome-disk-utility gnome-orca gparted gphoto2 gpicview gufw imagination kodi libdvdread4 libdvdnav4 libmimic0 libxm4 lightdm-gtk-greeter-settings lsb-release lsdvd menu-l10n menulibre mirage onboard pitivi ooo-thumbnailer plymouth plymouth-themes plymouth-x11 rhythmbox rhythmbox-plugins rhythmbox-plugin-cdrecorder software-properties-gtk seahorse simple-scan shotwell software-properties-gtk sound-juicer synaptic thunderbird thunderbird-l10n-es-es totem totem-plugins update-notifier vlc vlc-plugin-notify vokoscreen xarchiver xscreensaver zipper.app

Inhloso

Faka izengezo nezinhlelo zokusebenza eziyisisekelo (ezibalulekile kanye / noma eziwusizo) ngokuya nge-Graphical Interface (GUI).

apt install game-data-packager games-minesweeper games-tetris games-thumbnails gnome-cards-data gnome-games

Inhloso

Faka amaphakheji wohlelo lokusebenza oluyisisekelo (olubalulekile futhi / noma oluwusizo) lokuzilibazisa nokuzijabulisa (imidlalo) lwabasebenzisi abavamile (i-office automation).

Iziphumo

Endabeni yami, sebenzisa le nqubo ku iDistro MX-Linux yami 19 ukukhiqiza my i-ISO entsha ephathekayo futhi efakekayo nge ukwenza ngokwezifiso ngokweqile nokwenza kahleengijwayele ukukubiza "Izimangaliso", manje kufayela lakho le- Inguqulo ye-2.0. Nginamathisela izithombe-skrini ukuze ubone umphumela:

IMilagrOS 2.0 - Ukubukeka kokugcina 1

IMilagrOS 2.0 - Ukubukeka kokugcina 2

IMilagrOS 2.0 - Ukubukeka kokugcina 1

Kuze kube manje, le ngxenye yokuqala yalesi sifundo. Engxenyeni yesibili sizophawula ukuthi amanye amaphakheji (ama-application) anconyiwe ukuthi aqhubeke nokwenza ngcono (ukugcwalisa) ama-Distros I-DEBIAN 10 ne-MX-Linux 19.

Isithombe esijwayelekile seziphetho ze-athikili

Isiphetho

Siyethemba ukuthi lokhu "okuthunyelwe okuwusizo okuncane" cishe «DEBIAN y MX-Linux», ezinguqulweni zalo zakamuva kakhulu nezamanje zonyaka ka-2020, ukufeza «actualizarlas y optimizarlas», yiba nentshisekelo nokusetshenziswa okuhle, kwayo yonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kanye negalelo elikhulu ekusabalalisweni kwesimangaliso semvelo, esikhulu futhi esikhulayo sokusebenzisa kanye nokwenzelwe «GNU/Linux».

Futhi ukuthola eminye imininingwane, unganqikazi njalo ukuvakashela noma yikuphi Umtapo wolwazi oku-inthanethi njengoba I-OpenLibra y I-JedIT ukufunda izincwadi (ama-PDF) ngalesi sihloko noma ezinye izindawo zolwazi. Okwamanje, uma ukuthandile lokhu «publicación», ungayeki ukuyaba nabanye, ku- Amawebhusayithi ayizintandokazi, iziteshi, amaqembu, noma imiphakathi zokuxhumana nabantu, okungcono mahhala futhi evulekile njenge I-mastodon, noma ukuphepha nokuyimfihlo kwangasese yocingo.

Noma mane uvakashele ikhasi lethu lasekhaya ku- KusukaLinux noma ujoyine iSiteshi esisemthethweni Yocingo kusuka ku-DesdeLinux ukufunda nokuvotela lokhu noma ezinye izincwadi ezithakazelisayo ku- «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» nezinye izihloko ezihlobene ne- «Informática y la Computación»kanye «Actualidad tecnológica».


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-8, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Gerson kusho

    Ngokwazi kwami ​​ekhasini elisemthethweni le-MX akukho MX-19_December_x64.iso Futhi uma uchofoza kusixhumanisi abasishiya ku-athikili, i-0 bit ISO iyalandwa.
    Ngikholwa ukuthi le ndatshana ngaphambi kokwenza kahle izodala ubunzima kulabo abalandela imiyalelo.
    Isincomo sami: landa i-ISO esemthethweni kusayithi le-MX; bese ufaka futhi ulungiselele ukuhambisana nawo wonke umuntu.

  2.   Ukufaka kwe-Linux Post kusho

    Sanibonani, Gerson othandekayo. Ngizokopisha lapha impendulo engikunikeze yona kuTelegram:

    Sengivele ngalungisa isixhumanisi esonakele! Ngesikhathi sokubhala i-athikili uma ngabe bekukhona i-ISO ephelele ye-MX-19_December_x64.iso, njengoba ngikukhombisile isithombe-skrini nge-ISO elandiwe, kepha zonke izifinyezo zikaDisemba manje seziku-zero (0) kb.

    Lapho ngiyilayisha yayiphelele, kepha ngicabanga ukuthi othile ufake i-repo ku-0 Kb futhi bonke bavumelaniswa kanjena. Ngisho, iphutha bekungelona elami. Njengoba ngingawaphathi ama-repo, ngiyilayishe iphelele. Futhi noma ngabe kukhethwa muphi isibuko se-MX-Linux, isifinyezo sikaDisemba manje asiziro, kepha izibalo zokwakha zikhona.

    Kepha sengivele ngalungisa isixhumanisi, ngakho-ke ngiyabonga ngamazwana abaluleke kangako. Siyabonga ngokuphawula!

    1.    Gerson kusho

      Ngamabomu; Ngabe ukwazile ukufaka i-liquorix kernel kusuka endaweni ezinzile?

      1.    Ukufaka kwe-Linux Post kusho

        Sanibonani, Gerson! Cha, kepha ngizokwenza i-athikili ngakho ngale ndaba. Siyabonga ngokuphawula kwakho.

  3.   Osvaldo santos kusho

    Sawubona, okokuqala, ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokuthunyelwe, kungusizo olukhulu ukuqala kepha ngithanda ukwazi ukuthi imiyalo ngayinye yenzani, eminye ngiyayazi kepha eminye ayazi, ngicabanga ukuthi umphakathi wonke uzokwenza kahle ukwazi ukuthi wenzeleni. Ngiyabonga kakhulu futhi

  4.   JonathanMG kusho

    Kungenzeka yini ukuthi ungeze i-Liquorix Kernel Stable kernel ku-iso lakho ukuze uqhubeke nokwenza futhi udale i-ISO entsha? Angikwazanga ukuthola isixhumanisi sokulanda senguqulo yakho ye-v2.0 🙁

    1.    Ukufaka kwe-Linux Post kusho

      Sanibonani JonathanMG! Angikalayishi i-2.0 okwamanje, kepha ngizamile i-Liquorix Kernel kuyo futhi angikaziboni izinkinga kuyo. Ngeke ize ihlanganiswe, kepha ngizokwenza iphuzu lokuthi ungayemukela ngaphandle kwenkinga.

  5.   JonathanMG kusho

    Ok ngesizathu angitholi inguqulo 2.0 engizoyilanda, izotholakala nini? Kungaba usizo kakhulu ukuthi ngaphakathi kohlelo luzokuvumela ukhethe ukuthi uzoyifaka nini, kungaba yinto ethokozisayo kakhulu kanye nenguqulo ezinzile noma engazinzile, ngiyathemba ukuthi uzobheka ukuphawula kwami ​​ngoba ayikho i-distro ekunika leyo nketho