I-EFI ngaphandle kweBootloader ku-ArchLinux

Angazi ukuthi le nqubo iyakwazi yini ukulimaza ikhompyutha yakho, ngakho-ke noma yimuphi umonakalo odalekile kuzoba umthwalo womfundi.

Ukusuka kulokho osukufundile kakade kusihloko seposi, ngizochaza ukuthi ungaqala kanjani i-ArchLinux (angazi ukuthi isebenza kwamanye ama-distros) ngaphandle kwanoma yiluphi uhlobo lwe-bootloader kuma-computer e-EFI noma e-UEFI.

Isinyathelo sokuqala

Faka i-efibootmgr (uma ungenayo vele efakiwe)

# pacman -S efibootmgr

Isinyathelo sesibili

Khweza ama-efivarfs (uma engakakhokhiswa)

# mount -t efivarfs efivarfs /sys/firmware/efi/efivars

Isinyathelo sesithathu

Faka i-distro yakho ku- "Boot Order" yekhompyutha yakho

# efibootmgr -c -L "Arch Linux" -l /vmlinuz-linux -u "root=/dev/sdaX initrd=/initramfs-linux.img"

kimi ngikwenze kanjena

# efibootmgr -c -L "Arch Linux" -l /vmlinuz-linux -u "root=UUID=d5e93b09-02a8-4597-b059-3f87a8221825 initrd=/initramfs-linux.img quiet loglevel=0"

Isinyathelo sokugcina

Bona ukuthi kusebenze yini

# efibootmgr -v

Susa i-bootorder distro yakho

Uma ngasizathu simbe ingakusebenzelanga noma nje ungawuthandi umqondo wokungasebenzisi i-bootloader, ungenza okulandelayo:

Isinyathelo sokuqala

Bona ukuthi iyiphi inombolo ehambelana ne-distro yakho ku-bootorder

# efibootmgr -v

Kufanele ubone okuthile okufana nalokhu:

I-BootCurrent: 0000 Isikhathi sokuvala: amasekhondi angu-0 i-BootOrder: 0000,3000,2001,2002,2003
I-Boot0000 * I-Arch Linux HD (1,800,100000, bf49dd02-7af7-42bb-ac5d-967ea840e3f8) Ifayela (\ vmlinuz-linux) root = .UUID = .d.5.e.9.3.b.0.9 .-. 0.2.a.8 .-. 4.5.9.7 .-. B.0.5.9 .-. 3.f.8.7.a.8.2.2.1.8.2.5. .initrd =. /. initramfs-.linux..img .ithulile .loglevel = .0. I-Boot2001 * USB Drive (UEFI) RC Boot2002 * CD / DVD ROM Drive (UEFI) RC Boot3000 * I-Hard Hard Disk noma i-Solid State Disk RC Boot3001 * I-Hard Hard Disk noma i-Solid State Disk RC Boot3002 * I-Hard Hard Disk noma i-Solid State Disk RC

Bazobona ukuthi kumaka iBoot0000 *, kepha kulokhu sinentshisekelo kunombolo 0000

Isinyathelo sesibili

Susa i-bootorder distro yakho

# efibootmgr -b 0000 -B

Umthombo: I-Arch Linux Wiki


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-17, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Othile kusho

    ISIMEMEZELO ESIBALULEKILE
    esinyathelweni sesithathu salokhu kungena umyalo engiwusebenzisayo awusebenzi.
    Ngizama ukuthola isisombululo, ngizosithumela lapho ngisithola

    1.    Othile kusho

      Nanku umugqa osebenzayo
      efibootmgr -c -L "Arch Linux" -l / vmlinuz-linux -u "izimpande = UUID = d5e93b09-02a8-4597-b059-3f87a8221825 initrd = / initramfs-linux.img quiet loglevel = 0"

      Ngicela noma ngubani okwazi ukuhlela ukungena, ngicela wenze njalo

      1.    KZKG ^ Gaara kusho

        Silungile, silungisiwe kahle? 🙂

        1.    Othile kusho

          Siyabonga 🙂

  2.   amadinga kusho

    Sawubona. Sengikwenzile lokhu esikhathini esithile esidlule (okufanayo ku-Arch Linux), futhi ngiyakutshela ukuthi okungenani ikhompyutha yami ayizange ilimale, ilaptop yami iyiLenovo G480. Kuthiwani uma kwenzeka ukuthi lapho i-kernel ivuselelwa ibingasakwazi ukulayisha kabusha uhlelo futhi bekufanele ngenze yonke inqubo oyichaza lapha; Ngemuva kokwenza izivivinyo, ngilayishe uhlelo (ngicacisa ukuthi bekuyiphutha lami, hhayi uhlelo), ngakho-ke bekufanele ngifake kabusha futhi angazi ukuthi ngasizathu sini angibange ngisakwazi ukusishiya ngaphandle kwe-bootloader. Njengoba ngangingenaso isikhathi sokuzijabulisa ngama-Greek sphinx puzzle nezimfumbe ngaleso sikhathi, ngafaka i-grub futhi angizange ngizame futhi.

    1.    Othile kusho

      Ngisebenzisa le ndlela kwi-laptop yami (i-HP pavilion n029-la), ngivuselele i-kernel futhi angibanga nezinkinga. Kepha uma kwenzeka into enjengale kimi, ngihlala ngiphatha i-arch livecd esikhwameni engiphethe ngaso.

    2.    Ungaziwa kusho

      Bengilokhu ngifunda, futhi yebo, kuliqiniso ukuthi ngemuva kokuvuselelwa kwe-kernel, umyalo (efibootmgr) awukwazanga ukudala ukungena (uyakwazi ukususa kuphela) kwezinye izimo ezizimele. https://bugs.archlinux.org/task/34641

  3.   Angiqondi lutho kusho

    Ungangichazela ngobudlelwano ne-grub kimi? Angiwuqondi umehluko. noma uma uchaza imiqondo ye-efi / uefi maqondana ne-grub, i-bootloader

    1.    eVeR kusho

      Ngokuqondile umqondo wokungena ukuqala iqembu ngaphandle kokudlula eGrub. Lokho wukuthi, i-EFI efanayo (okungukuthi, ukushintshwa kwamanje kwe-BIOS) iphethe ukulayisha i-kernel nesithombe se-boot.

      Lokho okwenziwe yi-BIOS kufundwa ingxenye yokuqala yediski yokuqala, lapho kufakwa khona iGrub, enesibopho sokulayisha i-kernel nesithombe. I-EFI ivumela izinhlamvu ukuthi zizilayishe (futhi ngaleyo ndlela inike amandla izinketho zokuphepha ezithuthukile, njenge-SecureBoot ethandwayo / ezondwayo).

      Ngokombono osebenzayo, akusizi kimi ukusebenzisa le ndlela ukuqala i-PC.
      Phendula ngokucaphuna

  4.   Chicxulub Kukulkan kusho

    Umbuzo:

    Ngifuna ukuthenga ikhompyutha entsha (noma hhayi entsha kangako) ukufaka i-GNU / Linux kuyo. Uma kwenzeka ukuthi ifika ne-Window $ 8, ngizoba nenkinga nge-Secure Boot?

    1.    O_Pixote_O kusho

      Can. Inkinga kuzoba ukuthi kuya ngekhompyutha, uma ine-W8, izofika ne-UEFI icushiwe futhi kuzofanela uyenze ingasebenzi ukuze ufake ngokwabiwe. Kwami kungasebenza ngingafaka ubuntu uma ngikhumbula kahle kepha lapho ngifaka i-manjaro ayisebenzi futhi bekufanele ngiyenze ingasebenzi ukuze ngikwazi ukuyifaka kahle. (Empeleni manje e-archlinux ngicabanga ukuthi ingafakwa ngaphandle kobunzima obukhulu, futhi ngicabanga ukuthi i-grub2 iyayisekela kepha ngicabanga ukuthi ngenkathi ngifaka uhlelo kudala kwakungakapholishi ngokuphelele).

    2.    ikati kusho

      Khubaza i-UEFI ne-Secure Boot bese uqalisa i-CD, lapho ufaka ngaphambi kokususa ukwahlukaniswa kwe-Win8 ne-UEFI.

    3.    eVeR kusho

      Cishe wonke ama-EFIs avumela amasistimu okusebenza ukuthi alayishwe kumodi ye- "Legacy", okungukuthi, yakudala. Uma ulungiselela i-EFI ngale ndlela, ngeke ube nezinkinga.

  5.   izinga kusho

    Kunokuthile engingakuqondi. Ake sithi nginekhompyutha entsha ene-Windows ne-UEFI.Ngizenza kuphi lezi zinyathelo? Ukufakwa kwe-Arch noma ku-LiveCD?

    1.    amadinga kusho

      Lapho ngikwenza bekuvela ku-Live CD ifaka uhlelo kusuka ekuqaleni, angikaze ngiyizame kusuka kusistimu esivele ifakiwe. Ngicabanga ukuthi uma uhlelo selufakiwe kumele futhi lube khona ngokususa i-bootloader, i-grub noma i-gummiboot ukusho okuvame kakhulu, bese ususa okufakiwe kwe-bootloader ukulandela imiyalo kwasekuqaleni, ungalokotha uzwe kanjani? . Ukube bekungewona umsebenzi omubi kakhulu enginawo, bengivele ngikwenza, unginike ameva.
      Kuthiwani uma ngicabanga ukuthi ungakwazi ukuphatha ibhuthi ekabili ngale ndlela.

  6.   I-DigitOptic kusho

    Endabeni yami, ngine-motherboard ye-MSI B85M-E45 futhi yize ingisebenzele, yonakalisa i-firmware ngendlela yokuthi angisakwazi ukungena kuzilungiselelo ze-BIOS; Ngenze ukusetha kabusha kwe-BIOS kusuka kuma-jumpers kubhodi yomama futhi inkinga isaqhubeka. Ngizozama ukukhanyisa i-firmware futhi. Ngemuva kwalokho ngizokutshela ukuthi ngingayithola yini i-BIOS

    Kunoma ikuphi, ngikubheka njengenqubo engafanele ukuzama ngenxa yengozi yokushintshana ngezinzuzo ezimbalwa

    1.    I-DigitOptic kusho

      Ngenhlanhla ngikwazile ukukhanyisa i-firmware, yize bekungangivumeli ukuthi ngingene ekucushweni kwe-BIOS, bengisakwazi ukuqala nge-hard disk, bese ngakha i-bootable DOS pendrive nohlelo lokukhanyisa i-BIOS nefayela le-firmware futhi.

      Ngigijime ngenhlanhla, futhi lapho kwenzeka ukuthi i-firmware ye-ACER laptop ene-UEFI yalimala lapho ngifaka i-openSUSE lapho ukusatshalaliswa okuhambisanayo kwe-UEFI kuqala ukuvela.

      Phew kancane okubi, inhlanhla ngalesi sikhathi !!!!