I-Firmware neDrayivu kuLinux: Kancane konke mayelana nale mibono emi-2

I-Firmware neDrayivu kuLinux: Kancane konke mayelana nale mibono emi-2

I-Firmware neDrayivu kuLinux: Kancane konke mayelana nale mibono emi-2

Namuhla sizokhuluma ngendaba yemiqondo ye- «I-Firmware» ne- «Driver», ngoba iyimiqondo emi-2 ebalulekile ngoba inomthelela ngqo ku ukusebenza bushelelezi konke Isistimu yokusebenza ku Idivayisi ezimisele.

Futhi-ke sizobhekisisa ngokujulile ukuthi zombili zingaphathwa kanjani, i- «AmaFirmwares» kanye «Abashayeli» cishe I-GNU / Linux.

I-Firmware neDrayivu kuLinux: Imiyalo yokwazi i-GNU / Linux Operating System

Njengoba, kulokhu okuthunyelwe ngeke singene ngemininingwane mayelana imiyalo yokuyala ziwusizo noma zihambisana ne- wazi imininingwane yezobuchwepheshe ye-Hardware ne-Software yekhompyuthanjengenjwayelo sizoshiya izixhumanisi zabanye okuthunyelwe kwangaphambilini okuhlobene ukuze, uma kunesidingo, noma ngubani akwazi ukuyifinyelela kalula futhi ajulise lelo phuzu:

Imishini yekhompyutha inezinto ezibonakalayo ezibizwa ngokuthi yihardware yomhlaba wonke, nezinto ezinengqondo ezibizwa ngokuthi yisoftware. Kunamathuluzi avumela ukukhomba zombili izingxenye, noma ukwazi izici zensiza nokukala ukusebenza kwayo kanye / noma ukuthola ukwehluleka okungenzeka. Lapho kunesidingo sokucela ukwesekwa ekuxazululeni izinkinga, njengokufaka noma ukuvuselela i-firmware noma umshayeli, kubalulekile ukukwazi ukuhlinzeka (ukuqoqa) lonke ulwazi olungenzeka futhi oludingekayo mayelana ne-hardware ne-software ezakha imishini. Imiyalo yokwazi uhlelo (khomba i-Hardware nokunye okulungiselelwe kwesoftware)

I-athikili ehlobene:
Imiyalo yokwazi uhlelo (khomba i-Hardware nokunye okulungiselelwe kwesoftware)

I-athikili ehlobene:
Amathuluzi we-3 ukwazi i-hardware yohlelo lwakho
I-athikili ehlobene:
i-inxi: iskripthi ukubona ngokuningiliziwe izingxenye zezingxenyekazi zekhompyutha zesistimu yakho
I-athikili ehlobene:
Ungawakhipha kanjani amapharamitha kusuka ku-Terminal usebenzisa i-Shell Scripting

I-Firmware neDrayivu: Imiqondo, ukufana nokwehluka, nokuningi.

I-Firmware neDrayivu: Imiqondo, ukufana nokwehluka, nokuningi.

Iyini i-Firmware?

Ngokusho kuwebhu «Definicion.de», a «I-Firmware» Kuchazwa njengo:

"I-firmware, egama layo libhekisela ezinhlelweni eziqinile, iyingxenye yehardware, ngoba ihlanganiswe nakwezobuchwepheshe, kepha ibuye ibhekwe njengengxenye yesoftware njengoba ithuthukiswa ngaphansi kolimi lokuhlela. Ngokusobala, i-firmware isebenza njenge-nexus phakathi kwemiyalo eza kudivayisi kusuka ngaphandle nezingxenye zayo ezahlukahlukene ze-elekthronikhi." (Nweba ulwazi)

Ngenkathi, iwebhu «Sistemas.com» iveza okulandelayo:

"I-Firmware bese iqukethe imiyalo eminingi esebenzisana nekhompyutha, le etholakala kwimemori yokufunda kuphela (imemori ye-ROM iyasetshenziswa) evumela ukulawula nokuhlola ukusebenza ezingeni leSekethe likagesi ledivayisi noma ukuxhumana kwayo iqembu." (Nweba ulwazi)

Uyini Umshayeli?

Ngokusho kuwebhu «conceptodefinicion.de», a "Umshayeli" Kuchazwa njengo:

"Enye yezingxenye zesoftware, esebenza ngokubambisana nesistimu yokusebenza kanye nesilawuli sangaphandle, ukuhlinzeka ngesibonisi esisebenzayo. IDrayivu (isilawuli / umphathi) wedivayisi uhlobo lohlelo lokusebenza olwenzelwe ngokukhethekile ukuze umsebenzisi akwazi ukulawula zonke izinhlelo ezifakiwe kwikhompyutha yakhe, ngaphezu kwalokho, uphethe ukwenza i-hardware isebenze kahle, ngakho-ke ubheka esinye sezingcezu ezibaluleke kakhulu kulabo abazinikele ekulinganiseni ukusebenza kwemishini." (Nweba ulwazi)

Ngenkathi, iwebhu «Sistemas.com» iveza okulandelayo:

"Isilawuli (noma, esilingana naso ngesiNgisi, iDrayivu) iyithuluzi lesoftware elivumela i-Operating System ukuthi ikusebenzise ngokugcwele okuqukethwe kwi-Hardware yemishini, kungabi yiPheripheral kuphela (okungukuthi, ikhibhodi , i-Printer noma i-Mouse, ngaphandle kokuhlukanisa uma ngabe i-Input Peripheral noma i-Output Peripheral) kodwa nakuwo wonke ama-System Devices alungisiwe, njenge-Video Card, i-Sound Card noma okufanayo." (Nweba ulwazi)

Ukufana nokwehluka

Kulokhu okungenhla singakhipha ukufana nokwehluka okulandelayo

  1. Womabili angamathuluzi esoftware noma izinsiza ezisetshenziselwa ukusebenzisa idivaysi (ingxenye yangaphakathi noma yangaphandle yehadiwe).
  2. Sizohlala sithola i-firmware esivele ifakiwe kudivayisi ngayinye nakwimodyuli yayo yememori, ngenkathi umshayeli efakiwe futhi esebenza njalo ku-Hard Drive naku-Operating System ezosebenza ngedivayisi.
  3. I-firmware imele izinga eliphansi kakhulu lesoftware engasebenzisana nayo ne-hardware, kuyilapho i-Driver imelela amazinga aphezulu womsebenzi.
  4. Kokubili kubaluleke kakhulu futhi kuyadingeka, ngoba iDrayivu elungile futhi efakwe kahle iqinisekisa ukusebenza kahle kwedivayisi kukhompyutha noma imishini yokulawula, ngenkathi i-firmware iqinisekisa ukumiswa okuyisisekelo nokuqala, ukuqala kwayo okulungile nokuyibeka online. zedivayisi ngayinye.
  5. I-Firmware imvamisa iyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu ukuyivuselela, kuyilapho iDrayivu kuvame ukuba lula ukuyifaka nokuyibuyekeza, kokubili ngesandla nangokuzenzekelayo.

Ukuphathwa kwamaFirmwares kanye nabashayeli ku-GNU / Linux

Uma imininingwane isuka ku- yenza, imodeli, umkhiqizi nokucaciswa kobuchwepheshe kudivayisi, ngemibhalo, izinhlelo zokusebenza noma imiyalo yokugcina. Kuzoba khona kuphela uma kwenzeka "Abashayeli", Ukwazi ukuthi iyiphi iphakethe eliqukethe umshayeli ofanele. Kumele uqaphele ukuthi abaningi amaphakethe we "Abashayeli" baphatha igama ngamagama «I-Firmware».

Futhi, ngokwesibonelo, ku I-GNU / Linux Distros ngokusekelwe ku Debian / Ubuntu, ungazi ukuthi yimaphi amaphakheji aqukethe abashayeli abathile abasebenzisa ifayela le- umyalo "Apt" noma "apt", njengoba kuboniswe ngezansi:

sudo apt list *firmware*
sudo apt list *driver*
sudo apt search marcaproducto*
sudo aptitude search nombrefabricante* | grep nombrefabricante

Ngenkathi, ukuphathwa kwe- "AmaFirmwares" inketho elula ukusebenzisa uhlelo olubizwa nge- "Isibuyekezo se-Firmware" noma umane "LVFS". Lolu hlelo lokusebenza olwaziwa ngegama lalo eligcwele, "Isevisi ye-Linux Vendor Firmware", Ngokuyisisekelo:

"Ithuluzi le-CLI ne-GUI elisebenza ngesevisi (i-daemon) exhuma kuwebhusayithi ye- "Linux Vendor Firmware Service" futhi elikwaziyo ukuthola, ukulanda nokuvuselela i-firmware edingekayo yamadivayisi abonwayo."

Ngecala lethu elisebenzayo, ngilifakile ku- Isistimu yokusebenza esetshenzisiwe, ebizwa I-MilagrOS (Ukuphendula kususelwa ku-MX Linux) ukulandela lezi zenzo ezilandelayo nemiyalo yomyalo:

  • Ukufaka i-Star Labs PPA Repository: Ukungeza i-URL elandelayo kufayela elithi «sources.list»

«deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/starlabs/ppa/ubuntu bionic main»

  • Bese usebenzisa imiyalo elandelayo yomyalo:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 17A20BAF70BEC3904545ACFF8F21C26C794386E3
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 499E6345B743746B
sudo apt update
sudo apt install fwupd fwupd-gui
  • Qalisa uhlelo lokusebenza ngemenyu yezicelo ngaphansi kwegama elithi «Firmware Update»

I-Firmware ne-Driver: I-Linux Vendor Firmware Service (LVFS)

Ngemininingwane engaphezulu ngokusetshenziswa kwayo nge-graphical interface noma i-terminal command ungavakashela i- Iwebhusayithi esemthethweni, namasayithi abo GitHub y Qalisa iPad.

Isithombe esijwayelekile seziphetho ze-athikili

Isiphetho

Siyethemba lokhu "okuthunyelwe okuwusizo okuncane" emiqondweni ye- «Firmware y Drivers», okuvame ukuba amaphuzu amabili abalulekile ngaphakathi kwe- IT, ngoba zithonya ngqo i- ukusebenza bushelelezi konke Isistimu yokusebenza ngaphezulu kwe- Idivayisi ezimisele; inentshisekelo enkulu nokusetshenziswa, kwayo yonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kanye negalelo elikhulu ekusabalalisweni kwemvelo emangalisayo, enkulu futhi ekhulayo yezicelo ze «GNU/Linux».

Okwamanje, uma ukuthandile lokhu publicación, Ungami yabelana ngayo nabanye, kumawebhusayithi wakho owathandayo, iziteshi, amaqembu noma imiphakathi yokuxhumana nabantu noma amasistimu wokuthumela imiyalezo, okungcono mahhala, okuvulekile kanye / noma okuphephe kakhulu njenge yocingoIsignaliI-mastodon noma enye ye- I-Fediverse, okungcono.

Futhi khumbula ukuvakashela ikhasi lethu lasekhaya ku- «KusukaLinux» ukuhlola izindaba eziningi, kanye nokujoyina isiteshi sethu esisemthethweni se- Yocingo kusuka ku-DesdeLinuxNgenkathi, ukuthola eminye imininingwane, ungavakashela noma yikuphi Umtapo wolwazi oku-inthanethi njengoba I-OpenLibra y JedIT, ukufinyelela nokufunda izincwadi zedijithali (ama-PDF) ngalesi sihloko noma ezinye.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.