I-OpenStreetMap, isekela i-pretty.


Ngibe nentshisekelo kukho konke lokhu isikhashana I-OpenStreetMap futhi namuhla kwaba ukuthi ngiqale ngaphenya ngokuphelele, ngqo kusuka kumakhalekhukhwini futhi ngabona ukuthi konke lokhu kwakungani. Kuyaziwa vele ukuthi yipulatifomu ye-cartographic lapho noma ngubani angahlela khona amamephu kanye nemininingwane yawo ukuze kwakheke imephu enkulu online egcwele imininingwane, lokhu ngenhla, kunjalo.

Le phrojekthi iyathakazelisa ngoba ikuvumela ukuthi wenze ngokwezifiso amamephu akho ngqo, hhayi ngomqondo wokuthi "O, nginemephu yami" kodwa ngomqondo wokuthi singathepha futhi sihlele amamephu wokunothisa ulwazi olukhona kuwo.

Ubuhle bakho konke ukuthi, njengoba igama lalo lisho, likhululekile, futhi okuhle ukuthi, ngokungafani nezimo ezithile, le projekthi ingumncintiswano wangempela futhi wesatshwe ngabalingisi abakhulu kulo mkhakha ngoba kufakazelwe ukuthi Ikhwalithi ye-OSM ilingana noma ingcono kunabalingani bayo ngoba ayihleliwe ngabasebenzi abambalwa noma ayisekelwa yizabelomali ezinkulu, kepha ishukunyiswa yiminikelo emincane evela ezinkulungwaneni zabantu emhlabeni jikelele, abane-GPS noma i-Smartphone abangabeka imephu cishe noma yini, imininingwane yamasayithi futhi bandise isisekelo se data nokuthi (lokhu kubaluleke kakhulu) i-OSM inesilinganiso esikhulu salolo daba olufanayo ... abantu abaningi abahamba ngezokuthutha okuhlukile, izindawo nezikhathi bakhiqiza imininingwane eminingi.

Manje, ngixoxe ngalokhu nomngani okhuthele ngokweqile we Amasevisi we-Google futhi of Apple (Ilungelo elingakhiqizi kanjani?) ongilwelayo izinyo nezipikili ezingadingi ukuthi i-OSM ibe nayo I-google maps ...

Woza, kulungile, sonke sinenkululeko yokuzikhethela esikufunayo futhi ngiyakhetha OSM ngezizathu zami, kepha ubuze umbuzo abazowuphendula kahle ku Wiki kwephrojekthi (ngeSpanish, ngasendleleni) umbuzo wawuthi Kungani i-OSM?

Kungani i-OpenStreetMap?
Ezingxenyeni eziningi zomhlaba, njengeSpain, idatha yomphakathi yendawo (geodata) ayisebenziseki ngokukhululeka. Ngokuvamile, kulawa mazwe, umsebenzi wokwenza ucwaningo lwalolu hlobo lwemininingwane unikezwe izikhungo ezahlukahlukene ezincike kuhulumeni (njenge-IGN eSpain) ezithengisela le cartography kubantu abanjengawe, bathole inzuzo ngakho. Uma uhlala kwelinye lalawa mazwe ukhokha kabili ngalolo lwazi lomphakathi. Eyokuqala lapho uyikhiqiza, ngezintela zakho, nangeyesibili lapho uthola ikhophi yayo.

Emazweni afana ne-US, idatha eluhlaza (engalashwa) ye-cartographic kahulumeni, njengamafayela we-TIGER, isendaweni yomphakathi, noma kunjalo abahleliwe nabalungisiwe banelungelo lobunikazi lokukwazi ukuhweba nabo.

Imikhiqizo yalezi zinhlangano ehlinzeka ngemininingwane yezwe kanye neye-cartographic iqukethe kwezinye izimo imininingwane engalungile, okuthiwa ama-Easter Eggs, ukuze ikwazi ukuthola nokuveza labo abathathe ikhophi yayo ngaphandle kwemvume. Lolu hlobo lwenkohliso luvela emabalazweni ngesimo sezinto ezingekho, amagama endawo acatshangelwe, ama-watermark edijithali, noma izindawo zokulawula ezincane kakhulu, ezingabonakali ngeso lenyama lomuntu obathintayo (noma ozikopishile) kepha ezitholakala kalula lezo baqeqeshelwe ukuwafuna. Uma wenza imephu usebenzisa le datha njengesisekelo, kungenzeka ukuthi ukopisha elinye lala maqanda e-Easter ngaphandle kokwazi nokuthola ukusetshenziswa kwalo kobuqili. Ngokunjalo nemephu oyithengile kungenzeka ukuthi ayilungile ngenxa yokuthi uyithenge ngonyaka owedlule futhi imigwaqo emisha ivuliwe njengamanje, noma ngenxa nje yokuthi ukuqoqwa kolwazi bekungalungile.

Uma usayamukela yonke le migomo ezindaweni eziningi ngeke ukwazi ukwenza noma yini ngaphandle kwelungelo lokusebenzisa elilinganiselwe lolo buciko bokudweba imephu. Awukwazi, ngokwesibonelo, ukulungisa igama lomgwaqo, ukufaka amaphoyinti amasha wokuthakazelisa, noma ukusebenzisa idatha kuhlelo lwekhompiyutha ngaphandle kokukhokha inani eliphakeme ngayo. Imali eningi kakhulu kunaleyo onayo. Kuthiwani uma ufuna ukuwuthumela kumngane, uthumele imephu kanye nesimemo, noma usibeke ebhodini lezaziso? Eziningi zalezi zisetshenziswa azikho emthethweni kakhulu kunokuba ungacabanga.

Ukuthuthuka kwezobuchwepheshe kusivumele ukuthi sibe namadivayisi we-GPS ashibhile akuvumela ukuthi udale amamephu wakho ngokubambisana nabanye abasebenzisi abaningi ngaphandle kwale datha enanoma yimiphi imikhawulo eshiwo ngenhla. Ithuba lokulenza likuvumela ukuthi wazise umhlaba ngendawo ohlala kuyo. Uma ingekho ebalazweni ngeke yaziwe!

Futhi kungani ngingasebenzisi i-Google Amamephu ukuthola idatha yami?

Impendulo emfushane:

Ngoba imininingwane ivikelwe ngaphansi kwelungelo lobunikazi kanye nempahla yezikhungo ezinjengeNational Geographic Institute noma ezinye. I-Google / noma ngubani ophethe ilayisense lakho. Uma siyisebenzisa, kuzofanele siyikhokhele.

Impendulo ende:

Kuyindaba yenkululeko, hhayi intengo. Ukuqonda umqondo, kufanele ucabange mahhala njenge "inkululeko yokukhuluma", hhayi "njengobhiya wamahhala."

Ukwenza imephu kweGoogle Maps kumahhala njengakwi "bhiya", hhayi njengaku "expression".
Bobabili i-Yahoo neBing bafinyelele esivumelwaneni ne-OpenStreetMap ukuvumela ukusetshenziswa kwezithombe zabo ezisemoyeni.

Uma izidingo zephrojekthi yakho ye-cartographic zingadingi okungaphezu kwe-Google Maps API, siyakuhalalisela. Kepha lokho akulona iqiniso kuwo wonke amaphrojekthi. Sidinga isethi yedatha yamahhala evumela abahleli bohlelo, izishoshovu zomphakathi kanye nabadwebi bamabalazwe ukuthi bahlangabezane nezidingo zabo ngaphandle kokulinganiselwa, kungaba yi-API yeGoogle noma imigomo yokusetshenziswa kwayo.

Kuleli qophelo, impendulo ejwayelekile ithi 'Kungani ungavele nje ube nemephu yabantu ngqo ebalazweni leGoogle, bese ugcina izixhumanisi ze-latitude ne-longitude ku-OpenStreetMap database? Lokho kumahhala, akunjalo? ».

Ngeshwa akunjalo. Imininingwane esetshenziswe kuGoogle Maps itholakala ku-NAVTEQ naseTele Atlas, okuyizinkampani ezimbili ezinkulu zemephu. Nabo-ke, bathole enye yale datha ezinhlakeni zikazwelonke ze-cartographic (njenge-IGN). Lezi zinkampani zenze ama-euro ayizigidi eziningana zokutshala imali ekuqoqeni le datha, ngakho-ke kuyaqondakala ukuthi bafuna ukuvikela i-copyright yabo.

Uma uqoqa idatha ku-Google Amamephu udala "umsebenzi osuselwe kokunye". Noma iyiphi yale datha etholakele igcina imibandela ye-copyright yelayisense yangempela. Ngokwenza lokhu kusho ukuthi idatha yakho ingaphansi kwamalungelo welayisense nemikhawulo yenkontileka yalaba bahlinzeki bemephu. Yilokho kanye i-OpenStreetMap izama ukukugwema.

Sicela ungakhohliswa yi-copyright yesoftware noma imigomo yokusetshenziswa. I-Google Maps API ingafakwa kumaphrojekthi womthombo ovulekile, impela. Kepha lokhu kulawula kuphela indlela oyisebenzisa ngayo isoftware, akunamqondo kwimininingwane ekhonjiswe yile API, enamalungelo obunikazi.

(Akukacaci okwamanje ukuthi kuvunyelwe yini ukwenza umsebenzi osuselwe esithombeni sasemoyeni: okunye ukufundwa komthetho waseSpain kusikisela ukuthi ungakwenza lokhu ngaphandle 'kokuthola ifa' lobunikazi besithombe. Isinqumo sokugcina kulokhu singavula izindlela ezintsha Okwe-OpenStreetMap namaphrojekthi afanayo, kepha uma singekho isinqumo esinjalo, siyaqhubeka nokunamathela ekusebenziseni kuphela imithombo yethu, idatha yamahhala engu-100%.)

Manje, yize konke lokhu kuchazwe kahle, nginezimpendulo zami kukho konke lokhu ...

Okokuqala ngisebenzisa OSM ngoba kumahhala, ukwenza izinto zicace kwasekuqaleni, kepha ngaphezu kwesifiso esibi sokusebenzisa isoftware yamahhala kuphela, into engasebenzi ngokuphelele kimi; kuyisifiso sekhwalithi, futhi kulokhu OSM ngokusobala kuphakeme kakhulu kune I-google maps ngokunemba ngokulinganayo kepha ngokwezifiso okuningi.

Elinye iphuzu elibaluleke kakhulu ukuthi, sonke sazi kahle ukuthi i-Google iyasihlola, masingayingeni leyo (Njengoba besho ezweni lami), kuyiqiniso futhi siyakwazi, futhi kunika iGoogle amandla okusilandela futhi azi, phakathi kwezinye izinto, izindawo esihlala sisebenza kuzo, lapho sisebenza khona kanye ne-blah, blah ... kahle, ayingifaneli, kakhulu kuncane ukuba ne- Android lapho ngikhubaze zonke izinketho I-Google Maps.

Into ukuthi, kimi OSM Ayinawo amamephu aphelele wedolobha lami, empeleni, ayinayo imigwaqo kanye nokuhlala emadolobheni, kepha azikho izindawo ezithakazelisayo, imizila yezokuthutha zomphakathi noma yini enye, iyindwangu engenalutho, engakwenzi kube yize kepha okuthile okuhluke kakhulu; kukwenza kube yithuba elihle kimi lokwakha ngqo imephu yedolobha lami futhi nginikele okuthile kule phrojekthi.

Ukwenza kanjalo kulula kakhulu, uma une- Android njengami, vele ulande i-API kusuka ku- OSM, OSMand kufayela le- I-Android Market -Google Play futhi voila, usuvele unaso sobabili isicelo sokubuyekeza WONKE AMamephu we-OSM kanye nawo wonke amathuluzi wokwenza imizila, amaphuzu, izincazelo, njll. Ngamafuphi, konke okudingayo ukukhiqiza imininingwane yakho yangakini ngokunethezeka nemininingwane bese uyilayisha ngqo ku-database yephrojekthi, yinhle ...

Uma ungenayo Android kepha uma kukhona idivayisi ye-GPS, iya kufayela le- isigaba se-wiki wephrojekthi bese ubheka ukuthi ungakwenza kanjani, konke kubhalwe ngeSpanishi futhi kubhalwe kahle.

Manje uma ungenalutho olubukeka njenge- I-GPS noma i-SmartphoneYini okubalulekile, usengasebenzisana ngokuhlela amamephu wedolobha lakho ngqo ekhasini lephrojekthi elisemthethweni noma wenze lokho abakutshela khona engxenyeni ezinikele ye wiki kuleso sihloko esithile ... Akukho ukulwa noma izaba, ungabamba iqhaza ungabamba iqhaza.

Mina uqobo, futhi ukuze ngiqede, ngihlanganise iqembu nabangane bami ukuqala ukubhala phansi konke esingakwenza ukuxhasa yonke iphrojekthi OSM futhi, jabula isikhathi eside emotweni ngenkathi sikwimephu noma ngebhayisikili, noma ezinyaweni zethu lapho sizizwa sinjalo ... Iqiniso liwukuthi, umsebenzi omuhle wangempelasonto, onempilo, omnandi, osekela inkululeko iphrojekthi kanye ... FUCKING GEEK! XD


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-16, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   i-cryotope kusho

    Akukona ukwenza ubuhlakani kepha ama-homologue abhalwe ngo-h.

    1.    engaziwa kusho

      akukhona ukuhlakanipha kepha 1 + 1 = 2

  2.   nano kusho

    Ngiyazi kepha ngabhala lokho kungena ngo-12 ekuseni naku-html text editor, ungangiceli ukuphelela

    1.    Isibindi kusho

      Yisho yebo, ngezaba zakudala hahahaha.

      Bheka lokhu engikutshela khona ...

  3.   v3 kwe kusho

    Uma ungafuni ukuhlakanipha ungaphawuli, ngibhala kahle kakhulu futhi ngiza ukuhlangabezana nalawo mazwana okuqala ...

    "Ezingxenyeni eziningi zomhlaba, njengeSpain, imininingwane yomphakathi (geodata) ayisebenziseki ngokukhululeka."

    wtf? sina? Angazi ukuthi i-INEGI iyiphatha kanjani le datha eMexico, kepha iyakhokhisa? akukho fuck hahahahahaha

    Ayinabo ubudlelwano, kepha ingikhumbuza abantu abasile ababefuna ukwenza amalungelo obunikazi ngezikhathi zesikhathi hahaha xD

    kepha lokho kuyisiphukuphuku ukufuna ukukhokha (kabili) ngolwazi okufanele lutholakale mahhala

  4.   IMivare kusho

    I-athikili ethakazelisa kakhulu. Uma kukaningi imininingwane yezinkampani inamaphutha, ngokuyinhloko kumasayithi amancane, futhi ingenakuguqulwa futhi akudingeki ngisebenzele inkampani eyenza inzuzo.
    Kodwa-ke, ngicabanga ukuthi kuhle ukwenza ukulungisa ezinhlelweni ezinjenge-OSM, ngoba sonke siyabambisana futhi sonke siyazuza.

  5.   Rodrigo kusho

    Yebo, konke kuyabukeka, kepha ake ubheke amabalazwe e-OSM ukubona ukuthi kusekude ngeminyaka ukusuka ku-Google Amamephu. Endaweni yangakithi kunendawo yokuhlala emadolobheni eyakhiwe eminyakeni engaphezu kwengu-12 eyedlule engakabonakali. Ngingawenza lo msebenzi wokuzivuselela ngokwami, kepha impilo imfushane futhi iGoogle isivele isenzele lowo msebenzi;).

    1.    UGadi kusho

      Uma wenqaba ukuziqedela ngokwakho, akufanele ukhononde ngokuthi akuphelele. Kokuthize kungumsebenzi ovulekile futhi osebenzisanayo.

      1.    Rodrigo kusho

        Ngakho-ke ucabanga ukuthi kuhle ukusebenza ngamamephu wendawo yakho e-OSM bese kuthi izinkampani ezinjenge-Apple noma i-Foursquare zizuze emsebenzini wakho mahhala, akunjalo?

        Ngendlela owenza ngayo, ngeke ize ikwazi ukuncintisana ne-Street View.

  6.   pvv92 kusho

    Kepha kunendlela yokwazi ukuthi ungafika kanjani ukusuka endaweni eyodwa kuya kwenye, ukwazi amashejuli ezokuthutha, njll.

  7.   nano kusho

    Futhi izimo ezinje azisebenzi nje, zilula kanjalo. Kakade le phrojekthi isetshenziswa izinkampani ezinkulu ezinjenge-apula noma i-fouraquare futhi lapho ibhalwe khona, ibhalwe kahle. Kubukeka kuphelele kimi ukuthi akusizi kuwe, yebo, futhi njengokuzilibazisa ...

    1.    Rodrigo kusho

      Futhi kulungile nge-Apple ukusebenzisa ngokungazideli amamephu we-OSM enziwe ngabasebenzisi bese uthola ucezu lwayo?

  8.   Mdrvro kusho

    Yeka indatshana enhle nokuthi yiziphi izimpikiswano ezinhle mayelana nokuthi Kungani i-OpenStreetMap?. Iqiniso ukuthi kungekudala nje ngiqale kule OpenStreetMap (eMarble ukucacisa ngokwengeziwe) futhi kubonakala kimi kungumhlaba othakazelisa ngempela. Kuyajabulisa ukuthi ngamunye anganikela kanjani ngohlamvu lwesihlabathi kulo "mhlaba" we-openource noma isoftware yamahhala.

  9.   nano kusho

    yabo nanoma ngubani ofuna ukuyisebenzisa ... noma ngabe bodwa? Sengikushilo, uma ufuna ukusebenzisa amamephu we-google, kulungile, kodwa woza uzogxeka futhi uhlanekezele i-osm noma iyiphi iphrojekthi ngoba nje ungayithandi ... kahle, ngeke. Angikwazi ukusebenzisa i-streetview ezweni lami ngoba ayinwebanga futhi iGmaps lapha ayikho enye into ngaphandle kwe-osm ... ngiyaxolisa

  10.   Marco kusho

    Ngiyisekela ngokugcwele i-Openstreetmap, kuphakeme kakhulu emadolobheni lapho iGoogle Maps ibeka kuphela imigqa emi-3 ukwenzeka ezweni lami, ngiqonde ukuthi i-Ecuador ... ngizokwenza umnikelo wami ngangokunokwenzeka ... post nano enhle kakhulu ... Sanibonani ...

  11.   I-EdBG kusho

    Ozithobayo. Ngiyabona ukuthi ngiphuze ukufika engxoxweni nge-OSM. Ngemininingwane kulokhu okuthunyelwe ngithanda ukufaka i-Marble, iklayenti ledeskithophu elivumela ukubonisana ne-OSM, okufana neGoogle Earth. Bese kuba khona iMerkaartor, uhlelo olukuvumela ukulanda izingxenye zamamephu bese uwahlela kukhompyutha yakho. Ekugcineni, kwiFirefox OS kunethuluzi elisebenzisa imininingwane ye-OSM, libizwa ngeLantea Maps futhi liyatholakala eMakethe. Ngiyethemba ukuthi imininingwane ilusizo kuwe.