UDEBIAN no-DEVUAN: Umbango noma ukuhambisana. Le yinkinga!

UDEBIAN no-DEVUAN: Umbango noma ukuhambisana. Le yinkinga!

UDEBIAN no-DEVUAN: Umbango noma ukuhambisana. Le yinkinga!

Okwethu sonke abasebenzisi abathandekayo noma amalungu eMovement noma Community of the Isoftware yamahhala, Umthombo Ovulekile kanye ne-GNU / Linux, the I-Distros DEBIAN ne-DEVUAN, baziwa kithina.

Ikakhulu eyokuqala, DEBIAN, ngoba ingenye ye- endala futhi esetshenzisiwe kuze kube namuhla, phakathi kwezinkulungwane zemvelo enkulu futhi ekhulayo ye Distros kanye Izicelo, mahhala futhi evulekile. Ngenkathi, BUYELA kusanda kwenzeka futhi kuvame ukubonwa njengokunye okuhle kakhulu kune DEBIAN, ngaphandle kokuphika, ngoba ithola isisekelo sokwakha.

I-Debian 10 Buster

Ngenkathi kwabanye, I-DEBIAN iyi-Operating System jikelele, esetshenziswa yizigidi emhlabeni wonke, kokubili kumaseva nakumakhompiyutha wedeskithophu, BUYELA kuvame ukwaziswa njenge- i-Distro engasindi enokusebenza okuhle nokuzinza, ilungele ama-Desktop Computers, ikakhulukazi lawo athanda ukuba madala noma anezinsizakusebenza ezilinganiselwe zekhompyutha.

I-Debian-ne-systemd

I-DEBIAN ne-DEVUAN: I-Systemd iqhathaniswa neSysVinit

Impela ku ukucabanga ngokuhlanganyela kwabaningi I-Linuxeros ne-Linuxnautas, kuvame ukuba nomqondo wokuthi ukulwa noma umbango phakathi UDEBIAN noDEVUAN, ngeqiniso elilula lokuthi ngamunye une- Uhlelo lokuqalisa oluhlukile.

Qala Amasistimu abathandwayo nabazondwayo ngabaningi ngasikhathi sinye, okungukuthi, DEBIAN isetshenziselwe iminyaka embalwa I-Systemd ngenkathi BUYELA kwavela kugcinwa ukusetshenziswa kwendabuko I-SysVinit. Futhi konke lokhu kusukela, eminyakeni embalwa edlule I-DEBIAN yamukele i-Systemd, okwakuyi- Qala uhlelo ikakhulukazi eqhutshwa I-Red Hat, okuyinto njengoba sonke sazi ukuthi yayiwinile futhi iyinkosi DEBIAN ukulimaza abanye Qala Amasistimu, okuhle nokufanele ukuqhubeka nokuphila futhi kugcinwe.

Ukuqonda okuncane, ngakunye kwalokhu Qala Amasistimu nomzabalazo phakathi kwabo, sincoma ukuthi ufunde i-athikili edlule ngendaba ebizwa "I-Systemd iqhathaniswa neSysvinit. Futhi i-Systemd-shim?" lapho sizocaphuna khona okukhishwe okulandelayo:

"Futhi njengoba isetshenziswa kakhulu, iSystemd nayo ingenye yezimpikiswano futhi kwesinye isikhathi izondwa yingxenye enkulu yabasebenzisi, abavame ukumelana nobunzima bayo nokulawula ngokweqile noma ukulawula imisebenzi ye-Distros yabo. Ngalesi sizathu, izindlela ezindala noma zesimanje zisakhula emikhakheni ebanzi yoMphakathi we-GNU / Linux.".

I-Systemd iqhathaniswa neSysvinit. Futhi i-Systemd-shim?

I-Systemd iqhathaniswa neSysVinit. Futhi i-Systemd-shim?

Impi iyaqhubeka kepha phakathi kweSystemd neSysVinit

Ngaphandle kwalokho, konke kungunaphakade ukulwa noma umbango phakathi I-Systemd ne-SysVinit kanye nokunye, manje kuzuza amandla amaningi ngenxa yevoti le- Ukulungiswa Okujwayelekile ku-Boot Systems lokho kwenzeka ekupheleni kukaNovemba wonyaka odlule, phakathi Abathuthukisi Base-DEBIAN futhi kuphi owawina kwaba "Isiphakamiso B" kwezingu-8 iziphakamiso ezifakiwe, engafundwa kusixhumanisi esilandelayo (lapha) ukungena ngokujulile endabeni.

Kukho konke lokhu, mathupha, wayekholelwa ukuthi impi ayikho phakathi UDEBIAN noDEVUANkodwa phakathi I-Systemd ne-SysVinit abanye abaningi Qala Amasistimu. Ukholelwe ukuthi womabili ama-Distros ngaphezu kwempi ane- indlela yokuhambisana ngenxa ye izindlela ezahlukahlukene lokho ngamunye akunikezayo.

UDEBIAN no-DEVUAN: Umbango noma ukuhambisana

Ukugqamisa iphuzu lami lokuhambisana ngizokhombisa ingcaphuno encane evela ekuhlaziyweni okuhle kakhulu kokuqhathanisa, Kutholwe kusixhumanisi esilandelayo, esibizwa "I-DEBIAN vs DEVUAN: Umhlahlandlela Ophelele Wokukhetha", eza ngesiNgisi, kepha okuqondakala kahle kwabaningi.

Iwebhusayithi Esemthethweni

  • UDEBHIYA: https://www.debian.org/
  • I-DEVUAN: https://www.devuan.org

Ukusetshenziswa kalula

  • UDEBHIYA: izindlela
  • I-DEVUAN: high

Kunconywe ama-distros asuselwe

  • UDEBHIYA: I-Linux Mint DEBIAN Edition 
  • I-DEVUAN: Exe i-GNU / Linux

Imvelo yedeskithophu ekhethwayo

  • UDEBHIYA: I-GNOME
  • I-DEVUAN: I-XFCE

Imibhalo iyatholakala

  • UDEBHIYA: Iqinile, ihleleke kahle futhi isabalele.
  • I-DEVUAN: Ihlakazekile futhi ayivumelani, kepha ngokulinganayo ama-DEBIAN, awusizo olukhulu kulokhu.

Igama nomjikelezo wentuthuko

  • UDEBHIYA: Isebenzisa amagama asuselwa ku-movie ye-Toy Story, ikhiphe inguqulo entsha njalo eminyakeni engu-3 noma ngaphezulu, futhi isebenzisa izinhlobo ezi-3 kumjikelezo wayo wokuthuthuka (engazinzile> isivivinyo> esitebeleni). (Bona isixhumanisi)
  • I-DEVUAN: Isebenzisa amagama asuselwa kumaPlanethi Amancane, ikhipha inguqulo entsha ngemuva kokuthi i-DEBIAN ikhiphe inguqulo yayo ezinzile, futhi isebenzisa izinhlobo ezi-2 kumjikelezo wayo wokuthuthuka (okudala kuzinzile> okuzinzile) kuma-Distributions akhishiwe namagatsha ama-3 (amakhosombe) wamaphakeji angeziwe wokufaka amaphakheji esigabeni sokuhlola (ukuhlolwa), okungazinzile (okungazinzile) nokuhlola. (Bona isixhumanisi)

Izindawo zokusetshenziswa nabasebenzisi abakhethwayo

  • UDEBHIYA: Zonke izinhlobo zomsebenzisi, imishini kanye nezindawo ezisetshenziswayo. Kuyinto eguquguqukayo kakhulu futhi ezinzile, ikakhulukazi kumaseva, ezindaweni zomsebenzi noma zentuthuko.
  • I-DEVUAN: Kukhethwa abasebenzisi bolwazi oluphakathi noma oluphakeme, njengonjiniyela, kanye nezindawo zomsebenzi noma zentuthuko.

Ukusekelwa okunikezwayo

  • UDEBHIYA: Kuningi ngezihloko ezijwayelekile, nokunakwa okuhle ukulungiswa kwamaphutha. Umphakathi omkhulu futhi omkhulu wabasebenzisi.
  • I-DEVUAN: Banethimba elincane, elihleleke kakhulu lomsebenzi elijwayele ukugxila ekulungiseni amaphutha mayelana nezinguqulo entuthukweni ukuze zingaveli kokunye okuzinzile okulandelayo. Umphakathi wakhe mncane kodwa uyanda njalo.

Qala uhlelo

  • DEBIAN: Isistimu
  • I-DEVUAN: I-SysVinit / i-OpenRC

Isikhathi sokusekelwa esisemthethweni

  • UDEBHIYA: iminyaka 5
  • I-DEVUAN: iminyaka 5

Isimanjemanje Sezobuchwepheshe

  • UDEBHIYA: Izinyanga eziyi-12 kuya kwezingu-18 ngaphezulu kweziningi
  • I-DEVUAN: Izinyanga eziyi-12-18 ngemuva kwe-DEBIAN, nezinye eziningi.

Izakhiwo ezisekelwayo

  • UDEBHIYA: 16
  • I-DEVUAN: 3

Ezinye izixhumanisi ezisemthethweni ezibalulekile

  • AMAPHaketheji aseDebhiya: https://packages.debian.org/
  • AMAPHEKHI E-DEVUAN: https://pkginfo.devuan.org/
  • UMBIKO WEPHUTHA LASEDEBIYA: https://bugs.debian.org
  • UMBIKO WE-DEVUAN ERROR: https://bugs.devuan.org/
  • UKUDEDELWA KWE-DEBIAN: https://www.debian.org/releases/
  • UKUDEDELWA: https://devuan.org/releases/
  • IMISEBENZI YASEDEBHI NENTUTHUKO: https://salsa.debian.org/
  • IMIPHUMELA YOKUTHUTHUKISWA KWE-DEVUAN: https://git.devuan.org/
  • UKUBUYEKEZWA KWAMAPHEKHI E-DEBIAN: https://mentors.debian.net/
  • UKUBUYEKEZWA KWAMAPHaketheji we-DEVUAN: https://git.devuan.org/devuan
  • IZIFUNDA EZIQHUBEKE ZISUKA E-DEBIAN: https://www.debian.org/derivatives/
  • IZITHILI ZISUKA KU-DEVUAN: https://devuan.org/os/partners/devuan-distros

Ngokufingqa, kungavezwa ngesisekelo sokuthi:

  • UDEBIAN usazohamba ibanga elide nodumo aluthole kahle, kanti u-DEVUAN usazohamba ibanga elide, yize isendleleni efanele ngenxa yokusebenza kwayo kakhulu nejubane (ijubane) uma kuqhathaniswa ne-DEBIAN.
  • I-DEBIAN kuzofanele ivulele amanye ama-Boot Systems ukuthola abasebenzisi abasha, ilulame elahlekile futhi igweme ukulahlekelwa abanye, ngenkathi i-DEVUAN ibonakala isendleleni efanele kulokhu, ngoba ingashintsha uhlelo lwe-boot olufakiwe, okusho ukuthi, qala nge-SysVinit bese ushintshela ku-OpenRC. Yize iswele okuningi ukuhlanganisa, ilungile futhi ishune kahle, yize isebenza kahle, ishesha, ilula futhi yenza ngezifiso.
  • I-DEBIAN ihola konke ukuthuthukiswa kwamaphakeji, kuyilapho i-DEVUAN inenkinga yokuthi kufanele ilinde futhi ilandele ukuthuthukiswa kwamaphakeji amaningi we-DEBIAN, ibhekane nobuhle nobubi abakunikezayo.
  • I-DEBIAN inethuba lokuba uhlelo olusebenzayo jikelele, olusekelwa cishe yibo bonke ubunjiniyela ne-hardware, okwamanje i-DEVUAN isekela kuphela i-IBM-PC x86 / x64 ne-ARM hardware ehambisanayo.

Kungase kube nokunye okuningi umehluko noma ukufana phakathi kwalokhu okubili, kodwa kusobala ukuthi kukhona okungaphezulu kwe- ukuhambisana kunokuba ukulwa phakathi kwabo bobabili Ama-Distros. Impi ibonakala noma igxila kakhulu phakathi I-Systemd ne-SysVinit namanye ama-Start Systems.

Isithombe esijwayelekile seziphetho ze-athikili

Isiphetho

Siyethemba ukuthi lokhu "okuthunyelwe okuwusizo okuncane" mayelana ne-Distros «DEBIAN y DEVUAN», lokho kubonakala kungumzabalazo waphakade, lapho kunokuthile kunokuhambisana okuningi, futhi lapho kubonakala khona ukuthi umzabalazo «Systemd y SysVinit» nabanye Qala Amasistimu, yiba nentshisekelo nokusetshenziswa okuhle, kwayo yonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kanye negalelo elikhulu ekusabalalisweni kwesimangaliso semvelo, esikhulu futhi esikhulayo sokusebenzisa kanye nokwenzelwe «GNU/Linux».

Futhi ukuthola eminye imininingwane, unganqikazi njalo ukuvakashela noma yikuphi Umtapo wolwazi oku-inthanethi njengoba I-OpenLibra y I-JedIT ukufunda izincwadi (ama-PDF) ngalesi sihloko noma ezinye izindawo zolwazi. Okwamanje, uma ukuthandile lokhu «publicación», ungayeki ukuyaba nabanye, ku- Amawebhusayithi ayizintandokazi, iziteshi, amaqembu, noma imiphakathi zokuxhumana nabantu, okungcono mahhala futhi evulekile njenge I-mastodon, noma ukuphepha nokuyimfihlo kwangasese yocingo.

Noma mane uvakashele ikhasi lethu lasekhaya ku- KusukaLinux noma ujoyine iSiteshi esisemthethweni Yocingo kusuka ku-DesdeLinux ukufunda nokuvotela lokhu noma ezinye izincwadi ezithakazelisayo ku- «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» nezinye izihloko ezihlobene ne- «Informática y la Computación»kanye «Actualidad tecnológica».


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-7, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Kuphi kusho

    Sawubona. Uyasho ukuthi iDevuan inenguqulo yokuhlola? Ilandwa kuphi? Ngoba kuwebhusayithi yayo iphuma kuphela iqinile futhi igugile, kepha isixhumanisi sokulanda sokuhlolwa angikuboni ndawo. Ngiyabonga. Ozithobayo.

    1.    Ukufaka kwe-Linux Post kusho

      Ukubingelela Kuphi! Siyabonga ngokuphawula kwakho. Impela inguqulo yokuhlola (ukuhlolwa) akuyona eyokulanda, kepha amaphakheji angaphansi kokuhlolwa (ukuhlolwa) ayengezwa ngezinqolobane. Sengivele ngicacisile (ukulungisa) kususelwa ngqo ekhasini elisemthethweni le-DEVUAN.

    2.    devuanite kusho

      IDevuan inamagatsha ama-3, azinzile (2.1 asuselwa ku-Debian 9) i-Testing ibizwa nge-Beowulf (3.0 isuselwa ku-Debian 10) kanye naleyo engazinzile ebizwa nge-Ceres, ukuze ube ne-Devuan 3 kufanele uyifakele ezinzile, engeza amakhosombe yenza i-dist-upgrade

      1.    Ukufaka kwe-Linux Post kusho

        Sanibonani uDevuanita! Siyabonga ngokuphawula kwakho okuhle kakhulu.

  2.   JBL kusho

    Ukuba nezinketho kuyisisekelo senkululeko, okuphambene nokuyigwinya kusuka kwisoftware ephathelene.

    1.    Ukufaka kwe-Linux Post kusho

      Sanibonani JBL! Impela, ngenxa yalesi sizathu, ngaphezu kombango, kukhona ukuhambisana. Siyabonga ngokuphawula kwakho.

  3.   luix kusho

    i-systemd iyabamba !!