Iqamba kabusha inethiwekhi ku-Arch Linux

Ngisanda kwenza ukufuduka kwelinye lama-laptops ami kusuka ku- Debian a I-Arch Linux futhi lapho ngilungisa izinto ezihlobene nokuhlangana kwenethiwekhi ngithole ukuthi izinga lokuqala lokuqala le- i-systemd Ngangenze ushintsho kumagama edivayisi engangivame ukuwabona kulezo zinhlaka.

Ukuqala ngenqubo ejwayelekile engiyifaka ku-terminal (okuyindlela esebenzisa i-rxvt unicode ne-zsh njenge-default console) «ip addr»Ukuthola okulandelayo:

Amagama ama-interface aqala inqubo yokuqamba kabusha igama

Kulokhu sizomisa igama lesixhumi esibonakalayo senethiwekhi elihambelana nekhebula elijwayelekile elinesixhumi se-RJ45 esinaso ekhaya ukufinyelela i-Intanethi. Into yokuqala esiyibonayo ukuthi ithatha ngegama enp0s4. Lokhu kwehluke kakhulu ku- eth0 kungakanani esikubonile. Esizokwenza ukushintsha igama lesikhombimsebenzisi esishiwoyo senziwe esikahle ngokwengeziwe ukukhuluma futhi okulula ukuthi sithayiphe ikhonsoli.

Njengesinyathelo esedlule sizothayipha cat /sys/class/net/enp0s4/addres esigungwini ukuthola i-MAC yedivayisi. Lokhu kuzobuyisa inani lohlobo 000: 00: 00: 00: 00: 0: XNUMX noma umane ukopishe igama lekheli le-MAC eliphuma ngomyalo ip addr esinyathelweni esedlule. Kumele siyibhale phansi ngoba sizoyidinga ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

Ngemuva kwalokhu sakha okungena enkombeni /etc/udev/rules.d/ ngale ndlela:

Igama lomhlahlandlela

Ifayela lombhalo elilula elibizwa nge- 10-inethiwekhi-imithetho lokho kuzosebenza njengeprosesa ngaphambi kwezinga le-udev. Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi sibeka iSudo ngoba sidinga ukufinyelela kufayela elidinga leyo mvume yokwenza.

Uma sesivuliwe siyithayipha:

SUBSYSTEM=="net", ACTION=="add", ATTR{address}=="00:90:f5:6e:83:57" NAME="internet"

ukuhlala ngale ndlela kimi:

cindezela inhlanganisela yokhiye CNTR + o ukusindisa ushintsho kanye ne-CNTR + x ukuphuma kusihleli (kulokhu ngisebenzisa i-nano kepha ungasebenzisa noma yini oyifunayo). Okulandelayo, siqala kabusha ikhompyutha ukuze ushintsho luqale ukusebenza, sithola okulandelayo ngemuva kokuqalisa kabusha:

zinjani izikhala zokuxhumana ngemuva kokuguqulwa

Njengoba uzobona ukuthi uma silinaka igama lezindawo zokuxhumana, leli esilinikeze igama elisha livela negama elilawulekayo esilithayipha kalula.

Ngiyethemba uzokuthola kuwusizo futhi ngiyakumema ukuthi uphawule futhi ubuze imibuzo uma kwenzeka kuba nezinkinga ezithile.

Kusukela manje ngizobe sengithumela izinto ezinjengalezi ... imikhonzo.

 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-37, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   itachi kusho

    woooo ngiyabonga ngolwazi, lukhulu kimi, ngoba amagama avela nge-systemd awubuhlungu obuthile embongolweni.

    1.    oyashiro-sama kusho

      Yebo yebo .. Noma kungeyona inkinga yangempela uma kungenye yefomu .. Kungcono ukwenza ukuphathwa kwalezi zinhlaka ezinamagama amele kakhulu

  2.   pvv92 kusho

    I-VIVA sysvinit XDDD

    1.    oyashiro-sama kusho

      Ngiyacabanga kepha ngiyabona ukuthi awuyena umsebenzisi ohlosiwe walokhu okuthunyelwe hahaha

  3.   izinga kusho

    Angikakuboni okuhle ku-systemd .. Esikhundleni sokwenza izimpilo zethu zibe lula, kubonakala kimi ukuthi kuyenza kube nzima .. Ngabe ukhona umuntu ongangitshela inzuzo "yangempela"?

    1.    sabelo kusho

      Elinye icala elifana ne-pulseaudio lelo ngenhlanhla livela kumdali ofanayo. Ngendlela emangalisa ngayo kodwa yehluleka ngaphezu kwesibhamu esingenacala futhi kufanele uvumele u-Alsa ukuthi aphathe umsindo futhi.
      Ukukhuluma iqiniso kuseluhlaza okotshani kepha njengamanje inzuzo engiyibonayo kuphela ukuthi yenza ukuthi uhlelo luqale imizuzwana emi-5 ngokushesha kokusho okuthile. Sethemba ukuthi i-debian isagcina i-sysvinit ne-systemd iyakhethwa.

      1.    umabhebhana kusho

        Ngokuyinhloko, ngicabanga ukuthi i-systemd iyindlela enhle, kuphela ukuthi kuzothatha isikhathi ukungena kubasebenzisi. Enye yezinto engiyibonayo ukuthi iningi lezinkinga lenziwa kuphela ngokubhalwa kabi ... Angiphiki ukuthi kungaba nezinkinga eziyisisekelo kepha lokhu akusho ukuthi yizinkinga ezenza ukuthi ukusetshenziswa okuthile kufinyeleleke njengokubi noma okuhle

        1.    sabelo kusho

          Kubukeka sengathi izinzuzo ze-systemd zingu-esoteric ngandlela thile. Ngifundile izincazelo mayelana nentuthuko engiyisebenzisile kepha angazi ukuthi zihumushela ekusebenzeni okungcono yini. Futhi uma besingasakazekanga ku-linux njengamanje kunezinhlelo ezintathu zokuqalisa engizaziyo: i-sysvinit, i-upstart, ne-systemd. Futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke, i-systemd izokuphoqa ukuthi ushintshe isigaba se-unix sabaphathi, esaziwa njenge / usr move. Olunye ulwazi oluthandekayo:
          http://hackingthesystem4fun.blogspot.com.es/2012/03/usrmove-la-mentira-usrmove-lie.html

          1.    msx kusho

            I-athikili ethakazelisa kakhulu, bese ngiyifunda ngokugcwele. (Futhi yebo, ukuhlanza isigaba sabaphathi bezinkomba bekungeke kulimaze, ukuthi amafayela wokumisa agcinwa enkombeni ebizwa ngokuthi "njll" futhi ukucushwa kohlelo lokusebenza kusatshalaliswa kuzinkomba ezahlukahlukene ezisatshalaliswa uhlelo Kuyisimungulu. kade ngenza umsebenzi omuhle.)

            Mayelana nabakushoyo ngePulseAudio mathupha, angikaze ngikudinge, ngingomunye walabo abane-ALSA abagcwala (ngihlala ngibona iHW ngokuphelele).
            Endabeni ethile ye-distro engiyisebenzisayo, angikaze ngibe nezinkinga ngomshini wedeskithophu, yize kwi-laptop bekucasula ukuthi umsindo uqhekeke kanjani ngemuva kokuphuma ekumisweni.
            Ngenhlanhla ezinsukwini ezimbalwa ezedlule, ngemuva kokuphawula ngakho kakhulu esithangamini, omunye wabasebenzisi wabika inkinga kwi-bugtracker, bathole iphutha base bekhipha ngokushesha isiqeshana ababenomthwalo wokufaka isicelo kuChakra ngenkathi belinde inguqulo elandelayo ezinzile ye-PA lokho kuzofaka leso sichibi.
            Inguqulo yamanje ye-PA eChakra: 3.0

  4.   msx kusho

    Ithiphu enhle, +1

    Kuhle ukubona ukuthi i-GNU + Linux ekugcineni ivele esibelethweni se-Unix yaba uhlelo olusha, olunamandla, oluguquguqukayo nolwesimanje, ngokusho kwezidingo zamanje.
    Ukuhlelwa kwendlela enkulu ngayo kusamangalisa, isimangaliso samandla, ukuzivumelanisa nezimo kanye nokuhleleka, umsebenzi oncomekayo kaPoettering nabalingani.

  5.   lawliet kusho

    Lesi sifundo sihle kakhulu, kepha ngicabanga ukuthi uma ukwazi ukwenza zonke lezi zinyathelo uyakwazi nokufunda ku-p0s4 okulula, ngakolunye uhlangothi kuhle ukwazi ukuthi izinto zenziwa kanjani, kwesinye isikhathi ziyadingeka futhi isikhombimsebenzisi sami ngokuqinisekile sinakho igama elingaqondakali.

    1.    umabhebhana kusho

      Hhayi-ke, angicabangi ukuthi kuyinto yokukwazi ukukhumbula noma cha .. engizama ukukwenza ngalesi sifundo esincane ukuxazulula ukungaphatheki kahle komsebenzisi ngendlela ekha phezulu, ngaphandle kwalokhu ngifuna ukukhombisa ukuthi i-Gnu linux idlulele iguquguqukayo ukuze ukwazi ukuyenza ngezifiso ngokuthanda izinyathelo ezilula ... iphuzu elingaphezulu kakhulu lokuthi libukeka lihle ngokwengeziwe ngokubeka izinto ezenziwe ngezifiso ngaphakathi kohlelo ..

  6.   nje-omunye-dl-umsebenzisi kusho

    manje lapho ufaka i-archlinux .iso entsha, i-wifi ingibona njengo-wlp2s0 futhi kwesinye isikhathi njenge-wlan0, ngabe kukhona owaziyo ukuthi kungani?

    1.    umabhebhana kusho

      I-Systemd yenza ushintsho futhi i-kernel inikeza ukusekelwa kwesixhumi esibonakalayo .. Landela okokufundisa okushicilela futhi ukukulungise ngokwezibalo .. ngale ndlela ugcina izinkinga

  7.   Wadlula lapha kusho

    Ngithole leso simo esikhashaneni esedlule futhi, kepha yizinto ezimbili ezihlukile
    ngomhlangano ifayili kufanele libe ngaphansi kwama-80 (imvamisa ama-70 kuleli cala) futhi
    Lokhu kuya ngokuthi konke okunye ukumiswa kunjani noma ukuthi sinamapuleti amangaki

    ikati /etc/udev/rules.d/80-net-name-slot.rules
    # Leli fayela lizifihla imithetho eqhubekayo yokuqamba kabusha amadivayisi enethiwekhi. uma u
    # susa leli fayela, /usr/lib/udev/rules.d/80-net-name-slot.rules may
    # qamba kabusha amadivayisi enethiwekhi ngokuya nge-ID_NET_NAME_ {ONBOARD, SLOT, PATH}
    # izakhiwo zamadivayisi wakho wenethiwekhi, ngokubaluleka kulolo hlelo. Bheka
    # ukukhishwa kwe-'udevadm test-builtin / sys / class / net / $ interface 'ye
    # imininingwane yokuthi lelo gama elisha lingaba yini.
    #
    # http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/PredictableNetworkInterfaceNames

    Esixhumanisweni, faka izinketho ezi-3 ekugcineni (ku-freedesktop), nefayela alizenzeli lona ngokuzenzekelayo, futhi akusilo elama-70- okungukuthi, angilibizi ngegama elithile, kuseseyi-eth0 njengoba kufanele kube njalo (yebo Nginoyedwa kuphela) futhi uma ngifaka okuningi njenge-usb, kuyangilandela okuthiwa eth1 - 2 - 3, noma ngiwaqambe ngamagama ngokulandelana kokutholwa kwemodyuli, 70- iyasiza uma sinamabhodi angaphezu kwelilodwa futhi sikhathalela igama ( Sifuna ibhodi elithile libe ngu-eth0 elinye libe yi-eth1 noma ufuna ukulinika igama, futhi alihambisani negama eliphuma ngokuzenzakalela ku-oda wokufaka imodyuli)

    uma kungu-80- igcina ngokuqamba amagama ngomlingo amagama ajwayelekile eth0 eth1 eth2 ethXNUMX (ngokuya ngomyalelo wokutholwa)
    uma ama-80 engekho- noma ngiwathumela kokuthi null nginegama "elixakile" okuthi uma ngifuna ngikwazi ukuwalungisa
    Uma kungama-70- noma uma kungumfundisi, 10- ngifaka amagama amagama (kunesiphazamisi esizungeze ngoJanuwari futhi uma bekungewona ama-70, angizange ngisithathe, angikhumbuli ukuthi ngabe bekuyi i-arch noma i-debian, kepha kwenzeka)

    Ngikuthola kungcono ukusebenzisa i-netcfg nakwamanye ama-computer bridge-utils
    Ku-debian angisebenzisi i-80- kepha ngisebenzisa leyo eyenziwe i-udev ngaphambi kokuya ku-systemd /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules

    1.    umabhebhana kusho

      Cishe inkinga ivela ku-debian…. Noma kungadingeka ukubona ukuthi isiphazamisi sithinte iphakheji eluhlaza engatholakali hhayi leyo eyenziwe yi-distro ngayinye .. ngalokhu, njengoba ngiphawula, kungenye yezindlela eziningi zokwenza ukucushwa okulungile

      1.    msx kusho

        Bheka, njenganoma yimuphi umgibeli omuhle ngicele ikhaya / ikhaya lami ukufaka i-Kali Linux (ozongena esikhundleni se-Backtrack 5).
        U-Kali, ngokungafani ne-BT usekelwe ku-Debian, empeleni _is_ Debian ngokufaka okukhethekile kwe… systemd!
        Empeleni, kwangidonsela amehlo - ngendlela enhle - ukubona ukuthi iKali Linux isebenza nge-systemd sengathi isebenzise iDebian impilo yayo yonke.

        Okwamanje, iqembu le-Debian Dev Core:

        "Dev1: - Sawubona, uzwile ngaleyo systemd entsha, bekungeke yini kube kuhle ukuyisebenzisa?"
        «Dev2: -WTF, Kepha wena ucabanga ukuthi ungubani !!! Ngenkathi usazishaya ngangivele ngisebenzisa iSysV, futhi ngiyakuxwayisa ukuthi ngihlela ukuqhubeka nokuyisebenzisa ngize ngife !!! »
        «Dev3: -Hey damn, bhekisisa ukuthi uthini ...»
        «I-Dev4: -Kubonakala kimi ukuthi umalume ungumuntu ongenayo ...»
        «I-Dev5: -Bheka, i-hake, eDebian siziqhayisa ngokuqoqa ama-cobwebs, ungasiniki ama-shit amasha kanjena. Mhlawumbe eminyakeni eyi-15 noma engama-20 lapho ihlolwe ngokwanele sizoyibheka okwesibili futhi uma sibona ukuthi ihlangabezana nezimfuneko sizoyifaka eSid »
        «I-Dev1: -Kodwa nina bafana, kulungile, ungabi njalo, kubonakala kimi ukuthi yi-* PID1 enkulu, evumelana nezimo, iphelele futhi inamandla kuneSysV empeleni ebikhombisa izimpawu zezifo ze isikhathi eside, bengifuna nje ... »
        «I-Dev2: -BLASFEMIA !!!»
        "Dev4: -Wena, vuma, uyashesha, uvela e-Arch, cha!"
        «I-Dev5: -QUEEEEE ??? Kepha ucabangani, sizoyifaka kanjani into engahloliwe ngokwanele !! ?? »
        «I-Dev1 ephendula i-Dev5: -Kodwa-ke, ngukuthi kulezi zinsuku ngobubanzi obubanzi be-F / LOSS akusadingeki ukulinda iminyaka, ngoba isoftware ihlolwa kakhulu futhi ngokuhambisana nokusatshalaliswa okungafani nokuqina kuqinisekisiwe, amasenti ami angama-50… »
        «Dev3: -Well, fuck your 50 cents ke, iyiphi ingxenye ongazange uyiqonde ukuthi le yiDebian? Sifaka kuphela isoftware ephelelwe yisikhathi ekusatshalalisweni kwethu, kuqalekiswe. "
        «I-Dev5: -Yebo, kusho i-Dev3 kahle, lalela mina wena Dev1, kuphela lapho le software iqala ukushintshwa yisizukulwane esilandelayo se-PID1 esizocabanga ukuyifaka kwi-Debian. Isikhathi, akusekho ukukhuluma ngale ndaba. "
        «I-Dev1: -Yikuthi ...»
        «I-Dev2: -Futhi-ke, uyayifuna ndoda, kungcono usebenzise isikhathi sakho ekubambeni nasekusekeleni iSysV nokwelula impilo yayo ewusizo eminye iminyaka eyishumi, uma isisebenzele kahle iminyaka engu-20 yini esizoyifaka esikhundleni sayo manje. »
        «I-Dev3: -Leyo ndoda, uma sibheka iSysV ngothando kusekhona iPID1 okwesikhashana.»
        «I-Dev1: -Kulungile-ke, ngicabanga ukuthi baqinisile, kungcono ngiqale ukufaka isoftware ebingakhelwanga izidingo zanamuhla ngakho-ke ngomzamo omkhulu singaqhubeka nokuyisebenzisa ...»
        «I-Dev4: -Qiniseka ukuthi leyo ndlela ayiyona indlela yakho yesimanjemanje.
        "I-Dev1: -Ok, kulungile, bangikholisile, i-systemd iyisiphukuphuku futhi umfana owenze lokho uyisilima, ocabanga ukwenza ubulima obunjalo uma kukhona iSysV?"
        I-Dev {2,3,4,5}: - «Masenze amathoyizi abafana eminyakeni engama-50 ezayo yokuma!»

        1.    pvv92 kusho

          Inzuzo ye-systemd ngokumelene ne-sysvinit / openrc noma i-upstart, akukhona ukuthi inkulu kakhulu, imane imfashini ngoba iqala ngemizuzwana emi-3 noma emi-4 ngokushesha.

          1.    Wadlula lapha kusho

            Angazi nge-upstart, ngicabanga ukuthi angikaze ngiyisebenzise, ​​okungenani ngokwazi.
            Imizuzwana emi-3 noma emi-4 ihlobene, nginekhompyutha, ebhuthini eligcwele ethathe cishe imizuzu eyi-10 (i-debian ngaphandle kwe-X nakho konke okwenziwe kahle) nge-systemd, iya kuhafu noma ngaphansi (izinsizakalo ezifanayo, amadiski afanayo, i-cpu efanayo, inqama efanayo), okungukuthi, kuze kube ilawula,

          2.    pvv92 kusho

            Uma wake wasebenzisa ubuntu, kufanele wazi ukuthi kusezingeni eliphezulu, kungenjalo ngokusobala akunjalo.

          3.    msx kusho

            "Kusemfashinini nje ngoba iqala ngemizuzwana emi-3 noma emi-4 ngokushesha."
            Empeleni akufani nalokho, empeleni umqambi omkhulu we-systemd uchaza ngokusobala nge-imeyili evela kwi-ML yakhe ukuthi abakaze bacabange ngo-systemd njengohlelo lokuqala olusheshayo, ukuthi lokhu kungumphumela wokusebenza kwe-systemd - okuwukucabanga okumnandi impela kokungafinyelelwa uma bethatha isinqumo sokwenza ukuthi i-systemd isebenze ngokushesha okukhulu ...

            "Inzuzo ye-systemd ngokumelene ne-sysvinit / openrc noma i-upstart, akukhona ukuthi yinhle kakhulu"
            Mayelana ne-SysV init inzuzo i-HUGE uma iqhathaniswa ne-Upstart hhayi kangako.
            ISysVinit iyi-catramina, inqola eduze kwePorsche.
            Yize iSysVinit ifeze injongo yayo iminyaka eminingi, iqiniso ukuthi ukulinganiselwa okuphelele kwesoftware eyenziwe, yacatshangwa futhi yaklanywa eminyakeni eminingi edlule futhi ngalowo mzuzu iya ngokuya ibonakale.
            Ezinye zezinkinga nge-SysV ngaphezu kwesikhathi sayo sokuhamba kancane yizimo zomjaho ezivame ukwenzeka ezindaweni ezahlukahlukene, ukwakheka kwazo ukwenza kusebenze amademoni nokuthi kunganzima kanjani ukufaka izicelo ezintsha kanye namademoni kulesi sakhiwo ngaphandle kokwephula ukulandelana. Okokuqala.

            i-systemd ixazulula konke lokhu ngendlela ehlanzekile, esebenzayo, ebekiwe futhi ebhalwe kahle - lapho ikuSysV imvamisa ukuthi ukusatshalaliswa ngakunye kukusebenzisa ngendlela ethanda ngayo.

            Mayelana ne-Upstart angazi okuningi ngaphezu kwamafayela ayo wokumisa, okukhuluma ngokuqinile KUTHI KUYASABEKA, kungamaShayina, ukuhlukunyezwa ukuwahlela futhi kulula kakhulu ukwenza amaphutha uma ungasile futhi wenze ubuxhakaxhaka.
            Ngakolunye uhlangothi i-Upstart ibonakala isebenza kahle njengoba izinhlobo zakamuva ze-Ubuntu emshinini wami ziqala futhi zacisha khona manjalo - ziyamangalisa.
            Kodwa-ke, ngenkathi uPoettering ebuzwa ukuthi ngabe badinga ukuvumelaniswa ngempela futhi uma bengacubunguli ezinye izinketho ezinjenge-Upstart, uphendule ngokuthi yebo, bazihlaziyile, ukuthi kunezinto eziningi abazithandayo nokuthi empeleni bekusezinhlelweni zokuthi sebenzisa ku-systemd kepha ngokusho kwabo isisekelo sesakhiwo se-Upstart besingesihle nokuthi kungenzeka kakhulu ukuthi ngokuzayo babe nezinkinga ezisuselwa kuyo.

            Khumbula ukuthi i-systemd yazalwa njenge-Red Hat isinyathelo ngezizathu ezimbili ezibalulekile:
            1. Ngenxa yesipiliyoni se- _vastisima_ inkampani esinaso ezinkulungwaneni zayo zokuthunyelwa, bafike esiphethweni sokuthi badinga ukwenza izinguquko ezithile ezibalulekile ohlelweni lwabo ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zabo, izinguquko ezinengqondo ezingavimbi umakadebona ongaphezu koyedwa - njengazo zonke izinto ezijulile izinguquko.
            2. Akuyona imfihlo kunoma ngubani ukuthi iRed Hat ifuna ukuba yiRed Hat hhayi iGNU + Linux.

            Ngaphandle kwama-arabesque nokunye okuphazamisayo, iqiniso ukuthi i-systemd iyamukelwa ngokwengeziwe ngumphakathi we-GNU + Linux futhi lokhu kuhle ngenxa yezizathu eziningana:
            1. intuthuko iyasheshiswa ngakho umkhiqizo ongcono ungatholakala ngesikhathi esincane
            2. Ngokufaka izidingo zokusatshalaliswa okuhlukahlukene nangokusebenzisana nabathuthukisi abakhulu balokho kusatshalaliswa okuhleliwe nokusebenzisana nabathuthukisi abavela kwezinye izabelo bexoxa ngezimaki nezici, kulula kakhulu ukuthola umkhiqizo osezingeni eliphezulu
            3. Kuyi-agnostic ekusatshalalisweni lapho kwenziwa khona (kubaluleke kakhulu!) Futhi kuhlanganiswe njengokujwayelekile (njengoba kunjalo nge-POSIX) okuthile umlawuli okufanele asebenze ezindaweni ezixakile ezakhiwe ukusatshalaliswa okwehlukile kepha abelana ngesisekelo sokuphatha ngokuqinisekile uhlelo olufanayo.
            $ systemctl izosebenza okufanayo kuFedora njenge-openSUSE noma i-Arch noma i-Chakra noma i-Red Hat noma i-Kali Linux noma yikuphi okunye ukusatshalaliswa okusebenzisa i-systemd futhi lokho kuhle.
            4. Ukuba nenani elikhulu labantu abafanele abasebenza ku-PID1 efanayo esetshenziswa yi-distro uqobo kwenza umsebenzi ube lula kakhulu kuma-devs ngokwabo lapho bexazulula izinkinga noma befuna usizo noma imibono yokuthi kwenziwa kanjani omunye umsebenzi.
            5. Njengoba i-systemd iyi-project evulekile futhi ebaluleke kakhulu- phakathi kwemikhakha ehlukene, yenza ukwamukelwa kanye nokwenza ngcono iphrojekthi kube ngelinye lamaphrojekthi aphakeme kakhulu e-FLOSS.
            Isibonelo, lapho umnakekeli wephakheji yanoma ikuphi ukusatshalaliswa, okubandakanya ukuqala amademoni ekuqaleni, ethula inguqulo yakhe yesevisi kuhlu lwamakheli oluhlelekile ecela imibono neziphakamiso, kuyenzeka ukuthi ngemuva kokubambisana okujwayelekile kungenzeka babe naleyo nsizakalo ukukhomba, ngendlela engcono kakhulu, leyo engasebenzisi kuphela unjiniyela ovule isihloko kepha futhi futhi ethumela i-UPSTREAM kubathuthukisi bohlelo uqobo ukuze bakwazi ukunquma ukuthi bafuna ukwenza leyo nsizakalo ingxenye yabo iphakethe lakho futhi okwenza lokho kube yi-100% ehambelana nesistimu ye-OOTB.
            6. i-systemd inamakhulu amakhulu wezinto ezintsha ezenza ukuphathwa kwezinhlelo ezilawula kube lula futhi kubushelelezi. Isibonelo, iphethe ukuphatha imodyuli ye-PAM yezimenenja zokungena ngemvume, ukuphatha ukuxhumana okukude nesistimu, ukulayishwa kwezinsizakalo ezifunwayo ezilalele kumasokhethi esikhundleni sokuba ne-daemon elele kwimemori nokweba i-CPU nememori elinde ukwenziwa isebenze, phatha ngendlela enokwethenjelwa yokuhlangana kwenethiwekhi namadivayisi axhunywe ohlelweni ... iyisilo ngempela, iLeviathan enkulu kodwa ngokungafani nezinye izinhlelo zalesi sayizi isebenza ngendlela eshesha kakhulu, esheshayo nebushelelezi futhi ngicabanga ukuphela kwesizathu sokuthi lokhu kunjalo Ohlelweni lwe-HUGE olufana ne-systemd (cabanga ukuthi ngesikhathi esifushane izophatha lonke uhlelo) lwenzelwe ukuthi lusebenze kahle, lube yimodemu futhi lube nesabekayo kusukela ekuqaleni.

            Ikakhulukazi engihlupheka kakhulu ekusebenziseni i-systemd ukuthi kufanele ngiphinde ngifunde konke ebengikusebenzisa ukuphatha umshini wami.
            Kuyaqondakala ukuthi amanye ama-prehistorics asetshenziswa ukusebenzisa indlela ethile iminyaka eminingi emelana noshintsho olunje ... kepha hheyi! Le yi-computer yesayensi, lapha okuwukuphela kwento engashintshi ukuthi ushintsho luyaqhubeka 😉

            Ukubingelela

          4.    msx kusho

            Ngikhohliwe:
            "Uma uke wasebenzisa ubuntu, kufanele wazi ukuthi yini upstart, uma kungenjalo ngokusobala hhayi .."

            Impendulo engathandeki, akunjalo? Okomuntu okukholwayo futhi owazi okuncane kakhulu.

            Ukulandela ukucabanga kwakho, ngiqinisekile ukuthi uyazi ukuthi konke ukudla okudlayo kukhiqizwa kanjani, akunjalo? Ngithi KONKE.
            Kuyafana nokuthi ungena nini ebhasini noma endizeni, unolwazi oluphelele lwazo zonke izingxenye zemoto, ngisho nezincane kakhulu, ukuthi zisebenza kanjani, oyili, izinto zokuthambisa nolunye uketshezi abalusebenzisayo nokuthi inqubo ngayinye yokukhiqiza yakhiwe kanjani .
            Noma uma usebenzisa ipeni, ngokuqinisekile ucace kahle ukuthi uyinki wenziwa kanjani.

            Angazi noma @ ubedlula lapha angikabufundi ubuwula bakho noma ngimane nginesizotha futhi ngiphucukile ukuphendula ngendlela obekufanele ngayo.

            Ngokwami, sengimdala futhi nginenhliziyo eyenele yokubekezelela ama-giles afana nawe:
            NGIMUNYE IQANDA.
            (Futhi cha, angimvikeli noma ngubani, ngivele ngagula kakhulu ngenxa yokuzikhulumela okunjalo nokuzikhukhumeza okunobuthi emshweni owodwa).

          5.    pvv92 kusho

            msx, windows isebenzisa uhlelo olufanayo lwe-boot kusukela ngesikhathi sikaMoses xD, uhlelo olufanayo lwefayela, uhlelo olufanayo lomsindo futhi akwenzeki lutho! Ngakho-ke le yiLinux, lapho sifaka khona kabusha isondo noma siyizama njalo eminyakeni engu-5 noma eyisi-6, kepha akuyona ikhompyutha, kumane kuyingxenye yayo i-XD

          6.    msx kusho

            Ahh bheka ...
            Ngokusobala akunjalo.
            Uhlelo lwe-boot lushintshe ukusuka ku-98 / Me kuya ku-XP (NTLD) lwabuye lwashintsha futhi nge-Windows 7 futhi manje selibuyekezwe nge-Windows 8 - okunengqondo ngoba ubuchwepheshe abufani futhi izidingo azifani.

          7.    pvv92 kusho

            amawindi 7 anamawindows vista.

          8.    pvv92 kusho

            msx, kepha yini oyibhemayo, kodwa yini okholelwe kuyo? Yebo ngiphendulile ngokwejwayelekile, kepha wena shit ekhanda lakho uhumusha izinto njengomuntu onenkinga yokudeleleka, akulona iphutha lami. Kwakumane kungukusho engakusho kumlingani wami, ngaphandle kokufuna ukukopela noma yini, udale konke okusekhanda lakho, wey, hamba uyoba nelinden, ngalobo bumunyu onabo ngaphakathi

            1.    izinga kusho

              Bengivele ngikucelile ngolunye usuku ngicela ume ngalokhu. Angiyena ubaba womunye wabo ukubakhuza .. Bazolwela iTwitter, G + noma iSkype .. Kuhle manje.


        2.    Wadlula lapha kusho

          Kuhle kakhulu,
          mhlawumbe i-debian enayo (okwamanje) ukuthi ayisiqinile kangako ngemibhalo futhi ihlala ngomlingo, yize u- "Yebo, yenza lokhu engikutshela khona!" ayigugu

        3.    lawliet kusho

          Leyo Arch ingabathukayo? Yebo, i-Arch iphikisana ne-Debian Stable, nakanjani kunjalo

          1.    msx kusho

            Cha cha, yindlela abasibona ngayo labo bantu basemgedeni bedijithali, besaba ngokuphelele isigqi abaphethe abacibishelayo; -D

  8.   eliotime3000 kusho

    Inkinga enkulu akuyona imiyalo, kepha umkhuba obamba i-distro esetshenziswa ngayo.

    Inketho enhle ka-Arch, kepha okwamanje ngizozama iSlackware.

  9.   umagazine kusho

    Siyabonga ngethiphu!

    1.    umabhebhana kusho

      bekukuhle kanjani lokho

  10.   Ellery kusho

    Ithiphu enhle =) kuphela ukuthi ekubhalweni kombhalo kuza kanjena

    "Ifayela lombhalo elilula elinamagama ayi-10-network-rules." futhi emfanekisweni okuyiyona ndlela efanele eza ngayo njenge-10-network.rules

    Phendula ngokucaphuna

  11.   U-Abraham Tamayo kusho

    Kungisebenzele .. ngenxa yokumiswa kwenguquko enginayo kepha futhi ngimelene nalolu hlobo lwe-athikili lapho benza khona i-linux ibonakale inzima kakhulu emehlweni angenalwazi ..
    Kwenza mehluko muni uma i-interface yakho ibizwa ngokuthi ibizwa kanjani uma into ebalulekile ukuthi une-intanethi .. ngokufanayo nasocupheni lwami lwe-conky elinye igama le-wifi lizongikhonza futhi uma lingelokusebenzisa i-aircrack nayo iyindaba efanayo kepha njengoba i-linux ikunika leyo nketho yokwenza ngokwezifiso bese uyishintsha .. ngiyabonga ngendatshana .. isithombe
    https://pbs.twimg.com/media/BI9FCzQCEAIM0ud.png:large