Izimvume eziyisisekelo ku-GNU / Linux nge-chmod

Abantu abalungile! Okokuqala kufanele kushiwo ukuthi kungumnikelo wami wokuqala emphakathini, ngiyethemba ukuthi othile uzowuthola ulusizo

=> Isakhiwo esiyisisekelo sezimvume kumafayela
=> Isakhiwo esiyisisekelo sezimvume kuzinkomba
=> Umsebenzisi, Amaqembu Nabanye
=> Chmod octal

Isakhiwo esiyisisekelo sezimvume kumafayela

Kunezimpawu ezi-3 eziyisisekelo zamafayela alula: funda, bhala, uphinde usebenzise.

>> Funda imvume (funda)
Uma unemvume yokufunda ifayela, ungabona okuqukethwe kwalo.

>> Bhala imvume (bhala)
Uma unemvume yokubhala ifayela, ungaliguqula lelo fayela. Ungangeza, ubhale ngaphezulu noma ususe okuqukethwe kuyo.

>> Khipha imvume (khipha)
Uma ifayili linemvume, ungatshela isistimu yokusebenza ukuthi ilisebenzise njengokungathi uhlelo. Uma kunguhlelo olubizwa nge- "foo" singalwenza njenganoma imuphi umyalo.
Noma iskripthi (utolika) esidinga ukufundwa futhi sisebenzise imvume, uhlelo oluhlanganisiwe ludinga ukufundwa kuphela.

 

Izinhlamvu ezinikezwe izimvume yilezi:
r kusho ukubhala nokuvela Read
w kusho ukufunda futhi kuvela Wisiko
x kusho ukwenziwa futhi kuvela ku eXecute

Isebenzisa i-chmod ukushintsha izimvume
I-chmod (shintsha imodi) umyalo osetshenziselwa ukushintsha izimvume, ungangeza noma ususe izimvume kufayela elilodwa noma amaningi nge + (plus) noma - (minus)

Uma ufuna ukuzivikela ekuguqukeni kwefayela elibalulekile, mane ususe imvume yokubhala ku- "file" yakho ngomyalo we-chmod

I-athikili ehlobene:
Amathiphu: Ngaphezu kwemiyalo engama-400 ye-GNU / Linux okufanele uyazi 😀
$ chmod -w yakhoFile

uma ufuna ukwenza iskripthi esisebenzisekayo, bhala

$ chmod + x tuScript

uma ufuna ukususa noma ukufaka zonke izimfanelo ngasikhathi sinye

$ chmod -rwx ifayela $ chmod + rwx ifayela

Ungasebenzisa futhi i- = sign (equal) ukusetha izimvume ngokuhlanganiswa okuqondile, lo myalo ususa ukubhala bese wenza izimvume kushiya okufundwayo kuphela

$ chmod = r ifayela

Qaphela ngokuhlela izimvume zamafayela akho, uma uwahlela ungakhohlwa ukuwashiya njengoba ayenjalo ekuqaleni

Ukwakheka okuyisisekelo kwezimvume kuzinkomba

Endabeni yezinkomba sinemvume efanayo, kepha inencazelo ehlukile.

I-athikili ehlobene:
Imiyalo engu-4 yokwazi idatha evela kwi-HDD yethu noma ukwahlukanisa

>> Funda imvume kusikhombi
Uma umkhombandlela ufundile imvume, ungawabona amafayela aqukethe. Ungasebenzisa i- "ls (uhlu lwemibhalo)" ukubona okuqukethwe kwayo, ngenxa yokuthi ufunde imvume kwisikhombi akusho ukuthi ungafunda okuqukethwe ngamafayela ayo uma ungenayo imvume yokufunda kulokho.

 

>> Bhala imvume kwisikhombi.
Ngemvume yokubhala ungangeza, ususe noma uhambise amafayela enkombeni

>> Khipha imvume enkombeni.
Ukwenza kusebenza kukuvumela ukuthi usebenzise igama lomkhombandlela lapho ufinyelela kumafayili kuleyo nkomba, okungukuthi, le mvume yenza ukuthi ikunakekele ekuseshweni okwenziwe ngohlelo, ngokwesibonelo, umkhombandlela ngaphandle kwemvume yokwenza awuzukuhlolwa ngomyalo thola

Abasebenzisi, Amaqembu Nabanye

Manje siyazazi izimvume ezi-3 nokuthi ungangeza noma ususe kanjani lezi, kepha lezi zimvume ezi-3 zigcinwa ezindaweni ezi-3 ezahlukahlukene ezibizwa.
Umsebenzisi (u) uvela kumsebenzisi
Iqembu (g) ​​livela eqenjini
Abanye (noma) bavela kokunye

Uma ugijima

$ chmod = r ifayela

Shintsha izimvume ezindaweni ezi-3, lapho ubhala izinkomba nge "ls -l" uzobona okufana nalokho.

-r - r - r-- Abasebenzisi abangu-1 wada 4096 Apr 13 19:30 ifayela

qaphela lawo ma-3 ngezinhlobo ezi-3 ezihlukile zezimvume

kuphi:

x ------ izimvume | kungokwakho | x ------------- x ------------- x | rwx ------ | umsebenzisi | | --- rx --- | iqembu | | ------ rx | okunye | x ------------- x ------------- x

singasusa izimvume zomnikazi ngamunye; ake sithi sinefayela:

-rwxr-xr-x 1 wada abasebenzisi 4096 Apr 13 19:30 ifayela

Ukususa izimvume zokwenza amaqembu kanye nabanye, vele usebenzise:

$ chmod gx, ifayela lenkabi

ifayela lethu lizoba nalezi zimvume

-rwxr - r-- 1 abasebenzisi abangu-4096 Apr 13 19:30 ifayela

uma ufuna ukususa imvume yokubhala yomsebenzisi:

$ chmod ux ifayela
-r-xr - r-- 1 abasebenzisi abangu-4096 Apr 13 19:30 ifayela

Ukungeza nokususa izimvume ezimbili ngasikhathi sinye:

$ chmod u-x + w ifayela
-rw-r - r-- 1 abasebenzisi abangu-4096 Apr 13 19:30 ifayela

Kulula kakhulu? umabhebhana

4.- chmod ku-octal

Ukumelwa kwe-octal kwe-chmod kulula kakhulu

Kufundwa inenani le- 4
Ukubhala inenani le- 2
Ukwenziwa inenani le- 1

Bese:

x ----- x ----- x ------------------------------------ x | rwx | 7 | Funda, bhala futhi usebenzise | | rw- | 6 | Ukufunda, ukubhala | | i-rx | 5 | Ukufunda nokwenza | | r-- | 4 | Ukufunda | | -wx | 3 | Ukubhala nokwenza | | -w- | 2 | Ukubhala | | --x | 1 | Ukubulawa | | --- | 0 | Azikho izimvume | x ----- x ----- x ---------------------------------- x

Ngakho:

x ------------------------ x ----------- x | chmod u = rwx, g = rwx, o = i-rx | chmod 775 | | chmod u = rwx, g = rx, o = | chmod 760 | | chmod u = rw, g = r, o = r | chmod 644 | | chmod u = rw, g = r, o = | chmod 640 | | chmod u = rw, hamba = | chmod 600 | | chmod u = rwx, go = | chmod 700 | x ------------------------ x ----------- x

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-76, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   I-AurosZx kusho

    Angikaze ngiwenze umqondo wama-octals 😛 Ngiyabonga ngendatshana!

    1.    weqa kusho

      iqhinga elilula ukulibona ngoku kanambambili: i-rwx imele izingcezwana ezi-3 (Funda, Bhala, i-eXecute). Uma ufuna ukufunda nokubhala izimvume, uzoba kanambambili ayi-110, okuku-octal inombolo 4. Futhi uma wazi ukuthi ihlelwe njenge-GUO (Iqembu, Umsebenzisi, Abanye) usukwenzile. Isibonelo: funda, bhala futhi wenze ngeqembu nomsebenzisi; ukufunda nokwenza abanye; kungahlala: 111,111,101 -> 775

      1.    phico kusho

        Ngiyabonga. Ngangingakaze ngiyibone ngaleyo ndlela

      2.    R1791 kusho

        Qaphela ngoba i-110 kanambambili akuyona inombolo ye-4 ku-octal.
        Inombolo kanambambili engu-110 iyi-octal inombolo engu-6

    2.    engaziwa kusho

      Ngokuyinhloko sinemininingwane ngakolunye uhlangothi umsebenzisi noma abasebenzisi futhi ngakolunye uhlangothi izimvume
      Izimvume:
      r = funda (funda)
      w = bhala
      x = exe (ukwenziwa)
      - = ayikho imvume.
      Abasebenzisi:
      u = umnikazi, umphathi.
      g = iqembu.
      o = bonke abanye.
      Nge-ls -l sibona izimvume noma umkhombandlela noma ifayili ukuzinikeza zonke isibonelo nge:
      Sudo ugo + rwx 'filename' // Sizonikeza zonke izimvume.

  2.   si84 kusho

    iqonde ngqo kumanothi
    .
    ngiyabonga!

  3.   UJerryKpg kusho

    Muy bueno!

  4.   eliotime3000 kusho

    Kuhle kakhulu

  5.   UKevin Maschke kusho

    Kuhle!

    I-athikili enhle kakhulu, kepha kufanele kwenziwe ukulungiswa okuncane:

    r kusho ukubhala futhi kuvela ku-Read
    w kusho ukufunda futhi kuvela ku-Bhala
    x kusho ukwenziwa futhi kuvela ku-eXecute

    (R) Ukufundwa kufundwe bese (W) Ukubhala ukubhala

    Un saludo!

    1.    Wada kusho

      Lokho kwenzeka ngokwenza amanothi ebusuku kakhulu hahahaha ngiyaxolisa ngephutha lami ngokushesha nje lapho sengikwazi ukukulungisa, njengamanje kunginikeza iphutha, Ngiyabonga 🙂

      1.    RAW-Okuyisisekelo kusho

        Kukunika iphutha .. ..ngoba noma ngabe ungumbhali wokuthunyelwe, awunikezwa imvume yokukuhlela uma sekuthunyelwe ..

        Elinye iphutha elincane .. ..phoyinti 3 .- .. lapho uthi "uma ufuna ukususa imvume yokubhala kumsebenzisi" .. ufaka "$ chmod ux file" .. ..futhi kufanele kube "$ chmod uw file "..ukufanisa okushoyo .. nomphumela ..

        1.    Wada kusho

          Kuchazwe

    2.    UJuan Perez kusho

      r kusho ukuthi FUNDA futhi kuvela ku-Read
      w imele BHALA futhi ivela ku-Bhala
      x kusho ukwenziwa futhi kuvela ku-eXecute

  6.   I-Purple Emnyama kusho

    Ngizamile ukwaba ifolda neSamba, futhi nginika izivakashi izimvume zokufunda nokubhala, kepha iqiniso ukuthi lapho ngakha ifolda entsha kusuka kwelinye lamakhompyutha amabili (isivakashi noma iklayenti) lelo folda elisha elingenakho ukufunda nokubhala izimvume ezinikezwe bhala wonke umuntu ... Ngabe ikhona indlela yokulungisa lokho ngaphandle kokuthi uhlele izimvume ngaso sonke isikhathi lapho kwenziwa ifolda? Kunzima kancane. Ngendlela, ngenza konke ngokusebenzisa isikhombimsebenzisi sokuqhafaza.

    1.    Wada kusho

      Buza nge-setfacl

  7.   Marcos kusho

    I-athikili ecace bha. Imininingwane, lapho ithi:
    | chmod u = rwx, g = rx, o = | chmod 760 |
    Kufanele:
    | chmod u = rwx, g = rw, o = | chmod 760 |
    Kulungile:
    | chmod u = rwx, g = rx, o = | chmod 750 |

    1.    USteven Abraham Santos Farias kusho

      Kungani mngani?

      1.    UFefo kusho

        Ngoba u-x ulingana no-5 futhi esibonelweni ungo-6
        g = rx 6 Iphutha
        g = rx 5 Kulungile
        g = rw 6 Kulungile

  8.   URainier Herrera kusho

    Ngombala onsomi:
    Kulokhu okuncane engikufundayo, ngilusindisile lolu lwazi (engingazi ngempela ukuthi luzokusiza yini enkingeni yakho, kepha kufanelekile ukuluzama; futhi alukho kule ncwadi):
    Nikeza izimvume eziphindaphindwayo (-R) ezinjengale:
    chmod -R 777 umzali_directory / *
    Lokhu kuzonikeza zonke izimvume kubo bonke abasebenzisi, amaqembu, nabanye maqondana nefolda yomzali, nawo wonke amafolda namafayela angaphakathi (izimvume ezizenzakalelayo zezintsha ezakhiwe kule nkomba, okungenani yile ndlela okuyiyo ku-slax yami

  9.   URainier Herrera kusho

    Ngokomdwebo, kufanele ubheke inketho ethi "yenza lo myalo uphindeke" noma "wenze lokhu kumafolda afakiwe"

  10.   UBruno cascio kusho

    Ngingomunye walabo abahlale baphonsa ama-777 emshinini wami ukuze kube lula, kepha ngale miyalo ngizobeka amabhethri futhi ngiqaphele kakhulu, ngiyabonga ngomnikelo!

  11.   yo kusho

    Ngiyabonga, ungikhiphele ngaphandle kokungabaza

  12.   UManuel Caleb kusho

    Umnikelo omuhle kakhulu ... qhubeka ...

  13.   editrets kusho

    kuhle kakhulu ngiyabonga 😀

  14.   support.masvernat@gmail.com kusho

    Incazelo enhle, ekugcineni kucacile kimi ngeyodwa ...

  15.   Camila kusho

    Sawubona!

    Bheka, angazi noma kufanele yini kepha nginenkinga ngezimvume zokuqopha, ukususa, ku-mp4 yami. Ngeke kungivumele ngiguqule izimvume, ngakho-ke kufundwa kuphela. Faka imiyalo oyinikezile kepha impendulo ibingu
    chmod: ukushintsha izimvume ze "/ media / 0C87-B6D2": Ifayela lokufunda kuphela

    Ngibukeze izinkundla eziningi futhi akukho okungisebenzele, ngiyakutshela ukuthi ngisaqala kulokhu ngakho-ke kungenzeka ukuthi kukhona engikwenzayo okungalungile.

    Ngiyethemba ungangisiza.

    besos

    1.    engaziwa kusho

      Zama ukungena ngemvume njengomsebenzisi omkhulu

    2.    I-Javi_VM kusho

      Ungahle ungabi nomshayeli ofanele. Ngohlelo lwefayela le-NTFS ngeke likuvumele ubhale ngaphandle kokuthi ufake iphakethe le-ntfs-3g. Angazi i-mp4 ukuthi izoba nohlelo olunjani ...

  16.   cristhian alexis galeano ruiz kusho

    Excelente, i-gracias.

  17.   i-fran kusho

    ngiyabonga ngokufundisa useful kuyasiza kakhulu

  18.   Yerson Rico kusho

    kwaqondana ukuthi ngangifunda ngomyalo we-chmod kumhlahlandlela wokuphathwa kwezinhlelo ze-linux, okwakungicacela futhi, kuphela lapho bangitshela eminye imiyalo emi-3 eyengeziwe -s -S and -t eyizimvume ezingeziwe, yilokho engikwenzile hhayi ngicacile, kusasa ngizofunda okunye ukufundwa okuhle, kuhle kakhulu amatafula akho, imikhonzo

  19.   javier kusho

    Umnikelo uyahlonishwa. Yilokho ebengikudinga

  20.   UJuan Gomez kusho

    Sawubona, kuyathakazelisa kakhulu, ngifisa ukwazi ukuthi ngingahlela kanjani noma kanjani ukuthi ngihlele amafayela, chmod noma yini ekule folda,
    Ngifuna ukuhlela ezinye izimvume, ezikhona ...

    Noma kanjani lokhu ... ngiyabonga

    Gracias

  21.   LM kusho

    Kuchazwe kahle kakhulu, ngiyabonga

  22.   U-ISMAEL kusho

    UMNIKELO OBALULEKILE, SIYABONGA NGOKUNIKELA INGXENYE YESIKHATHI SAKHO UKWENZA.

  23.   Miguel kusho

    Umnikelo omuhle. Siyabonga nge-. Ngingathanda ukwenza ukucaciswa engikubona kubalulekile. Ngokususwa kweSpanishi akulingani nokususwa kwesiNgisi. Ngokususa iSpanish akusho ukususa.
    Ngokuya ngeRAE kusho ukuthi:

    1. tr. Ukudlulisa noma ukuhambisa okuthile ukusuka endaweni eyodwa kuya kwenye U. tc prnl.
    2. tr. Ukuhambisa into, ukuyinyakazisa noma ukuyiphotha, imvamisa ukuze izinto zayo ezihlukene zixube.

    Ngale ndlela, esikhundleni sokususa, isenzo sokususa kufanele sisetshenziswe.

    1.    izinga kusho

      Kuyiqiniso, ngithi Susa lapho ngikhipha okuthile, ikakhulukazi ngamagama ekhompyutha.

    2.    Wada kusho

      Udinga ukungeza ulayini wesithathu ...
      3. tr. Susa, beka eceleni, noma ususe inkinga.
      Angikaze ngikusho emzameni wokuthi "Qeda" uma kungenjalo ukususa 🙂 ngiyaxolisa uma bekufanele kususwe. Ngiyabonga ngokuma ngapha nangokunikezwa ukucaciseleka ngizokucabangela.

  24.   UFabian garcia kusho

    Kuhle

    Sicela othile angicacisele umbuzo, ukuthi njengoba ngiqonda ukuthi usebenza kuphela kumsebenzisi neqembu eliphethe ifayili noma umkhombandlela, kepha uma nginomsebenzisi noma iqembu "xyz" ngokwesibonelo, ngiyinikeza kanjani imvume kusuka ku-r , noma u-wox kuphela kulowo msebenzisi noma eqenjini hhayi kubanikazi (abanikazi).

  25.   a kusho

    Ngingazibona kanjani izimvume zeqembu elithile futhi ngingazihlela kanjani ukuze libe nezimvume ezifanayo zezimpande

  26.   tazmania kusho

    Sawubona, nginenkinga encane, ngine-pc ku-lubuntu nasesizindeni esinomsebenzisi wasendaweni, ayinikezi inkinga kepha nomsebenzisi wesizinda, futhi ngesikhathi sokuvula i-mozilla ne-thunderbird lapho uhlelo lufriziwe ngithemba ukuthi bangangisiza
    kubabaza

  27.   UJusto Gonzalez kusho

    Incazelo enhle

  28.   Ama-Orianis kusho

    Indatshana enhle kakhulu… Ngingathanda kuphela ukuthembela empendulweni yomuntu othile ozinikele kulesi sithangami, maqondana nombuzo olandelayo: «Uma ngifaka umsebenzisi A eqenjini lami le-GROUP, izimvume zakhe zaleli qembu le-GROUP ziyi-rwx, bonke abasebenzisi baleli qembu, kufaka phakathi u-A, ngabe lezi zimvume ze-rwx kuzofayela / umkhombandlela wangaphakathi? Ukubheka ukuthi amafayela angaphakathi asevele enayo i-rwx yeqembu le-GROUP? Ngiyabonga!!!!!! 🙂

  29.   JeFNDZ kusho

    Umsebenzi omuhle. Ilula futhi iyaqondakala.

  30.   Segora kusho

    Ngimusha ngokuphelele kulokhu nakulolu lwazi. Kungisebenzele ngokumangalisayo. Ngiyabonga.

  31.   UDaniela kusho

    Ukunikela okuhle kakhulu, kuyasiza kakhulu, ngiyabonga (:

  32.   U-Eduardo Aledo Loredo kusho

    Iyafundisa kakhulu… Iyafundisa kakhulu.

  33.   Miguel kusho

    Ngiyabonga ngendatshana, ingisize kakhulu, lokhu kuyindida kakhulu i-xDDDD

  34.   Amaleeps kusho

    Umnikelo wakho ulusizo kakhulu, okumangazayo ukuthi nginenkinga yokuthi amafayela ebengihlala ngiwasebenzisa a "funda kuphela"
    chmod 777 ifayela
    impande @ Leps: / ikhaya / leps # chmod: ukushintsha izimvume ze- "Downloads / canaima-popular-4.1 ~ solid_i386 / canaima-popular-4.1 ~ solid_i386.iso": Isistimu yefayela yokufunda kuphela

    futhi ngawo wonke amafayela kuyefana, empeleni ngikuqhube nge-Ctrl + Alt + F1 njengezimpande futhi kuyafana. Yini engingayenza?

  35.   Qhuma kusho

    Imininingwane emihle kakhulu !! Kwangisiza kakhulu.
    Ngiyabonga kakhulu

  36.   UGustavo Urquizo kusho

    Inothi elihle kakhulu. Ngikhuthazwe ukuthi ngisebenzise izimvume futhi ngenxa yalesi sifundo, ngikwazile ukukwenza ngemizuzu. Kunconywe kakhulu.

  37.   UKaliNovato kusho

    Ngenze i-chmod -R 777 empandeni yokufakwa kwami, okungukuthi /
    bese uqala kabusha i-kali linux futhi manje ayilayishi
    Yimiphi imibono?

    1.    Diego kusho

      Yebo, konke kwephukile, kufanele ufake Ubuntu futhi, futhi ngiyazi ngoba kwenzeka into efanayo nakimi!

  38.   Vicente kusho

    Isifundo sihle kakhulu, siphelele impela. Mhlawumbe amaphutha amancane, kepha sekuvele kuphawuliwe ukuthi awakwazi ukuhlelwa. Kusalungile kakhulu ukufunda

  39.   Kevin kusho

    r kusho ukubhala futhi kuvela ku-Read
    w kusho ukufunda futhi kuvela ku-Bhala

    Lapho wadideka. r funda funda, uguqule ukubhala

  40.   Wekmentor kusho

    Iwusizo kakhulu! Kulabo bethu abangahambi kakhulu ekuphathweni kweLinux, lezi zifundo zizinhle.

    Halala kubhulogi!

  41.   UBeroldoldo Suarez Perez kusho

    Ukubingelela okuvela kubavakashi beSincelinux Blog.

    Kwenzeka into ehlekisayo kimi ngisebenzisa i-ubunter distro efana ne-LMint.
    Ngikopisha futhi nginamathisela ifolda yetimu kusiqondisi / usr / share / themes ngokusebenzisa i-'Sudo '(ngicela iphasiwedi yomsebenzisi wami).
    Lapho kuleyo folda yohlelo, lapho wenza uhlu usebenzisa u-'ls -l ', noma' ls -la ', ifolda yetimu noma itimu, iphethwe yigama lami lomsebenzisi (neqembu), okungukuthi, hhayi ngeRoot.

    Ngakho-ke, sengizokwenza ushintsho ukuze ngisuse imvume yokubhala kumsebenzisi wami kusiqondisi esishiwoyo setimu elandiwe, ngoba lapho kubuyekezwa wonke amafayela namafolda awo ephindaphinda ngo 'ls -laR', umsebenzisi wami ukuphela kwakhe ongabhala kumafolda namafayela. Impela nami ngicabanga ukuthi inguSomandla onamandla onke.
    Ukuzibeka kusuka ku-Terminal, nge 'cd / usr / share / themes / the-theme-downloaded', bese ngimane ngisebenzisa i-'chmod -Rv uw * ', ngaphandle kokufuna i-'sudo' noma izimvume zezimpande. Ungazise ukuthi uguqule ngempumelelo imvume yokubhala yomsebenzisi wami kuwo wonke amafayela namafolda angaphansi we-'the theme-downloaded '. Kepha, ayizange iguqule izimvume zefolda yomama lapho ngenza khona umyalo, 'i-theme-ilandiwe', kucatshangelwa ukuthi njengomthetho kufanele iphindaphinde.

    Lapho ngibheka leyo folda yetimu elandiwe ngokusebenzisa i-explorer yefayela «Ibhokisi», ngibona amafolda amafolda okuqala lapho enengidi, bese kwenzeka okuthile okungenangqondo, ngingakopisha noma iyiphi yalezi folda bese ngiyinamathisela khona lapho nakho konke okuqukethwe kwayo, ngokuba ukuthi kufanele iphikwe. Futhi-ke lapho uzama ukususa ikhophi elishiwoyo, alikwazi ukukwenza: imvume inqatshiwe, ngicabanga ukuthi ngoba wonke ama-subdirectories namafayela angaphakathi kususwe imvume yabo yokubhala, njengoba bengisebenza.

    Angazi noma ngabe yi-Bug yomyalo we-chmod, leyo engaguquli imvume yefolda lapho kwethulwa khona umyalo, bese umqulu wokukwazi ukukopisha imibhalo engezansi eyalungiswa ngaphandle kwemvume yokubhala.

    Kuma-athikili akwi-inthanethi, kufaka phakathi nalena, uchaza lezi yizinyathelo zokuyithola iphindaphindeka kahle.
    Ngiseshe ngesiNgisi, ukubona ukuthi ayikho yini inketho yomyalo ebingatholakali, kepha angitholanga ngayo. Kodwa-ke, ngakhishwa ekuhlolweni kwangaphambilini, ukuze umyalo usetshenziswe njengale 'chmod -Rv uw ./ *', futhi impela, iguqula izimvume zefolda noma umkhombandlela lapho ngikhipha khona umyalo, ifolda yetimu elandiwe, ngaphandle kwalokho angikayiboni leyo './' inketho ekusebenziseni i-chmod.
    Uma kukhona ongazi, ngicela ungicacisele ngokungabaza kwami.

    Ngiyabonga

  42.   inkosi kusho

    Uma umsebenzisi enezimvume zokubhala futhi engenazo izimvume zokufunda efayeleni, angaliguqula lelo fayela?

    1.    U-Alvaro Torijano kusho

      Si

    2.    U-Alvaro Torijano kusho

      Enye into: iziqalo zezimvume azilungile.
      I-r ngele Read, futhi imele ukufundwa. Into yokubhala.

  43.   ULarry-laffer kusho

    okuhle kakhulu ngigcine ngikuqonda ukuthi kuchazwe kahle

  44.   Emmanuel kusho

    Nginokungabaza ngezibonelo abazibeka
    umyalo wesibonelo: chmod -r 777
    Ngokusho kwami ​​ngisusa izimvume zokufunda kubasebenzisi, amaqembu, abanye kepha i-777 (rwx) ngakho-ke kusho ukuthini?

    ayikho i-serial elinganayo k chmod ur, gr, noma ????

  45.   UManuel Moreno kusho

    Kuhle kakhulu, ngithemba ukuqhubeka nokufunda iLinux

  46.   U-Andres Reyes kusho

    Ngibonga kakhulu! Umnikelo omuhle kakhulu ...

  47.   engaziwa kusho

    Kuhle kakhulu, ngiyabonga

  48.   Caesar kusho

    Incazelo enhle kakhulu, bengiziklwebha ngokwahlukanisa lapho bengingakwazi ukuguqula amafayela. Ngemuva kwalokho ngithole ukuthi anginayo i-ntfs-3g efakiwe ngoba ihlukaniswa nge-ntfs futhi ixazululiwe.

  49.   gijima i-3 kusho

    Noma iskripthi (utolika) esidinga ukufundwa futhi sisebenzise imvume, uhlelo oluhlanganisiwe ludinga ukufundwa kuphela.

  50.   I-juan kusho

    u- "d" uvela ekuqaleni komsebenzisi drwxr-xr-x. kusho ukuthini? Ngicabanga ukuthi isiqondisi kepha angiqiniseki

  51.   bukatony kusho

    Manje siyazazi izimvume ezi-3 nokuthi ungangeza noma ususe kanjani lezi, kepha lezi zimvume ezi-3 zigcinwa ezindaweni ezi-3 ezahlukahlukene ezibizwa

  52.   y8 kusho

    -r - r - r– 1 wada abasebenzisi 4096 Apr 13 19:30 ifayela?

  53.   G shintsha 3 kusho

    Uma kunguhlelo olubizwa nge- "foo" singalwenza njenganoma imuphi umyalo. https://gswitch3.net

  54.   mastiff kusho

    Kuhle lokhu okuthunyelwe okumangazayo.

  55.   i-ramon tomas kusho

    Lolu wuhlobo lomkhonyovu olunamakhemikhali. ungakukholwa engikushoyo.

  56.   U-Irving Faulkner kusho

    sanibonani nonke, ngimusha kakhulu kulesi sihloko se-chmod, futhi chonw.

    Ngiyaxolisa uma ngingaqondi kahle, ngizama uku-oda zonke izibonelo ukuthi zicaciswe ukuthi zingasetshenziswa kanjani izimvume, nokunikezwa kwamaqembu ahlukahlukene, ngezimvume ze-rwx, funda ukubhala ukubhala, ukuqonda kahle konke ukumiswa, kwamafayela namafolda, izinkomba ezingezansi lapho wenza umyalo ls -l imininingwane evela lapho, kanye namahhafu phakathi kwencwadi ngayinye akhiwe lapho, nokuthi ungakwenza kanjani lokho lapho ukopisha imininingwane kusuka kudiski ngokusebenzisa i-nautilus, ukuthi konke amafayela akopishiwe avela afaka amafolda ane-padlock, ukuthi ungaba kanjani umnikazi walo lonke ulwazi ngaphandle kokushintsha izimvume zefayela ngalinye ngokuzenzakalela, ukuze ukwazi ukufunda, ukubhala, ukusebenzisa, nokususa noma yini oyifunayo, ngaphandle kokuthi sebenzisa impande.

    Ngifundile futhi bengingumsebenzisi ohlala enza i-chmod -R 777 file, noma amafolda, ngoba ngiyifundile ngaleyo ndlela, kepha uma wenza i-ls kwifayela elishiwoyo, noma ifolda lapho-ke zigqanyiswa ngombala oluhlaza lokho akukwazi ukufundwa Igama ngokucacile, ngoba ngisebenzisa i-linux mint, kodwa ngiyabona ukuthi kungaba khona enye ifolda efanayo, enezinye izimfanelo, futhi enombala ohlukile, njengayo yonke enye, manje sengifunde lokho okungu-755, angazi uma kufanele isetshenziswe ngale ndlela (i-chmod - R 755 Ifolda) ishiya izimvume ngokuzenzakalela, kuleyo folda, futhi yenzelwe izinkomba, kepha i-644 ingeyamafayela, angazi noma kulungile ukuyisebenzisa ngale ndlela (chmod -R 644 file), kepha lapho ama-ls eseqedile - Ngemuva kwalokho kubonakala sengathi lelo fayela lingu-644, kuthi kokunye livele liyimpande, kuthi abanye egameni labasebenzisi, ngale miphumela, kukhona okungajwayelekile.

    Anginawo nomqondo omncane wokusebenzisa imiyalo efanelekile, ukuze amafolda, izinkomba, namafayela abe nezimvume ezidingekayo, futhi anikezwe amaqembu, noma abasebenzisi engifuna

    Ngifuna ukufunda ukwazi ukuthi hlobo luni lwamafayela abakhona lapho benza i-ls -l

    drwxr-xr-x 2 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 22:32 a
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 474 Feb 16 23:37 canaima5
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 374 Feb 9 16: 34 Error_EXFAT
    drwxr-xr-x 3 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 00:22 windows ukufakwa kwe-USB
    -rw-r - r– 1 m18 m18 7572 Dec 22 2016 mdmsetup.desktop
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 61 Feb 18 13: 07 pkme
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 10809 Meyi 15 2013 README
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 57 Jan 3 11:58 buyisa iSudo
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 1049 Feb 18 01:02 Rep-Systemback
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 1163 Feb 11 11: 12 root.txt
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 384 Feb 10 22:30 systemback ubuntu 16-18
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande Jan 31, 1 torregal

    Nasi isibonelo engizame ukuguqula amanye amafayela m18 enziwe kumsebenzisi, amanye akopishwa kusuka kwenye idiski, ene-nautilus, futhi anezingidi

    drwxr-xr-x 3 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 00:22 ufake windows i-USB
    drwxr-xr-x 2 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 22:32 a abe nengidi, amanye amafayela nawo, kepha sebenzisa lo myalo kusuka kulwazi olufakazela ukuthi kuyenzeka: amafayela manje awanalo ingidi kodwa, anginalo Angazi ukuthi zilungile yini izimvume anazo, futhi umqondo ukwazi ukuthi ifayili noma ifolda ngayinye kufanele ibe nayiphi imvume, nokuthi kufanele ibe kuliphi iqembu. futhi wazi ukuthi yini ongayisebenzisa lapho ungeza i-chmod.

    m18 @ m18 ~ $ cd Ideskithophu /
    m18 @ m18 ~ / Ideskithophu $ ls -l
    inani le-60
    drw-r-r- izimpande ezimbili impande 2 Feb 4096 15:22 a
    -rw-r-r- 1 impande impande 474 Feb 16 23:37 canaima5
    -rw-r-r– 1 impande impande 374 Feb 9 16:34 Error_EXFAT
    drw-r-r- 3 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 00:22 windows ukufaka i-USB
    -rw-r - r– 1 m18 m18 7572 Dec 22 2016 mdmsetup.desktop
    -rw-r-r- 1 impande impande 61 Feb 18 13: 07 pkme
    -rw-r-r– 1 impande impande 10809 Meyi 15 2013 README
    -rw-r - r- 1 impande yezimpande 57 Jan 3 11:58 thola iSudo
    -rw-r - r– 1 impande yezimpande 1049 Feb 18 01:02 Rep-Systemback
    -rw-r-r- 1 impande yezimpande 1163 Feb 11 11: 12 root.txt
    -rw-r-r– 1 impande impande 384 Feb 10 22:30 systemback ubuntu 16-18
    -rw-r-r- 1 impande impande Jan 31, 1 torregal
    m18 @ m18 ~ / Ideskithophu $ sudo ugo + rwx *
    [sudo] iphasiwedi ye-m18:
    Sudo: ugo + rwx: umyalo awutholakali
    m18 @ m18 ~ / Ideskithophu $ sudo chmod ugo + rwx *
    m18 @ m18 ~ / Ideskithophu $ ls -l
    inani le-60
    drwxrwxrwx 2 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 22:32 a
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 474 Feb 16 23:37 canaima5
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 374 Feb 9 16: 34 Error_EXFAT
    drwxrwxrwx 3 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 00:22 windows ukufakwa kwe-USB
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 m18 m18 7572 Dec 22 2016 mdmsetup.desktop
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 61 Feb 18 13: 07 pkme
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 10809 Meyi 15 2013 README
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 57 Jan 3 11:58 buyisa iSudo
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 1049 Feb 18 01:02 Rep-Systemback
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 1163 Feb 11 11: 12 root.txt
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 384 Feb 10 22:30 systemback ubuntu 16-18
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande Jan 31, 1 torregal
    m18 @ m18 ~ / Desktop $ sudo chmod -R 755 ukufakwa \ de \ windows \ USB /
    m18 @ m18 ~ / Ideskithophu $ ls -l
    inani le-60
    drwxrwxrwx 2 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 22:32 a
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 474 Feb 16 23:37 canaima5
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 374 Feb 9 16: 34 Error_EXFAT
    drwxr-xr-x 3 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 00:22 windows ukufakwa kwe-USB
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 m18 m18 7572 Dec 22 2016 mdmsetup.desktop
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 61 Feb 18 13: 07 pkme
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 10809 Meyi 15 2013 README
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 57 Jan 3 11:58 buyisa iSudo
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 1049 Feb 18 01:02 Rep-Systemback
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 1163 Feb 11 11: 12 root.txt
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 384 Feb 10 22:30 systemback ubuntu 16-18
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande Jan 31, 1 torregal
    m18 @ m18 ~ / Ideskithophu $ sudo chmod -R 755 a
    m18 @ m18 ~ / Ideskithophu $ ls -l
    inani le-60
    drwxr-xr-x 2 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 22:32 a
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 474 Feb 16 23:37 canaima5
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 374 Feb 9 16: 34 Error_EXFAT
    drwxr-xr-x 3 impande impande 4096 Feb 15 00:22 windows ukufakwa kwe-USB
    -rw-r - r– 1 m18 m18 7572 Dec 22 2016 mdmsetup.desktop
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 61 Feb 18 13: 07 pkme
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 10809 Meyi 15 2013 README
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 57 Jan 3 11:58 buyisa iSudo
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 1049 Feb 18 01:02 Rep-Systemback
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 1163 Feb 11 11: 12 root.txt
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande 384 Feb 10 22:30 systemback ubuntu 16-18
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 impande impande Jan 31, 1 torregal

    ngakolunye uhlangothi ukwazi ukusebenzisa umyalo we-chown. Angazi nokuthi kungcono yini ukusebenzisa umyalo we-cp ukukopisha imininingwane, kusuka kwenye i-hard disk enekhadi elithile lasendle elikopisha amafayela ngazo zonke izimvume zalo, nokuthi zihlala zitholakala kumsebenzisi wakho, noma zihlala zihlala ingidi

    engikufunayo ukuthi uma othile azi nge-athikili ephelele ngokwedlulele, futhi nezibonelo zekhadi ngalinye lasendle, ezisebenzisa i-chmod, ne-chown. Ngingakubeka ukuze kube lula ngama-newbies ukuthi awafunde, ngoba kunamatafula lapho kuvela khona izinombolo ezinamadijithi amathathu, njengalawo angama-3, 777, nokuthi izinombolo zakheka kanjani, ngaphandle kokunqunywa kusengaphambili, noma kuningi okuningi okuboniswa ukufingqwa kwe-ugo angazi ukuthi kulungile yini ngicabanga ukuthi kungabasebenzisi, iQembu (Abanikazi), kanye ne-rwx yamafolda, izinkomba ezingaphansi, amafayela asebenzayo, njll.

    ekugcineni engikufunayo ukufunda ukusebenzisa wonke amafomula, we-chmod, ne-chonw kuwo wonke amafayela, nakuwo wonke amafayela wefayela le-linux

    Ngiyaxolisa uma umbuzo wami esihlokweni uhlekisa kakhulu, ngifuna nje ukuholwa, ukuze ngibe nendlela entofontofo yokukwazi ukuqonda ingxenye ngayinye yezimvume zeqembu, nemiyalo yokuguqula, yezinhlelo ze-chmod, ne-chonw .

    Ngiyabingelela, futhi Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokubambisana kwakho.

  57.   asss kusho

    danny ngiyamthanda uwu

  58.   asss kusho

    danny ngiyamthanda uwu….