Izinhlelo zokusebenza eziphezulu eziyi-11 Zokugenca Nokuphepha ze-Linux

I-Linux uhlelo lokusebenza lwe-hacker par ubuhle. Lokhu akwenzeki ngoba "kuyinkimbinkimbi" ukusebenzisa kepha kungenxa yamanani amakhulu wokugenca nokuphepha okwenzelwe lolu hlelo. Kulokhu okuthunyelwe, sibala kuphela amanye abaluleke kakhulu.


1. John the Ripper: ithuluzi lokuqeda iphasiwedi. Ingenye yezinto ezaziwa kakhulu nezaziwa kakhulu (futhi inenguqulo yeWindows). Ngokungeziwe ekuhloleni ngokuzenzakalela i-hash yephasiwedi, ungayilungisa noma ngabe ufuna kanjani. Ungayisebenzisa kumaphasiwedi abethelwe we-Unix (DES, MD5 noma iBlowfish), iKerberos AFS neWindows. Inamamojula angeziwe okufaka ama-hashes we-password abethelwe ngaphakathi MD4 futhi kugcinwe ku- I-LDAP, MySQL nabanye.

2. I-Nmap: Ngubani ongayazi i-Nmap? Ngaphandle kokungabaza uhlelo oluhamba phambili lokuphepha kwenethiwekhi. Ungayisebenzisa ukuthola amakhompyutha nezinsizakalo kunethiwekhi. Isetshenziselwa ukuskena ichweba, kepha lokhu kungenye yamathuba ayo. Iyakwazi futhi ukuthola izinsizakalo zokwenziwa kunethiwekhi kanye nokunikeza imininingwane yamakhompyutha atholakele (uhlelo olusebenzayo, isikhathi exhunywe ngaso, isoftware esetshenziselwa ukwenza insizakalo, ubukhona besicishamlilo noma nomkhiqizo wekhadi lenethiwekhi ekude ). Isebenza nakuWindows nakuMac OS X futhi.

3. I-Nessus: ithuluzi lokuthola nokuhlaziya ukuba sengozini kwesoftware, njengalezo ezingasetshenziswa ukulawula noma ukufinyelela idatha kukhompyutha ekude. Iphinde ithole amaphasiwedi azenzakalelayo, ama-patches angafakiwe, njll.

4. ubhabhe: empeleni kungumbhalo weShell ukuvumela ukuthola ama-rootkits afakwe ohlelweni lwethu. Inkinga ukuthi ama-rootkits amaningi amanje athola ubukhona bezinhlelo ezinjengalezi ukuze zingatholakali.

5. I-Wireshark: Iphakethe lamaphunga, elisetshenziselwa ukuhlaziya ithrafikhi yenethiwekhi. Iyafana ne-tcpdump (sizokhuluma ngayo ngokuhamba kwesikhathi) kepha nge-GUI nangezinye izinketho zokuhlunga nokuhlunga. Faka ikhadi phakathi imodi yokuziphatha okubi ukukwazi ukuhlaziya yonke ithrafikhi yenethiwekhi. Kubuye kube yiWindows.

6. i-netcat: ithuluzi elivumela ukuvula amachweba we-TCP / UDP kukhompyutha ekude (ngemuva kwalokho liyalalela), lihlanganisa igobolondo kulelo chweba futhi liphoqa ukuxhumana kwe-UDP / TCP (okuwusizo ekulandeleni itheku noma ukudluliswa kancane kancane phakathi kwamakhompyutha amabili).

7. kuyiKismet: ukutholwa kwenethiwekhi, uhlelo lwephakethe lokuhogela kanye nokungena kwamanethiwekhi angenazintambo angama-802.11.

8. hping: i-packet generator ne-analyzer ye-TCP / IP protocol. Ezinguqulweni zakamuva, imibhalo esuselwe olimini lwe-Tcl ingasetshenziswa futhi ibuye isebenzise injini yezintambo (izintambo zombhalo) ukuchaza amaphakethe we-TCP / IP, ngale ndlela kulula ukuwaqonda futhi ukwazi ukuwasebenzisa indlela elula.

9. Snort: Yi-NIPS: Network Prevention System kanye ne-NIDS: Network Intrusion Detetection, ekwazi ukuhlaziya amanethiwekhi we-IP. Isetshenziselwa ukuthola ukuhlaselwa okufana nokuchichima kwesibambi, ukufinyelela kumachweba avulekile, ukuhlaselwa kwewebhu, njll.

10. tcpdump: Ithuluzi lokulungisa iphutha eligijima kulayini womyalo. Ikuvumela ukuthi ubone amaphakethe we-TCP / IP (namanye) adluliswayo noma atholwa kusuka kukhompyutha.

11. I-Metasploit: leli thuluzi elisinikeza ulwazi ngobungozi bokuphepha futhi lisivumele ukuthi senze izivivinyo zokungena ngokumelene nezinhlelo ezikude. Iphinde ibe ne- uhlaka ukwenza amathuluzi akho futhi okweLinux neWindows. Kunokufundisa okuningi enetheni lapho bachaza khona ukuthi kusetshenziswa kanjani.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-12, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UFernando Mumbach kusho

    "Isifundo se-Nmap" ngaphandle kwezixhumanisi…. Ikhophi Elimsulwa Nokunamathisela?

  2.   Martin kusho

    Okuthunyelwe okuhle kakhulu, i-chkrootkit neMetasploit bebengabazi. Noma kunjalo, ungabelana nathi nganoma iyiphi i-log yokuphepha oyaziyo (iSpanishi, mhlawumbe).

  3.   USaito Mordraug kusho

    Ukungena okuhle kakhulu, izintandokazi.

  4.   Masisebenzise iLinux kusho

    Bheka. Indawo yokuphepha ehamba phambili (ejwayelekile… hhayi "yabaduni") engiyaziyo iSegu-info.com.ar.
    Halala! UPaul.

    1.    i-gabriel kusho

      i-pag enhle kakhulu hhayi ulwazi !! Kuhle kakhulu ..

  5.   maphisi kusho

    Kuhle kakhulu !!!!… ngiyabonga kakhulu! .. yingakho nginezintandokazi zami .. «usemoslinux»… zihlala zingisiza…. ngibona kakhulu!… ..

    Ukubingelela okuvela ku-BC Mexic…

  6.   Masisebenzise iLinux kusho

    Ngiyabonga! Ukwanga!
    Halala! UPaul.

  7.   Sasuke kusho

    I-Keylogger nayo iyasebenza, kepha lokho kungenxa yohlelo lweWindows, yize ngingakholelwa kakhulu kulokho, ngenxa yokugenca, bambalwa kuphela abantu (Ochwepheshe) abenza lezo zinhlobo zezinto:

    Ungaxhumana lapha nokuthunyelwe engikutholile kungekudala.
    http://theblogjose.blogspot.com/2014/06/conseguir-contrasenas-de-forma-segura-y.html

  8.   Yassit kusho

    Ngifuna ukuba yi-hackin

  9.   ronald kusho

    Sifuna abaduni abakhulu abavela emhlabeni wonke, ababucayi futhi abanekhono, ababhalele. ronaldcluwts@yahoo.com

  10.   yo kusho

    Okuthunyelwe okuhle kakhulu!. Umbono, wabanelukuluku lokwazi abaqala nje ... Zama ukujwayela ukusebenzisa ikhonsoli, ekuqaleni kungaba yisicefe, kepha ... ngokuhamba kwesikhathi bakubambe ngesandla, banambithe futhi!. Kungani ngisho lokhu? Ilula, iLinux ayihloselwe imvelo yokuqhafaza (esetshenziswa manje kungenye into), futhi imvelo yokuqhafaza kwesinye isikhathi ikwenza kube nzima ukuphatha imiyalo, ngenkathi kusuka esigungwini ungadlala buthule. Ngibingelela wonke umphakathi weLinux osuka e-Argentina, nakuwo wonke ama-EH omphakathi 🙂

  11.   engaziwa kusho

    Kungani i-tcpdump uma iWireshark?