Okokufundisa: Isitayela se-KDE Elementary OS

Lokhu okuthunyelwe ebengikulindile isikhathi esithile lapho ngizokukhombisa khona ukuthi ungakuthola kanjani ukubukeka okufana ncamashi i-eOS (aka Elementary OS) en KDE.

Sonke siyakwazi i-eOS, lokho kusatshalaliswa okususelwa ku- Ubuntu 12.04 enokubukeka okuhle kakhulu, okucocekile futhi okulula, okuphefumulelwe ngu OS X. Kepha akubukeki nje kuphela, i-eOS Ibuye inezinhlelo zayo zokusebenza futhi ithuthukise kakhulu.

Ngingajabula ukuyisebenzisa uma bekungekho izinto ezimbili:

  1. Ilula kakhulu ekunambithekeni kwami, futhi angibhekisi kusixhumi esibonakalayo, kepha amathuluzi ayo.
  2. Kususelwa ku- I-GTK futhi usebenzise izinto kusuka I-Gnome.

Kepha ngenhlanhla kimi KDE Kuyimvelo yedeskithophu enziwa ngezifiso kakhulu, ngakho-ke ngiyakwazi ukuyenza ibukeke ifana ncamashi ne- i-eOS ngakho-ke ngibulala ukunxanela kwami. Ngikukhombisa ukuthi kungaba ngaphezulu noma ngaphansi, kuhluka eminye imininingwane ngokuya ngokuthanda ngakunye:

Okusisekelo_KDE

Asikwenze. Wonke amafayela esiwadingayo, ngiwabeke kwifayela elilodwa elicindezelwe futhi ungalilanda kulesi sixhumanisi:

Amafayela we-KDE_Elementary

Ukuphela kokufanele sikwenze ukuyivula uziphu bese ulandela imiyalo engezansi.

Lo mbhalo uzoba ekuguqukeni okuqhubekayo

Itimu ye-Plasma

Ngengqikithi ye-plasma esinayo eyodwa ebizwa Elementary kudalwe ngu i-lgsalvati. Ngenhlanhla, bangasebenzisa noma iyiphi itimu yePlasma eyenziwe nguye. Ayicwebezelwanga ngendlela engingathanda ngayo kodwa iyasebenza, futhi sizoba nephaneli enhle emnyama.

Ukwenza imvelo yethu ibukeke i-eOS, kufanele sithole ingqikithi yePlasma esiyithandayo futhi eyenza iphaneli libe mnyama ngangokunokwenzeka.

Ukuyifaka sivula ifayili ku-zip i-plasma eyisisekelo.tar.gz bese siyikopisha kufolda /home/tu_usuario/.kde/share/apps/desktoptheme/ o /home/tu_usuario/.kde4/share/apps/desktoptheme/.

Khumbula ukuthi ngokuya ngokusatshalaliswa igama lefolda liyashintsha futhi kungaba noma .kde4 noma nje .kde.

Manje kufanele nje siye Izintandokazi ze-KDE »Ukubukeka Kwendawo Yokusebenzela» Itimu yedeskithophu » bese sikhetha ingqikithi entsha.

I-Window Decorator

Okwezinkinobho zewindi, ngidalele ingqikithi ye- I-Aurorae. Ezinye sezivele zikhona ku- kde-bheka.org, kodwa akekho noyedwa kubo owangikholisa, ngakho-ke ngazakhela eyami.

Ukuyifaka sivula ifayili ku-zip KDE_Elementary_Aurorae.tar.gz bese siyikopisha kufolda /home/tu_usuario/.kde/share/apps/aurorae/themes/ o /home/tu_usuario/.kde4/share/apps/aurorae/themes/. Uma ifolda ingekho, sizoyakha.

Manje kufanele nje siye Izintandokazi ze-KDE »Ukubukeka Kwendawo Yokusebenzela» Ukuhlobisa Iwindi » bese sikhetha ingqikithi entsha.

Ukuze ihlale ifana ne- i-eOS, chofoza inkinobho Lungiselela izinkinobho futhi sishiya nomfanekiso olandelayo:

kwin_config

Siyamukela futhi yilokho kuphela.

Isikimu Sombala Nesitayela Esibukwayo

Ukufeza umuzwa ofana kakhulu i-eOS, Ngikhethe ukusebenzisa I-QtCurve. Iphakheji iyatholakala kukho konke ukusatshalaliswa, ngakho-ke sayifaka ne- yethu Umphathi wephakheji.

Uma isifakiwe, kufanele nje siye ku- Izintandokazi ze-KDE »Ukubukeka Kohlelo Lokusebenza» Isitayela » bese sikhetha ukungena Isitayela sezinto zesithombe a I-QtCurve.

Manje ngaphambi kokusebenzisa ushintsho, sichofoza inkinobho ethi Setha… futhi sithola iwindi elinje:

umagazine_config

Sichofoza ku Ngenisa futhi sibheka ifayela OSX_Elementary.qtcurve. Sichofoza inkinobho ukwamukela futhi yilokho

Manje sekuyithuba le- Imibala yewindi, amafonti, nezinye izinto, ukuze umphetho nezinhlelo zokusebenza kudlalwe. Siya ku- Izintandokazi ze-KDE »Ukubukeka Kohlelo Lokusebenza» Imibala » bese uchofoza inkinobho Isikimu sokungenisa.

Sikhetha ifayela Imibala ye-OSX_Elementary ukuthi sisanda kuvula uziphu bese uchofoza inkinobho ukwamukela.

Ukuthayipha

Ukuze imithombo ku KDE kubukeka kufana nalezo ze- i-eOS kumele sibe nemithombo efakwe ohlelweni I-Droid sans.

Siya ku- Izintandokazi ze-KDE »Ukubukeka Kohlelo Lokusebenza» Amafonti » bese uchofoza inkinobho Faka wonke amafonti. Siyakhetha I-Droid sans, enobukhulu be- 9,0 bese sichofoza inkinobho ukwamukela.

imithombo_config

Ukubukeka kwezicelo ze-GTK

Ukulungiselela ukubukeka kwefayela le- Izicelo ze-GTK kumele sifake iphakheji kde-gtk-config. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kufanele futhi sibe nezinjini ezihambisanayo ezifakiwe.

Endabeni I-Arch Linux kubizwa: umoya-mpilo-gtk2, umoya-mpilo-gtk3 y qtcurve-gtk2. Endabeni ye Debian kubizwa: gtk2-izinjini-oxygen, gtk3-izinjini-oxygen, gtk2-izinjini-qtcurve.

Siya ku- Izintandokazi ze-KDE »Ukubukeka Kohlelo Lokusebenza» GTK » futhi sikushiya ngale ndlela:

kde_gtk_config

Endabeni Ifonti Ngisebenzisa iya ngosayizi we 12px, kepha isengasetshenziswa I-Droid sans ngosayizi we 10 okungcono.

Isithonjana setimu

Ngenhlanhla yethu, sekuvele kunengqikithi yesithonjana ebizwa Isisekelo se-KDE, futhi yize ingaphelele noma ivuselelwe ngendlela engingathanda ngayo, okungenani ifeza umsebenzi wayo.

Ngendlela efanayo, ngingeze ezinye izinguquko, njengamafolda amasha esethi yezithonjana ze i-eOS.

Ukuyifaka sivula ifayili ku-zip okuyisisekelo.7z bese siyikopisha kufolda /home/tu_usuario/.kde/share/icons/ o /home/tu_usuario/.kde4/share/icons/. Uma ifolda ingekho, bayayakha.

Siya ku- Izintandokazi ze-KDE »Ukubukeka Kohlelo Lokusebenza» Izithonjana » futhi siyabakhetha.

Ukulungisa amapaneli kuDeskithophu

Manje kufanele senze izinguquko ezimbalwa kudeskithophu. Into yokuqala ukuhambisa iphaneli elingezansi liye phezulu. Ngicabanga ukuthi wonke umsebenzisi we-KDE uyazi ukuthi angakwenza kanjani, kepha uma kwenzeka kwenzeka, okufanele sikwenze yile:

Qhafaza kwesokudla kuphaneli »Vula izakhi zemifanekiso» Qhafaza kwesokudla kuphaneli futhi »Izinketho zephaneli» Okuncamelayo kwephaneli bese uhudulela iphaneli phezulu ngokubamba inkinobho Umphetho wesikrini ngesikhombisi.

iphaneli_config

Manje nge Izici Zemifanekiso Zivuliwe, sisusa kuphaneli eliphezulu ifayili le- Umphathi Womsebenzi. Sihambisa i- Ithreyi Yesistimu ngohlangothi lwangakwesokudla lwephaneli, bese ufaka ama-standoffs amabili ezinhlangothini zombili zePlasmoid ye Idethi nesikhathi, ukuze sibe phakathi nendawo.

Kufanele kube ngale ndlela:

iphaneli_config_up

Sinezinto ezimbili kuphela okufanele sizenze:

  1. Angikayitholi indlela yokwenza usuku nesikhathi kubukeke kuvundlile hhayi okunye ngaphezulu kokunye. Uma kukhona owaziyo ukuthi angakwenza kanjani, ngicela ungitshele ukuthi ngivuselele le ndatshana.
  2. Angikwazi futhi ukuthola indlela yokushintsha isithonjana semenyu KDE bese ubeka igama Apps o Aplicaciones. Ngizamile ukwenza i- .PNG ngombhalo kodwa awungifaneli.

Yimininingwane emibili emincane kepha uma ngingawaxazulula, lesi sifundo sizoba ngcono kakhulu.

Okwezimpawu I-Tray Yesistimu Singazisebenzisa ezizenzekelayo, noma ngizozinika umsebenzi wokufuna ezinye ezifana kakhulu noma ezilingana nalezo i-eOS.

Nokho,

Lapho sesiqedile ngephaneli ephezulu, lapho-ke kufanele sifake ifayela le- Nokho,. Noma kunjalo Iplanki, I-AWN, ICairo-DockSinezinye izindlela eziningi, ukhetha leyo oyifunayo.

Kepha kimi, engikwenzayo ukusebenzisa iphaneli lesibili KDE, ngoba igcwalisa umsebenzi we Nokho, ngokuphelele. Senza futhi Qhafaza kwesokudla endaweni yephaneli ephezulu »Izinketho zePhaneli» Faka Iphaneli »Iphaneli engenalutho.

Okubi ngokusebenzisa ipaneli ukuthi ngeke sikwazi ukushintsha isizinda sayo kalula, ngoba ithola leyo esungulwe kutimu yePlasma

Qhafaza kwesokudla kuphaneli entsha »Faka izinto zemifanekiso» Iziphathi zomsebenzi kuphela izithonjana. Ngalokhu sizoba nephaneli efana ne- Unity o Windows 7, lapho izinhlelo ezivulekile zikhombisa kuphela izithonjana zazo hhayi igama lewindi.

Enye inzuzo ukuthi lapho sivula uhlelo lokusebenza, sichofoza ngakwesokudla kwisithonjana bese simaka inketho Khombisa isiqalisi uma ungasebenzi. Ngale ndlela isithonjana sihlala sihlala kuphaneli futhi kulula ukwethula uhlelo. Kumele nje sivule izinhlelo zokusebenza esifuna ukuvela eDock, futhi siyazilungisa.

Uma lokhu sekwenziwe, sibuyela kokuncamelayo kwephaneli bese sisebenzisa isilayida sinciphisa ubukhulu baso ukuze singabi isihenqo esigcwele.

iphaneli_config_arrow Sibuyela kokuncamelayo kwephaneli futhi kunkinobho yezinketho eziningi, kufanele simake: IWindows ingamboza bese uqondanisa iphaneli ne isikhungo.

Wallpapers

Cishe sesikulungele konke. Sisalelwe yini? Kucace kahle ukuthi iphepha lodonga. Ngenhlanhla abafana be i-eOS Bayasivumela ukuthi silande izimali ezisemthethweni kusixhumanisi esilandelayo:

Landa amaphephadonga eOS

Kepha ngaphakathi kwefayela elicindezelwe ngibashiyile ingemuva eliza ngokuzenzakalela ku- i-eOSngakho-ke kufanele basebenzise leyo uma befuna.

Ukwenza

Ngishiya izinto ezimbalwa zisalindile. Singasebenzisa ingqikithi ye- Plymouth de i-eOS Okokuthi ama-PC boot, kepha hhayi wonke umuntu usebenzisa Plymouth. Ngakho-ke lokhu kukuwe.

Olunye udaba olulindile ukusebenzisa inkinga efanayo ku- Umphathi weseshini. KDE usa I-KDM yize ingafakwa ngokuphelele I-LightDM futhi ngokubekezela nangekhono elincane, sebenzisa ingqikithi efanayo ye- i-eOS. Ngikwenze lokhu esikhathini esithile esidlule futhi angifuni ukubeka engcupheni.

Ngiyakuqonda lokho ku I-Arch Linux kungenziwa kalula, kepha njengamanje angifuni ukwephula ukufaka kwami ​​ngakho anginankinga ngokusebenzisa ingqikithi I-KDM bonito.

Ngifuna futhi ukudala itimu enezithonjana ezifana kakhulu nalezo ze- i-eOS yetreyi le-KDE. Kepha ungakhathazeki, njengoba ngifeza lokhu ngizokuvuselela okuthunyelwe.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-39, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Bono kusho

    Ngibona kakhulu! Into embi kimi nge-OS eyisisekelo, ngaphezu kwalokhu okungenhla, ukuthi inomjikelezo omude kakhulu wokuthuthuka. Kube ku-beta xD cishe iminyaka engu-2. Ngenhla manje kubonakala sengathi ikusasa lingaphezulu kwe-qt kune-gtk

    1.    izinga kusho

      Empeleni, iqiniso lokuthi iku-beta akukubi kangako, ngoba labo abayisebenzisayo bathola izibuyekezo eziqhubekayo ... kepha uma udinga ukusebenza ngempela, ilula kakhulu, ikakhulukazi kuzinhlelo zokusebenza.

    2.    Anibal kusho

      Ibhonasi, ngiyisebenzisa nsuku zonke, njengoba u-Elav esisho ngaso sonke isikhathi ukuthi kukhona izibuyekezo futhi kuzinzile kakhulu, angibanga nankinga kusukela ngiyisebenzise izinyanga, akukho hang, close, noma ukuqala kabusha, lutho.
      Kuhle.

      I-qty gtk bayayixoxa, kepha kungenxa yokulandela ubuntu nge-xMir noma enye i-distros

      1.    izinga kusho

        Kufanele benze Elementary kune-KDE. Kungaba iphupho eligcwaliseka * _ *

  2.   Usebenzisa isandla sesinxele kusho

    Ungasebenzisa futhi itimu yesithonjana ebizwa nge-Elementary USU

    1.    izinga kusho

      Kunjalo. Yize i-Elementary USU iphelelwe yisikhathi. Izithonjana ezintsha kufanele zengezwe 🙂

  3.   I-Da3mon kusho

    Bengizoshintshela ku-KDE ukube kuya ngami ukuthi ayizisebenzisi ezinye izinsizakusebenza eziningi ... Okwamanje ngijabule ukusebenzisa i-XFCE ku-Linux Mint

    1.    UMbhishobhiWolf kusho

      "Izinsizakusebenza eziningi" ?? zingaki i-600 MB? unayo ngaphansi kwe-1GB ye-RAM? uma kunjalo ngiyakudabukela.

  4.   pvv92 kusho

    Uma i-elementary yayiku-beta ngoba yayisebenzisa ubuchwepheshe obusha be-gnome, ngingaqonda… kepha bahlala ku-beta futhi kususelwa kunguqulo ye-gnome eqhubeka iphelelwa yisikhathi.

  5.   IGhermain kusho

    Siyabonga ngokufundisa; Ngisebenzise ukuguqulwa okuningi nokunye ngesitayela sami, lokho kuyinto enhle nge-KDE desktop.

    1.    izinga kusho

      Ngiyabonga, ngiyajabula ukuthi ikusizile.

  6.   UDanielC kusho

    Inothi echazayo: Elementary isuselwa ku-12.04

    1.    izinga kusho

      Uqinisile impela, sengivele ngalungisa. Ngiyabonga

  7.   oper15 kusho

    I-post elav enhle, ngiyayithanda i-KDE futhi uma ngingayisebenzisi manje kungenxa yenkinga yezinsizakusebenza, kepha-ke ngithemba ukubuyela kulobu buhle kungekudala.

    1.    izinga kusho

      Ngiyabonga .. 🙂

  8.   KZKG ^ Gaara kusho

    Okuthunyelwe okuhle 😀
    Ngizobeka iPlymouth kuyo bese ngibheka ukuthi ngiyayenzela yini i-Slim theme (angiyisebenzisi i-KDM hehe) ... sekuyisikhathi sokushintsha kakhulu ilaptop yami 🙂

  9.   truko22 kusho

    Kuyamangaza ukuthi bangaki abasebenzisi abaguqula i-KDE ngendlela engaziwa futhi epholile, ngiyazama futhi njalo ngibuyela kufomethi ezenzakalelayo ye-KDE 😀

    1.    izinga kusho

      Yebo, lokho kuvame ukwenzeka. Empeleni ushintsho aluzange lwenziwe esimisweni sami kepha luhlolwe 🙂

  10.   isihlibhi kusho

    @Elav konke lokhu kungazenzekela ku-bash, kungani ungajabuli bese uqala iphrojekthi e-github?

    Bona okwami ​​ukufaka iW Wheezy + KDE, ungenza eyodwa ukulungisa i-KDE futhi izosebenza kunoma iyiphi i-distro.

    https://github.com/xr09/kaos/archive/master.zip

    1.    izinga kusho

      Noma nini lapho ungiphakamisa ngikutshela into efanayo: Ngeshwa angikwazi ukusebenzisa iGithub, noma enye indawo yalolu hlobo engicela okhiye bami be-SSH bomphakathi noma abazimele, ngoba i-ISP yami ayingivumeli ngixhume.

      1.    isihlibhi kusho

        Njengaziphi izinkinobho zomphakathi? Awukwazi ngisho nokulanda okuthile?

        1.    izinga kusho

          Yebo yebo, ngiyakwazi ukulanda, kepha angikwazi ukwenza 😛

          1.    isihlibhi kusho

            Zama ukungeza lokhu kufayela lakho le-

            [ihabhu]
            umthetho olandelwayo = https

  11.   User kusho

    Siyabonga ngokwabelana, kodwa bekuyinto embi.

    1.    izinga kusho

      Ngiyabonga! 😛

  12.   ManuelMDN kusho

    Sisebenzisa itimu, othile uyazi ukuthi angabeka kanjani igama lomsebenzisi ekhoneni eliphezulu kwesokudla njenge-gnome nobunye ... ku-KDE

    1.    UMbhishobhiWolf kusho

      Lokhu kusetshenziswa i-conky nanoma imuphi umyalo obuyisa igama lomsebenzisi

    2.    UFedorian kusho

      Uma ungakhathazeki ukukwenza kube okuncane, nansi: Sebenzisa i-cashew. Ngena emisebenzini bese ushintsha igama lalowo olisebenzisa njalo. Yilokho 😛

  13.   UJames_Che kusho

    Kuhle kakhulu, okuwukuphela kwento ebingangisebenzeli bekuwumhlobisi wamawindi, ngiwunamathisele kufolda, kepha awuzange uvele kokuncamelayo, ngafaka eyodwa ebizwa nge-ElementaryLuna nguGarthecho futhi kwabukeka kukuhle, 😀, ngiyabonga kakhulu okuningi okokufundisa, ngizokuvakashela ngezikhathi ezithile ukubona ukuthi yiziphi izinguquko ozenzayo 🙂

  14.   lezwaz kusho

    Elav, omkhulu !!
    Ngizokugcina engqondweni. Ukubingelela nokubonga.
    Qhubeka.

    1.    izinga kusho

      You Ngiyabonga

  15.   Peter kusho

    Ngikwazile ukubeka isikhathi nosuku ohlangothini lwesokudla kuphaneli eliphezulu ^^, yize ngikwenze sekwephuze kakhulu ngicabanga ukuthi ngu-2: 27 am. lapha: '(kuzofanele udlale ngosayizi wepaneli futhi yilokho kuphela, ukuyinciphisa kancane kuseduze kwayo.

    Ngiyethemba ngisizile kancane 🙂

  16.   UStefanu kusho

    Excelente!

    Umhlahlandlela wakho ungisizile ngashiya i-PC yami kahle kakhulu!

    Itimu yedeskithophu ngasizathu simbe uma ngiyifaka ingishiya nohlu lwamawindi anombhalo ofiphele kakhulu futhi ayikwazi ukufundwa kahle, ngakhetha ukusebenzisa i- "Elegance" okwamanje.

    Ngiyabonga futhi!

  17.   UJoaco Ej kusho

    Sawubona, kuhle kakhulu, ngithanda ukwenza izinto ezimbalwa ku-KDE, kepha angazi ukuthi kuzokwenzeka yini.
    - Ngingathanda imenyu yezithonjana zethreyi ibe nesitayela esifana naleso se-Elementary ne-Gnome 3, okungukuthi, esifana naleso somugqa wamahlaya, esikhundleni sokuba isikwele sonke.
    - Ngingathanda ukukunikeza indlela yokushintsha ama-desktops asuka kumabanga aphansi abe yi-KDE

    Ngabe ucabanga ukuthi ungakwazi?

  18.   lusizi kusho

    Sawubona !! kuhle, ngiyabonga kakhulu ... bengivele ngiwuqalile lo msebenzi wokuguqula i-kde ibe isitayela sokuqala futhi namhlanje ngibone lesi sifundo futhi ngipholisha okuningi kakhulu engangikugqokile. Bengingazi nge-qtcurve 😀

  19.   Juni kusho

    Izixhumanisi ziphansi, ngicela ungaphinda uzilayishe. Mayelana

  20.   David kusho

    Isixhumanisi http://www.desdelinux.net/ftp/KDE_Elementary.7z Iphukile, ngicela ungayilungisa?

  21.   Cesar Okubanjo placeholder image kusho

    Isixhumanisi sokulanda asisasebenzi.