Nge-terminal: Imiyalo eyisisekelo ku-GNU / Linux

Kunemiyalo ethile abasebenzisi be- I-GNU / Linux kufanele sazi ukuthi isimo saso sibe yisisekelo kakhulu. Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sizokhuluma ngezinye zazo nokuthi zisebenza kanjani, konke esikudingayo ukuphela terminal

Ubulala izimbongolo.

Ngicabanga ukuthi umyalo obaluleke kakhulu okumele siwazi ukuthi:

$ man

Lokhu kuzoba yikhona okusikhipha ngokungabaza nasezinkathazweni zethu izikhathi eziningi. Ukusetshenziswa kwayo kulula, i-syntax eyisisekelo ngu $ man command, isibonelo:

$ man man
$ man mkdir

Ngisebenza namafolda nezinkomba.

Ukushintsha umkhombandlela ngokusebenzisa i-terminal sisebenzisa umyalo cd. Ukusebenza kwayo kulula ku-terminal:

$ cd : Siya ngqo kufolda yethu / yasekhaya.
$ cd /home/elav/Documents/PDF/ : Ake siye kufolda PDF ngaphakathi / ikhaya / elav / Imibhalo.
$ cd .. : Sikhuphuka izinga elilodwa. Uma singaphakathi PDF siya / ikhaya / elav / Imibhalo.
$ cd ../.. : Sikhuphuka amazinga amabili. Uma singaphakathi PDF siya / ikhaya / elav /.

Uma sifuna ukubona ukuthi iyiphi ifolda esikuyo, sisebenzisa umyalo:

$ pwd

Ukwakha ifolda sisebenzisa umyalo we-mkdir:

$ mkdir /home/elav/test : Sakha ifolda yokuhlola ngaphakathi / ikhaya / elav.
$ mkdir -p /home/elav/test/test2 : Sakha ifolda test2ngaphakathi / ikhaya / elav / isivivinyo /. Uma kwenzeka ifolda test ayikho, idaliwe.

Imininingwane iyala.

Kunemiyalo eminingana yokubuka imininingwane kumafayela noma kumafolda, kanye nesikhala okuso. Okwaziwa kakhulu yi- ls, okusisiza ukubhala uhlu lokuqukethwe.

$ ls : Bhala uhlu lwemibhalo
$ ls -l Bhala uhlu lokuqukethwe njengohlu, ngaphezu kokukhombisa enye idatha.
$ ls -la : Faka kuhlu okuqukethwe kwesiqondisi, kufaka phakathi amafayela afihliwe (anenkathi phambi kwegama)

Sivele sabona isikhala sediski nemiyalo yosayizi kulokhu kungena, ngakho angizibeki.

Ngisebenza ngamafayela.

Kunendwangu eningi okufanele isikwe lapha, kepha kulokhu ngizokhuluma ngemiyalo cp (ukukopisha), mv (ukusika / ukuhambisa) futhi rm (Susa / Susa).

$ cp /home/elav/fichero1 /home/elav/fichero2 : Sakha ikhophi yefayili ye- ifayela1
$ cp /home/elav/fichero3 /home/elav/fichero2 : Siyakopisha bese siyashintsha ifayela3 en ifayela2.
$ cp -R /home/elav /home/elav/bckup : Sikopisha konke okuqukethwe kwesiqondisi izinga ukuze / ikhaya / elav / isipele. The -R (Recursive) kufanele isetshenziselwe amafolda.

$ cp /home/elav/fichero* /home/elav/bckup : Kopisha konke egameni ifayela, noma ngabe kubuya ini, noma ubukhulu.

Okufanayo ngumyalo mv, kepha kulokhu, i- ifayela1 izothuthelwa (noma iqanjwe kabusha) ku- ifayela2.

$ mv /home/elav/fichero1 /home/elav/fichero2

Endabeni yamafolda, akudingekile ukubeka inketho -R.

$ mv /home/elav/bckup /home/elav/bckup2

Futhi ekugcineni sinomyalo wokususa amafayela noma izinkomba.

$ rm /home/elav/fichero1 : Susa ifayela1.

Futhi maqondana namafolda, uma kufanele sisebenzise inketho -R.

$ rm -R /home/elav/bckup : Susa ifolda bckup.

Ukwenza ngcono le miyalo, singasebenzisa inketho -v (isenzo) lokho kuzosikhombisa esikrinini izenzo ezenziwa ngumyalo ngaleso sikhathi.

Le yimiyalo eyisisekelo, kepha kufanele impela ukuyazi. Kamuva sizokukhombisa abanye.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-8, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Isibindi kusho

    Futhi killall?

  2.   oleksis kusho

    Kungathokoziswa uma lokhu okuthunyelwe okuhle, okuyisisekelo nokubalulekile kwabaqalayo kunamathisela inguqulo yayo ku-pdf noma ukufaka i-WordPress plugins ethumela okokufaka ku-PDF.

    Ukubingelela!

    1.    I-KZKG ^ Gaara <° Linux kusho

      Esikhathini esithile esedlule (ezinyangeni ezimbalwa manje, cishe unyaka owodwa) ngibuyekeze ama-plugins athumela ku-PDF kepha awekho lawo agcine engikholisile, ngizobheka okulungele ukuwabeka lapha aquí

      Sawubona mlingani

      1.    Isibindi kusho

        Kuthiwani uma uyihlela?

  3.   montcoes kusho

    Kukhona amanye amashidi wokukopela, angasetshenziswa ngisho nephepha lodonga, ngabona ngisho nesicelo / ishidi lokukopela elangezwe esigungwini, kepha cishe sonke singesiNgisi.

    Mhlawumbe ukuzivumelanisa neSpanishi kwazo kungasiza abafundi abangahle babe khona balolu chungechunge oluthokozisayo lwezihloko ezethula kukhonsoli.

    Ngosuku lwakhe 1991 ngathenga incwadi ka-Anaya futhi muva nje ngiyifundile futhi ngakhumbula ingoma ukuthi sishintshe kangakanani, Linux othandekayo.

    1.    I-KZKG ^ Gaara <° Linux kusho

      Uma uthola lezi zingcezu, sishiyele isixhumanisi futhi nami ngokwami ​​ngiyokujabulela ukwenza ukuhumusha okudingekayo 😉
      Phendula ngokucaphuna

      1.    Isibindi kusho

        Kukhona okufanayo:

        http://sinwindows.wordpress.com/2011/03/25/cheat-cube-para-varias-distros-de-linux-bonus-track/

        Engingakwazi ukuthi ungakubona yini, uma ungazitholi ngibathumele kuwe

  4.   Andres kusho

    Umyalo wokuhlola ubuye uthakazelise 🙂

    umyalo wokuhlola